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DocumentApparitions in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality2002

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-003
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2000
Title:
003 - Psychophysiology of transliminality
Duration: 2001-01 - 2004-06
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): SIU School of Medicine, Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report as a doctoral thesis
13 Articles (published or submitted)
SPSS outputs
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Apparitions/haunting / Cognitive processes

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-03.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2000
Title:
Apparitions in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality
Publication year: 2002
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/4%C2%BA_simposio.a110.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Thalbourne, M. A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Houran, J., & Thalbourne, M. A. (2002). Apparitions in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p.427). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Apparitions / Hemispheric specialization

Apparitions in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality

Apparitions in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality

DocumentEgo-alien intrusions in the context of mental boundaries and hemispheric specializationn.d.

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-003
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2000
Title:
003 - Psychophysiology of transliminality
Duration: 2001-01 - 2004-06
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): SIU School of Medicine, Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report as a doctoral thesis
13 Articles (published or submitted)
SPSS outputs
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Apparitions/haunting / Cognitive processes

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-003.14
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2000
Title:
Ego-alien intrusions in the context of mental boundaries and hemispheric specialization
Publication year: n.d.
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Ashe, D. D., Thalbourne, M. A.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Houran, J., Ashe, D. D., & Thalbourne, M. A. (n. d.). Ego-alien intrusions in the context of mental boundaries and hemispheric specialization [Unpublished document].
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Transliminality / Hemispheric specialization / Apparitions

Ego-alien intrusions in the context of mental boundaries and hemispheric specialization [Texto policopiado].

Ego-alien intrusions in the context of mental boundaries and hemispheric specialization [Texto policopiado].

DocumentEncounter experiences in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality2003

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-003
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2000
Title:
003 - Psychophysiology of transliminality
Duration: 2001-01 - 2004-06
Researcher(s):
James Houran
Institution(s): SIU School of Medicine, Springfield (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report as a doctoral thesis
13 Articles (published or submitted)
SPSS outputs
Language: eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Transliminality / Paranormal belief / Apparitions/haunting / Cognitive processes

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-003.16
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2000
Title:
Encounter experiences in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality
Publication year: 2003
URL:
http://www.spr.ac.uk/psedsite/JSPRabstracts.php3?year=2003
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The homologue of left hemispheric (language) processes in the right hemisphere may be the primary neurological basis for encounter experiences. Thus, their perception should typically be located to the left of the experient's body. We tested this prediction in a convenience sample of 268 participants who completed a measure of encounter experiences, the Revised Transliminality Scale, the Boundary Questionnaire, the Rasch-scaled version of the Revised Paranormal Belief Scale, and the Briggs-Nebes Handedness Scale. Results are consistent with the notion that encounter experiences are related to specific aspects of thinner (or thicker) mental boundaries, but that this association is not mediated by bilaterality. Encounter experiences also showed no preference for body side. Accordingly, we found no support for the hypothesis that encounter experiences are the awareness of the right hemispheric equivalent of the sense of self. Rather, our findings suggest that there are different variables which facilitate the initial detection/perception of encounter experiences as opposed to affecting the content of encounter experiences. Overall, the confluence of significant correlations between encounter experiences, certain forms of mental boundaries, and paranormal beliefs supports the idea that these experiences partly reflect imagery, ideation, affect, and perception that derive from regions across thresholds -- a process that we speculate can occur under different physiological conditions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Houran, J.
Secondary author(s):
Ashe, D. D., Thalbourne, M. A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Houran, J., Ashe, D., & Thalbourne, M. A. (2003). Encounter experiences in the context of mental boundaries and bilaterality. Society for Psychical Research, 67(4), 260-279.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Transliminality / Hemispheric specialization / Apparitions

Encounter experiences in the contexto of mental boundaries and bilaterality [Texto policopiado]

Encounter experiences in the contexto of mental boundaries and bilaterality [Texto policopiado]

DocumentAparecidos, mensajeros del más allá: ¿Qué quieren comunicarnos?2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-051
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
051 - Hallucination Experience and PSI: A psychological, psychopathological, psychophysiological and transcultural approach
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Luis Santiago Espinoza Paul
Institution(s): Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Facultad de Psicologia, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Conference proceedings (7th Psi Meeting)
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Espinoza Paul, L.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hallucinations / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-051.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
Aparecidos, mensajeros del más allá: ¿Qué quieren comunicarnos?
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.masalladelaciencia.es/hemeroteca/aparecidos-mensajeros-del-mas-alla-que-quieren-comunicarnos_id30117/fantasmas-aparecidos_id1124153.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
La experiencia de ver una aparición cuando la muerte está a punto de llegar o acaba de producirse es mucho más frecuente de lo que se cree. En ocasiones nos visitan los “fantasmas” de familiares o amigos ya fallecidos, otras veces observamos brumas, luces o auras e incluso oímos músicas que no tienen explicación. Pero, más allá de la forma en la que se manifiestan, ¿cuál es el mensaje de las apariciones? ¿Qué nos quieren comunicar?
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
spa
Author:
Parra, A.
Document type:
Magazine article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parra, A. (2008). Aparecidos, mensajeros del más allá: ¿Qué quieren comunicarnos? Más Allá, 20(237), 20-25.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Apparitions / Near-death experience

DocumentSeeing and feeling ghosts: Absorption, fantasy proneness, and healthy schizotypy as predictors of crisis apparitional crisis2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-051
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
051 - Hallucination Experience and PSI: A psychological, psychopathological, psychophysiological and transcultural approach
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Luis Santiago Espinoza Paul
Institution(s): Universidad Abierta Interamericana, Facultad de Psicologia, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Conference proceedings (7th Psi Meeting)
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Espinoza Paul, L.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hallucinations / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-051.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2006
Title:
Seeing and feeling ghosts: Absorption, fantasy proneness, and healthy schizotypy as predictors of crisis apparitional crisis
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.thefreelibrary.com/%22Seeing+and+feeling+ghosts%22%3A+absorption,+fantasy+proneness,+and...-a0176480167
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
An apparition is an experience, such as a vision or sense of presence, in which another person appears who is often dying or undergoing some other crisis. Six hypotheses were tested: people who see or feel apparitions have a higher capacity for absorption, fantasy, and cognitive-perceptual schizotypy than nonexperients. Six hundred and fifty-six undergraduate students, 76% females and 24% males (age range 17–57), completed four scales. Experients scored higher on absorption (AE: z = 6.06 and SP: z = 5.19), fantasy proneness (AE: z = 4.76) and cognitive perceptual schizotypy (AE: z = 7.01 and SP: z = 8.21) than nonexperients. The results
suggest that, apart from the dominant schizotypy proneness, a second dimension (absorption) may underlie the differentiation of the two groups of participants. Gender differences were overall nonsignificant. Apparitional and other apparition like experiences are related to higher levels of reports of absorption and imaginative fantasy experiences. Visions of ghosts may be related to cognitive processes involving fantasy and cognitive perceptual schizotypy proneness. Often experients do not tell anyone about their experiences. This study demonstrated the viability of adopting a psychological approach to understand the crisis apparition experience.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (in the attachments of the final report)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
This paper was originally presented at the 50th Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association, held in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, August 2-5, 2007.
Author: Parra, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parra, A. (2007). Seeing and feeling ghosts: Absorption, fantasy proneness, and healthy schizotypy as predictors of crisis apparition experiences. Journal of Parapsychology, 70(2), 357-372.
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not computed after 2006
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Parapsychology / Apparitions / Absorption / Fantasy / Cognitive-perceptual schizotypy

Seeing and feeling ghosts: Absorption, fantasy proneness, and healthy schizotypy as predictors of crisis apparitional crisis

Seeing and feeling ghosts: Absorption, fantasy proneness, and healthy schizotypy as predictors of crisis apparitional crisis

File329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences2018-042020-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

DocumentA survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
329 - Exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Duration: 2018-04 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Christine Simmonds-Moore, Donadrian Rice, Chase O'Gwin
Institution(s): Psychology Department, University of West Georgia, Carrollton (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Simmonds-Moore, C.
Secondary author(s):
Rice, D., O'Gwin, C.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Psychomanteum / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-329.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.bps.org.uk/sites/www.bps.org.uk/files/Member%20Networks/Sections/Conciousness/2018%20CEP%20Annual%20Conference%20Exceptional%20Experiences%20Abstracts%20and%20Papers.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: This project sought to further explore the psychometric correlates of different types of apparitional experiences, with a particular focus on synaesthesia, creativity, perceptual sensitivity, different types of boundary thinness and body-based awareness (interoception and somatic focus). We predicted that there would be a difference between synaesthetes and non-synaesthetes in the general tendency to experience apparitional experiences. We also predicted that synesthesia (scored as a dummy variable), creative tendencies, sensitivity, body awareness and boundary thinness would positively predict scoring on a
general tendency to experience apparitions (in a regression analysis). We also planned to explore differences between ways of experiencing apparitions (including eyes open compared to closed; visual compared to other sensory experiences and spatial versus in the body) on personality scoring (using MANOVA). We also planned to sample a subset of different types of apparitional experience to develop a theory of apparitional experiences using grounded theory.
Design & Methods: This study was run as an online survey using Qualtrics. A series of questions that describe a range of different
apparitional experiences were developed from existing measures. This included 2 items pertaining to apparitions from the Anomalous Experience Inventory and 5 items from Irwin, Drinkwater and Dagnall (2013). The research team added an item pertaining to “visit dreams” (a type of encounter with the deceased that only occurs during the dream state). Questions were written neutrally, but with response options that allowed for paranormal or mainstream appraisals for experiences. Additional questions asked about different ways of experiencing apparitions (including whether eyes were open or closed, the senses that were involved in the experience, the spatial location of the experience and the nature of the apparitional experiences; presented as an open-ended question). A battery of individual difference measures included a measure of creativity (Weibel, Martarelli, Häberli & Mast, 2017); synesthetic experiences; locus of control, the Revised Transliminality Scale; Hartmann’s Boundary Questionnaire a measure of hyperaesthesia and two measures of body awareness (interoception - Multidimensional Assessment of Interoceptive Awareness (MAIA), Mehling, 2012) and a brief measure of somatic focus). The study url was distributed locally (to students in the psychology department at UWG, all staff and faculty at UWG and the community surrounding UWG) in addition to psychology students at Northwest Missouri State University and via social media.
Results: Data will be analyzed using quantitative and qualitative methods. Quantitative analysis will include difference tests (synaesthetes versus non-synaesthetes) and correlations between individual difference variables and general tendencies to experience apparitions. Regression analyses will explore the statistical predictors of apparitional experiences (from the battery of individual difference measures). Comparisons between different ways of experiencing an apparition in terms of scoring on personality variables will be calculated using a series of MANOVA calculations. A grounded theory will be undertaken on a subset of openended responses concerning different types of apparitional experiences to develop a theory of this type of experiences.
Conclusions: This research extends existing knowledge about the psychology of apparitional experiences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simmonds-Moore, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
O’Gwin, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Simmonds-Moore, C. A., & O’Gwin, C. (2018). A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences. Abstract book of Exceptional Experiences: Consciousness and Experiential Psychology 20th Annual Conference (p. 20), 6-8 September 2018 Regents University, London.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Apparitions / Synesthesia / Boundary thinness / Somatic tendencies

A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences

A survey exploring the correlates and nature of subjective apparitional experiences