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DocumentFinal report - The gradient of Shannon’s entropy as an intrinsic target property1998

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 8/1996
Title:
1996 Grants
Start date: 1997-01 - 2005-05
Dimension/support:
8 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-026
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
026 - The gradient of Shannon’s entropy as an intrinsic target property
Duration: 1997-01 - 1998-03
Researcher(s):
Edwin May, James Spottiswoode, Laura Faith, Joseph McMoneagle
Institution(s): The Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Cognitive Science Laboratory, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
CD (Laboratories for Fundamental Research - CSL Target Pool, 300 images)
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Spottiswoode, J., Faith, L. V., McMoneagle, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Superior psi ability / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-026.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
Final report - The gradient of Shannon’s entropy as an intrinsic target property
Publication year: 1998
URL:
http://www.bial.com/fotos/gca/1081782152bolsa2696.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
We invited five experienced receivers (i.e. experiment participants) to contribute 15 trials each. The target pool consisted of 300 carefully chosen digital images from a set of 20,000 pictures from the Corel Stock Photo Library of Professional Photographs. The trial protocol was controlled by email and feedback was provided on the World Wide Web. A figure of merit, was based upon a fuzzy-set encoding of the targets and responses.
The primary hypotheses were that a significant correlation would be seen between the figure of merit quality assessment and the gradient of Shannon’s entropy for the associated target, and that the correlation using the rating assessment would be consistent with earlier findings.
A secondary hypothesis was that the figure of merit quality would not correlate with the entropy of the associated target. All hypotheses were confirmed. The correlation of the figure of merit with the entropic gradient was significant (Spearman’s p = 0.212, df = 73, p = 0.034). The Spearman’s p for the correlation with the entropy was 0.042, df = 73, p = 0.361. The combined correlation using the rating assessment for the static targets in the previous studies led to a Spearman’s p = 0.161, df = 41, p = 0.152; where as in this study p = 0.183, df = 24, p = 0.188.
The consistency with our earlier rating correlation and the robustness with the figure of merit assessment are surprising given that there was little evidence overall in the study for AC as measured by the rank-order method (i.e. mean rank = 2.93, ES = -0.005, z = -0.041, and p = 0.484).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance2000

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 11/1998
Title:
1998 Grants
Start date: 1999-01 - 2005-12
Dimension/support:
11 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-032
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/1998
Title:
032 - Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance
Duration: 1999-01 - 2000-09
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Cognitive Science Laboratory, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-1998-34
Author: May, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Anomalous cognition/experiences

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-032.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/1998
Title:
Final report - Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance
Publication year: 2000
URL:
http://www.bial.com/fotos/gca/1081784370bolsa3298.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The main goal of this experiment was to see if an earlier laboratory anecdote could be confirmed with a naïve population of subjects. That is, a high percentage of LFR’s experienced remote viewers scored 6 or above on the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale (SHSS).
One hundred students from a Budapest, Hungary, “new age” college participated in the study. A random half were measured by hypnotic techniques for their SHSS scores before participating in the anomalous cognition (AC) part of the study. The remaining half of the students were measured on the SHSS after their AC participation. Each subject was asked to contribute four AC trials at a rate of approximately one per week.
By rank-order assessment, we found little AC in this population. We observed a mean rank (n=400 trials) of 2.998 corresponding to an effect size of 0.002 (p = 0.482). There was weak support for some of the students (i.e., 34) who produced possible evidence for AC (i.e., ES 0.38) where 30 would be expected (p = 0.22).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-1998-34.01
Notes: This report pertains to two files (32/98 and 34/98)
Author: May, E.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Hypnosis / Anomalous cognition / Entropy

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentHypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance2001

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 11/1998
Title:
1998 Grants
Start date: 1999-01 - 2005-12
Dimension/support:
11 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-032
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/1998
Title:
032 - Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance
Duration: 1999-01 - 2000-09
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Cognitive Science Laboratory, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-1998-34
Author: May, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Anomalous cognition/experiences

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-032.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/1998
Title:
Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance
Publication year: 2001
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/3%C2%BA_simposio.a109.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Bányai, É., Vassy, Z., Faith, L. V.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E., Bányai, É., Vassy, Z., & Faith, L. V. (2001). Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyong the brain. Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 417). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Hypnosis / Anomalous cognition

Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance

Hypnotic susceptibility as a predictor of anomalous cognition performance

DocumentHigh hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback2002

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-021
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2000
Title:
021 - High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of Shannon entropy feedback
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-02
Researcher(s):
Edwin May, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Superior psi ability

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-021.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2000
Title:
High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback
Publication year: 2002
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/4%C2%BA_simposio.a110.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. (2002). High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 436). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Random number generator / Shannon entropy

High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback

High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback

DocumentA controlled study of anomalous cognition with PSI-conducive and PSI-inhibitory investigators2002

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-040
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2000
Title:
040 - A controlled study of anomalous experience with PSI-conducive and PSI-inhibitory investigators: Part A: Anomalous cognition; Part B: Healing
Duration: 2000-12 - 2002-12
Researcher(s):
David Marks
Institution(s): City University, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Brochure: City University London's Annual Report
Language: eng
Author:
Marks, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Remote viewing / Paranormal belief / Healing / Laying on of hands

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-040.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2000
Title:
A controlled study of anomalous cognition with PSI-conducive and PSI-inhibitory investigators
Publication year: 2002
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/4%C2%BA_simposio.a110.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Marks, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Marks, D. (2002). A controlled study of anomalous cognition with PSI-conducive and PSI-inhibitory investigators. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 446). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Investigator's beliefs / Remote viewing

A controlled study of anomalous cognition with PSI-conducive and PSI-inhibitory investigators

A controlled study of anomalous cognition with PSI-conducive and PSI-inhibitory investigators

DocumentHigh hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-021
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2000
Title:
021 - High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of Shannon entropy feedback
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-02
Researcher(s):
Edwin May, Dean Radin
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Superior psi ability

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-021.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2000
Title:
High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback
Publication year: 2004
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/5%C2%BA_simposio.a111.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The five senses of which we are most familiar share at least one common property: they are more sensitive to changes then they are to the steady state at their sensory “front ends.” For example, we can see a blinking faint light more easily than the same intensity of a steady light. If Rhine were correct when he coined the term Extrasensory Perception, at least with the sensory part, then there must be some “thing” that correlates with anomalous cognition (a.k.a., remote viewing) more when it is changing then when it is not. Based upon a number of remote viewing trials against energetic targets during the US Government funded program, it was suggested that the “thing” was entropy. To date, there have been five separate
experiments each of which demonstrated that the quality of anomalous cognition correlates significantly with the gradient of Shannon entropy of the photographic target and not with the entropy itself.
The combined correlation is 0.294 with a 95% confidence interval of [0.127, 0.363]. This result is highly suggestive of a sensory system. Decision Augmentation Theory applied to the random number generator database has demonstrated that the RNG results are best described by an application of anomalous cognition rather than psychokinesis. So in an earlier BIAL Foundation funded study, we attempted to manipulated pseudo random sequences by varying their inherent entropic gradients to very high values. We expected to show a strong correlation of hitting in accordance with the anomalous cognition results shown above. This study failed to demonstrate the expected correlation. It turned out that the feedback displays were insensitive to the entropic gradients of the underlying sequences. In the study reported here, we corrected this oversight; that is, the entropic gradient of the feedback displays in a pseudo random number
generator exactly matched that of the driving sequence. Surprisingly, this approach also failed to demonstrate the expected correlation. We will discuss this finding and explore its implication.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E., & Radin, D. (2004). High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 296-297). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Anomalous cognition / Random number generator / Shannon entropy

High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback

High hit-rate random number generator experiment with high gradient of shannon entropy feedback

DocumentFinal report - Psiconeurofisiologia comparativa entre as memórias traumáticas de vida actual e as memórias traumáticas de supostas vidas passadas: SPECT cerebral em 20 pacientes submetidos à Terapia Regressiva Vivencial Peres2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-117
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2002
Title:
117 - Psiconeurofisiologia comparativa entre as memórias traumáticas de vida actual e as memórias traumáticas de supostas vidas passadas: SPECT cerebral em 20 pacientes submetidos à Terapia Regressiva Vivencial Peres
Duration: 2003-01 - 2008-03
Researcher(s):
Maria Júlia Prieto Peres, Júlio Prieto Peres, Regis Cavini Ferreira, Vivian Pires de Albuquerque
Institution(s): Instituto Nacional de Pesquisa e Terapia Regressiva Vivencial Peres, São Paulo (Brazil)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-1996-09
Author: Peres, M.
Secondary author(s):
Peres, J. F., Ferreira, R., Albuquerque, V.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Past-life regression / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Memory / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Anxiety disorders / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-117.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2002
Title:
Final report - Psiconeurofisiologia comparativa entre as memórias traumáticas de vida actual e as memórias traumáticas de supostas vidas passadas: SPECT cerebral em 20 pacientes submetidos à Terapia Regressiva Vivencial Peres
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa11702_19022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Many studies have pointed out that the brain does not really store emotional or traumatic memories, but stores traces of information that are later used to create memories. The psychopathological signs of trauma are not static along a time-line and neither is the expression of traumatic memories. The psychotherapeutic method Terapia Reestruturativa Vivencial Peres (TRVP) integrates tools of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Altered State of Consciousness to help the patient restructure emotionally and cognitively traumatic events. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare changes in cerebral blood flow of patients during the retrieval of traumatic memories of present life and traumatic memories of supposed previous lives by using a script-driven symptom provocation paradigm adapted to Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (SPECT). Twenty patients with partial post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were examined by means of brain SPECT (99Tc-ECD). ROIs were used to semi-quantify flow. Values were generated for each ROI and normalized to the average whole brain activity and a Statistical Parametric Mapping was used for data analyses.
The comparison between the baseline condition (relaxation) and the traumatic memories of present life showed significant attenuation of activity in the pre-frontal cortex
(X=±10, Y=+36, Z=-15 p<0.001), and left hippocampus (X=-32, Y=-9, Z=-15
p<0.001), as well as increase of activity in the left amygdale (X=-17, Y=-6, Z=-23
p<0.001). The comparison between the baseline condition and the traumatic memories from supposed previous life showed the same neural reciprocities. The third comparison between the traumatic memories of present life and the traumatic memories from supposed previous life, did not reach significance. These findings suggest that fantasy, false memories and confabulation are distinct cognitive processes of traumatic
memories of supposed previous lives, and neural mechanisms involved in these processes may share neural similarities with those underlying the fragmented and nonverbal nature of traumatic memories in partial PTSD.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
por
Author:
Peres, M.
Secondary author(s):
Peres, J., Ferreira, R., Albuquerque, V.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Traumatic memories / Terapia Reestrutrativa Vivencial Peres / Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2004
Title:
055 - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data
Duration: 2006-10 - 2009-02
Researcher(s):
Robin Wooffitt
Institution(s): Department of Sociology, University of York (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Conferecen paper
1 unpublished document
1 article submitted for publication
Language: eng
Author:
Wooffitt, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Consciousness / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-055.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2004
Title:
Final report - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa5504_19022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: OBJECTIVES:
A key objective of this project was to examine how people use communicative resources and linguistic tools to verbalise reflections on their own experience of consciousness. It is anticipated that the results of the project would be of benefit to parapsychologists interested in the ways in which mentations may reveal the working of anomalous communicative processes in ordinary consciousness.
METHODS:
Data consisted of audio recordings of the mentation stage of ganzfeld ESP experiments conducted at the Koestler Parapsychology Unit at the University of Edinburgh during the 1990s. These recordings were transcribed according to the conventions of conversation analysis.
Data were analysed using conversation analysis. This is a qualitative method for the examination of the structural, interpersonal and normative properties of naturally occurring verbal interaction. It has previously been used in study of experimenter-subject interaction in ganzfeld experiments, in studies of reports of spontaneous psi related experiences, and in studies of the language of psychic practitioners.
RESULTS:
The empirical analysis has discovered various communicative practices by which participants in ganzfeld experiment produce mentation reports. Analysis focused on:
The institutional character of the discourse of mentation reports (how descriptions of inner experience are designed to address the institutional, experimental and laboratory context in which the report is produced); The management of rights and responsibilities (how subjects display their tacit understanding of the normative obligations and expectations that underpin participation in laboratory procedures);
The playfulness of mentation discourse (how subjects used poetic discourse in the mentations, and how these poetical features impinged on the content of the report).
CONCLUSIONS:
In various publications, we have argued that, in the use of introspective data, it may be necessary for parapsychologists and consciousness researchers to try to take account of the social and interpersonal properties of discourse and communication. This is because what is taken to be the content of a report may be inextricability tied to the discourse practices through which it is made available to the researcher.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2002-52
Author: Wooffitt, R.
Secondary author(s):
Holt, N.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Mentations / Introspection / Consciousness / Discourse

Final report - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data

Final report - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data

DocumentIntrospective discourse and the poetics of subjective experience2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2004
Title:
055 - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data
Duration: 2006-10 - 2009-02
Researcher(s):
Robin Wooffitt
Institution(s): Department of Sociology, University of York (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Conferecen paper
1 unpublished document
1 article submitted for publication
Language: eng
Author:
Wooffitt, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Consciousness / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-055.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2004
Title:
Introspective discourse and the poetics of subjective experience
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/08351813.2011.567097#.UfaUgGxdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This article examines poetic phenomena—rhymes, alliteration, puns—that appear in the introspective reports of people who have taken part in a psychology experiment. We argue that these phenomena are a form of discourse poetics identified in conversational data by Sacks and subsequently discussed by Jefferson, among others. We extend earlier research, first, to identify how the organization of these introspective narratives facilitates a range of poetic and rhetorical forms more commonly associated with the study of classical literary and religious texts; and second, to provide evidence that these poetic forms are not happenstance but are pragmatic achievements.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wooffitt, R.
Secondary author(s):
Holt, N.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
7|2022-03-19
Reference:
Wooffitt, R., & Holt, N. (2011). Introspective discourse and the poetics of subjective experience. Research on Language and Social Interaction, 44(2), 135-156. doi: 10.1080/08351813.2011.567097
2-year Impact Factor: 1.226|2011
Times cited: 2|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Mentations / Introspection / Consciousness / Discourse

DocumentThe brain and the outside world1998

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 8/1996
Title:
1996 Grants
Start date: 1997-01 - 2005-05
Dimension/support:
8 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
008 - The search for a Psi-mediated event-related desynchronization
Duration: 1997-01 - 1997-12
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Cognitive Science Laboratory (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-008.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
The brain and the outside world
Publication year: 1998
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/2%C2%BA_simposio.a108.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
May, E. (1998). The brain and the outside world. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 205-213). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentGradient of Shannon entropy and the quality of anomalous cognition1998

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 8/1996
Title:
1996 Grants
Start date: 1997-01 - 2005-05
Dimension/support:
8 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-026
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
026 - The gradient of Shannon’s entropy as an intrinsic target property
Duration: 1997-01 - 1998-03
Researcher(s):
Edwin May, James Spottiswoode, Laura Faith, Joseph McMoneagle
Institution(s): The Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Cognitive Science Laboratory, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
CD (Laboratories for Fundamental Research - CSL Target Pool, 300 images)
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Spottiswoode, J., Faith, L. V., McMoneagle, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Superior psi ability / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-026.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
Gradient of Shannon entropy and the quality of anomalous cognition
Publication year: 1998
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/2%C2%BA_simposio.a108.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Spottiswoode, J.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E., & Spottiswoode, J. (1998). Gradient of Shannon entropy and the quality of anomalous cognition. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 229-235). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Entropy

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Extra-sensory perception under the condition of continuous sensory feedback (CSF) to the agent2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-109
Location: SEC PCA - 109/04
Title:
109 - Extra-sensory perception under the condition of continuous sensory feedback (CSF) to the agent
Duration: 2005-02
Researcher(s):
Peter Mulacz, Gunther Fleck, Erich Neuwirth, Hans Georg Schutz, Helena Bedenicec
Institution(s): Austrian Society for Parapsychology and Border Areas of Science, Vienna University (Austria)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / ger
Author:
Mulacz, P.
Secondary author(s):
Fleck, G., Neuwirth, E., Schutz, H. G., Bedenicec, H.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-109.01
Location: SEC PCA - 109/04
Title:
Final report - Extra-sensory perception under the condition of continuous sensory feedback (CSF) to the agent
Publication year: 2012
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa10904.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The project was a computerized conceptual replication of the classical Brugmans, Heymans, and Weinberg study of 1920. The experimental design did not only prove to work out well but it was well accepted by the participants; nonetheless the results did not turn out as good as it has been hoped for (due to the implementation of several variables supposed to be psi-conducive). From a total of 5658 runs (61 of them invalid) we had 180 hits as opposed to the chance expectation of 156 hits. The participants were pairs of emotionally-linked persons, e.g. siblings, spouses, intimate, close friends, etc. From this population the mother-child teams scored remarkably better than any other kind of relationship. The (albeit very few) left-handers scored remarkably better than the right-handers. Correlations between hits and the psychological test data of Psychological Variables (NEO-PI-R, Paranormal Belief Scale, Sheep Goat Scale) turned out to be largely insignificant. Interviews with the participants revealed that many of them had experienced occurrences that they themselves rated as paranormal. There was a remarkable side effect: With certain participants the computer applet crashed time and again. Invariably, those persons reported freely – i.e. without being questioned – having had experienced frequent problems with electrical/electronic appliances, from simple light bulbs to computers. Hence, it makes sense to interpret the crashes of the applet as an involuntary PK effect that warrants further investigation. However, there was no correlation between these crashes and the hits scored by this sub-population. With other persons, the applet was running stable hence technical problems are to be ruled out.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng / ger
Author:
Mulacz, P.
Secondary author(s):
Fleck, G., Neuwirth, E., Schütz, H. G., Pucher, R., Bedenicec, H.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Anomalous cognition

Final report - Extra-sensory perception under the condition of continuous sensory feedback (CSF) to the agent

Final report - Extra-sensory perception under the condition of continuous sensory feedback (CSF) to the agent

DocumentFinal report - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-157
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
157 - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality
Duration: 2007-01 - 2008-07
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems Inc., Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
3 Articles
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-59
Notes: The final report consists of two published articles that were recorded and scanned separately
Author: Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Transliminality / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-157.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
Final report - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa15706_16102013.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Houran and Lange (in press) reanalyzed data from two different studies (I Ching and haunt experiences) that examined transliminality and anomalous experiences simultaneously to determine if there was an “optimal level” of transliminality for putative psi. Transliminality and Sex effects on anomalous experiences were identified in one dataset, as indicated by statistically significant variation in subjects’ experiential response hierarchies. Next, these differential effects were identified also in the other dataset at the behavioral level as indicated by subjects’ performance on an I Ching task. Results suggest that putative psi was best facilitated in women with high Transliminality scores and men with low Transliminality scores. As a cross-check of this heuristic, Houran and Lange (in preparation) explored experimenter effects in an experiment with the Chinese book of divination the I Ching, which contains 64 hexagrams (6-line structures) and associated readings. Three coins are thrown six times to generate one of these hexagrams. Participants and Experimenters (N = 120) were recruited based on scoring patterns on Transliminality and Paranormal Belief to produce four experimental groups (N = 15 pairs each) of varying levels of Paranormal Belief and Transliminality: High/High; High/Low; Low/High and Low/Low. Participants selected 16 of 64 hexagram-descriptor pairs, based on their emotional or cognitive states of mind. A “hit” was observed when 1 of the 16 choices would come up (Pmce = .25). It was predicted that the hit rate of the High/High group would be significantly greater than chance, the High/High group would score significantly higher than the three control conditions (High/Low, Low/High, Low/Low) and that the three control conditions would score similarly. It was further expected that Transliminality, Paranormal Belief and Sex would show main and interaction effects for hit rate on the I Ching task. The hit rate on Hexagram 1 was 28 out of 60, or 46.7% which far exceeds the 25% chance level and the High/High group did have the highest raw score hit rate, but there were no significant main or interaction effects of Transliminality, Paranormal Belief or Sex. These surprising findings suggest that the specific differences in experimental protocols between the present study and past research are partly responsible. The two main differences involve (i) the notion of spontaneity and ambiguity related to the task and (ii) treating psi outcomes on the I Ching as a Rasch-trait variable rather than as independent observations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition / Transliminality

Final report - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality

Final report - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality

DocumentEntropy and environmental mystery: A parapsychological perspective2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-157
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
157 - Enhancing hit rates on psi tests with optimal levels of transliminality
Duration: 2007-01 - 2008-07
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): Integrated Knowledge Systems Inc., Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
3 Articles
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-59
Notes: The final report consists of two published articles that were recorded and scanned separately
Author: Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Transliminality / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-157.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
Entropy and environmental mystery: A parapsychological perspective
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pms.105.2.688-690
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Findings from parapsychological field studies grounded in cognitive illusions parallel the results from Stamps' 2007 research on environmental mystery in simulated environments. However, parapsychology also implicates certain perceptual-personality characteristics in the perception of some forms of environmental mystery. Thus, it is argued that environmental mystery is produced fundamentally by an interaction of the right type of percipient (primed to detect and give credence to ambiguous stimuli) in the right type of environment (full of ambiguous stimuli).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Houran, J. (2007). Entropy and environmental mystery: A parapsychological perspective. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 105(2), 688-690. doi: 10.2466/pms.105.2.688-690
2-year Impact Factor: 0.387|2007
Times cited: 0|2022-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition

Entropy and environmental mystery: A parapsychological perspective

Entropy and environmental mystery: A parapsychological perspective

DocumentApplications of decision augmentation theory1995

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/102
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
Applications of decision augmentation theory
Publication year: 1995
Número de inventário:
M-0105
URL: http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-18391457/applications-of-decision-augmentation-theory
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
May, Utts, and Spottiswoode (1995) proposed decision augmentation theory (DAT) as a general model of anomalous mental phenomena.(1) DAT holds that anomalous cognition information is included along with the usual inputs that result in a final human decision that favors a "desired" outcome. In statistical parlance, DAT says that a slight, systematic bias is introduced into the decision process by anomalous cognition.
This concept has the advantage of being quite general. We know of no experiment that is devoid of at least one human decision; thus, DAT might be the underlying basis for anomalous mental phenomena. May et al. (1995) mathematically developed this concept and constructed a retrospective test algorithm that can be applied to existing databases. In this paper, we summarize the theoretical predictions of DAT, review the criteria for valid retrospective tests, and analyze the historical random number generator (RNG) database. In addition, we summarize the findings from one prospective test of DAT and comment on the published criticisms of an earlier formulation, which was then called intuitive data sorting (IDS). We conclude with a discussion of the RNG results that provide a strong circumstantial argument against a force-like explanation. As part of this review, we show that one biological-AP experiment is better described by an influence model.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Spottiswoode, J., Utts, J., James, C.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
May, E. C., Spottiswoode, J., Utts, J. M., & James, C. L. (1995). Applications of Decision Augmentation Theory. Journal of Parapsychology, 59(3), 221-250.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Precognition / Anomalous cognition

DocumentThe correlation of the gradient of Shannon entropy and anomalous cognition: Toward an AC sensory system2000

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 8/1996
Title:
1996 Grants
Start date: 1997-01 - 2005-05
Dimension/support:
8 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-026
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
026 - The gradient of Shannon’s entropy as an intrinsic target property
Duration: 1997-01 - 1998-03
Researcher(s):
Edwin May, James Spottiswoode, Laura Faith, Joseph McMoneagle
Institution(s): The Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Cognitive Science Laboratory, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
CD (Laboratories for Fundamental Research - CSL Target Pool, 300 images)
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Spottiswoode, J., Faith, L. V., McMoneagle, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Superior psi ability / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-026.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1996
Title:
The correlation of the gradient of Shannon entropy and anomalous cognition: Toward an AC sensory system
Publication year: 2000
URL:
http://www.scientificexploration.org/journal/jse_14_1_may.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In this study, we hoped to replicate earlier findings that have demonstrated strong evidence for anomalous cognition (AC), as well as a significant correlation between the quality of the AC with the gradient of Shannon entropy, but not with the entropy itself. We created a new target pool and a more sensitive analytical system compared with those of earlier studies. We then invited five experienced receivers (i.e., experiment participants) to contribute 15 trials each. In addition to the usual rank-order analysis, two other methods were used to assess the quality of the AC. The first of these was a 0 to 7 rating scale that has been used in the earlier studies. The second, a figure of merit, was based on a fuzzy-set encoding of the targets and responses. The primary hypotheses were (a) that a significant correlation would be seen between the figure of merit quality assessment and the gradient of Shannon entropy for the associated target and (b) that the correlation using the rating assessment would be consistent with earlier findings. A secondary hypothesis was that the figure of merit quality would not correlate with the entropy of the associated target. All hypotheses were confirmed. Our results are part of the growing evidence that AC is mediated through a sensory channel.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Spottiswoode, J., Faith, L. V.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E., Spottiswoode, J., & Faith, L. V. (2000). The correlation of the gradient of Shannon entropy and anomalous cognition: Toward an AC sensory system. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 14(1), 53-72.
Times cited: 0|2022-05-17
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Anomalous cognition / Pattern analysis / Entropy gradient

The correlation of the gradient of Shannon entropy and anomalous cognition: Toward an AC sensory system

The correlation of the gradient of Shannon entropy and anomalous cognition: Toward an AC sensory system

File233 - Training anomalous cognition in a motor task with subliminal auditory feedback2015-042018-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-233
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
233 - Training anomalous cognition in a motor task with subliminal auditory feedback
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-02
Researcher(s):
John Albert Palmer
Institution(s): Rhine Research Center, Durham, NC (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Paper accepted for publication
Language: eng
Author:
Palmer, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Anomalous cognition / Subliminal feedback / Dissociation / Motor / Parapsychology

DocumentNatural anomalous cognition targets: A fuzzy set application2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-028
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
028 - A Test of Thermodynamic Entropy Effects in Anomalous Cognition
Duration: 2013-03 - 2016-01
Researcher(s):
Edwin May, Sonali Bhatt Marwaha
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
May, E.
Secondary author(s):
Marwaha, S.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Remote viewing

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-028.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Natural anomalous cognition targets: A fuzzy set application
Publication year: 2014
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Fuzzy sets have previously been applied to photographic target stimuli. In this paper, we use the same technology to construct a set of natural sites in the San Francisco Bay area. We created a Universal Set of Elements containing 13 items which created five orthogonal categories: Buildings, Ponds, Towers, Gardens, and Bridges; 22 sites were identified and were independently coded by two volunteers. Thus, the fuzzy sets that represent these sites are a reasonable consensus of their content. This paper describes the construction process in detail, and the appendix shows each site and its associated fuzzy set.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Hawley, L., Changanti, V., Ratra, N.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C., Hawley, L., Changanti, V., & Ratra, N. (2014). Natural anomalous cognition targets: A fuzzy set application. Journal of Parapsychology, 78(2), 195-208.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Anomalous cognition / Remote viewing / RV stimulus / RV targeting / Target pool construction

DocumentParapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/110
Title: Parapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century
Publication year: 2015
Número de inventário:
M-0112
Pag., vols.: 414p.
URL: http://www.amazon.com/Parapsychology-A-Handbook-21st-Century-ebook/dp/B014RWX8TQ
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Many people have experienced such unusual phenomena as dreams that later seem to correspond with unforeseeable events, thinking of a long-lost friend just before he or she unexpectedly calls, or the ability to "feel" the presence of deceased loved ones. What many do not realize is that these types of experiences have been researched for more than a century by eminent scientists, including Nobel laureates. Most of these researchers have concluded that some of these phenomena do occur, although we are far from explaining them to everyone's satisfaction.
Parapsychology: A Handbook for the 21st Century is the first in almost 40 years to provide a comprehensive scientific overview of research in the field of parapsychology, explaining what we know and don't know about so-called psi phenomena, such as "telepathy," "precognition" or "psychokinesis." Contributors evaluate the evidence for these phenomena, accounting for factors such as selective memory, wish fulfillment and incorrect methods or analyses, in some cases offering psychological, physical and biological theories.
Accessibility: Document exists in archive
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Palmer, J., Marcusson-Clavertz, D.
Document type:
Book
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Palmer, J., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (Eds.) (2015). Parapsychology: A handbook for the 21st century. Jefferson, NC: McFarland.
Keywords: Psi phenomena / Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition

DocumentTraining anomalous cognition in a motor task with subliminal auditory feedback2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-233
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
233 - Training anomalous cognition in a motor task with subliminal auditory feedback
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-02
Researcher(s):
John Albert Palmer
Institution(s): Rhine Research Center, Durham, NC (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Paper accepted for publication
Language: eng
Author:
Palmer, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Anomalous cognition / Subliminal feedback / Dissociation / Motor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-233.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Training anomalous cognition in a motor task with subliminal auditory feedback
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://pt.scribd.com/document/352821872/2017-PA-Convention-Abstracts-of-Presented-Papers#from_embed
Accessibility: Document does not exist in files
Language:
eng
Author:
Palmer, J.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Palmer, J. (2017). Training anomalous cognition in a motor task with subliminal auditory feedback. Abstracts of presented papers. 60th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (pp. 24-25). Athens, Greece.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Anomalous cognition / Subliminal feedback / Motor