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BIAL Foundation
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Type Title Begin End
DocumentAstrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
061 - Translation of neuron-glia interactions in complex cognitive functions
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
João Filipe Pedreira de Oliveira, Nuno Sérgio Mendes Dias, Luis Ricardo Monteiro Jacinto
Institution(s): Instituto de Investigação em Ciências da Vida e da Saúde (ICVS), Escola de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Oliveira, J. F.
Secondary author(s):
Dias, N., Jacinto, L. R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/mp2013182a.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interest in astroglial cells is rising due to recent findings supporting dynamic neuron–astrocyte interactions. There is increasing evidence of astrocytic dysfunction in several brain disorders such as depression, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder; importantly these pathologies are characterized by the involvement of the prefrontal cortex and by significant cognitive impairments. Here, to model astrocyte pathology, we injected animals with the astrocyte specific toxin L-a-aminoadipate (L-AA) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC); a behavioral and structural characterization two and six days after the injection was performed. Behavioral data shows that the astrocyte pathology in the mPFC affects the attentional set-shifting, the working memory and the reversal learning functions. Histological analysis of brain sections of the L-AA-injected animals revealed a pronounced loss of astrocytes in the targeted region. Interestingly, analysis of neurons in the lesion sites showed a progressive neuronal loss that was accompanied with dendritic atrophy in the surviving neurons. These results suggest that the L-AA-induced astrocytic loss in the mPFC triggers subsequent neuronal damage leading to cognitive impairment in tasks depending on the integrity of this brain region. These findings are of relevance to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying disorders that involve astrocytic loss/dysfunction in the PFC.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-134.04
Author: Lima, A.
Secondary author(s):
Sardinha, V. M., Oliveira, A. F., Reis, M., Mota, C., Silva, M., Marques, F., Cerqueira, J., Pinto, L., Sousa, N., Oliveira, J. F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Lima, A., Sardinha V. M., Oliveira A. F., Reis M., Mota C., Silva, M., . . . Oliveira, J. F. (2014). Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats. Molecular Psychiatry,19(7), 834-841. doi: 10.1038/mp.2013.182
2-year Impact Factor: 14.496|2014
Times cited: 69|2022-10-27
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Aminoadipate / Astrocyte / Cognition / Learning / Prefrontal cortex

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

DocumentAstrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
134 - How does cognitive enrichment impact on neuronal networks and behavioral performance?
Duration: 2010-05 - 2014-11
Researcher(s):
João José Cerqueira, Igor L. M. Spínola, Irene Melo Carvalho, Pedro Ricardo Luís Morgado, Ricardo Jorge Moreira Taipa
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cerqueira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Spínola, I., Carvalho, I., Morgado, P., Taipa, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning / Brain structure and function / Stress and health / Chronic stress / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/mp2013182a.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interest in astroglial cells is rising due to recent findings supporting dynamic neuron–astrocyte interactions. There is increasing evidence of astrocytic dysfunction in several brain disorders such as depression, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder; importantly these pathologies are characterized by the involvement of the prefrontal cortex and by significant cognitive impairments. Here, to model astrocyte pathology, we injected animals with the astrocyte specific toxin L-a-aminoadipate (L-AA) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC); a behavioral and structural characterization two and six days after the injection was performed. Behavioral data shows that the astrocyte pathology in the mPFC affects the attentional set-shifting, the working memory and the reversal learning functions. Histological analysis of brain sections of the L-AA-injected animals revealed a pronounced loss of astrocytes in the targeted region. Interestingly, analysis of neurons in the lesion sites showed a progressive neuronal loss that was accompanied with dendritic atrophy in the surviving neurons. These results suggest that the L-AA-induced astrocytic loss in the mPFC triggers subsequent neuronal damage leading to cognitive impairment in tasks depending on the integrity of this brain region. These findings are of relevance to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying disorders that involve astrocytic loss/dysfunction in the PFC.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2010-061.04
Author: Lima, A.
Secondary author(s):
Sardinha, V. M., Oliveira, A. F., Reis, M., Mota, C., Silva, M., Marques, F., Cerqueira, J., Pinto, L., Sousa, N., Oliveira, J. F.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lima, A., Sardinha V. M., Oliveira A. F., Reis M., Mota C., Silva, M., . . . Oliveira, J. F. (2014). Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats. Molecular Psychiatry,19(7), 834-841. doi: 10.1038/mp.2013.182
2-year Impact Factor: 14.496|2014
Times cited: 69|2022-10-27
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Aminoadipate / Astrocyte / Cognition / Learning / Prefrontal cortex

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats