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Type Title Begin End
DocumentPerceptual memory in the human visual system2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-016
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2004
Title:
016 - Perceptual memory in the human visual system
Duration: 2006-02 - 2010-04
Researcher(s):
Patrícia Margarida Piedade Figueiredo, Mafalda Cavalheiro Gomes Moreira Mendes, Maria Fátima Loureiro da Silva, João Abel Loureiro Marques Xavier, Carlos Gomes
Institution(s): Instituto Biofísico para a Investigação em Luz e Imagem (IBILI), Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Abstracts and posters
Informed consent forms
Review of the final report
Language: eng
Author:
Figueiredo, P.
Secondary author(s):
Mendes, M., Silva, M. F., Xavier, J., Gomes, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Body structure and function / Vision / Cognitive processes / Memory / Learning / Perception / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Epilepsy

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-016.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2004
Title:
Perceptual memory in the human visual system
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
It is a well established observation that plane inversion causes deterioration of performance in face discrimination tasks – the so-called face inversion effect (FIE). This phenomenon suggests that the human visual system contains specialized processing mechanisms that are more engaged by upright faces than by inverted faces or non-face objects. One prominent hypothesis proposes that such specialization results from
extensive practice with upright faces, leading to expertise for this canonical orientation. Here, we aimed to investigate perceptual learning for faces presented in multiple orientations, by conducting both psychophysics and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiments.
METHODS:
We conducted two psychophysics experiments in which participants performed a same / different discrimination task (DT) on pairs of faces: for orientations ranging between 0 and 300° over one session (Experiment 1) and for a single orientation over four training sessions (Experiment 2). We then conducted an fMRI experiment to investigate the neural correlates of face perception at multiple orientations.
RESULTS:
A quadratic effect was observed across orientations for both reaction times and error rates, indicating a deterioration of performance away from 0° and towards 180°. In Experiment 2, we observed a main effect of session, indicating that participants became significantly faster and more accurate with training. Finally, when tested with a different orientation (240°) at the end of the last session, participants showed a similar
performance compared with the trained orientation (120°), suggesting that transfer of learning across orientations took place.
CONCLUSIONS:
In summary, we have showed a consistent effect of face orientation in both behavioural and neuroimaging results. Specifically, we found that participants gave more errors and were slower in their responses as faces were rotated away from 0º. In addition, performance was improved when participants underwent periods of training, both for trained and untrained orientations. Consistently with the expertise hypothesis, we also
found a parametric modulation of fMRI activity in specialized visual brain areas, according to the quadratic behavioural effect of face orientation.
PUBLICATIONS:
- Gomes CA, Mendes M, Figueiredo P. (2009) Perceptual learning for multiple face orientations. Perception. Vol. 38 Supp., p. 79.
- Gomes CA, Mendes M, Figueiredo P. (2009) Perceptual learning for multiple face orientations. APPE 2009, Lisboa, Portugal.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Figueiredo, P.
Secondary author(s):
Mendes, M., Silva, M. F., Xavier, J., Gomes, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Figueiredo, P., Mendes, M., Silva, M. F., Xavier, J., & Gomes, C. (2010). Perceptual memory in the human visual system. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 186). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Face perception / Learning / Expertise / Psychophysics / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Perceptual memory in the human visual system

Perceptual memory in the human visual system

DocumentImpaired processing of 3D motion-defined faces in mild cognitive impairment and healthy aging: an fMRI study2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-094
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2006
Title:
094 - Feedback modulation of visual processing by limbic circuits: A functional connectivity approach to visual face processing
Duration: 2008-01 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Miguel Castelo-Branco, Cristina Januário, Solange Silva, Aldina Reis, Catarina Mateus, Miguel Cordeiro
Institution(s): IBILI - Faculdade de Medicina, Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Castelo-Branco, M.
Secondary author(s):
Januário, C., Silva, S., Mateus, C., Cordeiro, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function / Emotion / Body structure and function / Vision

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-094.32
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2006
Title:
Impaired processing of 3D motion-defined faces in mild cognitive impairment and healthy aging: an fMRI study
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22879351
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI), which shows high risk for conversion to Alzheimer's disease (AD), is accompanied by progressive visual deteriorations that so far are poorly understood. Here, we compared dorsal and ventral visual stream functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activity among amnestic MCI, healthy elderly, and young participants during structure-from-motion (SFM) face categorization performance. Task performance varied with stimulus depth and duration levels and differences among groups were highly correlated with face-related fMRI activation patterns. Young participants showed larger activation to faces than scrambled faces (face sensitivity) in the right fusiform face area (FFA) and right occipital face area (OFA) whereas in elderly, this difference was reduced. Surprisingly, in MCI, scrambled faces elicited larger activation in right FFA/OFA than faces. The latter observation may be related to the additional finding of elevated depth sensitivity in left FFA/OFA of MCI, suggesting that an increased representation of low-level stimulus aspects may impair face perception in MCI. Discriminant function analysis using face and depth sensitivity indices in FFA/OFA classified MCI and healthy elderly with 88.2% accuracy, marking a fundamental distinction between groups. Potentially related findings include altered activation patterns in dorsal-ventral stream integration regions and attention-related networks of MCI patients. Our results highlight aberrant visual and additional potentially compensatory processes that identify dispositions of (preclinical) AD.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Graewe, B.
Secondary author(s):
Lemos, R., Ferreira, C., Santana, I., Farivar, R., De Weerd, P., Castelo-Branco, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Graewe, B., Lemos, R., Ferreira, C., Santana, I., Farivar, R., De Weerd, P., & Castelo-Branco, M. (2013). Impaired processing of 3D motion-defined faces in mild cognitive impairment and healthy aging: An fMRI study. Cerebral Cortex, 23(10), 2489-2499. https://doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhs246
2-year Impact Factor: 8.305|2013
Times cited: 27|2024-02-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Face perception / Functional neuroimaging / Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) / Structure-from-motion / Vision

DocumentReconocimiento de caras versus reconocimiento de objetos y palabras comunes: correlatos neurales y patrones electrofisiológicos que caracterizan el procesamiento intra y transdominio visual2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
063 - Attentional modulation in neural responses to faces
Duration: 2005-02 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Jaime Iglesias Dorado
Institution(s): Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicologia (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
7 articles (5 published and 2 submitted)
Previous versions of papers submitted for publication, which were afterwards published
Language: spa / eng
Author:
Dorado, J. I.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Perception / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063.15
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
Reconocimiento de caras versus reconocimiento de objetos y palabras comunes: correlatos neurales y patrones electrofisiológicos que caracterizan el procesamiento intra y transdominio visual
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=5&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CEMQFjAE&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.uam.es%2FSEPNECA%2FPosters_SEPNECA_Valencia.pdf&ei=5VgZVMbCPIfjaMzJgKgO&usg=AFQjCNEZeQkGHyZmoyGJTrg7_qp3PbWfew&sig2=NeZ-n53DlKFBniposzEV4A&bvm=bv.75558745,d.d2s
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCCIÓN:
La percepción y reconocimiento de caras requiere el acceso y recuperación de múltiples tipos de información de la memoria a largo plazo. Los correlatos neurofisiológicos de estos procesos son utilizados para analizar el procesamiento de información puramente visual y el procesamiento de información de naturaleza verbal-semántica asociada a las caras (la profesión y el nombre propio).
OBJETIVOS:
Mediante un diseño intrasujeto se compararon las respuestas cerebrales relativas al procesamiento de las representaciones visuales y semánticas de las caras con las relativas a otros objetos visuales y a palabras comunes, a fin de analizar el patrón de actividad cerebral durante el procesamiento de múltiples dominios de información. Pacientes/Sujetos y métodos. Estudiantes universitarios fueron familiarizados durante tres días consecutivos con caras, unas con y otras sin información verbal-semántica asociada. Posteriormente se registraron los potenciales evocados en seis tareas paradigmáticas del potencial evocado N400, diferentes en cuanto al dominio de información comprometido: visual facial pura, visual facial semántica, transdominio facial-profesión, profesión-nombre, objetos y palabras.
RESULTADOS:
Las respuestas observadas en estas tareas diferían en el patrón de activación neural, destacándose ante las caras un predominio de activación en la región temporal posterior derecha, mientras que las tareas ante objetos y palabras comunes conllevaron un patrón de activación localizado en regiones más anteriores. La actividad ante profesiones-nombres tuvo una distribución similar a la obtenida ante los estímulos faciales.
CONCLUSIÓN:
Los patrones de activación neural subyacentes al procesamiento de caras ponen en evidencia mecanismos “top-down” que actúan con relativa independencia de la naturaleza del estímulo.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
spa
Author:
Olivares, E. I.
Secondary author(s):
Santi, A., Iglesias, J.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Olivares, E. I., Santi, A., & Iglesias, J. (2010, September). Reconocimiento de caras versus reconocimiento de objetos y palabras comunes: correlatos neurales y patrones electrofisiológicos que caracterizan el procesamiento intra y transdominio visual. Poster presented at the VII Congreso de la Sociedad Española de Psicofisiología y Neurociencia Cognitiva y Afectiva, Valencia, Spain.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Face perception / Face recognition / Evoked potentials / N400 / EEG / Generadores neurales

Reconocimiento de caras versus reconocimiento de objetos y palabras comunes: correlatos neurales y patrones electrofisiológicos que caracterizan el procesamiento intra y transdominio visual

Reconocimiento de caras versus reconocimiento de objetos y palabras comunes: correlatos neurales y patrones electrofisiológicos que caracterizan el procesamiento intra y transdominio visual

DocumentFinal report - The role of the core and extended face networks in visual perception and high level social cognition2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-133
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2012
Title:
133 - The role of the core and extended face networks in visual perception and high level social cognition
Duration: 2013-11 - 2016-01
Researcher(s):
Miguel Castelo-Branco, Marco Simões, Carlos Amaral, Gregor Philipiak, José Rebola, João Castelhano
Institution(s): IBILI, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Author:
Castelo-Branco, M.
Secondary author(s):
Simões, M., Amaral, C., Philipiak, G., Rebola, J., Castelhano, J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception / Attention / Affective and social behavior / Social cognition / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-133.13
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2012
Title:
Final report - The role of the core and extended face networks in visual perception and high level social cognition
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant13312.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES
This project had 3 main goals: 1. To study selectivity dynamics of mapped category-preferring visual networks, in particular the Superior Temporal Sulcus (STS) before, during and after perceptual closure (perceptual “Eureka” under ambiguous conditions). 2. To identify the neural correlates of face perception when facial /head signals are used as social attention cues to other objects or human-like agents. 3. To study reward and decision making processes in the highly naturalistic setting of a social interaction (a trust game).
METHOD
We used mooney stimuli in which the observer suddenly becomes aware of the emergence of a holistic face percept for EEG and EEG/fMRI experiments. We also investigated if stimuli of increasing hierarchical social complexity, generate identifiable neurophysiological correlates of 3D human faces and agents as targets for focus of social attention. We attempted single trial classification of P300-like markers of detection of “social” events. Finally, we used fMRI to study how face and social cognition network are modulated by face- to-face interaction and how they are modulated by eye contact the payoff values of the interaction.
RESULTS
Using EEG and fMRI, we found that distinct gamma frequency sub-bands reflect different neural substrates and cognitive mechanisms when comparing object perception states vs. no categorical perception. We found a neural correlate of complex social signals and single-trial detection of this signal reached a balanced accuracy of 79%. We found a specific right lateralization only for more complex social scenes. We also found evidence for interaction of social variables such as behavioural trust and neural responses in the face and social cognition networks.
CONCLUSIONS
We found evidence for functional parcellation of general and specific perceptual and affective decision making circuits in relation to face perception and social cognition.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Castelo-Branco, M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Social cognition / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Face perception

DocumentFinal report - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-027
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
027 - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?
Duration: 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Furl
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Furl, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Facial expression / Visual motion / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Neural representation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-027.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3290/how-do-brains-encode-the-distinctive-movements-of-facial-expressions.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The challenging computational problem of perceiving dynamic faces "in the wild" goes unresolved because most research focuses on easier questions about static photograph perception. This literature conceptualizes face representation as a dissimilarity-based "face space", with axes that describe the dimensions of static images. Some versions express positions in face space relative to a central tendency (norm). Are facial movements represented like this? We tested for representations that accord with an a priori hypothesized motion-based face space by experimentally manipulating faces' motion-based dissimilarity. Because we caricatured movements, we could test for representations of dissimilarity from a motion-based norm. Behaviorally, participants perceived these caricatured expressions as convincing and recognizable. Moreover, as expected, caricature enhanced perceived dissimilarity between facial expressions. Functional magnetic resonance imaging showed that occipitotemporal brain responses, including face-selective and motion-sensitive areas, reflect this face space. This evidence converged across methods including analysis of univariate mean responses (which additionally exhibited norm-based responses), repetition suppression and representational similarity analysis. This accumulated evidence for "representational geometry" shows how perception and visual brain responses to facial dynamics reflect representations of movement-based dissimilarity spaces, including explicit computation of distance from a norm movement.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Furl, N.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Furl, N. (2018). Final report - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?
Indexed document: No
Keywords: fMRI / Face perception / Action perception / Face recognition

Final report - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?

Final report - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?

File147 - Neurophysiological correlates of shared attention2019-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-147
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
147 - Neurophysiological correlates of shared attention
Duration: 2019-09
Researcher(s):
Andrew Bayliss, Louise Ewing, Lisa Stephenson
Institution(s): School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Bayliss, A.
Secondary author(s):
Ewing, L., Stephenson, L.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Social attention / Face perception / Psychophysiology

DocumentFace space representations of movement2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-027
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
027 - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?
Duration: 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Furl
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Furl, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Facial expression / Visual motion / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Neural representation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-027.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Face space representations of movement
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811920301634
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The challenging computational problem of perceiving dynamic faces "in the wild" goes unresolved because most research focuses on easier questions about static photograph perception. This literature conceptualizes face representation as a dissimilarity-based "face space", with axes that describe the dimensions of static images. Some versions express positions in face space relative to a central tendency (norm). Are facial movements represented like this? We tested for representations that accord with an a priori hypothesized motion-based face space by experimentally manipulating faces' motion-based dissimilarity. Because we caricatured movements, we could test for representations of dissimilarity from a motion-based norm. Behaviorally, participants perceived these caricatured expressions as convincing and recognizable. Moreover, as expected, caricature enhanced perceived dissimilarity between facial expressions. Functional magnetic resonance imaging showed that occipitotemporal brain responses, including face-selective and motion-sensitive areas, reflect this face space. This evidence converged across methods including analysis of univariate mean responses (which additionally exhibited norm-based responses), repetition suppression and representational similarity analysis. This accumulated evidence for "representational geometry" shows how perception and visual brain responses to facial dynamics reflect representations of movement-based dissimilarity spaces, including explicit computation of distance from a norm movement.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Furl, N.
Secondary author(s):
Begum, F., Sulik, J., Ferrarese, F. P., Jans, S., Woolley, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Furl, N., Begum, F., Sulik, J., Ferrarese, F. P., Jans, S., & Woolley, C. (2020). Face space representations of movement. NeuroImage, 212: 116676. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116676
2-year Impact Factor: 6.556|2020
Times cited: 6|2024-02-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Face perception / Face recognition / fMRI / Action perception

Face space representations of movement

Face space representations of movement

DocumentCaricatured facial movements enhance perception of emotional facial expressions2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-027
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
027 - How do brains encode the distinctive movements of facial expressions?
Duration: 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Furl
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Furl, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Facial expression / Visual motion / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) / Neural representation / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-027.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Caricatured facial movements enhance perception of emotional facial expressions
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/03010066221086452
Abstract/Results: Although faces “in the wild” constantly undergo complicated movements, humans adeptly perceive facial identity and expression. Previous studies, focusing mainly on identity, used photographic caricature to show that distinctive form increases perceived dissimilarity. We tested whether distinctive facial movements showed similar effects, and we focussed on both perception of expression and identity. We caricatured the movements of an animated computer head, using physical motion metrics extracted from videos. We verified that these “ground truth” metrics showed the expected effects: Caricature increased physical dissimilarity between faces differing in expression and those differing in identity. Like the ground truth dissimilarity, participants’ dissimilarity perception was increased by caricature when faces differed in expression. We found these perceived dissimilarities to reflect the “representational geometry” of the ground truth. However, neither of these findings held for faces differing in identity. These findings replicated across two paradigms: pairwise ratings and multiarrangement. In a final study, motion caricature did not improve recognition memory for identity, whether manipulated at study or test. We report several forms of converging evidence for spatiotemporal caricature effects on dissimilarity perception of different expressions. However, more work needs to be done to discover what identity-specific movements can enhance face identification.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Furl, N.
Secondary author(s):
Begum, F., Ferrarese, F. P., Jans, S., Woolley, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Furl, N., Begum, F., Ferrarese, F. P., Jans, S. & Woolley, C. (2022). Caricatured facial movements enhance perception of emotional facial expressions. Perception, 51, 5, 313-343. https://doi.org/10.1177/03010066221086452
2-year Impact Factor: 1.700|2022
Times cited: 1|2024-02-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Biological motion / Categorization / Emotion / Face perception / Models / Motion / Facial expression / Caricature / Face space / Similarity

Caricatured facial movements enhance perception of emotional facial expressions

Caricatured facial movements enhance perception of emotional facial expressions