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BIAL Foundation
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DE:"Extraordinary experiences"
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DocumentGetting absorbed in experimentally induced extraordinary experiences: Effects of placebo brain stimulation on agency detection2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-076
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
076 - Unleashing the hidden powers of the mind through manipulating belief in cognitive enhancement devices
Duration: 2017-03
Researcher(s):
Michiel van Elk, Uffe Schjoedt, Marcel Brass
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam (The Netherlands); School of Culture and Society - Department of the Study of Religion, University of Arhus (Denmark)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: van Elk, M.
Secondary author(s):
Schjoedt, U., Brass, M.
Keywords:
Cognitive Enhancement / Brain stimulation / Prior expectations / Predictive Processing / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-076.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Getting absorbed in experimentally induced extraordinary experiences: Effects of placebo brain stimulation on agency detection
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810017306050
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Previous work demonstrated that placebo brain stimulation can function as an experimental tool to elicit mystical and quasi-mystical (i.e., extraordinary) experiences. However, it has not yet been investigated whether these effects result from mere sensory deprivation and individual differences in suggestibility, or whether expectancy manipulations are crucial in eliciting these effects. In this study, we showed that extraordinary experiences could be systematically manipulated by means of an expectancy manipulation using a within-subjects design, while controlling for suggestibility effects. We further observed that participants' score on the Tellegen absorption scale, an individual difference measure reflecting people's propensity to get immersed in external stimuli or mental imagery, is related to the frequency and intensity of such experiences. Finally, we investigated the relationship between extraordinary experiences and agency detection, which has been hypothesized to be associated to supernatural beliefs and experiences. The experimental induction of extraordinary experiences did not result in increased agency detection.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Maij, D. L.
Secondary author(s):
van Elk, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Maij, D. L. R., & van Elk, M. (2018). Getting absorbed in experimentally induced extraordinary experiences: Effects of placebo brain stimulation on agency detection. Consciousness and Cognition, 6: 1-16. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.010
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Times cited: 4|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: God helmet / Neuroenchantment / Extraordinary experiences / Agency detection / Absorption

DocumentFinal report - Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks: With or without exposure to meditation or mindfulness classes and retreats2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-203
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
203 - Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks: With or without exposure to meditation or mindfulness classes and retreats
Duration: 2018-01 - 2020-01
Researcher(s):
Jennifer Penberthy, Cassandra Vieten, Lori Derr, Arnaud Delorme, Jenny Matthews, Loraine Walter
Institution(s): Division of Perceptual Studies, Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia, Charlottesville (USA); Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Author: Penberthy, J. K.
Secondary author(s):
Vieten, C., Derr, L., Delorme, A., Matthews, J., Walter, L.
Keywords:
Meditation / Mindfulness / Psi / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-203.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks: With or without exposure to meditation or mindfulness classes and retreats
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3228/extraordinary-experiences-and-performance-on-psi-tasks.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Some research indicates that meditation increases mindfulness as well as paranormal experiences of precognition, telepathy, clairvoyance, and synchronicities. There is limited knowledge about the prevalence or impact of these experiences in meditators and the general population.
AIMS
To assess frequency and impact of self-reported mindfulness, paranormal experiences and performance on psi tasks in two groups over time.
METHOD
We explored frequency of mindfulness, psi, and extraordinary experiences and abilities in those enrolled in a meditation program and those not meditating and the impact of such experiences or abilities. We collected data securely online with IRB approval.
RESULTS
118 subjects completed the study. Those who engaged in a meditation practice (and scored higher on the mindfulness variables) endorsed higher levels of paranormal experiences. The meditation group reported higher levels of paranormal experiences (M = 1.81, SD = .15) than the control group (M = 1.48, SD = .18), p < .001 and the meditation group reported higher levels of meaning attributed to those experiences (M = 78.10, SD = 17.04) than the control group (M = 64.89, SD = 25.40), p = .002 at the end of the study.
CONCLUSIONS
The nonrandomly selected group that received training in meditation demonstrated increased mindfulness scores over time and their mindfulness appears to be positively associated with reporting higher levels of paranormal experiences both before and after the intervention when compared to the control group. Performance on the psi tasks did not improve in either group over time and these tasks may not be sensitive enough to detect significant changes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Penberthy, J. K.
Secondary author(s):
Vieten, C.
Document type:
Final report
Reference:
Penberthy, J. K., & Vieten, C. (2019). Final report - Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks: With or without exposure to meditation or mindfulness classes and retreats.
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Parapsychology / Psi / Extraordinary experiences

Final report - Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks: With or without exposure to meditation or mindfulness classes and retreats

Final report - Extraordinary experiences and performance on psi tasks: With or without exposure to meditation or mindfulness classes and retreats