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DocumentCognitive and emotional factors in placebo analgesia2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-028
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2002
Title:
028 - Emotional factors in placebo analgesia: Psychophysiological Experiments
Duration: 2003-03 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Oddmund Johansen, Terje Simonsen, Jan Brox, Arnstein Finset
Institution(s): Department of Clinical Research, University Hospital of North Norway (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Johansen, O., Simonsen, T., Brox, J., Finset, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Emotion

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-028.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2002
Title:
Cognitive and emotional factors in placebo analgesia
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022399905005301
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objective - Information that a painkiller has been administrated induces an expectancy of reduced pain, and the expectancy has been shown to reduce pain. This is termed placebo analgesia. We hypothesized that an expectancy of reduced pain reduces stress.
Methods - The present study (N=84) investigated this hypothesis. To further study the effects of stress and emotions on pain, we provided information about the pain stimulus to half the subjects. Pain was induced by the submaximum tourniquet technique.
Results - Expectations and pain information both decreased pain to the same degree, but independently, and only in males. Lower pain was not related to subjective stress, cortisol, or circulating beta-endorphin. All experimenters were women, and the finding of placebo analgesia only in males fits well with findings that males report less pain to female experimenters.
Conclusion - Placebo analgesia is not related to stress and is influenced by the social context in which pain is recorded.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Aslaksen, P., Finset, A., Simonsen, T., Johansen, O.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Flaten, M. A., Aslaksen, P., Finset, A., Simonsen, T., & Johansen, O. (2006). Cognitive and emotional factors in placebo analgesia. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61(1), 81-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2005.12.004
2-year Impact Factor: 2.322|2006
Times cited: 57|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Placebo analgesia / Nocebo / Expectancy / Stress / Cortisol / Beta-endorphin

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-174
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
174 - Experimental investigation of a Psi training program
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz, Dean Radin, Cassandra Vieten, Colin Cherot
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Vieten, C., Cherot, C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-174.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Final report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa17406.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
To test the claim that transformative practices may lead to enhanced intuitive experiences, we conducted an experiment on the “sense of being stared at” in a group of sixteen experienced TM-Sidhi meditators vs. sixteen non-meditators. The experiment was controlled by a web-based program, which used a web-cam to present the live image of a distant person over the Internet. The program randomly assigned staring vs. non-staring trials based on a true random source, and it automatically recorded the stared-at person’s guesses. The stared-at person in this test was located inside a secure, electromagnetically shielded chamber, and the chamber was monitored by an experimenter, to rule out potential collusion between the participants.
As expected, the meditation group’s scores on a self-transcendence scale were significantly higher than the control group’s, but the meditators did not show enhanced performance on the experimental task. Instead, the meditators obtained chance results
while the control group showed nearly significant ability to detect distance staring.
A consistently positive finding in this experiment was a confirmation of the “sheepgoat” effect: Participants’ expectations and beliefs strongly predicted their actual performance. Each of four questions asking about expectations of success showed that
participants who expected to do well performed consistently better than those who did not.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Konrad, A., Radin, D., Vieten, C., Cherot, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Meditation / Sense of being stared at / Sheep-goat effect / Expectancy / Intuition / Attention

Final report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at

Final report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at

DocumentIt's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.jpsychores.com/article/S0022-3999(11)00053-5/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
This small-scale study explores the role of expectancy in response to distant healing by testing two hypotheses: 1) Participants aware of placement in the healing condition will report greater relief than those aware they are not receiving distant healing; 2) Participants who express belief in distant healing will report greater relief than those expressing disbelief.
METHODS:
Sixty patients were recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, and through online support networks and blogs. Participants were randomly allocated to one of four conditions, those in the healing condition received distant healing from self-reported healers, while participants in the control condition received no intervention. Half of the participants knew their treatment allocation and half were blinded. The primary outcome measures were the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire. The Paranormal Belief Scale and a measure designed to assess belief in distant healing were given to determine if belief was correlated with healing outcomes.
RESULTS:
Awareness of being a recipient of distant healing appeared to be associated with improved outcomes for those in the healing group. Medium to large improvements in GHQ scores (d=.76) and McGill Pain scores (d=.45) were calculated for the groups aware of their condition. Participants unaware that they were receiving healing showed no evidence of improved outcomes. Belief in healing did not have an effect on self-reported outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS:
Improvements in reported pain and well-being appear to have been caused by knowledge of allocation in the distant healing condition rather than distant healing alone.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Easter, A., & Watt, C. (2011). It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 71(2), 86-89. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2011.02.003
2-year Impact Factor: 3.296|2011
Times cited: 4|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Arthritis / Belief / Complementary therapies / Distant healing / Expectancy / Psychic healing

It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers

It's good to know: How treatment knowledge and belief affect the outcome of distant healing intentionality for arthritis sufferers

DocumentTowards a model of distant healing2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Towards a model of distant healing
Publication year: 2010
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Document type:
Doctoral thesis
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Easter, A. (2010). Towards a model of distant healing (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Distant healing / Healer characteristics / Paranormal belief / Expectancy / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Mixed methods approach

Towards a model of distant healing

Towards a model of distant healing

DocumentParanormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers: A small scale clinical trial2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers: A small scale clinical trial
Publication year: 2009
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE:
Although a number of studies have tested different healing techniques in controlled settings, few have investigated the role of the patient’s or “healee’s” belief and expectancy in their response to the healing intervention. This small-scale randomized controlled clinical trial of distance healing with arthritis sufferers aimed to address this question by using a semi-masked design in which half of the participants were aware of whether or not they were receiving distance healing.
PARTICIPANTS:
Sixty patients were recruited from a rheumatology outpatient clinic, through online support networks and blogs and via word of mouth.
INTERVENTION:
Healers from various backgrounds were self-referred and chosen based on their self-reported experience (four were members of the National Federation of Spiritual Healers and two were certified Reiki masters). Healers were expected to practice healing for each participant at least once a week and to keep a log of the frequency and duration of healing. Although healing frequency and duration varied, each participant received between 30 minutes and an hour of healing each week.
OUTCOMES:
The primary outcome measures were the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) and the Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire. In addition, the Paranormal Belief Questionnaire and a measure designed to assess belief in distance healing were given in an effort to determine if this had an effect on self-reported change of physical and mental health. In addition to primary outcome measures, the IPIP personality scale, Spiritual Connection Scale, Satisfaction with Life Scale and a brief index of dietary habits were administered as exploratory measures.
RESULTS:
The study results found no significant main effects of healing or of knowledge of condition placement, and no significant interactions between the two. Results suggest that although generalized belief in healing seems to have little effect on self-reported pain, health and well-being, specific knowledge about whether or not one is receiving distance healing appears to be associated with improved outcomes for those who are in the healing group. This point is shown in the effect size of GHQ change scores for the healing and no-healing groups not-masked to their condition (d = 0.76). The effect size suggests that the expectancy or knowledge of receiving distance healing may have a positive effect on participant’s general health. However, due to the low statistical power of this study, this difference was not statistically significant in the ANCOVA. For those who were unaware of whether or not they were receiving healing, there was no evidence of improved outcomes for the healing group.
CONCLUSIONS:
The hypothesis that there can be health gains through distance healing alone was not supported. One area identified for future research concerns individual differences in healer efficacy. In this study healer allocation added significance to the statistical model but due to small sample size this point calls for further investigation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Easter, A., & Watt, C. (2009). Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being in arthritis sufferers: A small scale clinical trial. In J. Palmer (Ed.), Proceedings of presented papers: The Parapsychological Association 52nd Annual Convention. Seattle, WA: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Arthritis / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Expectancy

DocumentDrug effects: agonistic and antagonistic processes2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-161
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
161 - The relation of mind to body. Psychophysiological studies of the placebo effect
Duration: 2007-01 - 2010-05
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Oddmund Johansen, Terje Simonsen, Per M. Aslaksen, Peter Lyby, Espen Bjorkedal
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Tromso (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Johansen, O., Simonsen, T., Aslaksen, P., Lyby, P., Bjørkedal, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Emotion

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-161.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
Drug effects: agonistic and antagonistic processes
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1467-9450.2009.00776.x/pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The research presented here has shown that tolerance to drugs can be accelerated by conditioning processes. Placebo effects may be considered the opposite of tolerance, and we have shown that placebo effects may be objectively recorded by physiological measures (electromyography, skin conductance responses, and event-related potentials), as well as by behavioral and subjective methods. The placebo response, or more precisely, the expectation of drug effects, can add to the effect of the drug. Drug antagonistic expectations can also reverse the effect of the drug. There is some evidence that placebo effects are strongest when expectations are reinforced by administration of an active drug. Expectations have graded effects and may affect symptoms to a smaller or larger degree. Although drug effects can be considered stimuli, the investigation of the role of classical conditioning in drug use and drug effects involves special issues that must be carefully considered.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Flaten, M. A. (2009). Drug effects: agonistic and antagonistic processes. Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, 50(6), 652-659. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-9450.2009.00776.x
2-year Impact Factor: 1.148|2009
Times cited: 8|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Placebo response / Placebo effect / Placebo analgesia / Startle / Classical conditioning / Expectancy

Drug effects: agonistic and antagonistic processes

Drug effects: agonistic and antagonistic processes

DocumentIs fear of pain related to placebo analgesia?2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-161
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
161 - The relation of mind to body. Psychophysiological studies of the placebo effect
Duration: 2007-01 - 2010-05
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Oddmund Johansen, Terje Simonsen, Per M. Aslaksen, Peter Lyby, Espen Bjorkedal
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Tromso (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Johansen, O., Simonsen, T., Aslaksen, P., Lyby, P., Bjørkedal, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Emotion

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-161.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
Is fear of pain related to placebo analgesia?
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0022399909004553
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
Verbal information that a painkiller has been administered generates an expectation of pain relief which in turn decreases pain. This expectation-based pain reduction is termed placebo analgesia. We hypothesized that fear of pain would be related to higher stress and pain intensity and to reduced placebo analgesia.
METHODS:
Sixty-three students (30 females) participated in a Two-Condition (placebo, natural history)xFive-Test (one pretest, four post-tests) within-subjects design. Heat pain was induced by a 30x30-mm contact thermode to the medial volar forearm. Each pain test lasted for 4 min at a temperature of 46 degrees C. Stress, arousal, and pain intensity and pain unpleasantness were rated on 100-mm visual analogue scales.
RESULTS:
Fear of pain was related to higher anticipatory stress and to higher stress and pain intensity during pain. Fear of pain was also related to reduced placebo analgesic responding.
CONCLUSION:
Fear of pain was positively related to stress both during pain and in the anticipation of pain, and negatively related to placebo analgesia. Previous research has indicated a role for increased stress in the nocebo response, and the present findings suggest that decreased stress may strengthen the placebo response.
Accessibility: Document exist in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lyby, P.
Secondary author(s):
Aslaksen, P., Flaten, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lyby, P., Aslaksen, P., & Flaten, M. (2010). Is fear of pain related to placebo analgesia? Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68(4), 369-377. doi: 10.1016/j.jpsychores.2009.10.009
2-year Impact Factor: 2.842|2010
Times cited: 39|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Placebo analgesia / Expectancy / Fear of pain / Stress

Is fear of pain related to placebo analgesia?

Is fear of pain related to placebo analgesia?

DocumentFinal report - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-167
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
167 - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect
Duration: 2007-02 - 2010-01
Researcher(s):
Stephan Schwartz, Ginette Nachman, William Frazer Morris
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Conference paper
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S. A.
Secondary author(s):
Nachman, G., Morris, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Healing

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-167.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
Final report - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa167-06_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study sought to answer the following: Is there a difference in muscular strength when individual holds substance inimical to life processes compared to substance essential for life? 2. Does effect involve input from person being measured, and kinesiologist doing measurement, or only person measured? 3. Is the result the same when different kinesiologists take measurement, or when no kinesiologist is involved? 4. Does belief, expectation, gender, or time cognition play a role?
METHODS:
Methods: 51 participants 3 trials: first kinesiologist, second kinesiologist, no kinesiologist testing using hand dynamometer. Each trial used pair of randomly numbered sealed vials, one vial saline solution, the other saline solution plus ionic hydroxlamine hydrochloride (NH3OH)+. Each trial involved a separate muscle test for each vial. All present blind to vial containing toxin. Kinesiologist force measured via pressure pad system.
RESULTS:
151 sets of trials toxic vial identified 80 times (53%), onetailed exact binomial p-value 0.258. Results kinesiologists: chance. Dynamometer results: chance. Testing whether significant difference in proportions for whom AK test worked based belief whether it would work non-significant chi-square value: 0.6 (p = 0.439) for trials with one kinesiologist, and 2.222 (p = 0.136) for hand dynamometer trials. Gender variable: no significant difference males and females, for trials of male kinesiologist or hand dynamometer, combined data for two female kinesiologists did reveal difference. Of 33 female sessions 15 successful (45%); 18 male sessions, 14 successful (78%) chi-square statistic: 4.96, p = 0.026. Given multiple testing chi-square results interpreted cautiously. Belief in whether or not AK test will work not significantly related to whether did work. Chi-square test time perception/correct vial choice: non-significant. Chi-square statistic using hand dynamometer data: 0.927, p-value = 0.629.
CONCLUSION:
Study and review of AK literature using QUADAS, STARD, JADAD and CONSORT suggest AK fails as reliable diagnostic tool upon which health decisions can be based.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S. A.
Secondary author(s):
Utts, J., Spottiswoode, J., Shade, C., Tully, L., Morris, W., Nachman, G.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Applied kinesiology / Muscle testing / Belief / Expectancy / Gender / Time perception / Nonlocal perception / Integrative medicine

Final report - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect

Final report - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect

DocumentP02.07. A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-167
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
167 - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect
Duration: 2007-02 - 2010-01
Researcher(s):
Stephan Schwartz, Ginette Nachman, William Frazer Morris
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Conference paper
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S. A.
Secondary author(s):
Nachman, G., Morris, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Healing

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-167.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
P02.07. A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://link.springer.com/content/pdf/10.1186%2F1472-6882-12-S1-P63.pdf
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S. A.
Secondary author(s):
Utts, J., Spottiswoode, J., Shade, C., Tully, L., Morris, W., Nachman, G.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Schwartz, S. A., Utts, J., Spottiswoode, J., Shade, C., Tully, L., Morris, W., & Nachman, G. (2012). P02.07. A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect. BMC Complementary and Alternative, 12(Suppl 1), P63. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-S1-P63
2-year Impact Factor: 2.020|2014
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Parapsychology / Applied kinesiology / Muscle testing / Belief / Expectancy / Gender / Time perception

P02.07. A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect

P02.07. A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect

DocumentA study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-167
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
167 - A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect
Duration: 2007-02 - 2010-01
Researcher(s):
Stephan Schwartz, Ginette Nachman, William Frazer Morris
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Conference paper
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S. A.
Secondary author(s):
Nachman, G., Morris, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Assessment tools / Healing

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-167.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2006
Title:
A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/03/2009_pa_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Applied Kinesiology (AK) is a diagnostic technique widely used within the Integrative Medical community. In essence it posits that a question can be mentally held in a person’s mind, sometimes while they are holding a substance like a vitamin, or a food sample, and by measuring relative muscular weakness an answer as to whether the substance or the condition represented by the question is good for that person can be obtained. This AK is presumed to have a diagnostic capability. That being presumed this study asks: 1. Is there a difference in muscular strength when an individual holds a substance that is inimical to life processes (a poison solution), as compared to a substance that is essential for life (normal saline)? 2. Is this effect a transaction involving input from both the person being measured, and the kinesiologist doing the measurement, or is it only the person being measured? 3. As an extension of question 2, is the result the same when different kinesiologists take the measurement, or when no kinesiologist is involved? 4. Does belief, expectation, gender, or time cognition play a role in determining the response? To answer these questions, which would help to define the parameters of the AK process, 51 participants were tested during three trials each, first by one kinesiologist, then by another and, finally, with no kinesiologist present by grip strength indicated using a hand dynamometer, grip strength being a self-administered AK test of relative muscular strength. For each trial a pair of randomly numbered sealed vials, each pair in a randomly numbered plastic bag, was used as the objects of the trial. In each bag one vial contained saline solution while the other was filled with a slightly smaller amount of saline solution to which had been added ionic hydroxlamine hydrochloride (NH3OH)+, producing a toxic solution of 9 mg/ml. Each trial consisted of a separate muscle test for each vial. All present at the trials were blind as to which vial contained the toxin. And all who prepared the vials were blind to the trials. The force used by the kinesiologists in each of their trials was measured via a pressure pad system. The hand dynamometer trials were conducted with no kinesiologist present.
RESULTS:
Of the 151 sets of trials the toxic vial was identified correctly in 80 of them (53%), resulting in a one-tailed exact binomial p-value of.258. Results for two of the kinesiologists were almost exactly at chance. For the third kinesiologist there was a one-tailed exact binomial p-value of .18 (unadjusted for multiple testing). Results for the dynamometer were also almost exactly at chance. Testing whether there was a significant difference in proportions for whom the AK test worked based on belief about whether it would work resulted in non-significant chi-square values of 0.6 (p =.439) for the trials with one kinesiologist, and 2.222 (p = .136) for the hand dynamometer trials. The final variable examined was gender. While there was no significant difference in performance for males and females for the trials of the male kinesiologist or the hand dynamometer, the combined data for the two female kinesiologists did reveal a difference. Of the 33 sessions with females, only 15 were successful (45%) while for the 18 sessions with males, 14 were successful (78%) resulting in a chi-square statistic of 4.96, p = .026. However, given all of the chi-square tests performed in this section, the results must be interpreted with caution because of multiple testing. Results indicating belief in whether or not the AK test will work were not significantly related to whether or not it actually did work. A chi-square test of the relationship between time perception and correct vial choice showed no significant relationship. A chi-square test of the relationship between time perception and correct vial choice showed no significant relationships. The chi-square statistic for the relationship using the hand dynamometer data was 0.927, p = .629. The data in this study, particularly when seen in the larger context of a review of the literature from the AK field itself by Klinkoski and Leboeuf (1990), which considered 50 papers published between 1981 and 1987 by the International College of Applied Kinesiology, and the survey by Hall, Lewith, Brien, and Little, using standard evaluation criteria (QUADAS, STARD, JADAD and CONSORT), for research methodology, as well as six prior non-clinical studies, by Radin, Quintanar and Hill, Braud, Arnett, Friedenberg, and Kendler, Ludtke, and Kendler and Keating, all together suggest: The research published by the Applied Kinesiology field itself is not to be relied upon, and in the experimental studies that do meet accepted standards of science, Applied Kinesiology has not demonstrated that it is a useful or reliable diagnostic tool upon which health decisions can be based.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (power point presentation)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S. A.
Secondary author(s):
Utts, J., Spottiswoode, J., Shade, C., Tully, L., Morris, W., Nachman, G.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Schwartz, S. A., Utts, J., Spottiswoode, J., Shade, C., Tully, L., Morris, W., & Nachman, G. (2009). A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect. In In J. Palmer (Ed.), Abstracts of presented papers: The Parapsychological Association 52nd Annual Convention (pp. 21-22). Seattle, WA: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Applied kinesiology / Muscle testing / Belief / Expectancy / Gender / Time perception

A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect

A study to assess the validity of applied kinesiology (AK) as a diagnostic tool and as a nonlocal proximity effect

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DocumentExpectations of increased and decreased pain explain the effect of conditioned pain modulation in females2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-161
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
161 - The relation of mind to body. Psychophysiological studies of the placebo effect
Duration: 2007-01 - 2010-05
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Oddmund Johansen, Terje Simonsen, Per M. Aslaksen, Peter Lyby, Espen Bjorkedal
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Tromso (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Johansen, O., Simonsen, T., Aslaksen, P., Lyby, P., Bjørkedal, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Emotion

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-161.27
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
Expectations of increased and decreased pain explain the effect of conditioned pain modulation in females
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3442740/pdf/jpr-5-289.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
Chronic pain is believed to be related to a dysfunction of descending pain modulatory mechanisms. Functioning of descending pain modulation can be assessed by various methods, including conditioned pain modulation (CPM). CPM refers to the inhibition of one source of pain by a second noxious stimulus, termed the conditioning stimulus. This procedure can activate an endogenous pain inhibitory mechanism that inhibits early nociceptive processing. Chronic pain and anxiety disorders are more prevalent among females and it has been hypothesized that females react with more negative emotions towards unpleasant stimuli and this might be part of the explanation of greater pain sensitivity in females. The present study investigated whether expectations modulate the effect of conditioning stimulation on pain, subjective stress, and heart rate. In addition, we investigated whether the modulation of CPM by expectations differed between males and females.
METHODS:
Seventy-two subjects (including 36 women) received six noxious heat stimuli to the forearm. During three of these stimuli, a conditioning stimulus (cold-water bath) was applied to the contralateral arm in order to activate CPM. One third of the subjects were told that this would reduce pain (analgesia group), one-third that it would increase pain (hyperalgesia group), and one third received no information about its effect (no info group).
RESULTS:
Information that conditioning stimulation decreased or enhanced pain had the corresponding effect in females, but not in males. Conditioning stimulation increased stress, but not heart rate in females in the hyperalgesia group. A higher expectation of analgesia and lower stress during conditioning stimulation was associated with larger inhibitory CPM.
CONCLUSION:
These results suggest that reduced inhibitory CPM can be due to contextually induced cognitive and emotional factors and not necessarily a dysfunction of descending inhibitory pathways.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Bjørkedal, E.
Secondary author(s):
Flaten, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Bjørkedal, E., & Flaten, M. (2012). Expectations of increased and decreased pain explain the effect of conditioned pain modulation in females. Journal of Pain Research, 5, 289-300. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S33559
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Pain / Conditioned pain modulation / Expectancy / Placebo analgesia / Nocebo hyperalgesia

DocumentFinal report - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-233
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
233 - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative
Duration: 2013-07 - 2015-04
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz, Daryl Bem, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bem, D., Delorme, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-233.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
Final report - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa23312_18062015.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The issue of replication has been a long-standing challenge for parapsychology, with different experimenters obtaining different results using similar protocols. This study addressed this challenge through the examination of experimenter and participant expectancies about psi and their impact on the outcome of a psi task. The meta-study involved an international collaboration of teachers, student experimenters, and experimental volunteers, who made use of a standardized psi protocol involving precognition that has been the focus of a number of replication attempts and that allows for a systematic collection of data under well-controlled conditions (Bem, 2011). It included 12 different laboratories across 32 experimenters and 512 participants. While the preregistered hypothesis that was assessed on a participant basis did not show a significant psi effect, when statistical power was increased by using a single trial analysis, the primary hypothesis was highly significant. The effect was also significant for experiments conducted in the English language, rather than through translations of the protocol. The results did not support a correlation between study outcome and experimenter expectancy. Overall, these results support the feasibility of a multi-laboratory collaboration and show that single trial analysis might be more appropriate and powerful to process these types of data. A conceptual replication is now underway.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Replication / Psi / Expectancy / Experimenter effects / Priming

DocumentThe power of suggestion: Placebo, hypnosis, imaginative suggestion and attention2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
248 - Using hypnosis to distinguish between cognitive and metacognitive conscious experience
Duration: 2013-10 - 2015-05
Researcher(s):
Pedro Alexandre Magalhães de Saldanha da Gama, Axel Cleeremans, Zoltan Dienes, Amir Raz
Institution(s): Université Libre de Bruxelles (Belgium)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Article
Progress report
Final report
PhD thesis
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Secondary author(s):
Cleeremans, A., Dienes, Z., Raz, A.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Consciousness / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-248.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2012
Title:
The power of suggestion: Placebo, hypnosis, imaginative suggestion and attention
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://theses.ulb.ac.be/ETD-db/collection/available/ULBetd-02152015-111308/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
People have always been fascinated by the extent to which belief or will may influence behavior. Proverbs, like “we tend to get what we expect,” and concepts, such as optimistic thinking or self-fulfilling prophecy, reflect this intuition of an important link between one’s dispositions and subsequent behavior. In other words, one’s predictions directly or indirectly cause them to become true. In a similar manner, every culture, country or religion has their own words for ‘expectation,’ ‘belief,’ ‘disappointment,’ ‘surprise,’ and generally all have the same meaning: under uncertainty, what one expects or believes is the most likely to happen. This relation between what caused a reaction in the past will probably cause it again in the future might not be realistic. If the expected outcome is not confirmed, it may result in a personal ‘disappointment’, and if the outcome fits no expectations, it will be a ‘surprise’. Our brain is hardwired with this heuristic capacity of learning the cause-effect relationship and to project its probability as the basis for much of our behavior, as well as cognitions. This experience-based expectation is a form of learning that helps the brain to bypass an exhaustive search in finding a satisfactory solution. Expectations may thus be considered an innate theory of causality; that is, a set of factors (causes) generating a given phenomenon (effects) influence the way we treat incoming information but also the way we retrieve the stored information. These expectancy templates may well represent one of the basic rules of how the brain processes information, affecting the way we perceive the world, direct our attention and deal with conflicting information. In fact, expectations have been shown to influence our judgments and social interactions, along with our volition to individually decide and commit to a particular course of action. However, people’s expectations may elicit the anticipation of their own automatic reactions to various situations and behaviors cues, and can explain that expecting to feel an increase in alertness after coffee consumption leads to experiencing the consequent physiologic and behavioral states. We call this behavior-response expectancy. This non-volitional form of expectation has been shown to influence cognitions such as memory, pain, visual awareness, implicit learning and attention, through the mediation of phenomena like placebo effects and hypnotic behaviors. Importantly,when talking about expectations, placebo and hypnosis, it is important to note that we are also talking about suggestion and its modulating capability. In other words, suggestion has the power to create response expectancies that activate automatic responses, which will, in turn, influence cognition and behavior so as to shape them congruently with the expected outcome. Accordingly, hypnotic inductions are a systematic manipulation of expectancy, similar to placebo, and therefore they both work in a similar way. Considering such assumptions, the major question we address in this PhD thesis is to know if these expectancy-based mechanisms are capable of modulating more high-level information processing such as cognitive conflict resolution, as is present in the well-known Stroop task. In fact, in a recent series of studies, reduction or elimination of Stroop congruency effects was obtained through suggestion and hypnotic induction. In this PhD thesis, it is asked whether a suggestion reinforced by placebos, operating through response-expectancy mechanisms, is able to induce a top-down cognitive modulation to overcome cognitive conflict in the Stroop task, similar to those results found using suggestion and hypnosis manipulation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Gama, P.
Document type:
Doctoral thesis
Reference:
Gama, P. (2014). The power of suggestion: Placebo, hypnosis, imaginative suggestion and attention (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Université Libre de Bruxelles, Faculté des Sciences Psychologiques et de l’Education, Bélgium.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Placebo effect / Hypnosis / Hypnotic Response / Hypnotizability / Placebo / Alertness / Hypnotic Susceptibility / Object-based Attentional Selection / Eye-Blink, Inhibition / Stroop effect / Waterloo-Stanford Group C (WSGC) scale / Stroop task / Attention / Cognitive Control / Attentional Networks / Dopamine / Suggestion / Stroop / Response expectancy / Expectancy / Expectations / Imagination / Suggestability / Suggestion

DocumentCerebral mechanisms of hypnotic hypoesthesia. An ERP investigation on the expectancy stage of perception2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-101
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
101 - Hypnosis and cognition: Neural basis of hypnotic suggestion on executive functions and perceptual awareness
Duration: 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Rinaldo Livio Perri, Francesco Di Russo, Enrico Facco
Institution(s): Faculty of Psychology, University Niccolò Cusano, Rome (Italy); Cognitive Neuroscience of Action lab, University Foro Italico, Rome (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Perri, R. L.
Secondary author(s):
Di Russo, F., Facco, E.
Keywords:
Event-related potential (ERP) / Hypnosis / Executive functions / Anterior insula / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-101.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Cerebral mechanisms of hypnotic hypoesthesia. An ERP investigation on the expectancy stage of perception
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/psyp.13657
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The present study aims at identifying reliable markers of neural preparatory processes during hypnosis. To this goal, we recorded the electroencephalographic activity of 23 volunteers regardless of their hypnotizability score. Somatosensory evoked potentials (SEPs) were elicited while participants received non-painful electrical stimuli on the left median nerve in the conditions of relaxation and hypnosis with suggestions of reduced sensation. SEPs analysis was focused on the pre-stimulus activity and revealed two main components: the prefrontal negativity (pN) and the somatosensory negativity (sN) over the frontal and parietal areas of the scalp, respectively. Results showed reduced amplitudes for both components under hypnosis, mostly for the pN, suggesting a change of top-down control of parietal and prefrontal areas. Furthermore, the sLORETA source imaging showed a deactivation of the lateral and anterior portions of the prefrontal cortex (PFC) during the hypnotic state. The present study highlights the downregulation of the PFC as a core aspect of the adopted hypnotic task and confirms the ability of hypnosis to modulate the activity of frontal executive functions. Further, since the majority of participants fell into the medium range of hypnotizability, the present findings could reflect the hypnosis effects in most of the population.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Perri, R. L.
Secondary author(s):
Facco, E., Quinzi, F., Bianco, V., Berchicci, M., Rossani, F., Di Russo, F.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Perri, R. L., Facco, E., Quinzi, F., Bianco, V., Berchicci, M., Rossani, F., & Di Russo, F. (2020). Cerebral mechanisms of hypnotic hypoesthesia. An ERP investigation on the expectancy stage of perception. Psychophysiology. doi: 10.1111/psyp.13657
2-year Impact Factor: 3.692|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Times cited: 0|2020-08-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: ERP / Expectancy / Hypnosis / Hypnotizability / Prefrontal cortex / Somatosensory perception