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DocumentFinal report - Experimenter effects in parapsychology: Replication and mechanism2001

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-034
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2000
Title:
034 - Experimenter effects in parapsychology: Replication and mechanism
Duration: 2000-12 - 2002-01
Researcher(s):
Richard Wiseman, Caroline Watt
Institution(s): The University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Wiseman, R.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-034.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2000
Title:
Final report - Experimenter effects in parapsychology: Replication and mechanism
Publication year: 2001
URL:
http://www.bial.com/fotos/gca/bolsa_3400__mar_08_1205774821.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Using the same participant pool and experimental procedures, the study investigated experimenter differences in results when measuring participants’ paranormal belief, cognitive ability, and psi performance. Hypothesis 1: RW’s participants would have a different pattern of correlation between paranormal belief and performance on the cognitive tasks, than CW’s participants. Hypothesis 2: RW’s participants would score differently on the psi task compared to CW’s participants. Each experimenter tested 30 participants. Overall, a significant negative correlation was found between paranormal belief and syllogisms performance: r = -.28, p = .03, 2-t. This correlation was attributable to just one of the experimenters: CW r = -.45, p = .01, 2-t; RW r = -.08, n.s. The difference (calculated using Fisher Z transformation) is statistically significant (p = .03, 2-t).
This suggests an experimenter effect for the correlation between paranormal belief and performance on the syllogisms task, and therefore confirms Hypothesis 1. Further analyses suggested that the negative belief-syllogisms correlation is due to psi-believers shifting their performance on the syllogisms task: CW’s psi-believers had significantly lower syllogisms scores than RW’s psi-believers (t = 2.16, p = .04, 2-t). A similar, marginally significant, pattern was found for the Matrices task. For the psi task, CW’s participants had a mean target rank of 3.0 (SD = 1.5), compared to a mean of 2.7 (SD = 1.6) for RW’s participants. This difference was not statistically significant on a Mann-Whitney test (Z = -.90, p = .37, 2-t). Therefore there was no indication of an experimenter difference on ESP results and no support for Hypothesis 2.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wiseman, R.
Secondary author(s):
Watt, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Extrasensory perception (ESP) experiments

Relatório final- Experimenter effects in parapsychology: Replication and mechanism

Relatório final- Experimenter effects in parapsychology: Replication and mechanism

DocumentThe sender as a PK agent in ESP studies: The Effects of agent and target system lability upon performance at a novel PK task2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-066
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2002
Title:
066 - Considering the sender in ostensible ganzfeld ESP studies to be a PK source
Duration: 2003-01 - 2005-03
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Nicola Holt
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Holt, N.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-066.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2002
Title:
The sender as a PK agent in ESP studies: The Effects of agent and target system lability upon performance at a novel PK task
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.questia.com/library/1G1-168586749/the-sender-as-a-pk-agent-in-esp-studies-the-effects#articleDetails
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
It is not straightforward to determine whether a sender makes an active contribution to the success of ESP experiments. Although there does seem to be a subtle advantage for telepathy experiments over equivalent clairvoyant studies (see, e.g., Honorton, 1995; Ullman & Krippner, 1973), this might be explicable in simple psychological terms, such as the sharing of responsibility for failures (and successes) at a psi task and the calming effects of having a friend accompany one to an unusual and potentially anxiety provoking situation (Morris, Dalton, Delanoy & Watt, 1995). In earlier papers we described a novel method that promised to provide a more direct assessment of any sender contribution (Roe & Holt, 2005; Roe, Holt, & Simmonds, 2003) by introducing a "virtual receiver" in the form of a random number generator (RNG). The output of the RNG was associated with a collection of 768 statements that had been coined to describe the clips in the target pool. During the normal sending period the RNG was continually sampled and a "virtual mentation" was produced that consisted of the 20 statements corresponding to the numbers that had been selected most often. Independent judges then used the virtual mentations to rank order four video clips (the target clip and three decoys) in much the same way as the receiver typically does in a conventional free-response ESP study. The participants did not see the virtual mentation at any point.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
This document is the Appendix 3 of the Final report (previous version of published article)
Author: Holt, N.
Secondary author(s):
Roe, C. A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Holt, N., & Roe, C. A. (2006). The sender as a PK agent in ESP studies: The Effects of agent and target system lability upon performance at a novel PK task. Journal of Parapsychology, 70(1), 49-67.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.107|2006
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) experiments / Random number generator / Virtual mentation / Telepathy

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
159 - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-01
Researcher(s):
José M. Pérez Navarro
Institution(s): University of Greenwich, Eltham, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Assessment tools / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-159.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
Final report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa15908_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
One hundred individuals took part in a free-response ESP experiment. Half of them were tested using a standard Ganzfeld condition while the other half were through a modified experimental condition that integrated a series of psi-conducive practices recommended by researchers in the area in a previous phase of research. Participants in the modified experimental condition (15 direct hits, 30%, z=0.82, p=0.21) were more successful than in the Ganzfeld (11 direct hits, 22%, z=-0.49, p=0.31). However, this difference did not reach significance (z=0.92, p=0.18). The mean z-score for the sample was not significant either (z=0.19, p=0.42).
Among the measures that could be quantified in the modified condition only the degree of success of the target stimulus in previous studies correlated positively with the session outcome at an alpha level below 0.01 (0.39, p=0.004). Two other variables: feedback to the sender participant and post-session review showed correlation indices in the expected direction with p-values below 0.05 (0.36, p=0.01 and 0.32, p=0.02, respectively). Variables male-female pairing and personalised setting showed small, non-significant coefficients (0.11, p=0.44 and 0.10, p=0.47, respectively).
In a multiple regression analysis only the variable post-session review contributed to the prediction of performance by participants in this condition with a significant coefficient of 0.15 (p=0.006). Feedback to the sender participant showed a marginally significant coefficient of 0.06 (p=0.05). The set of predictors accounted for 26.4% of the criterion.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pérez Navarro, J. M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Extrasensory perception (ESP) experiments / Ganzfeld / Psi-conductive practices

Final report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices

Final report - Developing a “Recipe” for Success in ESP Experimental Research (Phase III): Integrating Psi-conducive Practices