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DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK2003

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2003
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/12676428/are-esp-pk-aspects-unitary-phenomenon-preliminary-test-relationship-between-esp-pk
Contents: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=175&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study was designed to explore the relationship between ESP and PK performance by testing for both using a common protocol to control for expectancy effects and experimental artifacts. Forty participants completed a computer-based greyhound racing game. Races occurred in 2 blocks of 12, with one block presented as an ESP task and the other as a PK task. Within each block, half of the races were ESP trials and half PK trials, presented in random order. Overall performance was at chance levels for both ESP and PK trials, for true and disguised trials. There were no significant relationships between performance in the 4 conditions. Although paranormal belief did not predict task success, some other individual differences measures, notably state and trail anxiety, showed some promise. The effects of the mild deception used in this study on participants' performance was considered. Work on this topic is under way to explore more directly the effects of deception.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2000-58.08
Notes: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Parapsychological Association 45th Annual Convention, Paris, 2002
Author: Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2003). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK. Journal of Parapsychology, 67(2), 343-366.
2-year Impact Factor: 1.071|2003
Times cited: 4|2021-05-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Deception

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK

DocumentFinal report - Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-139
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2004
Title:
139 - Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável
Duration: 2005-10 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Carlos Fernandes da Silva, Rui Paixão, Paulo Joaquim Farinha Rodrigues, Jorge Silvério
Institution(s): Departamento de Ciências da Educação, Laboratório de Psicologia, Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
CD (poster, excel and SPSS databases)
2 Cds (results)
Language: por
Author:
Silva, C. F.
Secondary author(s):
Paixão, R., Rodrigues, P., Silvério, J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-139.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2004
Title:
Final report - Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável
Publication year: 2010
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
por
Author:
Silva, C. F.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Social norms / Guilty knowledge paradigm / Deception

Final report - Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável

Final report - Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável

DocumentPsicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável [Psychophysiology and detection of delusion: paradigm of the guilty knowledge]2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-139
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2004
Title:
139 - Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável
Duration: 2005-10 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Carlos Fernandes da Silva, Rui Paixão, Paulo Joaquim Farinha Rodrigues, Jorge Silvério
Institution(s): Departamento de Ciências da Educação, Laboratório de Psicologia, Universidade de Aveiro (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
CD (poster, excel and SPSS databases)
2 Cds (results)
Language: por
Author:
Silva, C. F.
Secondary author(s):
Paixão, R., Rodrigues, P., Silvério, J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-139.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2004
Title:
Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável [Psychophysiology and detection of delusion: paradigm of the guilty knowledge]
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
From mid-twentieth century, the detection of deception has become recognized as an object of scientific study, especially in the case of guilty knowledge. Nevertheless, the interpretations depend on the human factor. Thus, we tried to demonstrate that you can automate the detection of deception from psychophysiological records in order to avoid bias attributable to the researcher. For this we identify differences in SCR between "truth" and "deception". We will use other psychophysiological measures to increase the effectiveness of this algorithm.
METHOD:
Participants: 17 participants, aged between 20 and 30 years of age (M = 23.18, SD = 2.74), 9 of them female.
Materials: A Biofeedback I-330-C2+ (J & J Engineering) system, connected to a laptop for recording digital data of skin conductance. A computer with a standard monitor. Soap, paper cloth, cup electrodes Ag / AgCl.
Procedures: We used a test-retest methodology. To this end we resort to a presentation of a sequence of 20 letters for 30s. each, without intervals between them. The presentation was performed using Microsoft © PowerPoint 2002 SP3. The subject had selected one of the cards before the trial. Participants had been instructed to "lye" throughout the procedure, saying "this is not the chosen card" before ALL presentations.
RESULTD:
The results show statistically significant differences between the situations in which the subject is telling the truth and those in which he "deceits". Differences were found for the rise-time t(542)=-2.444, p=0.015 and for the amplitude t(33.889)=-3.041, p=0.005. It was constructed a decision algorithm in order to distinguish “truth” from “deceit”. This provided significant results in relation to the difference between truth and deception (t (33.403) =- 10.409, p = 0.000). As a test, we used the same values, but this time trying to predict the card in which he would be deceiving us. Individually we were able to identify 71% of the times in which the subject was deceiving. Combining test data with retest data we were able to identify 82% of the time in which he tries to deceive.
CONCLUSIONS:
The SGR signal collected from the created situation allows distinguishing the true situation of the deceit situation. It was also possible to create an algorithm that allowed the automatic detection of situations of deception. This algorithm will be expanded and improved to integrate other psychophysiological measures in order to become more efficient.
PUBLICATIONS:
1. Rodrigues, P. (2007). Psicologia experimental: Um olhar psicofisiológico. Comunicação apresentada na conferência «Um olhar pedagógico sobre a psicologia», Universidade da Beira Interior – Covilhã.
2. Rodrigues, P., Silva, C., Moura, J., Paixão, R., Nascimento, C. (2008). Psicofisiologia e Engano: Efeito do conhecimento culpado (estudo piloto) no congresso anual da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental: Universidade de Faro
3. There are still being prepared two papers.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Silva, C. F.
Secondary author(s):
Paixão, R., Rodrigues, P., Silvério, J.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Silva, C. F., Paixão, R., Rodrigues, P., & Silvério, J. (2010). Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável [Psychophysiology and detection of delusion: paradigm of the guilty knowledge]. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 193-194). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Deception / Psychophysiology / Guilty knowledge paradigm

Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável [Psychophysiology and detection of delusion: paradigm of the guilty knowledge]

Psicofisiologia e detecção do engano: paradigma do conhecimento culpável [Psychophysiology and detection of delusion: paradigm of the guilty knowledge]

File430 - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint2016-05

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-430
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
430 - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint
Duration: 2016-05
Researcher(s):
Sara Marta Pereira dos Santos Cavaco, Filomena Maria Correia Gomes
Institution(s): Centro Hospitalar do Porto - Hospital Santo António (Portugal); Faculdade de Medicina do Porto (Portugal)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Cavaco, S.
Secondary author(s):
Gomes, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Feigning / Malingering / Effort / Deception / Psychophysiology

DocumentSimulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
534 - Exploring unconscious knowledge: Individual differences in ideomotor response
Duration: 2015-08 - 2017-06
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Amir Raz, Mathieu Landry
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University, Montreal (Canada); Montreal Neurological Institute, Montreal (Canada)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A., Landry, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Pendulum / Implicit knowledge / Precognition / Ideomotor / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-534.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810016300629
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In order to study the feeling of control over decisions, we told 60 participants that a neuroimaging machine could read and influence their thoughts. While inside a mock brain scanner, participants chose arbitrary numbers in two similar tasks. In the Mind-Reading Task, the scanner appeared to guess the participants’ numbers; in the Mind-Influencing Task, it appeared to influence their choice of numbers. We predicted that participants would feel less voluntary control over their decisions when they believed that the scanner was influencing their choices. As predicted, participants felt less control and made slower decisions in the Mind-Influencing Task compared to the Mind-Reading Task. A second study replicated these findings. Participants’ experience of the ostensible influence varied, with some reporting an unknown source directing them towards specific numbers. This simulated thought insertion paradigm can therefore influence feelings of voluntary control and may help model symptoms of mental disorders.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Landry, M., Appourchaux, K., Raz, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Olson, J. A., Landry, M., Appourchaux, K., & Raz, A. (2016). Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic. Consciousness and Cognition, 43, 11-26. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2016.04.010
2-year Impact Factor: 2.144|2016
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2018
Times cited: 19|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Sense of agency / Thought insertion / Volition / Deception / Magic / Phenomenology

Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic

Simulated thought insertion: Influencing the sense of agency using deception and magic

File102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour2018-012020-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

DocumentFinal report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3226/using-suggestion-to-influence-attitudes-and-behaviour.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND AND AIMS
Although researchers have explored hypnosis for decades, psychologists have relatively neglected one of its core components: suggestion. We tested two paradigms to assess how suggestion outside of the context of hypnosis can affect attitudes and behaviour. In both paradigms, we used the choice blindness method, in which participants receive false feedback about the outcome of a recent decision.
METHOD AND RESULTS
In Study 1, we ran 65 participants through a lab study in which we used false feedback from a sham brain scanner, as well as various subtle suggestions, to affect participants’ attitudes and behaviour. We saw a large change in self-reported attitudes consistent with the feedback, but no behavioural change. In Study 2, we explored a reduced suggestion paradigm outside of the lab during the United States presidential debates. We gave 136 participants false feedback about their political affiliation, making them seem more open-minded than they initially reported. The large majority of participants endorsed this false feedback and readily offered rationalisations for it. We replicated these results in two additional online samples totalling 955 participants and found similar results across the political spectrum.
CONCLUSIONS
Combined, these studies demonstrate that using suggestion in the context of choice blindness can be a practical method to study attitude change.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Olson, J., Strandberg, T., & Raz, A. (2020). Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Suggestion / Choice blindness / Deception / Attitudes

Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour

Final report - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour

DocumentApplying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
102 - Using suggestion to influence attitudes and behaviour
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jeremy Olson, Thomas Strandberg, Amir Raz, Petter Johansson
Institution(s): Raz Cognitive Neuroscience Lab, McGill University & Montreal Neurological Institute (Canada); Choice Blindness Laboratory, Lund University Cognitive Science (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Strandberg, T., Raz, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Suggestion / Hypnosis / Magic / Deception / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-102.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Applying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0022103120303930?dgcid=rss_sd_all
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Social psychologists, placebo scientists, and consumer researchers often require deception in their studies, yet they receive little training on how to deceive effectively. Ineffective deception, however, can lead to suspicion and compromise the validity of research. The field of magic offers a potential solution; magicians have deceived audiences for millennia using a variety of robust techniques. As former professional magicians, we propose the Swiss cheese model of deception and argue that deception should be subtle yet elaborate. Subtle deception involves techniques such as fake mistakes, planted assumptions, and convincers. Elaborate deception involves layering many of these techniques rather than relying on a single cover story. We have demonstrated the potency of these principles by making participants believe implausible ideas, such as that a machine is controlling their mind or that the placebo they consumed was a psychedelic drug. These principles can help researchers reduce demand characteristics, improve blinding, and increase the generalisability of studies that require deception.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Olson, J. A.
Secondary author(s):
Raz, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2021). Applying insights from magic to improve deception in research: The Swiss cheese model. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 92: 104053. doi: 10.1016/j.jesp.2020.104053
2-year Impact Factor: 3.603|2020
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Times cited: 2|2021-08-24
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Deception / Suspicion / Magic / Placebo / Blinding / Ethics