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File279 - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-279
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
279 - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions
Duration: 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Maria Lucia Martins das Neves Garrido, Lisa Katharina Kuhn, Nicholas Pound
Institution(s): Division of Psychology, Department of Life Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Garrido, L.
Secondary author(s):
Kuhn, L., Pound, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Emotion processing / Thermal imaging / Temperature change maps / Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-279
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
279 - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions
Duration: 2015-01
Researcher(s):
Maria Lucia Martins das Neves Garrido, Lisa Katharina Kuhn, Nicholas Pound
Institution(s): Division of Psychology, Department of Life Sciences, Brunel University, Uxbridge (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Garrido, L.
Secondary author(s):
Kuhn, L., Pound, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Emotion processing / Thermal imaging / Temperature change maps / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-279.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions
Publication year: 2017
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
James (1884) argued that emotions are the feelings of bodily change. According to this view, different emotions are associated with distinct bodily changes or physiological responses. For the past 100 years, however, the question of whether the physiological responses that accompany emotions are specific for each emotion or are instead generalized arousal responses has remained unsettled. Most studies have focused on overall physiological responses (such as heart rate) or physiological changes in single points in the body (such as temperature changes in a finger). It is possible, however, that we need much richer datasets to characterize physiological responses in the body and only spatial and temporal patterns of responses will distinguish between emotional states. In our project, we aimed to do that by investigating the spatial distribution of temperature changes to different emotions across the face and body. We used thermal imaging to capture temperature changes in the face in response to each of six emotions (happiness, fear, surprise, anger, disgust, and sadness), compared to a baseline. We conducted three experiments, each with a different stimulus set. We developed novel methods to analyze these face maps and determine their overlap. Our results so far showed that there are some regions of the face that consistently increased or decreased in temperature in response to emotions across participants. However, these face temperature change maps were not consistent for the same emotion across the three experiments. In addition, we have not found yet support for the distinctiveness of these maps across different emotions. Further testing and analyses will allow us to determine the reliability of these findings.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Garrido, L.
Secondary author(s):
Pound, N.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Emotion processing / Thermal imaging / Temperature change maps

Final report - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions

Final report - Facial and bodily temperature maps of emotions

DocumentFinal report - The interoceptive self: Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a new tool to investigate heart-brain interactions2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-088
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
088 - The interoceptive self: Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a new tool to investigate heart-brain interactions
Duration: 2017-10 - 2019-10
Researcher(s):
Ruben Azevedo, Emmanouil Tsakiris, Valerio Vallani
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Azevedo, R.
Secondary author(s):
Tsakiris, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Interoceptive accuracy / Heart / Vagus nerve / Cardiac cycle / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-088.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - The interoceptive self: Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a new tool to investigate heart-brain interactions
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT
Interoception is the body-to-brain axis of sensations originating from the internal body organs signalling their physiological state. Neurally, these visceral signals are mainly conveyed through the vagus nerve to the Nucleus Tractus Solitarius in the brainstem from where they are relayed to regions such as the locus-coerelous and the amygdala and, through thalamocortical projections, to higher order structures such as the insula. However, despite the recognized importance of the vagus nerve in the conduction and regulation of autonomic signals, experimental evidence of its role in bringing these signals into consciousness and in emotional processing is still lacking. Here, we investigated the impact of non-invasive stimulation of the auricular branch of the vagus nerve (tVNS) in the modulation of interoceptive information and emotional processing. In Study 1 we show that tVNS is associated with improved performance in a task assessing the ability to consciously perceive heartbeats. Study 2 used an experimental technique that capitalizes on natural fluctuations of arterial baroreceptor firing to show that tVNS modulates the impact of afferent cardiac signals in the processing threat cues. Study 3 employed a task known to rely on the locus coeruleus-norepinephrine system to show the effectiveness of a novel rapid event-related stimulation protocol. Study 4 explored the potential role of tVNS in physiological and subjective empathic reactivity to others’ pain but did not find significant effects. Together, these findings enhance our understanding of the mechanisms underlying the interoceptive and emotional processing, and demonstrate the potential of tVNS as an important tool to investigate brain-body interactions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Azevedo, R.
Secondary author(s):
Tsakiris, M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Azevedo, R., & Tsakiris, M. (2019). Final report - The interoceptive self: Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a new tool to investigate heart-brain.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: tVNS / Vagus nerve stimulation / Interoception / Emotion processing / Brain-body

Final report - The interoceptive self: Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a new tool to investigate heart-brain

Final report - The interoceptive self: Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation as a new tool to investigate heart-brain

DocumentUnderstanding the development of face and emotion processing under a predictive processing framework2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-242
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
242 - The role of affective dimensions in the perception of facial expressions of emotion: Neuropsychophysiological, developmental, and neuroimaging examination of an affective predictive coding framework
Duration: 2015-10 - 2021-01
Researcher(s):
Fernando Ricardo Ferreira Santos, Eva Inęs Costa Martins, Francisco Sá Ferreira Loureiro Pipa, Manuel Fernando Santos Barbosa, Michelle de Haan, Pedro Manuel Rocha Almeida, Tiago de Oliveira Paiva, Torsten Baldeweg
Institution(s): Laboratory of Neuropsychophysiology - Faculty of Psychology and Educational Sciences of the University of Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Author: Ferreira-Santos, F.
Secondary author(s):
Martins, E., Pipa, F., Barbosa, F., Haan, M., Almeida, P. R., Paiva, T., Baldeweg, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Facial expressions of emotion / Affective dimensions / Predictive coding / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-242.07
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Understanding the development of face and emotion processing under a predictive processing framework
Publication year: 2019
URL:
http://content.apa.org/journals/dev/55/9/1868
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In the present work, we explore the development of processing of emotional facial configurations under a predictive processing (or predictive coding) framework. Predictive processing provides a new approach to brain function that has been used to explain a wide range of processes, from perception to socioemotional processing. The explanatory power of this framework for adult brain function is widely recognized, but it has yet to be systematically applied to understanding the developing brain. Studying the findings of developmental research under this framework may allow a deeper understanding of the predictive mechanisms and their ontogenetic course, and adds to knowledge on brain functions and developmental processes. Therefore, the goal of this work was to explore the potential complementarity of predictive processing and development. Specifically, we focus on how the development of facial and emotion processing may be understood under a predictive processing framework. The processing of facial expressions was selected because of the developmental relevance of these stimuli, their impact on general emotional development, as well as the large body of literature on this topic (comprised of both well-established but also incongruent findings, which a novel approach may clarify). Considering the main findings of developmental research on the processing of emotion-related facial configurations under this framework, we argue that predictive processing is consistent with developmental evidence and provides a promising avenue for developmental research, as it reveals new questions in the fields of development and emotion processing.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pereira, M. R.
Secondary author(s):
Barbosa, F., de Haan, M., Ferreira-Santos, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pereira, M. R., Barbosa, F., de Haan, M., & Ferreira-Santos, F. (2019). Understanding the development of face and emotion processing under a predictive processing framework. Developmental Psychology, 55(9), 1868-1881. doi: 10.1037/dev0000706
2-year Impact Factor: 3.063|2019
Times cited: 6|2021-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Predictive processing / Development / Face processing / Emotion processing / Facial expressions of emotion

DocumentREM versus Non-REM sleep disturbance specifically affects inter-specific emotion processing in family dogs (Canis familiaris)2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
169 - The potential effect of behavioral stimulation on social competence in dogs (via endogenous oxytocin release)
Duration: 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Anna Kis, József Topál, Alin Ciobica, Radu Lefter, Katinka Tóth
Institution(s): Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary); Department of Animal Physiology and Behaviour "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi (Romania)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Kis, A.
Secondary author(s):
Topál, J., Ciobica, A., Lefter, R., Tóth, K.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Dog (Canis familiaris) / Social stimutation / Oxytocin / Social cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169.21
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
REM versus Non-REM sleep disturbance specifically affects inter-specific emotion processing in family dogs (Canis familiaris)
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-67092-5?fbclid=IwAR0AVboTbBpLvEYMuJ1OhtXOBPzGBv80StXxAs6pjHMjHLRC2J4bC-8OCco
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Dogs have outstanding capabilities to read human emotional expressions, both vocal and facial. It has also been shown that positively versus negatively valenced dog-human social interactions substantially affect dogs’ subsequent sleep. In the present study, we manipulated dogs’ (N?=?15, in a within subject design) sleep structure by specifically disrupting REM versus Non-REM sleep, while maintaining equal sleep efficiency (monitored via non-invasive polysomnography). We found that both the number of awakenings as well as relative Non-REM (but not relative REM) duration influenced dogs’ viewing patterns in a task where sad and happy human faces were simultaneously projected with sad or happy human voice playbacks. In accordance with the emotion laterality hypothesis, the interaction between sound valence and Non-REM sleep duration was specific to images projected to the left (regardless of image-sound congruency). These results reveal the first evidence of a causal link between sleep structure and inter-specific emotion-processing in the family dog.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Bolló, H.
Secondary author(s):
Kovács, K., Lefter, R., Gombos, F., Kubinyi, E., Topál, J., Kis, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Bolló, H., Kovács, K., Lefter, R., Gombos, F., Kubinyi, E., Topál, J., & Kis, A. (2020). REM versus Non-REM sleep disturbance specifically affects inter-specific emotion processing in family dogs (Canis familiaris). Scientific Reports, 10: 10492. doi 10.1038/s41598-020-67092-5
2-year Impact Factor: 4.379|2020
Times cited: 1|2021-08-24
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Dog / Sleep / Emotion processing

REM versus Non-REM sleep disturbance specifically affects inter-specific emotion processing in family dogs (Canis familiaris)

REM versus Non-REM sleep disturbance specifically affects inter-specific emotion processing in family dogs (Canis familiaris)