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DocumentPsychophysiological evidence of possible retrocausal effects in humans2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-104
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
104 - Is psi a type of knowledge?
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-11
Researcher(s):
Dean Radin, Edwin May
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article (2 copies)
Language: eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Secondary author(s):
May, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-104.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
Psychophysiological evidence of possible retrocausal effects in humans
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://scitation.aip.org/getpdf/servlet/GetPDFServlet?filetype=pdf&id=APCPCS000863000001000193000001&idtype=cvips&doi=10.1063/1.2388755&prog=normal&bypassSSO=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
If the human nervous system operates exclusively according to conventional causal assumptions, then one’s physiological status before exposure to a randomly selected stimulus should not depend on the nature of that stimulus. However, if meaningful dependencies are observed it would suggest that some aspect of the nervous system is sensitive to the future, implying a possible retrocausal effect. To test this idea, a series of double-blind experiments were conducted to investigate whether pre-stimulus physiological measures were meaningfully related to post-stimulus responses. Skin conductance levels of individuals were recorded before, during and after exposure to randomly selected calm or emotional pictures. Results showed that pre-stimulus skin conductance levels prior to the stimuli showed a differential response (131 participants, 4,569 trials, p = 0.00006, two-tailed), consistent with a retrocausal phenomenon. In another experiment, participants viewed a randomly determined light flash or no flash while their brain electrical potentials were being monitored. Slow cortical potentials in 13 females differentiated significantly before stimulus onset (p = 0.007, two-tailed). Numerous conventional explanations for these observations were examined and rejected as implausible, and these experiments have been successfully replicated by several independent investigators. Collectively these studies challenge the assumption that human psychophysiology can be adequately modeled solely by unidirectional causal processes.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Radin, D. I. (2006). Psychophysiological evidence of possible retrocausal effects in humans. In D. Sheehan(Ed)., Frontiers of Time: Retrocausation Experiment and Theory. (Vol. 863, pp. 193-213). Melville, NY: American Institutes of Physics. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.2388755
Times cited: 4|2024-02-05
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Retrocausality / Time reversal / Autonomic nervous system

Psychophysiological evidence of possible retrocausal effects in humans

Psychophysiological evidence of possible retrocausal effects in humans

DocumentFinal report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa07-04_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Thirty four participants took part in a formal study examining pre- and post-stimulus responses to acoustic stimuli consisting of 1-second of 95db of white noise with a random inter-stimulus interval of 30 ± 10 s. The dependent variable was the difference between pulse-rate, which was measured by a standard 3-electrode ECG placement, prior to the choice of acoustic stimuli compared to prior to no-stimulus control. A Monte Carlo method was used to assess statistical relevance of the data.
Two sets of data were collected to ascertain any Decision Augmentation Theory effects (i.e., experimenter psi): Condition A with 16 stimuli/participant and Condition B with 48 stimuli/participant.
The best participant produced a pre-stimulus effect size of 1.02 (z = 2.05, p = 0.02); however, the results across all 34 participants were disappointing. Combining the two conditions resulted in a total stimuli count of 518 contrasted with 512 silent controls. The effect sizes were 0.043 and 0.006 for Conditions A and B, respectively, which indicated there was no observed prestimulus pulse rate response to acoustic stimuli compared to controls.
It is difficult to ascribe a meaning to a null result; however, we do consider a number of potential explanations.
• We did not screen participants for native ability in this particular setup, so it remains possible that we did not have psi talent in the participant pool.
• Contrary to expectations, heart rate may not be subject to prestimulus response effects.
• This particular study was plagued with difficulties from its inception. Some of these issues arose because we were not well trained in heart-rate measures and analyses. The result was that we had to restart the study learning as we went. This had two important side effects. The first is that it sharply reduced the available participant pool from which we could draw, and secondly and most importantly it had a demoralizing effect on the researchers.
This last point requires further discussion. It is a well-established effect that set and setting play an important role in experimental psychology and perhaps a determining role in parapsychological experiments. One of the strongest effects in the PSI literature is the so-called sheep/goat effect which may be a strong manifestation of this effect.
Because of the frustrating beginning to the study and because our team is strongly accustomed to obtaining positive results, we all became discouraged and less attentive to this study. Perhaps at a minimum this contributed to the null result or, at worst, maybe “caused” the null result.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Prestimulus response / Decision augmentation theory / Heart rate / Autonomic nervous system

Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

DocumentAnomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/acm.2005.11.695
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The primary aim of this study was to conduct a replication, simplification, and extension of similar previous studies that claimed anomalous anticipatory skin conductance responses prior to various stimuli and to provide sufficient protocol and analysis details in order to foster additional replications. A secondary aim was to provide a testable model in order to understand the observed results.
DESIGN:
We used standard skin conductance measures and techniques to search within 50 participants for responses prior to 1-second duration, 97-dB acoustic stimuli, compared to prior to silent controls. We used an interstimulus interval randomly and uniformly distributed between 30 and 50 seconds.
OUTCOME MEASURES:
The dependent variable was the difference between proportions of 3.5-second prestimulus intervals prior to acoustic stimuli and prior to silent controls that contained a fully formed, nonspecific skin conductance response (ns-SCR). The null hypothesis was that the proportion difference should be zero.
RESULTS:
We found a significant proportion difference of 0.032 (Z = 2.08; effect size = 0.077 +/- 0.037; p(1t) = 0.0018), which is a replication of earlier similar studies.
CONCLUSIONS:
We examined and ruled out a number of potential artifacts that might have accounted for this finding. To understand these results, we demonstrated, by Monte Carlo techniques, that a possible explanation is that experimenters may have used their own intuition to initiate experiment runs to somehow sort otherwise random nonspecific skin conductance responses into appropriate bins in order to mimic physiological responses. We found experimental evidence to support this idea as an operational mechanism. If this speculation is confirmed in prospective studies, then this intuition-based mimicking of effects may profoundly impact the interpretation of results from complementary and alternative medical studies that use statistical inference to assess outcomes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2000-036.07
Author: May, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Paulinyi, T., Vassy, Z.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C., Paulinyi, T., & Vassy, Z. (2005). Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 11(4), 695-702. https://doi.org/10.1089/acm.2005.11.695
2-year Impact Factor: 1.051|2005
Times cited: 19|2024-02-05
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Prestimulus response / Autonomic nervous system / Skin conductance response (SCR)

Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism

Anomalous anticipatory skin conductance response to acoustic stimuli: experimental results and speculation about a mechanism

DocumentPrestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The objective of this study was twofold: (1) to observe prestimulus response effects using heart rate as in indicator of the autonomic nervous system and (2) to ascertain which of two potential models of the functioning best fit the data. Are the data indicative of a precognitive response to a future stimuli or an experimenter effect via Decision Augmentation Theory (DAT). Using a 3-point electrode system, we monitored heart rate continuously for approximately 45 minutes. At random intervals of 30±10 s, we consulted a predefined list of counter balanced stimuli of either 1 s of 95 dB white noise or a silent data marker as a control. The prestimulus region was defined as - 4.7 to -1.2 s prior to stimulus onset and the heart rate data for each stimulus was referenced to that at -4.7s (i.e., clamped at that point). The dependent variable was the area between the average heart rate prior a future acoustic stimulus and a future control. A statistical assessment for this area was determined using a traditional non-parametric permutation technique. A DAT test required either 8 (condition A) or 24 (condition B) stimuli, respectively. Combining the two conditions we found essentially no effect (z = -0.29, p = 0.6, ES =-0.01, n = 518 stimuli). So also there appeared to be no observable effect in either of the two conditions: Condition A (z = -0.46, p = 0.68, ES = - 0.043, n = 121 stimuli) and Condition B (z = -0.12, p = 0.54, ES = -0.006, n = 397 stimuli). It is difficult to ascribe a meaning to a null result; however, we do consider a number of potential explanations. (1) Heart rate may not be subject to prestimulus response effects. (2) This study was plagued with difficulties. The result was that we had to restart the study a number of times. This had two important side effects. The first is that it sharply reduced the available participant pool from which we could draw, and secondly and most importantly it had a demoralizing effect on the researchers. This last point requires further discussion. It is a well established effect that set and setting play an important role in experimental psychology and perhaps a determining role in parapsychological experiments. One of the strongest effects in the PSI literature is the so-called sheep/goat effect which may be a strong manifestation of this effect.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C. (2008). Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Prestimulus response / Decision augmentation theory / Heart rate / Autonomic nervous system

Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

DocumentDoes autonomic nervous system activity correlate with events conventionally considered as unperceivable? Using a guessing task with physiological measurement2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-039
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2008
Title:
039 - Anomalous Communication: The Transmission of Subjective Significance
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Wolfgang Ambach, Tim Schönwetter
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health (IGPP), Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Brochure (Biennal report 2006-2007, Institut für Grenzgebiete der Psychologie und Psychohygiene, Freiburg, Germany)
Language: eng
Author:
Ambach, W.
Secondary author(s):
Schönwetter, T.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-039.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2008
Title:
Does autonomic nervous system activity correlate with events conventionally considered as unperceivable? Using a guessing task with physiological measurement
Publication year: 2011
Institution(s):
http://www.igpp.de/english/es/pdf/Schoenwetter_2011b.pdf
URL: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/71940273/does-autonomic-nervous-system-activity-correlate-events-conventionally-considered-as-unperceivable-using-guessing-task-physiological-measurement
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Prior studies seem to provide evidence for an anomalous increase in heart rate during the presentation of objects that were later randomly chosen and presented as target objects in a forced-choice guessing task. We investigated 48 participant pairs in a modified paradigm: We implemented a spatially separated partner who handled the particular target object during each of 14 blocks of the task while trying to influence the participant under physiological investigation, by mental means alone. Response differences between targets and nontargets were evaluated by measuring heart rate changes, electrodermal response amplitudes, respiratory changes, and pulse activity. Paranormal belief and partner connectedness were investigated as possible moderator variables for physiological response differences and hit rate. The analyses did not show evidence of anomalous physiological response differences between targets and nontargets (effect sizes < .2, p values> .1) or any influences of moderator variables. Methodological analyses provided evidence for a serial position effect in prior studies; this observation might point toward a particular significance of the last object presentation preceding the prompt to guess. In order to prevent this confound and to avoid biased estimation of the alpha level, future studies should balance stimulus positions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schönwetter, T.
Secondary author(s):
Ambach, W., Veitl, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Schönwetter, T., Ambach, W., & Veitl, D. (2011). Does autonomic nervous system activity correlate with events conventionally considered as unperceivable? Using a guessing task with physiological measurement. Journal of Parapsychology, 75(2), 327-348.
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not computed after 2006
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Forced-choice guessing task / Autonomic nervous system / Physiological measures / Participant pairs / Connectedness of participants / Paranormal belief

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentElectrodermal presentiments of future emotions2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/073
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
Electrodermal presentiments of future emotions
Publication year: 2004
Número de inventário:
M-0076
URL: http://www.scientificexploration.org/journal/jse_18_2_radin.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In previously reported double-blind experiments, electrodermal
activity (EDA) monitored during display of randomly selected photographs
showed that EDA was higher before emotional photos than before calm photos
( p ¼ 0.002). This differential effect, suggestive of precognition, was dubbed
‘‘presentiment.’’ Three new double-blind experiments were conducted in an
attempt to replicate the original studies using the same basic design, but with
new physiological monitoring hardware, software, stimulus photos, subject
populations, and testing environments.
The three replications involved 109 participants who together contributed
3,709 trials. The new studies again showed higher EDA before emotional
photos than before calm photos ( p ¼ 0.001). All four experiments combined
involved 133 participants and 4,569 trials; the associated weighted mean effect
size (per trial) was e¼0.064 6 0.015, over 4 standard errors from a null effect.
As a more general test, presentiment predicts a positive correlation between
pre-stimulus EDA and independently assessed emotionality ratings of the photo
targets. The observed correlation across all four experiments was significantly
positive ( p ¼ 0.008).
Consideration of alternative explanations, including expectation, sensory
cues, hardware or software artifacts, inappropriate analyses, and anticipatory
strategies, revealed no suitable candidates that could systematically generate
the observed results. This series of four experiments, supported by successful
replications conducted by other investigators, appears to demonstrate a small
magnitude but statistically robust form of precognition in the human autonomic
nervous system.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Radin, D. (2004). Electrodermal presentiments of future emotions. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 18, 253-274.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Electrodermal activity (EDA) / Precognition / Autonomic nervous system / Anticipation

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentPupil dilation reflects the authenticity of received nonverbal vocalizations2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-292
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
292 - Oxytocin: On the psychophysiology of trust and cooperation
Duration: 2017-10 - 2023-11
Researcher(s):
Diana Prata, James Rilling, Manuel Lopes, Duarte Ferreira, Daniel Martins, Pedro Levy
Institution(s): FCiências.ID – Associação para a Investigação e Desenvolvimento de Ciências (Portugal); Emory University, Atlanta (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Prata, D.
Secondary author(s):
Rilling, J., Lopes, M., Ferreira, D. , Martins, D., Levy, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Oxytocin / Mentalizing / Theory of mind / Dopamine / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-292.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Pupil dilation reflects the authenticity of received nonverbal vocalizations
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://eprints.lancs.ac.uk/id/eprint/151165/1/Pupil_dilation_reflects_the_authenticity_of_received_nonverbal_vocalizations_ScientificReports_accepted27_Jan_2021_.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The ability to infer the authenticity of other’s emotional expressions is a social cognitive process taking place in all human interactions. Although the neurocognitive correlates of authenticity recognition have been probed, its potential recruitment of the peripheral autonomic nervous system is not known. In this work, we asked participants to rate the authenticity of authentic and acted laughs and cries, while simultaneously recording their pupil size, taken as proxy of cognitive effort and arousal. We report, for the first time, that acted laughs elicited higher pupil dilation than authentic ones and, reversely, authentic cries elicited higher pupil dilation than acted ones. We tentatively suggest the lack of authenticity in others’ laughs elicits increased pupil dilation through demanding higher cognitive effort; and that, reversely, authenticity in cries increases pupil dilation, through eliciting higher emotional arousal. We also show authentic vocalizations and laughs (i.e. main effects of authenticity and emotion) to be perceived as more authentic, arousing and contagious than acted vocalizations and cries, respectively. In conclusion, we show new evidence that the recognition of emotional authenticity can be manifested at the level of the autonomic nervous system in humans. Notwithstanding, given its novelty, further independent research is warranted to ascertain its psychological meaning.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cosme, G.
Secondary author(s):
Rosa, P., Lima, C. F., Tavares, V., Scott, S., Chen, S., Wilcockson, T., Crawford, T., Prata, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Cosme, G., Rosa, P., Lima, C. F., Tavares, V., Scott, S., Chen, S., Wilcockson, T., Crawford, T., & Prata, D. (2021). Pupil dilation reflects the authenticity of received nonverbal vocalizations. Scientific Reports, 11: 3733. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-83070-x
2-year Impact Factor: 4.997|2021
Times cited: 8|2024-02-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Empathy / Theory of mind / Mentalization / Emotion recognition / Authenticity recognition / Nonverbal vocalizations / Pupillometry / Autonomic nervous system

Pupil dilation reflects the authenticity of received nonverbal vocalizations

Pupil dilation reflects the authenticity of received nonverbal vocalizations

DocumentAcute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
161 - Individual differences in infants' stress reactivity
Duration: 2015-04 - 2018-06
Researcher(s):
Edward Charles Tronick, Erin Duffy, Jennifer A. DiCorcia
Institution(s): University of Massachusetts Boston, Child Development Unit, Boston (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Tronick, E.
Secondary author(s):
Duffy, E., DiCorcia, J. A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Stress psychophysiology / Individual differences / Still-Face / Cortisol / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-161.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.714664/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Exposure to maternal stress is assumed to influence infant health and development across the lifespan. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is especially sensitive to the effects of the early caregiving environment and linked to predictors of later mental health. Understanding how exposure to maternal stress adversely affects the developing ANS could inform prevention. However, there is no agreed upon definition of maternal stress making its study difficult. Here we use the Caretaker Acute Stress Paradigm (CASP) to study the effects of maternal stress in an experimentally controlled laboratory setting. The CASP has 5 episodes, a natural play, followed by a caretaker stressor (or control) condition, another play, a classic still face episode, followed by another play. A total of 104 4-months-old infants and their mothers were randomly assigned to either the caretaker-stress or caretaker-control condition. Changes in behavior, heart rate (HR), and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) before and after the introduction of the stressor (or control condition) were recorded and compared. Infants in the maternal stress condition showed significantly more behavioral distress [X-2 = (1, N = 104) = 4.662, p = 0.031]. Moreover, infants whose mothers were in the stress condition showed an significant increase in heart rate after the caretaker condition [F-(1,F- 102) = 9.81, p = 0.002]. Finally we observed a trend to faster RSA recovery in infants of the control condition [F-(1,F- 75) = 3.539, p = 0.064]. Results indicate that exposure to acute maternal stress affects infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mueller, I.,
Secondary author(s):
Snidman, N., DiCorcia, J. A., Tronick, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Mueller, I., Snidman, N., DiCorcia, J. A., & Tronick, E. (2021). Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 12, 714664. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2021.714664
2-year Impact Factor: 5.435|2021
Times cited: 3|2024-02-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Maternal stress / Infant regulation / Autonomic nervous system / Infant stress reactivity / Caretaker acute stress paradigm / Still face paradigm

Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study

Acute maternal stress disrupts infant regulation of the autonomic nervous system and behavior: A CASP study

File233 - Assessing cardiac activity as a predictor of freezing behaviour in humans2023-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2022
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2022 Grants
Start date: 2023-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2022-233
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
233 - Assessing cardiac activity as a predictor of freezing behaviour in humans
Duration: 2023-03
Researcher(s):
Jaime Grácio, Natalia Barrios, Marta Moita, Diego Carrasco, Carolina Ferreira, Pedro Ferreira, Joaquim Alves da Silva, Albino Oliveira-Maia
Institution(s): Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisbon (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Grácio, J.
Secondary author(s):
Barrios, N., Moita, M., Carrasco, D., Ferreira, C., Ferreira, P., Alves da Silva, J., Oliveira-Maia, A. J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Fear / Autonomic nervous system / Heart activity / Decision-making / Psychophysiology

File284 - Slow wave sleep reduces emotion: A multilevel approach combining the monitoring of brain, neurovegetative and dream activities2023-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2022
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2022 Grants
Start date: 2023-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2022-284
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
284 - Slow wave sleep reduces emotion: A multilevel approach combining the monitoring of brain, neurovegetative and dream activities
Duration: 2023-03
Researcher(s):
Pascal Hot, Jean Baptiste Eichenlaub, Sophie Schwartz, Jessica Bourgin, Sonia Pellissier, Sylvain Delplanque
Institution(s): Laboratoire de Psychologie et Neurocognition, Université Savoie Mont Blanc (France); Sleep and Cognition Neuroimaging Laboratory, Geneva University NeuroCenter (Switzerland)
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Hot, P.
Secondary author(s):
Eichenlaub, J. B., Schwartz, S., Bourgin, J., Pellissier, S., Delplanque, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Emotion regulation / Autonomic nervous system / Sleep stages / Psychophysiology

DocumentAutonomic nervous system modulation during self-induced non-ordinary states of consciousness2023

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-261
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
261 - Phenomenological experience and neurophysiological correlates of shamanic trance in healthy individuals
Duration: 2019-07 - 2021-11
Researcher(s):
Olivia Gosseries
Institution(s): GIGA research center, GIGA-Consciousness, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Gosseries, O.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Trance / Phenomenology / Electrophysiology / Consciousness / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-261.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Autonomic nervous system modulation during self-induced non-ordinary states of consciousness
Publication year: 2023
URL:
https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-42393-7
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Self-induced cognitive trance (SICT) is a voluntary non-ordinary state of consciousness characterized by a lucid yet narrowed awareness of the external surroundings. It involves a hyper-focused immersive experience of flow, expanded inner imagery, modified somatosensory processing, and an altered perception of self and time. SICT is gaining attention due to its potential clinical applications. Similar states of non-ordinary state of consciousness, such as meditation, hypnosis, and psychedelic experiences, have been reported to induce changes in the autonomic nervous system. However, the functioning of the autonomic nervous system during SICT remains poorly understood. In this study, we aimed to investigate the impact of SICT on the cardiac and respiratory signals of 25 participants proficient in SICT. To accomplish this, we measured various metrics of heart rate variability (HRV) and respiration rate variability (RRV) in three conditions: resting state, SICT, and a mental imagery task. Subsequently, we employed a machine learning framework utilizing a linear discriminant analysis classifier and a cross-validation scheme to identify the features that exhibited the best discrimination between these three conditions. The results revealed that during SICT, participants experienced an increased heart rate and a decreased level of high-frequency (HF) HRV compared to the control conditions. Additionally, specific increases in respiratory amplitude, phase ratio, and RRV were observed during SICT in comparison to the other conditions. These findings suggest that SICT is associated with a reduction in parasympathetic activity, indicative of a hyperarousal state of the autonomic nervous system during SICT.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Oswald, V.
Secondary author(s):
Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Annen, J., Martial, C., Bicego, A., Rousseaux, F., Sombrun, C., Harel, Y., Faymonville, M. E., Laureys, S., Jerbi, K., Gosseries, O.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Oswald, V., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Annen, J., Martial, C., Bicego, A., Rousseaux, F., Sombrun, C., Harel, Y., Faymonville, M. E., Laureys, S., Jerbi, K., & Gosseries, O. (2023). Autonomic nervous system modulation during self-induced non-ordinary states of consciousness. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 15811. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-42393-7
2-year Impact Factor: 4.6|2022
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2023
Times cited: 0|2024-02-16
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Non-ordinary states of consciousness / Self-induced cognitive trance / Heart rate variability / Autonomic nervous system

Autonomic nervous system modulation during self-induced non-ordinary states of consciousness

Autonomic nervous system modulation during self-induced non-ordinary states of consciousness