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BIAL Foundation
DE:"Background correction"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentPhoto count distribution of photons emitted from three sites of a human body2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-081
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
081 - Photon emission of living witness in human healing and cognitive experiences
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-12
Roeland Van Wijk, G. L. R. Godaert, E. P. A. Van Wijk, R. Bajpai
Institution(s): International Institute of Biophysics, Neuss (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Van Wijk, R.
Secondary author(s):
Van Wijk, E., Bajpai, R.
Number of reproductions:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Healing / Laying on of hands

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-081.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Photo count distribution of photons emitted from three sites of a human body
Publication year: 2006
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Spontaneous photon emission from 30 sites on the skin of a live human subject is measured at different times and on different days. Signals from three representative sites of low, intermediate and high intensities are selected for further analysis. Fluctuations in these signals are measured by the probabilities of detecting different numbers of photons in a bin. The probabilities have non-classical features and are well described by the signal in a quantum squeezed state of photons. Measurements with bins of three sizes yield same values of three parameters of the squeezed state. A procedure for making correction due to background noise is developed. The correction changes the parameters of the quantum state. The new state appears more like a coherent state of photons.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Van Wijk, R.
Secondary author(s):
Van Wijk, E. , Bajpai, R.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Van Wijk, R., Van Wijk, E., & Bajpai, R. (2006). Photocount distribution of photons emitted from three sites of a human body. Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B-Biology, 84(1), 46-55.
2-year Impact Factor: 1.909|2006
Times cited: 29|2024-02-05
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Weak photon emission / Human skin / Photocount distribution / Squeezed state / Background correction

Photo count distribution of photons emitted from three sites of a human body

Photo count distribution of photons emitted from three sites of a human body