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DocumentAlpha neurofeedback training for perfomance enhancement: reviewing the methodology2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
045 - Refining the methodology of alpha electroencephalographic biofeedback and exploring its effect on cognition and mood
Duration: 2009-02 - 2012-04
Researcher(s):
David Vernon, Soren Andersen, Neil Rutterford, Marcia Pasqualini, Olga Bazanova
Institution(s): Dept. of Applied Social Sciences, Canterbury Christ Church University (UK), University of East Anglia Norwich (UK), Dept. of Psychology, Avila University, Kansas City (USA), Siberian Branch of the Russian Medical Academy, State Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Nonvosibirsk (Russia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Vernon, D.
Secondary author(s):
Andersen, S., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Bazanova, O.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-045.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Alpha neurofeedback training for perfomance enhancement: reviewing the methodology
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10874200903334397#.UjF9KF9dYdU
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Introduction. Considerable interest has been, and still is, generated by the potential performance enhancing benefits of alpha neurofeedback training (NFT) for healthy participants. A plausible rationale for such training, with an aim to improve mood and/or enhance cognition, can be made based upon what is already known of the links between alpha EEG activity and behavior. However, designing an optimal NFT paradigm remains difficult because a number of methodological factors that may influence the outcome of such training remain largely unexplored.
Method. This article focuses on these methodological factors in an attempt to highlight some of the unanswered questions and stimulate future research.
Results. Specifically, this article examines the NFT training schedule; the variety, basis, and setting of reward thresholds; the nature and modality of the feedback signal provided; unidirectional as compared to bidirectional NFT; the establishment of a target frequency range for alpha; whether NFT should be conducted with eyes open or closed; and the identification of a clear index of learning.
Conclusions. Throughout, the article provides a number of suggestions and possible directions for future research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Vernon, D.
Secondary author(s):
Dempster, T., Bazanova, O., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Andersen, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Vernon, D., Dempster, T., Bazanova, O., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Andersen, S. (2009). Alpha neurofeedback training for performance enhancement: reviewing the methodology. Journal of Neurotherapy, 13(4), 214-227. doi: 10.1080/10874200903334397
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Alpha / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Methodology / Neurofeedback / Peak performance

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DocumentDifferential frontal-parietal phase synchrony during hypnosis as a function of hypnotic suggestibility2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-054
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
054 - Heterogeneity in high hypnotic suggestibility and its implications for the study of anomalous experiences
Duration: 2007-09 - 2010-10
Researcher(s):
Devin Blair Terhune, Etzel Cardeña
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Lund University, Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
5 Articles (published or submitted)
Language: eng
Author:
Terhune, D. B.
Secondary author(s):
Cardeña, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Cognitive processes / Consciousness / Personality factors / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-054.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
Differential frontal-parietal phase synchrony during hypnosis as a function of hypnotic suggestibility
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01211.x/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Spontaneous dissociative alterations in awareness and perception among highly suggestible individuals following a hypnotic induction may result from disruptions in the functional coordination of the frontal-parietal network. We recorded EEG and self-reported state dissociation in control and hypnosis conditions in two sessions with low and highly suggestible participants. Highly suggestible participants reliably experienced greater state dissociation and exhibited lower frontal-parietal phase synchrony in the alpha2 frequency band during hypnosis than low suggestible participants. These findings suggest that highly suggestible individuals exhibit a disruption of the frontal-parietal network that is only observable following a hypnotic induction.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Terhune, D. B.
Secondary author(s):
Cardeña, E., Lindgren, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Terhune, D. B., Cardeña, E., & Lindgren, M. (2011). Differential frontal-parietal phase synchrony during hypnosis as a function of hypnotic suggestibility. Psychophysiology, 48(10), 1444-1447. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01211.x
2-year Impact Factor: 3.290|2011
Times cited: 45|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Alpha / Dissociation / Hypnosis / Hypnotic susceptibility / Neural synchrony / Phase lag index

Differential frontal-parietal phase synchrony during hypnosis as a function of hypnotic suggestibility

Differential frontal-parietal phase synchrony during hypnosis as a function of hypnotic suggestibility

DocumentFinal report - From trance to transcendence during meditation2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
027 - From trance to transcendence during meditation
Duration: 2011-06 - 2013-06
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Abraham Goldstein, Aviva Berkovich Ohana
Institution(s): The Leslie and Susan Golda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Book chapter
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Goldstein, A., Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Trance / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Perception / Consciousness / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
Final report - From trance to transcendence during meditation
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa2710_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
A total of 16 mindfulness meditators (MM) underwent both MEG measurement and structural MRI. Of these, a total of 12 had previously served in an EEG study with us, and their EEG data are reported (as part of a larger set) in a forthcoming publication (Berkovich-Ohana, Glicksohn, & Goldstein, under review).
We report: (1) that default mode network (DMN) activity is identified as reduced gamma mean phase coherence (MPC) during the transition from resting state to a time-production task; (2) a state increase in alpha MPC; (3) MM-induced trait reduction in right theta and left alpha and gamma MPC.
In our MEG study, we devised a novel protocol for assessing a change in time perception, space perception and perception of self, and focus on three specific experiences: a sense of timelessness, a sense of spacelessness and a sense of selflessness. Common brain regions underlying the spacelessness and timelessness conditions were found only for theta activity, including the bilateral parietal and medial frontal cortex, the right temporo-parietal cortex and left precuneus, as well as the cerebellum.
We found that shifting from a 'narrative' self-awareness to a 'minimal' self-awareness (MS) involves extensive medial prefrontal gamma band (60-80 Hz) decrease; (2) shifting to a selfless mode of processing is related to beta-band (13-25 Hz) decreases in a network that includes medial prefrontal, medial posterior and lateral parietal regions. These data are reported in two forthcoming publications (Berkovich-Ohana et al., under review; Dor-Ziderman et al., under review).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Goldstein, A., Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: State of consciousness / Meditation / Trance / Transcendence / Alpha / Theta

Final report - From trance to transcendence during meditation

Final report - From trance to transcendence during meditation

DocumentRefining the methodology of alpha electroencephalographic biofeedback and exploring its effect on cognition and mood2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
045 - Refining the methodology of alpha electroencephalographic biofeedback and exploring its effect on cognition and mood
Duration: 2009-02 - 2012-04
Researcher(s):
David Vernon, Soren Andersen, Neil Rutterford, Marcia Pasqualini, Olga Bazanova
Institution(s): Dept. of Applied Social Sciences, Canterbury Christ Church University (UK), University of East Anglia Norwich (UK), Dept. of Psychology, Avila University, Kansas City (USA), Siberian Branch of the Russian Medical Academy, State Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Nonvosibirsk (Russia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Vernon, D.
Secondary author(s):
Andersen, S., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Bazanova, O.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-045.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Title:
Refining the methodology of alpha electroencephalographic biofeedback and exploring its effect on cognition and mood
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: EEG biofeedback has been used to help train individuals to learn to consciously control
certain aspects of their brainwave activity. However, a number of methodological questions
remain concerning the nature of such training which limits our understanding of the process and
the possible effectiveness of the technique. Hence the aim of this project was to examine more
closely the nature of such training by using distinct reward thresholds, incorporating an equal
contact mock feedback control group and performing follow-up measures to examine the possible
long-term effects.
Methods: Using a standard pre/post intervention design we recruited 96 participants from four
institutions (CCCU, RAMS, UEA and AU). Participants initially completed a range of cognitive
(Conceptual Span Task; Mental Rotation Task, Alternative Uses Task) and mood measures (Profile
Of Mood States, STAI, BIS/BAS). They were then randomly allocated to either a real or mock
feedback condition utilising either a fixed low, medium, high or non-fixed variable reward
threshold. All participants then completed 10 training sessions, approximately twice per week,
with the aim to increase the amplitude of their alpha (8-12Hz) EEG rhythm. On completion of the
training participants again completed the cognitive and mood measures, and again at follow-up
after a delay of approx 4 wks.
Results: Initial analyses showed no evidence of a clear change in the EEG for those completing the
biofeedback training. In addition, the differential reward thresholds had no effect on changes in
EEG. A more fine tuned analysis, focusing on the effects of each institution, found that the
biofeedback training enhanced the peak frequency, width and power in the individual upper alpha
range (10-12Hz) but only for those with a low resting baseline frequency (<10Hz) and only in the
Russian (RAMS) sample.
Conclusions: It would seem clear that the training paradigm adopted here was not effective in
eliciting clear changes in the EEG.
Discussion: The project was less successful than anticipated in identifying potential methodological
factors that could positively influence learning. Nevertheless, the pattern of findings not only
provides a reasonable indication of what does not work but also highlights possible avenues for
further exploration. For instance, the motivation level of the individual, identifying a possible
distinction between responders and learners and using resting peak alpha levels as a marker for
change.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Vernon, D.
Secondary author(s):
Andersen, S., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Bazanova, O.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Vernon, D., Andersen, S., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., & Bazanova, O. (2012). Refining the methodology of alpha electroencephalographic biofeedback and exploring its effect on cognition and mood. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 22-23/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Alpha / Electroencephalography / Biofeedback / Neurofeedback

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFrom trance to transcendence during meditation2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
027 - From trance to transcendence during meditation
Duration: 2011-06 - 2013-06
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Abraham Goldstein, Aviva Berkovich Ohana
Institution(s): The Leslie and Susan Golda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Book chapter
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Goldstein, A., Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Trance / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Perception / Consciousness / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
From trance to transcendence during meditation
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Advanced practitioners of mindfulness meditation become aware of transcendent experiences during the session, and can indicate that they are reflectively aware of a change in consciousness. Our preliminary data indicated the transition from trance to transcendence within meditation using EEG. A topographic snapshot of the EEG extracted between 5 and 10 minutes after the start of the meditation session (with eyes closed), for one advanced practitioner exhibits clear dominance of alpha activity both parietally—with L > R asymmetry—but also frontally—and especially mid-frontally. A second topographic snapshot extracted immediately prior to his signal indicating his change in reflective awareness exhibits a marked shift in parietal alpha asymmetry (R > L) and a greater amount of midfrontal alpha. An increase in theta power frontally was also found (Glicksohn & Berkovich Ohana, 2011).
OBJECTIVES:
(1) to have a select group of 8 experienced MM practitioners return for MEG measurement; (2) to conduct a detailed investigation of the transition from trance to transcendence, aided by the participant’s signal of a change in reflective awareness, and follow-up in-depth interview of these experiences.
METHODS:
MEG recordings are conducted with a whole-head, 248-channel magnetometer array in a magnetically shielded room. Our participants have complete EEG data from their previous session in our lab (Berkovich-Ohana, Glicksohn, & Goldstein, in press). We consider changes in the awareness of time, space or self as being indicative of the type of experience that we are particularly interested in when charting experiences of both trance and transcendence within meditation. Each such experience is investigated both by deliberate instruction and as appearing (if appearing) spontaneously. Each such dimension is also investigated using either a task or a questionnaire.
RESULTS:
Preliminary results will be presented at the symposium (the study is being run at the present).
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Goldstein, A., Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Glicksohn, J., Goldstein, A., & Berkovich-Ohana, A. (2012). From trance to transcendence during meditation. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 56/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: State of consciousness / Meditation / Trance / Transcendence / Alpha / Theta

From trance to transcendence during meditation

From trance to transcendence during meditation

DocumentFinal report - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-228
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
228 - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Aviva Berkovich-Ohana, Tal Dotan Ben-Soussan
Institution(s): Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel); Fondazione Patrizio Paoletti, Assisi (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
4 papers
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Berkovich-Ohana, A., Ben-Soussan, T.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Consciousness / Self / Perceptual Deprivation / EEG / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-228.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study
Publication year: 2017
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
The Ganzfeld is a method of perceptual deprivation, involving a reduced patterning of stimulation; participants may experience altered states of consciousness. We look at both phenomenology and electrophysiology (EEG) of our participants immersed in Whole-Body Perceptual Deprivation (WBPD), with two goals to investigate: (1) a shift in state of consciousness and sense of self; (2) the induction of synesthesia. The participants first completed some questionnaires and then a time-production (TP) task. An eyes-closed EEG baseline recording was obtained. The white-illuminated WBPD chamber was then closed, and an eyes-closed recording (WBPD-1) allowed us to test for the immediate effect of WBPD. This was followed by red and indigo light, each presented for 5 minutes, after which a short report of subjective experience was obtained. The participants thus underwent 10 minutes of eyes-open WBPD, with two sounds introduced to facilitate the induction of synesthesia. Then a third eyes-closed EEG (WBPD-2), followed by a short report of subjective experience, and a second TP task were done, followed by an extensive interview. Our participants reported experiences of an unusual character. The differential effect of the colored environments on some of them is quite familiar; a focus on bodily sensations, coupled with a feeling of immersion, is also well known. There are wide individual differences in EEG alpha profile: Male participants should not be pooled with female participants, because their alpha asymmetry profiles are diametrically opposed. There are also wide individual differences in time production: When “time disappeared”, TP becomes haphazard; when “time was slower” or “time was expanded”, TP is lengthened.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Alpha / EEG / Ganzfeld / Time perception / Self

Final report - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study

Final report - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study

DocumentIndividual EEG alpha profiles are gender-dependent and indicate subjective experiences in whole-body perceptual deprivation2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-228
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
228 - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Aviva Berkovich-Ohana, Tal Dotan Ben-Soussan
Institution(s): Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel); Fondazione Patrizio Paoletti, Assisi (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
4 papers
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Berkovich-Ohana, A., Ben-Soussan, T.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Consciousness / Self / Perceptual Deprivation / EEG / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-228.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Individual EEG alpha profiles are gender-dependent and indicate subjective experiences in whole-body perceptual deprivation
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393218306432?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We use a unique environment of Whole Body Perceptual Deprivation (WBPD) to induce an altered state of consciousness (ASC) in our participants, and employ online EEG recording. We present individual EEG alpha profiles, and show how these data can be analyzed at the individual level. Our goal is to investigate to what degree subjective experience matches EEG alpha profile, and in particular, the various alpha hemispheric asymmetries observed in the frontal, parietal, and occipital lobes. Specifically, we consider positive (frontal L < R) or negative (frontal L > R) affect; a more verbal (L > R) or a more imagistic (R > L) mode of thinking; and a more trancelike (frontal > parietal) or more reflective (frontal < parietal) state of consciousness. Our results indicate that the individual alpha profiles are reflected in individual differences in subjective experience. However, the alpha profiles are confounded with the gender of the participant. Specifically, there is a predominant R > L asymmetry found for male participants, and a predominant L > R asymmetry found for female participants.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Berkovich-Ohana, A., Mauro, F., Ben-Soussan, T. D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Glicksohn, J., Berkovich-Ohana, A., Mauro, F., & Ben-Soussan, T. D. (2019). Individual EEG alpha profiles are gender-dependent and indicate subjective experiences in whole-body perceptual deprivation. Neuropsychologia, 125, 81-92. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2019.01.018
2-year Impact Factor: 2.652|2019
Times cited: 5|2022-05-25
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Alpha / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Ganzfeld / Gender / Whole-Body Perceptual Deprivation

DocumentFinal report - Body and soul: A computational neurophysiological and qualitative investigation of Ganzfeld-induced imagery2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
066 - Body and soul: A computational neurophysiological and qualitative investigation of Ganzfeld-induced imagery
Duration: 2013-04 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Alexander Sumich, Daniel Wilson, Nicholas Blagden
Institution(s): Nottingham Trent University (NTU), Division of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Sumich, A.
Secondary author(s):
Wilson, D., Blagden, N.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Ganzfeld studies / Brain structure and function / Personality factors / Altered states of consciousness / Hallucinations

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-066.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Final report - Body and soul: A computational neurophysiological and qualitative investigation of Ganzfeld-induced imagery
Publication year: 2017
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sumich, A.
Secondary author(s):
Blagden, N., Anderson, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Ganzfeld / Electroencephalography / Alpha / Schizotypy / Mental imagery / Perceptual anomalies

DocumentReduction in lower-alpha power during Ganzfeld flicker stimulation is associated with the production of imagery and trait positive schizotypy2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
066 - Body and soul: A computational neurophysiological and qualitative investigation of Ganzfeld-induced imagery
Duration: 2013-04 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Alexander Sumich, Daniel Wilson, Nicholas Blagden
Institution(s): Nottingham Trent University (NTU), Division of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Sumich, A.
Secondary author(s):
Wilson, D., Blagden, N.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Ganzfeld studies / Brain structure and function / Personality factors / Altered states of consciousness / Hallucinations

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-066.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Reduction in lower-alpha power during Ganzfeld flicker stimulation is associated with the production of imagery and trait positive schizotypy
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393218307450?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Light-flicker Ganzfeld (LFG) induces a lower to upper-alpha frequency shift. However, it is unclear how this neurophysiological response might relate to LFG-induced pseudo-hallucinatory phenomena. It is also unknown whether emotional states (e.g., fear) or traits associated with risk for psychosis (e.g., proneness to perceptual anomalies, ability to produce vivid mental imagery) affect such neurophysiological and/or perceptual responses to LFG. The present study investigated alpha sub-bands during LFG across several flicker frequencies, in relation to individual differences in propensity for Ganzfeld-induced imagery (GI), positive schizotypy and trait mental imagery, and in relation to manipulations of affective state. Given previously reported sex differences in risk for psychosis and response to Ganzfeld, the effect of sex on GI was also studied. Forty-six healthy adults (16 men) completed psychometric measures of trait mental imagery and positive schizotypy before undergoing three LFG (20?min each) conditions. In each condition, participants wore white-out goggles and listened to either mood-inducing soundscapes (fear, serenity) or pink noise (control) through headphones. Greatest propensity for GI arose between 13.1 and 16.0?Hz flicker, with a peak at 16.0?Hz flicker. Occipital lower-alpha was reduced for lower flicker frequencies (13.1-16.0?Hz) and was inversely associated with GI. Upper-alpha power was not significantly related to GI or to other measures. Fear-induction was associated with reduction in alpha power, but did not significantly affect GI. Men reported more GI than women. Findings support a role for cortical destabilisation, as reflected in reduced lower-alpha, in perceptual anomalies; and, by extension, LFG as an experimental model of liability for psychosis.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sumich, A.
Secondary author(s):
Anderson, J. D., Howard, C. J., Heym, N., Castro, A., Baker, J., Belmonte, M. K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Sumich, A., Anderson, J. D., Howard, C. J., Heym, N., Castro, A., Baker, J., & Belmonte, M. K. (2018). Reduction in lower-alpha power during Ganzfeld flicker stimulation is associated with the production of imagery and trait positive schizotypy. Neuropsychologia, 121, 79-87. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.11.004
2-year Impact Factor: 2.872|2018
Times cited: 5|2022-05-23
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Electroencephalography / Ganzfeld / Alpha / Steady-state / Schizotypy / Hallucinations

DocumentFinal report - Neural oscillations underlie individual differences in brightness perception2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-535
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
535 - Neural oscillations underlie individual differences in brightness perception
Duration: 2015-11 - 2021-07
Researcher(s):
James Stuart Peter Macdonald
Institution(s): University of Roehampton, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
MacDonald, J. S. P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Vision / Perception / Brightness / Oscillation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-535.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Neural oscillations underlie individual differences in brightness perception
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3762/neural-oscillations-underlie-individual-differences-in-brightness-perception.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
EEG recordings of human occipital alpha-band oscillations have been strongly linked to visual perception. In particular, cortical excitability is increased in areas exhibiting low alpha amplitude. Although the frequency of alpha oscillations varies significantly between individuals, it has only rarely been studied as an independent factor in shaping perception. Temporal integration of successive stimuli has recently been shown to depend on individual alpha oscillation frequency, with faster frequencies resulting in finer temporal resolution in perception. This suggests that perception may qualitatively differ between individuals with different spontaneous alpha frequencies. Moreover, underlying the differences in temporal resolution may be a more basic visual process: differences in sensitivity to visual flicker. We tested this hypothesis by correlating performance in a flicker detection task with the speed of individual alpha rhythms. For each participant, we obtained temporal contrast sensitivity functions and related the stimulus frequency at peak sensitivity to individual alpha frequency. Our results demonstrate that individual alpha frequency predicts contrast sensitivity to visual flicker. Individuals with faster spontaneous alpha rhythms were maximally sensitive at faster stimulus flicker frequencies. Importantly, such individuals performed worse at slower stimulus frequencies than those with naturally slower alpha rhythms. This suggests that individual alpha frequency specifically predicts the stimulus flicker frequency which produces maximum contrast sensitivity. The findings provide evidence for a link between alpha frequency and individual differences in basic, low-level visual perception.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
MacDonald, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
MacDonald, J. (2019). Final report - Neural oscillations underlie individual differences in brightness perception.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Oscillations / Alpha / Visual / Perception

Final report - Neural oscillations underlie individual differences in brightness perception

Final report - Neural oscillations underlie individual differences in brightness perception

DocumentImmersion, absorption, and spiritual experience: Some preliminary findings2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-228
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
228 - Pushing consciousness and selfhood towards their boundaries - An EEG neurophenomenological study
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Aviva Berkovich-Ohana, Tal Dotan Ben-Soussan
Institution(s): Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel); Fondazione Patrizio Paoletti, Assisi (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
4 papers
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Berkovich-Ohana, A., Ben-Soussan, T.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Consciousness / Self / Perceptual Deprivation / EEG / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-228.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Immersion, absorption, and spiritual experience: Some preliminary findings
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02118/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Many traditions have utilized silent environments to induce altered states of consciousness and spiritual experiences. Neurocognitive explorations of spiritual experience can aid in understanding the underlying mechanism, but these are surprisingly rare. We present the verbal report and the electroencephalographic (EEG) alpha profile of a female participant scoring a maximal 34 on the Absorption Scale, recorded before and while she was immersed in a whole-body perceptual deprivation (WBPD) tank. We analyze her trancelike experience in terms of the imagery reported: a spaceship, corridors, doors, a man dressed in white, speaking to God, the sun, supernova, concentric images, and an out-of-body experience. Her report is indicative of a spiritual experience, given that she felt that she was “meeting God” in the laboratory. She exhibited both frontal and parietal left > right alpha power asymmetry at baseline, whereas in the WBPD condition, there was a global increase in alpha power and especially a sharp increase in right-frontal alpha power. Her verbal report and EEG alpha profile were compared to those of another female participant, also scoring high on absorption, whose verbal report was also indicative of a trancelike experience. For further comparison, we present the data for two participants scoring low on absorption. Spiritual experience that can be verbalized might be associated with a marked increase in right-frontal alpha power, as reported here. In contrast, a mystical experience characterized by ineffability would be indicated by a marked increase in left-frontal alpha power.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Ben-Soussan, T. D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Glicksohn, J., & Ben-Soussan, T. D. (2020). Immersion, absorption, and spiritual experience: Some preliminary findings. Frontiers in Psychology, 11: 2118. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.02118
2-year Impact Factor: 2.990|2020
Times cited: 4|2022-05-25
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Spiritual experience / Mystical experience / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Alpha / Absorption

Immersion, absorption, and spiritual experience: Some preliminary findings

Immersion, absorption, and spiritual experience: Some preliminary findings

DocumentCharacteristic alpha reflects Predictive Anticipatory Activity (PAA) in an auditory-visual task2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 15/2010
Title:
141 - Pattern classification of emotion-induced physiological changes
Duration: 2011-04 - 2015-02
Researcher(s):
Julia Mossbridge, David Little
Institution(s): Northwestern University Visual Perception, Cognition, and Neuroscience Laboratory, Evanston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Book chapter
2 Conference paper
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-73
Author: Mossbridge, J.
Secondary author(s):
Little, D.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment / Precognition / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-141.09
Title: Characteristic alpha reflects Predictive Anticipatory Activity (PAA) in an auditory-visual task
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-319-58628-1_7#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Several lines of evidence suggest that humans can predict events that seem to be unpredictable through ordinary sensory means. After reviewing the literature in this controversial field, I present an exploratory EEG study that addresses this hypothesis. I used a pattern classification algorithm drawing on EEG data prior to stimulus presentation to successfully predict upcoming motor responses that were constrained by the upcoming stimulus. Both the phase of peak alpha activity and overall amplitude at similar to 550 ms prior to the presentation of the stimulus were useful in predicting the upcoming motor response. Although these results support the idea that brain activity may reflect precognitive processes in certain situations, due to the exploratory nature of this study, additional pre-registered confirmatory experiments are required before the results can be considered solid. Implications for creating a closed-loop predictive system based on human physiology are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mossbridge, J.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Mossbridge J. A. (2017). Characteristic alpha reflects Predictive Anticipatory Activity (PAA) in an auditory-visual task. In D. Schmorrow & C. Fidopiastis (Eds), Augmented Cognition. Neurocognition and Machine Learning. AC 2017. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Vol. 10284, pp. 79-89). Springer, Cham. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-58628-1_7
Impact factor notes: N/A
Times cited: 0|2022-05-22
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Predictive anticipatory activity / Presentiment / Precognition / Prospection / EEG / Alpha / Auditory-visual

DocumentReduced mind wandering in experienced meditators and associated EEG correlates2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
162 - Meditation at the core: Neuroscientific comparison of attentional resource allocation in different meditation practices
Duration: 2009-02 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Arnaud Delorme, Claire Braboszcz, Romain Granchamps, Rael Cahn, Emmauel Fernandez
Institution(s): CERCO, Centre de Recherche Cerveau et Cognition, Toulouse (France)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Delorme, A.
Secondary author(s):
Braboszcz, C., Granchamps, R., Cahn, R., Fernandez, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Brain structure and function / Emotion

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-162.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
Reduced mind wandering in experienced meditators and associated EEG correlates
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00221-016-4811-5
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
One outstanding question in the contemplative science literature relates to the direct impact of meditation experience on the monitoring of internal states and its respective correspondence with neural activity. In particular, to what extent does meditation influence the awareness, duration and frequency of the tendency of the mind to wander. To assess the relation between mind wandering and meditation, we tested 2 groups of meditators, one with a moderate level of experience (non-expert) and those who are well advanced in their practice (expert). We designed a novel paradigm using self-reports of internal mental states based on an experiential sampling probe paradigm presented during similar to 1 h of seated concentration meditation to gain insight into the dynamic measures of electroencephalography (EEG) during absorption in meditation as compared to reported mind wandering episodes. Our results show that expert meditation practitioners report a greater depth and frequency of sustained meditation, whereas non-expert practitioners report a greater depth and frequency of mind wandering episodes. This is one of the first direct behavioral indices of meditation expertise and its associated impact on the reduced frequency of mind wandering, with corresponding EEG activations showing increased frontal midline theta and somatosensory alpha rhythms during meditation as compared to mind wandering in expert practitioners. Frontal midline theta and somatosensory alpha rhythms are often observed during executive functioning, cognitive control and the active monitoring of sensory information. Our study thus provides additional new evidence to support the hypothesis that the maintenance of both internal and external orientations of attention may be maintained by similar neural mechanisms and that these mechanisms may be modulated by meditation training.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Brandmeyer, T.
Secondary author(s):
Delorme, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Brandmeyer, T., & Delorme, A. (2018). Reduced mind wandering in experienced meditators and associated EEG correlates. Experimental Brain Research, 236, 2519-2528. doi: 10.1007/s00221-016-4811-5
2-year Impact Factor: 1.878|2018
Times cited: 35|2022-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Mind wandering / Meditation / fm theta / Alpha / Cognitive control / Top-down processing

Reduced mind wandering in experienced meditators and associated EEG correlates

Reduced mind wandering in experienced meditators and associated EEG correlates

DocumentParietal alpha oscillatory peak frequency mediates the effect of practice on visuospatial working memory performance2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-204
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
204 - Boosting WM capacity by strengthening the oscillatory functional fronto-parietal pathway
Duration: 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Vincenzo Romei
Institution(s): Centre for studies and research in Cognitive Neuroscience - CsrNC, Department of Psychology, University of Bologna (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Author:
Romei, V.
Secondary author(s):
Poch, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Brain oscillations / Working memory / Functional connectivity / Neurostimulation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-204.16
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Parietal alpha oscillatory peak frequency mediates the effect of practice on visuospatial working memory performance
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/2411-5150/6/2/30/htm
Abstract/Results: Visuospatial working memory (WM) requires the activity of a spread network, including right parietal regions, to sustain storage capacity, attentional deployment, and active manipulation of information. Notably, while the electrophysiological correlates of such regions have been explored using many different indices, evidence for a functional involvement of the individual frequency peaks in the alpha (IAF) and theta bands (ITF) is still poor despite their relevance in many influential theories regarding WM. Interestingly, there is also a parallel lack of literature about the effect of short-term practice on WM performance. Here, we aim to clarify whether the simple repetition of a change-detection task might be beneficial to WM performance and to which degree these effects could be predicted by IAF and ITF. For this purpose, 25 healthy participants performed a change-detection task at baseline and in a retest session, while IAF and ITF were also measured. Results show that task repetition improves WM performance. In addition, right parietal IAF, but not ITF, accounts for performance gain such that faster IAF predicts higher performance gain. Our findings align with recent literature suggesting that the faster the posterior alpha, the finer the perceptual sampling rate, and the higher the WM performance gain.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Bertaccini, R.
Secondary author(s):
Ellena, G., Macedo-Pascual, J., Carusi, F., Trajkovic, J., Poch, C., Romei, V.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Bertaccini, R.; Ellena, G.; Macedo-Pascual, J.; Carusi, F.; Trajkovic, J.; Poch, C.; & Romei, V. (2022). Parietal alpha oscillatory peak frequency mediates the effect of practice on visuospatial working memory performance. Vision, 6 (30). doi: 10.3390/vision6020030
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Working memory / Oscillations / Theta / Alpha / Individual peak frequency / Inverse efficiency score / Practice

Parietal alpha oscillatory peak frequency mediates the effect of practice on visuospatial working memory performance

Parietal alpha oscillatory peak frequency mediates the effect of practice on visuospatial working memory performance