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BIAL Foundation
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DocumentThe relation of hypnotizability and dissociation to everyday mentation: An experience sampling study2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-227
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2010
Title:
227 - Evaluation of alterations of consciousness and the model of pragmatic information in a ganzfeld protocol
Duration: 2011-03 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, David Marcusson-Clavertz
Institution(s): CERCAP, Dept. of Psychology, Lund University (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Marcusson-Clavertz, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Ganzfeld studies / Altered states of consciousness

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-227.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2010
Title:
The relation of hypnotizability and dissociation to everyday mentation: An experience sampling study
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/cns/3/1/61/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Research has found that individuals varying in hypnotizability and dissociation respond differently to questionnaires and procedures geared to affect their state of consciousness, but their stream of consciousness in everyday life has not been investigated. We evaluated the everyday mentation of students (N = 46) in a 2 (High vs. Low Hypnotizability) × 2 (High vs. Low Dissociative) design through experience sampling with personal digital assistants (PDAs). The PDAs prompted volunteers randomly 8 times per day during 5 days and included questions about attention, type of mental activity, and mood, among others, which resulted in 5 factors: focus/absorption, daydreaming, negative affect, control/awareness, and detachment. High control/awareness correlated with high focus/absorption, low negative affect, and low detachment. Detachment correlated also with daydreaming. As predicted, high dissociatives reported less control but more detachment and negative affect than low dissociatives. High hypnotizables (Highs) did not report more focus/absorption than low hypnotizables (Lows) but endorsed more daydreaming and negative affect. Highs reported more thoughts than Lows, and Lows reported more sensory impressions than Highs. Hypnotizability and dissociation also interacted: Low dissociatives/Lows reported less daydreaming than the others, and high dissociatives/Lows experienced less control than the other 3 groups combined. Participants reported less control/awareness during daydreaming, with high dissociatives/Highs showing a larger decrement than the others. Most mentations referred to thoughts or sensory impressions; the former were characterized by more negative affect than the latter. In general, individuals felt more dysphoric when their mentation was more detached or less focused or controlled than usual.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Marcusson-Clavertz, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Cardeña, E., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2016). The relation of hypnotizability and dissociation to everyday mentation: An experience sampling study. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 3(1), 61-79. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000080
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Daydreaming / Experience sampling / Hypnotizability / Dissociation / Mind wandering

DocumentDaydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Daydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations
Publication year: 2018
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810017300144
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study investigates the time course of incorporation of waking life experiences into daydreams. Thirty-one participants kept a diary for 10 days, reporting major daily activities (MDAs), personally significant events (PSEs) and major concerns (MCs). They were then cued for daydream, Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and N2 dream reports in the sleep laboratory. There was a higher incorporation into daydreams of MCs from the previous two days (day-residue effect), but no day-residue effect for MDAs or PSEs, supporting a function for daydreams of processing current concerns. A day-residue effect for PSEs and the delayed incorporation of PSEs from 5 to 7 days before the dream (the dream-lag effect) have previously been found for REM dreams. Delayed incorporation was not found in this study for daydreams. Daydreams might thus differ in function from REM sleep dreams. However, the REM dream-lag effect was not replicated here, possibly due to design differences from previous studies.
Accessibility: Document does exist in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
van Rijn, E.
Secondary author(s):
Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Ruby, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Blagrove, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Edwards, C., Malinowski, J., Ruby, P., Eichenlaub, J.-B., & Blagrove, M. (2018). Daydreams incorporate recent waking life concerns but do not show delayed (‘dream-lag’) incorporations. Consciousness and Cognition, 58, 51-59. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.concog.2017.10.011
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Times cited: 8|2024-02-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Daydreaming / Mind wandering / Dreaming / Day-residue / Dream-lag / Memory consolidation / Functions of dreaming / Functions of sleep / REM sleep

DocumentInsight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
083 - Electrophysiological correlates of the incorporation of recent memory sources into REM and non-REM dreams and of levels of insight following REM and non-REM dream interpretation
Duration: 2015-03 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Mark Blagrove, Chris Edwards, Jean-Baptiste Eichenlaub, Perrine Ruby
Institution(s): College of Human and Health Sciences, Department of Psychology, Swansea University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., Eichenlaub, J.-B., Ruby, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Dreaming / Insight / REM sleep / EEG theta / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-083.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://psycnet.apa.org/record/2018-64659-001
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Throughout history there have been reports and claims that consideration of dreams can produce personal realizations and insight. We assessed Exploration-Insight scores associated with discussing Rapid Eye Movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) dreams in connection with recent waking life experiences. Thirty-one participants were cued in the sleep laboratory for a daydream report and then awakened from REM and N2 sleep for dream reports. Participants subsequently discussed each of their dream and daydream reports for 30-40 minutes with two experimenters, following the structured Ullman (1996) dream group discussion procedure. Participants assessed the benefit of discussing the reports by completing the Gains from (Day)Dream Interpretation (G(D)DI) questionnaire. We found no difference in G(D)DI scores between discussing REM and N2 dream reports, and no difference between dream and daydream discussions in engagement and thoroughness of exploring the reports. However, discussing dream reports produced higher scores on the G(D)DI Exploration-Insight subscale compared with discussing daydream reports. Significant differences were evident in items reflecting the learning of what the report means in terms of waking life issues. Frontal theta prior to waking from N2 was significantly associated with Exploration-Insight score obtained after N2 dream discussion, but this relationship was not found for REM dreams. The findings of high ratings of Exploration-Insight after discussing dreams were evident even though participants did not select the dream, unlike what can occur for home recorded dreams, and even though discussion was brief. We suggest that insight might be produced by embodied and metaphorical thinking in dreams.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Blagrove, M.
Secondary author(s):
Edwards, C., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., Carr, M., Eichenlaub, J.-P., McGee, S., Evans, K., Ruby, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Blagrove, M., Edwards, C., van Rijn, E., Reid, A., Malinowski, J., Bennett, P., . . . Ruby, P. (2019). Insight from the consideration of REM dreams, non-REM dreams, and daydreams. Psychology of Consciousness: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(2), 138-162. https://doi.org/10.1037/cns0000167
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Impact factor notes: Impact factor only available since 2022
Times cited: 9|2024-02-12
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Insight / Dreaming / Daydreaming / Mind-wandering / Sleep

DocumentMeditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-366
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
366 - Changes in subjective time as indication of increased mindfulness after meditation
Duration: 2015-04 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Marc Christoph Wittmann
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg, Germany; Stefan Schmidt, Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
3 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Wittmann, C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Present moment / Time perception / Meditation / Mindfulness / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-366.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/2624-8611/1/1/14
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Mind-wandering or daydreaming can be described as spontaneous thoughts that are independent of the task at hand and the current sensory information. Mindfulness, defined as the ability to focus on the present moment with an accepting attitude towards the present experience, is considered to be the opposite of mind-wandering. We aimed at assessing how long-term meditation practice influences mind-wandering in everyday life and to which extent mind-wandering and self-reported aspects of mindfulness are conceptually linked. We first investigated the factorial structure of a German version of the Daydreaming Frequency Scale (DDFS) in a student population. Then we applied this version in meditators to a) investigate the relationship between meditation experience and reported levels of mind-wandering in daily life and b) explore how different facets of mindfulness, assessed with the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI), relate to mind-wandering. Using a correlational design, we show that, among meditators, more meditation practice in years accounts for less self-reported mind-wandering in daily life. There was a negative association between mindfulness (FMI) and mind-wandering (DDFS). Our results provide evidence for clarifying the relationship between, meditation experience, mindfulness and mind-wandering and further validate the use of the FMI as a sensitive tool for assessing a two-factor structure of mindfulness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2014-386.03
Author: Linares Gutiérrez, D.
Secondary author(s):
Pfeifer, E., Schmidt, S., Wittmann, M.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Linares Gutiérrez, D., Pfeifer, E., Schmidt, S., & Wittmann, M. (2019). Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale. Psych, 1(1), 193–206. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych1010014
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Daydreaming / Mind-wandering / Mindfulness / Meditation / Parallel analysis / Confirmatory analysis

Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale

Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale

DocumentMeditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-386
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
386 - Remote Meditation Support - A Multimodal Distant Intention Experiment
Duration: 2015-05 - 2019-01
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Han-gue Jo, Marc Wittmann, Thilo Hinterberger, Wolfgang Ambach
Institution(s): Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Freiburg (Germany); Institut für Grenzgebiete der Psychologie und Psychohygiene, Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Jo, H. -G., Wittmann, M., Hinterberger, T.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Distant Intention / Meditation / Remote Helping / DMILS / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-386.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/2624-8611/1/1/14
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Mind-wandering or daydreaming can be described as spontaneous thoughts that are independent of the task at hand and the current sensory information. Mindfulness, defined as the ability to focus on the present moment with an accepting attitude towards the present experience, is considered to be the opposite of mind-wandering. We aimed at assessing how long-term meditation practice influences mind-wandering in everyday life and to which extent mind-wandering and self-reported aspects of mindfulness are conceptually linked. We first investigated the factorial structure of a German version of the Daydreaming Frequency Scale (DDFS) in a student population. Then we applied this version in meditators to a) investigate the relationship between meditation experience and reported levels of mind-wandering in daily life and b) explore how different facets of mindfulness, assessed with the Freiburg Mindfulness Inventory (FMI), relate to mind-wandering. Using a correlational design, we show that, among meditators, more meditation practice in years accounts for less self-reported mind-wandering in daily life. There was a negative association between mindfulness (FMI) and mind-wandering (DDFS). Our results provide evidence for clarifying the relationship between, meditation experience, mindfulness and mind-wandering and further validate the use of the FMI as a sensitive tool for assessing a two-factor structure of mindfulness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2014-366.06
Author: Linares Gutiérrez, D.
Secondary author(s):
Pfeifer, E., Schmidt, S., Wittmann, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Linares Gutiérrez, D., Pfeifer, E., Schmidt, S., & Wittmann, M. (2019). Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale. Psych, 1(1), 193–206. https://doi.org/10.3390/psych1010014
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Daydreaming / Mind-wandering / Mindfulness / Meditation / Parallel analysis / Confirmatory analysis

Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale

Meditation experience and mindfulness are associated with reduced self-reported mind-wandering in meditators — A German version of the daydreaming frequency scale

DocumentFinal report - Waking conscious states and offline memory processing2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-211
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
211 - Waking conscious states and offline memory processing
Duration: 2017-08 - 2020-09
Researcher(s):
Erin Wamsley, Theodore Summer
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Furman University, Greenville (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Author: Wamsley, E. J.
Secondary author(s):
Summer, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Consciousness / Conscious States / Attention / Electroencephalography / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-211.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Waking conscious states and offline memory processing
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3330/waking-conscious-states-and-offline-memory-processing.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Accumulating evidence suggests that moments of inattention to our surroundings may be essential to optimal cognitive functioning.
AIMS
We investigated the hypothesis that humans spontaneously switch between two opposing attentional states during wakefulness – one in which we attend to the external environment (an “online” state) and one in which we disengage from the sensory environment to focus our attention internally (an “offline” state). We hypothesized that memory consolidation is facilitated by entry into the “offline” state.
METHOD
Across two studies, we detected entry into the “offline” state during a ~30min period of wakefulness. Participants completed a verbal learning task and then underwent simultaneous high density EEG and pupillometry recording, and intermittently reporting on their subjective experience. “Online” and “offline” attentional states were defined using a cluster analysis applied to multimodal measures of 1) EEG spectral power, 2) pupil diameter, 3) reaction time (RT), and 4) self-reported subjective experience.
Using a machine-learning classification approach, we determined the amount of time that participants spent in an offline state after learning, and tested whether this predicted memory for the verbal information encoded at the start of the study.
RESULTS
We report evidence of statistically discriminable “online” and “offline” states matching the hypothesized characteristics. In both studies, the offline state predicted memory retention for previously-encoded verbal information.
CONCLUSIONS
Together, these observations suggest that seconds-timescale alternation between online and offline states is a fundamental feature of wakefulness, and that this may serve a memory processing function.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wamsley, E. J.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Wamsley, E. J. (2020). Final report - Waking conscious states and offline memory processing.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Memory consolidation / Electroencephalography / Pupillometry / Mind wandering / Daydreaming / Offline memory processing / Machine learning

Final report - Waking conscious states and offline memory processing

Final report - Waking conscious states and offline memory processing

File091 - Mentation report analysis across distinct states of consciousness: A linguistic approach2021-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2020 Grants
Start date: 2021-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020-091
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
091 - Mentation report analysis across distinct states of consciousness: A linguistic approach
Duration: 2021-02
Researcher(s):
Giulio Bernardi, Giulia Avvenuti, Michele Bellesi, Valentina Elce, Emanuela Merelli
Institution(s): IMT School for Advanced Studies, Lucca (Italy); University of Camerino (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Bernardi, G.
Secondary author(s):
Avvenuti, G., Bellesi, M., Elce, V., Merelli, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Dreams / Daydreaming / Language / Consciousness / Psychophysiology