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BIAL Foundation
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DocumentEnhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-347
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
347 - Driving synaptic plasticity in motor-to-visual neural pathways to enhance action prediction
Duration: 2019-10 - 2023-06
Researcher(s):
Alessio Avenanti, Marco Zanon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Avenanti, A.
Secondary author(s):
Zanon, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Action observation / Prediction / Plasticity / Connectivity / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-347.19
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032722005341?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: Circadian rhythms have received increasing attention within the context of mental disorders. Evening chronotype has been associated with enhanced risk to develop anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The classical fear conditioning paradigm is a powerful tool to reveal key mechanisms of anxiety and PTSD. We used this paradigm to study the neurocognitive basis of the association between chronotype and fear responses in healthy humans.
20 participants with evening chronotype and 20 controls (i.e., intermediate chronotype) completed a 2-day Pavlovian fear learning and extinction virtual reality task. Participants received fear conditioning, and extinction learning on day 1. Extinction memory recall was tested on day 2. To address interactions between chronotype and time of day of the fear conditioning, and extinction performance, half of the participants were tested in the morning, and the other half in the evening. Skin conductance response (SCR) and subjective fear ratings were measured as primary outcomes. Chronotype was established via the morningness–eveningness questionnaire (MEQ).
We found an overall higher SCR for fear acquisition in participants with the evening chronotype profile, compared to controls. Moreover, the higher the MEQ scores –indicative of less eveningness – the lower the SCR was. No effects of chronotype were found for extinction and extinction recall. The higher vulnerability of the evening chronotype for anxiety and related disorders may thus be explained by enhanced fear acquisition of this group.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
by permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lucifora, C.
Secondary author(s):
Grasso, G., Nitsche, M., D'Italia, G., Sortino, M., Salehinejad, M., Falzone, A., Avenanti, A., Vicario, C.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lucifora, C., Grasso, G., Nitsche, M., D'Italia, G., Sortino, M., Salehinejad, M., Falzone, A., Avenanti, A. & Vicario, C. (2022). Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 311, 344-352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2022.05.033
2-year Impact Factor: 6.600|2022
Times cited: 7|2024-02-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Chronotype / Fear acquisition / Affective learning / Eveningness / Trait anxiety related disorders / Virtual reality / Skin conductance

Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study

Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study

DocumentEnhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-160
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
160 - Exploring the effect of transcranial direct current stimulation during sleep on fear extinction learning
Duration: 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Carmelo Vicario, Michael A Nitsche, Vuk Markovic
Institution(s): Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund (Germany); Department of Cognitive Science, University of Messina (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
This project hasn't started yet
Author: Vicario, C.
Secondary author(s):
Nitsche, M. A., Markovic, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
tDCS / Fear extinction learning / Pre-frontal cortex / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-160.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165032722005341?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: Circadian rhythms have received increasing attention within the context of mental disorders. Evening chronotype has been associated with enhanced risk to develop anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The classical fear conditioning paradigm is a powerful tool to reveal key mechanisms of anxiety and PTSD. We used this paradigm to study the neurocognitive basis of the association between chronotype and fear responses in healthy humans.
20 participants with evening chronotype and 20 controls (i.e., intermediate chronotype) completed a 2-day Pavlovian fear learning and extinction virtual reality task. Participants received fear conditioning, and extinction learning on day 1. Extinction memory recall was tested on day 2. To address interactions between chronotype and time of day of the fear conditioning, and extinction performance, half of the participants were tested in the morning, and the other half in the evening. Skin conductance response (SCR) and subjective fear ratings were measured as primary outcomes. Chronotype was established via the morningness–eveningness questionnaire (MEQ).
We found an overall higher SCR for fear acquisition in participants with the evening chronotype profile, compared to controls. Moreover, the higher the MEQ scores –indicative of less eveningness – the lower the SCR was. No effects of chronotype were found for extinction and extinction recall. The higher vulnerability of the evening chronotype for anxiety and related disorders may thus be explained by enhanced fear acquisition of this group
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
by permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lucifora, C.
Secondary author(s):
Grasso, G., Nitsche, M., D'Italia, G., Sortino, M., Salehinejad, M., Falzone. A., Avenanti, A., Vicario, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4
Reference:
Lucifora, C., Grasso, G., Nitsche, M., D'Italia, G., Sortino, M., Salehinejad, M., Falzone, A., Avenanti, A. & Vicario, C. (2022). Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study. Journal of Affective Disorders, 311, 344-352. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2022.05.033
2-year Impact Factor: 6.600|2022
Times cited: 7|2024-02-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Chronotype / Fear acquisition / Affective learning / Eveningness / Trait anxiety related disorders / Virtual reality / Skin conductance

Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study

Enhanced fear acquisition in individuals with evening chronotype. A virtual reality fear conditioning/extinction study