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BIAL Foundation
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DE:"Central/peripheral"
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Type Title Begin End
DocumentThe role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-170
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
170 - The role of fusion of multisensory percepts in dynamic facial/body expressions: an fMRI study
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013-11
Researcher(s):
Gina Maria Costa Caetano, Miguel Castelo-Branco, Beatrice de Gelder, Gregor Philipak
Institution(s): Instituto Biomédico de Investigação de Luz e Imagem - IBILI-, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
1 Master's thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Caetano, G.
Secondary author(s):
Castelo-Branco, M., Gelder, B., Philipiak, G.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Perception / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-170.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2010
Title:
The role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393213002352
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In human cognition, most relevant stimuli, such as faces, are processed in central vision. However, it is widely believed that recognition of relevant stimuli (e.g. threatening animal faces) at peripheral locations is also important due to their survival value. Moreover, task instructions have been shown to modulate brain regions involved in threat recognition (e.g. the amygdala). In this respect it is also controversial whether tasks requiring explicit focus on stimulus threat content vs. implicit processing differently engage primitive subcortical structures involved in emotional appraisal.
Here we have addressed the role of central vs. peripheral processing in the human amygdala using animal threatening vs. non-threatening face stimuli. First, a simple animal face recognition task with threatening and non-threatening animal faces, as well as non-face control stimuli, was employed in naïve subjects (implicit task). A subsequent task was then performed with the same stimulus categories (but different stimuli) in which subjects were told to explicitly detect threat signals.
We found lateralized amygdala responses both to the spatial location of stimuli and to the threatening content of faces depending on the task performed: the right amygdala showed increased responses to central compared to left presented stimuli specifically during the threat detection task, while the left amygdala was better prone to discriminate threatening faces from non-facial displays during the animal face recognition task. Additionally, the right amygdala responded to faces during the threat detection task but only when centrally presented. Moreover, we have found no evidence for superior responses of the amygdala to peripheral stimuli. Importantly, we have found that striatal regions activate differentially depending on peripheral vs. central processing of threatening faces. Accordingly, peripheral processing of these stimuli activated more strongly the putaminal region, while central processing engaged mainly the caudate nucleus.
We conclude that the human amygdala has a central bias for face stimuli, and that visual processing recruits different striatal regions, putaminal or caudate based, depending on the task and on whether peripheral or central visual processing is involved.
Accessibility: Document exist in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Almeida, I.
Secondary author(s):
Van Asselen, M., Castelo-Branco, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Almeida, I., Van Asselen, M., & Castelo-Branco, M. (2013). The role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content. Neuropsychologia, 51(11), 2120-2129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.07.007
2-year Impact Factor: 3.451|2013
Times cited: 16|2024-02-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Amygdala / Basal ganglia / Implicit/explicit / Central/peripheral / Threat / Faces

The role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content

The role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content

DocumentThe role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-094
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2006
Title:
094 - Feedback modulation of visual processing by limbic circuits: A functional connectivity approach to visual face processing
Duration: 2008-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Miguel Castelo-Branco, Cristina Januário, Solange Silva, Aldina Reis, Catarina Mateus, Miguel Cordeiro
Institution(s): IBILI - Faculdade de Medicina, Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Castelo-Branco, M.
Secondary author(s):
Januário, C., Silva, S., Mateus, C., Cordeiro, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function / Emotion / Body structure and function / Vision

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-094.34
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2006
Title:
The role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393213002352
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In human cognition, most relevant stimuli, such as faces, are processed in central vision. However, it is widely believed that recognition of relevant stimuli (e.g. threatening animal faces) at peripheral locations is also important due to their survival value. Moreover, task instructions have been shown to modulate brain regions involved in threat recognition (e.g. the amygdala). In this respect it is also controversial whether tasks requiring explicit focus on stimulus threat content vs. implicit processing differently engage primitive subcortical structures involved in emotional appraisal. Here we have addressed the role of central vs. peripheral processing in the human amygdala using animal threatening vs. non-threatening face stimuli. First, a simple animal face recognition task with threatening and non-threatening animal faces, as well as non-face control stimuli, was employed in naïve subjects (implicit task). A subsequent task was then performed with the same stimulus categories (but different stimuli) in which subjects were told to explicitly detect threat signals. We found lateralized amygdala responses both to the spatial location of stimuli and to the threatening content of faces depending on the task performed: the right amygdala showed increased responses to central compared to left presented stimuli specifically during the threat detection task, while the left amygdala was better prone to discriminate threatening faces from non-facial displays during the animal face recognition task. Additionally, the right amygdala responded to faces during the threat detection task but only when centrally presented. Moreover, we have found no evidence for superior responses of the amygdala to peripheral stimuli. Importantly, we have found that striatal regions activate differentially depending on peripheral vs. central processing of threatening faces. Accordingly, peripheral processing of these stimuli activated more strongly the putaminal region, while central processing engaged mainly the caudate nucleus. We conclude that the human amygdala has a central bias for face stimuli, and that visual processing recruits different striatal regions, putaminal or caudate based, depending on the task and on whether peripheral or central visual processing is involved.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Almeida, I.
Secondary author(s):
Van Asselen, M., Castelo-Branco, M.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Almeida, I., Van Asselen, M., & Van Asselen, M. (2013). The role of the amygdala and the basal ganglia in visual processing of central vs. peripheral emotional content. Neuropsychologia, 51(11), 2120-2129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2013.07.007
2-year Impact Factor: 3.451|2013
Times cited: 16|2024-02-06
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Amygdala / Basal ganglia / Central/peripheral / Faces / Implicit/explicit / Threat