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Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentEtiologia das fobias específicas2003

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 11/1998
Title:
1998 Grants
Start date: 1999-01 - 2005-12
Dimension/support:
11 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-039
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/1998
Title:
039 - Realidade virtual no tratamento da acrofobia
Duration: 1999-03 - 2005-01
Researcher(s):
Jorge Silvério, Mário Martins
Institution(s): Laboratório de Psicologia da Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Unpublished documents (oral communication)
VHS
Language: por
Author:
Silvério, J.
Secondary author(s):
Martins, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Anxiety disorders / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-039.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/1998
Title:
Etiologia das fobias específicas
Publication year: 2003
URL:
http://www.revistapsiquiatriaclinica.eu/paginas/a-revista.php
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Fears are adaptive when they permit a fast and powerful response to an eminent threat. Less adaptive, phobias are an extreme manifestation of fear to an object or situation, in the absence of a proportional danger. Although the utility of fear has been accepted, the nature of phobias is still controversial. There is no consensus about how phobias are acquired. Rachman (1978) added vicarious learning and information to conditioning as learning pathways of specific phobias. In this article we salient a fourth pathway, suggested by Marks (1987) based on Charles Darwin’s reference that some fears can arise by natural selection in a given specie. Recently Poulton and Menzies (1998, 1999, 2002a) have performed an important group of investigations that strengths this non-associative pathway of fear acquisition. Accordingly to them evolutionary relevant fears can occur without any need of critical learning experiences, and inversely, in some people, the absence of fear to some.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
por
Author:
Coelho, C.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, C. F., Santos, J., Silvério, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Coelho, C., Silva, C. F., Santos, J., & Silvério, J. (2003). Etiologia das fobias específicas. Psiquiatria Clínica, 24(2), 125-139.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Fear / Phobias / Etiology

Etiologia das fobias específicas

Etiologia das fobias específicas

DocumentMental imagery in parasomnias: A study before, during and after treatment2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-070
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
070 - Mental imagery in parasomnias: A study before, during and after treatment
Duration: 2001-03 - 2003-07
Researcher(s):
Susan Wilson, Theodoros Mazarakis
Institution(s): University Walk, School of Medical Sciences, Bristol (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Wilson, S. J.
Secondary author(s):
Mazarakis, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychosocial model / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Emotion

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-070.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Mental imagery in parasomnias: A study before, during and after treatment
Publication year: 2004
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/5%C2%BA_simposio.a111.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We studied adult patients who were suffering from rare sleep disorders such as sleepwalking, night terrors and REM behaviour disorder, which interfered with their lives and caused them sufficient distress to prompt them to seek medical help. We recorded their sleep with polysomnography and video recording in their own homes, to decide which specific disorder they were suffering from, and we interviewed them in depth to try and establish what they experienced during the attacks and what effect it had on them emotionally.
The interviews revealed that although many patients had no recall of the actual parasomnia episodes, they did have additional dreams and nighttime anxieties which they associated with their sleep disorder, and which might have increased their fear of their episodes. These often included images of insects, or of horrific situations about to happen, and nearly always were accompanied by feelings of helplessness and loss of control. In-depth analysis of the interviews has provided a valuable body of information about these rare disorders and a basis for planning appropriate psychological treatments to complement the pharmacological approach currently employed. This additional treatment would focus on the patients’ fear of the coming night and the episodes themselves, which may be aggravating or perpetuating the disorder.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilson, S. J.
Secondary author(s):
Mazarakis, T.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Wilson, S. J., & Mazarakis, T. (2004). Mental imagery in parasomnias: A study before, during and after treatment. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 311). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Sleep disorders / Parasomnias / Fear / Treatment

Mental imagery in parasomnias: A study before, during and after treatment

Mental imagery in parasomnias: A study before, during and after treatment

DocumentAngry faces bias the spatial allocation of attention at early stages of processing [poster]n.d.

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
055 - Mapping the time course of emotional information processing in anxious and repressive/defensive individuals
Duration: 2003-04 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Nazanin Derakshan, Ottmar Lipp
Institution(s): University of Leeds (UK) and University of Queensland (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Derakshan, N.
Secondary author(s):
Lipp, O.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Anxiety disorders / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-055.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Title:
Angry faces bias the spatial allocation of attention at early stages of processing [poster]
Publication year: n.d.
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fox, E.
Secondary author(s):
Derakshan, N., Shoker, L.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Anxiety / Angry facial expressions / Threat / Fear

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentDifferential effects of object-based attention on evoked potentials to fearful and disgusted faces2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
063 - Attentional modulation in neural responses to faces
Duration: 2005-02 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Jaime Iglesias Dorado
Institution(s): Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicologia (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
7 articles (5 published and 2 submitted)
Previous versions of papers submitted for publication, which were afterwards published
Language: spa / eng
Author:
Dorado, J. I.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Perception / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
Differential effects of object-based attention on evoked potentials to fearful and disgusted faces
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0028393208000055
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Event-related potentials (ERPs) were used to investigate the role of attention on the processing of facial expressions of fear and disgust. Stimuli consisted of overlapping pictures of a face and a house. Participants had to monitor repetitions of faces or houses, in separate blocks of trials, so that object-based attention was manipulated while spatial attention was kept constant. Faces varied in expression and could be either fearful or neutral (in the fear condition) or disgusted or neutral (in the disgust condition). When attending to faces, participants were required to signal repetitions of the same person, with the facial expressions being completely irrelevant to the task. Different effects of selective attention and different patterns of brain activity were observed for faces with fear and disgust expressions. Results indicated that the perception of fear from faces is gated by selective attention at early latencies, whereas a sustained positivity for fearful faces compared to neutral faces emerged around 160 ms at central–parietal sites, independent of selective attention. In the case of disgust, ERP differences began only around 160 ms after stimulus onset, and only after 480 ms was the perception of disgust modulated by attention allocation. Results are interpreted in terms of different neural mechanisms for the perception of fear and disgust and related to the functional significance of these two emotions for the survival of the organism.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Santos, I. M.
Secondary author(s):
Iglesias, J., Olivares, E. I., Young, A. W.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Santos, I. M., Iglesias, J., Olivares, E. I., & Young, A. W. (2008). Differential effects of object-based attention on evoked potentials to fearful and disgusted faces. Neuropsychologia, 46(5), 1468-1479. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2007.12.024
2-year Impact Factor: 4.074|2008
Times cited: 32|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Event-related potential (ERP) / Emotion / Attention / Fear / Disgust

Differential effects of object-based attention on evoked potentials to fearful and disgusted faces

Differential effects of object-based attention on evoked potentials to fearful and disgusted faces

DocumentEfeitos da atenção selectiva em respostas eléctricas a expressões faciais de medo e nojo2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
063 - Attentional modulation in neural responses to faces
Duration: 2005-02 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Jaime Iglesias Dorado
Institution(s): Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicologia (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
7 articles (5 published and 2 submitted)
Previous versions of papers submitted for publication, which were afterwards published
Language: spa / eng
Author:
Dorado, J. I.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Perception / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
Efeitos da atenção selectiva em respostas eléctricas a expressões faciais de medo e nojo
Publication year: 2006
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
por
Author:
Santos, I. M.
Secondary author(s):
Iglesias, J., Olivares, E. I., Young, A. W.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Santos, I. M., Iglesias, J., Olivares, E. I., & Young, A. W. (2006). Efeitos da atenção selectiva em respostas eléctricas a expressões faciais de medo e nojo. In N. R. Santos, M. L. Lima, M. M. Melo, A. A. Candeias, M. L. Grácio, & A. A. Calado (Eds.), Actas do VI Simpósio Nacional de Investigação em Psicologia,Vol. XI (2-7). [CD-ROM]. Portugal: Universidade de Évora.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Selective attention / Facial expression / Fear / Disgust

DocumentAdaptation effects of emotional expressions in anxiety: Evidence for an enhanced late positive potential2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-144
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
144 - Event-related brain potential correlates of conscious and non-conscious processing in anxiety
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-11
Researcher(s):
Anne Richards, Amanda Holmes, Emily Hannon
Institution(s): Birkbeck College, University of London and Roehampton University, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Richards, A.
Secondary author(s):
Holmes, A., Hannon, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-144.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2006
Title:
Adaptation effects of emotional expressions in anxiety: Evidence for an enhanced late positive potential
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016787601000615X
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Prolonged exposure to a stimulus biases perception of a subsequent stimulus away from the adapting stimulus (Clifford & Rhodes, 2005). These aftereffects have been observed with a wide variety of stimuli, including facial identity (Rhodes & Jeffery, 2006) and emotional facial expression (e.g., Webster et al., 2004). In the current experiment, we used this paradigm to examine the effect of anxiety on the perception of emotional expression. Photographs of a male and a female model from the Karolinska Directed Emotional Faces set (KDEF; Lundqvist et al. 1998) were selected and a series of morphs created by interpolating a fear exemplar with a neutral exemplar for each model. A pilot study established a range of morphed expressions falling on either side of the fear/neutral boundary, and these were then used in the main study. There were 16 adaptation blocks in the experiment proper, and each block began with an adapting phase in which participants viewed (and categorized) 35 presentations of one endpoint from the morph continuum. This was immediately followed by a test phase, during which participants viewed and categorized 33 images of the same model (8 dummy trials, 5 top-up trials and 20 test trials – 10 from either side of the categorical boundary). We predicted that all test trials would be perceived as having an emotional expression opposite to that of the adapting stimulus (e.g., adaptation to fear would produce ‘neutral’ classifications for the test stimuli that were originally on the ‘fear’ side of the boundary). EEG was recorded using a NeuroScan NuAmps system, and stimulus presentation was controlled using E-Prime. An analysis of the behavioural classification data revealed that adaptation to fear created a shift in the classification of morphs towards ‘neutral’ and adaptation to neutral created a shift towards ‘fear’. This shift was equivalent in high and low anxiety. An analysis of the ERP data, however, revealed a more pronounced late positive potential in the high, but not the low, anxiety group following adaptation to neutral compared to fear, and this effect was particularly enhanced for male than female expressions.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Richards, A.
Secondary author(s):
Bethell, E., Holmes, A., Hannon, E.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Richards, A., Bethell, E., Holmes, A., & Hannon, E. (2010). Adaptation effects of emotional expressions in anxiety: Evidence for an enhanced late positive potential. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 77(3), 234–235. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2010.06.345
2-year Impact Factor: 2.036|2012
Times cited: 0|2019-06-07
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Anxiety / Emotional expressions / Fear / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Adaptation

DocumentSilence resulting from the cessation of movement signals danger2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-178
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2010
Title:
178 - Neural mechanisms of social transmission of fear
Duration: 2011-10 - 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Marta de Aragão Pacheco Moita, Ana Pereira, Susana Quelhas Lima
Institution(s): Champalimaud Foundation, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article
Language: eng
Author:
Moita, M.
Secondary author(s):
Pereira, A. G., Lima, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Affective and social behavior / Animal behavior / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-178.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2010
Title:
Silence resulting from the cessation of movement signals danger
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0960982212006604
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Most of what we know about the neural basis of fear has been unravelled by studies using associative fear learning [1]. However, many animal species are able to use social cues to recognize threats [2,3], a defence mechanism that may be less costly than learning from self-experience. Most studies in the field have focused on species-specific signals, such as alarm calls or pheromones, remaining unclear whether more generic cues can mediate this process. Here we report that rats perceive the cessation of movement-evoked sound as a signal of danger and its resumption as a signal of safety. To study transmission of fear between rats we assessed the behavior of an observer while witnessing a demonstrator cage-mate display fear responses. Having tested a multitude of cues, we found that observer rats respond to an auditory cue which signals the sudden immobility of the demonstrator rat the cessation of the sound of motion. As freezing is a pervasive fear response in animals [4,5], silence may constitute a truly public cue used by a variety of animals in the ecosystem to detect impeding danger.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pereira, A. G.
Secondary author(s):
Cruz, A., Lima, S., Moita, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Pereira, A. G., Cruz, A., Lima, S. Q., & Moita, M. A. (2012). Silence resulting from the cessation of movement signals danger. Current Biology, 22(16), R627-R628. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2012.06.015
2-year Impact Factor: 9.494|2012
Times cited: 30|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Fear / Threat detection / Auditory cue

Silence resulting from the cessation of movement signals danger

Silence resulting from the cessation of movement signals danger

DocumentInduced fear reduces the effectiveness of a placebo intervention on pain2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-186
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2010
Title:
186 - Brain mechanisms of placebo analgesia
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-01
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Per M. Aslaksen, Torgil R. Vangberg, Odd Petter Eldevik, Jan Bergdahl, Sara Vambheim, Just C. Thoner
Institution(s): University of Tromsø and University Hospital of North Norway, Tromso (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form + 12 articles (previous project team publications)
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Aslaksen, P., Vangberg, T., Eldevik, O., Bergdahl, J., Vambheim, S., Thoner, J.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-186.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Induced fear reduces the effectiveness of a placebo intervention on pain
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.painjournalonline.com/article/S0304-3959%2812%2900137-6/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Fear was induced by the anticipation of electric shock in order to investigate whether fear reduced the effectiveness of a placebo intervention on reported pain and the acoustic startle reflex. Thirty-three subjects participated in a 3 Condition (Natural History [NH], Placebo [P], Placebo + Fear [PF]) x 3 Test (Pretest, Posttest 1, Posttest 2) within-subject design, tested on 3 separate days. Measures of fear were fear of pain (FOP), measured by the Fear of Pain Questionnaire (FPQ-III); fear-potentiated startle; and a self-report measure that assessed the effectiveness of the fear induction procedure. In the pain intensity data, there was a trend towards a placebo effect. This trend was abolished by induced fear, and was most pronounced in subjects who were highest in measures of fear. The placebo manipulation also caused a reduction in startle reflex amplitude. This effect was abolished by induced fear, and was strongest amongst high FOP subjects. In conclusion, induced fear abolished placebo analgesia, and this effect was strongest in subjects who had high scores on measures of fear.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lyby, P.
Secondary author(s):
Forsberg, J. T., Asli, O., Flaten, M.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Lyby, P., Forsberg, J. T., Asli, O., & Flaten, M. A. (2012). Induced fear reduces the effectiveness of a placebo intervention on pain. Pain, 153(5), 1114-1121. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2012.02.042
2-year Impact Factor: 5.644|2012
Times cited: 44|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Placebo analgesia / Fear / Fear of pain / Acoustic startle reflex / Individual differences

DocumentSe correr o bicho pega... Normas de avaliação de imagens de animais negativos2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-172
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 23/2010
Title:
172 - Attitudes sensitivity to context: Presence of other and physiological evidences
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Teresa Maria Morais Garcia-Marques, Ricardo Fonseca, Marília Prada, Alexandre Fernandes
Institution(s): Unidade de Investigação em Psicologia Cognitiva, do Desenvolvimento e da Educação (UIPCDE), ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
2 Posters
Articles
Final report
Language: por / eng
Author:
Garcia-Marques, T.
Secondary author(s):
Fonseca, R., Prada, M., Fernandes, A. C.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Social cognition / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-172.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 23/2010
Title:
Se correr o bicho pega... Normas de avaliação de imagens de animais negativos
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://publicacoes.ispa.pt/index.php/lp/article/view/851
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In this paper we present the norms for a set of 50 images of animals that were evaluated by a total sample of 78 college students regarding the following dimensions: valence, familiarity, fear, disgust and dangerousness. Ten categories of animals were selected based on the assumption of their negativity and association to emotions such as fear and disgust and included images of animals likely to be found either in a domestic (i.e., bee, gecko, centipede, mouse and cockroach) or non-domestic context (i.e., snake, scorpion, lizard, bat and tarantula). Each image was evaluated by a minimum of 38 participants. Altogether, results regarding the 10 categories suggest that: (a) all may be classified as negative, (b) seven are perceived as familiar, as associated to high fear and/or disgust and (c) four are perceived as dangerous. Here we present the evaluations obtained by each animal category (and exemplar) in each dimension with the goal of contributing to future research that require the use of negative stimuli associated to fear or disgust.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
por
Author:
Prada, M.
Secondary author(s):
Fonseca, R., Garcia-Marques, T., Fernandes, A. C.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Prada, M., Fonseca, R., Garcia-Marques, T., & Fernandes, A. (2014). Se correr o bicho pega... Normas de avaliação de imagens de animais negativos. Laboratório de Psicologia, 12, 41-56. doi: 10.14417/lp.851
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Norms / Images / Animals / Valence / Familiarity / Fear / Disgust / Dangerousness

Se correr o bicho pega... Normas de avaliação de imagens de animais negativos

Se correr o bicho pega... Normas de avaliação de imagens de animais negativos

DocumentFear and trust in the practice and study of meditation2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
256- Contemplative development mapping project
Duration: 2013-07
Researcher(s):
Willoughby Britton, Catherine Kerr, Harold Roth, Jared Lindahl, Jake Davis, Chris Kaplan, Nathan Fisher
Institution(s): The Clinical and Affective Neuroscience Laboratory, Brown University and Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University Medical School, Providence (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Kerr, C., Roth, H., Lindahl, J., Davis, J., Kaplan, C., Fisher, N.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Assessment tools / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-256.19
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Fear and trust in the practice and study of meditation
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiN5LCejYfNAhWGAxoKHetCAFYQFgggMAA&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.mindandlife.org%2Fwp-content%2Fuploads%2F2015%2F06%2F2015-MLSRI-Brochure-web.pdf&usg=AFQjCNFVQ5yefhMG7KmEmCYN84xleg-PUg&sig2=G8dQTFirlDOO0TZxQy0lwQ&bvm=bv.123325700,d.d24
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
While meditation is commonly associated with positive emotions, many practitioners also report a variety of difficult experiences. A qualitative study of 60 meditation practitioners resulted in a 40-category taxonomy of meditation experiences, with fear being the most commonly reported. Fear arises in response to a variety of contexts and experiences. Sought after experiences practitioners assumed would be positive often turned out to be distressing and destabilizing. This raises important questions concerning trust in the expectations surrounding meditation promoted by teachers, communities, literature, and increasingly scientists and clinical psychologists. Is there a relationship between trusting in particular outcomes and a fear that arises when those expectations are not met? Should practitioners override their fear and doubt to re-establish trust in meditation, in transformative experiences, in teachers and in teachings? Or can fear and doubt be a form of wisdom worth trusting? These questions also concern scientists and clinicians who investigate and often promote the effects of meditation. What beliefs, values, and rhetoric are we trusting? Does our trust in the efficacy of meditation or in prescribed models of health or wellbeing bias our research or our clinical practice? Are we afraid of having our own expectations about meditation challenged?
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Britton, W.
Secondary author(s):
Lindahl, J.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Reference:
Britton, W. B., & Lindahl, J. R. (2015, June). Fear and trust in the practice and study of meditation. Invited presentation. Mind and Life Summer Research Institute Garrison, NY.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation practices / Fear

DocumentA fast pathway for fear in human amygdala2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-119
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 20/2012
Title:
119 - Dynamic cortical and nucleus accumbens networks in humans: combining intracranial and MEG recordings
Duration: 2013-06 - 2016-10
Researcher(s):
Bryan Strange, Javier J. Gonzalez-Rosa, Juan A. Barcia, Stephan Moratti, Raffael Kaplan, Marijn Kroe
Institution(s): Laboratory for Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Biomedical Technology (CTB), Technology University of Madrid (UPM) and Fundación para la Investigación Biomédica del Hospital Clínico San Carlos - Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Instituto de Investigación Sanitario IdISSC (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles
2 posters
Language: eng
Author:
Strange, B.
Secondary author(s):
Gonzalez-Rosa, J., Barcia, J., Moratti, S., Kaplan, R., Kroe, M.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Anxiety disorders / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-119.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 20/2012
Title:
A fast pathway for fear in human amygdala
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.nature.com/neuro/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nn.4324.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A fast, subcortical pathway to the amygdala is thought to have evolved to enable rapid detection of threat. This pathway’s existence is fundamental for understanding nonconscious emotional responses, but has been challenged as a result of a lack of evidence for short-latency fear-related responses in primate amygdala, including humans. We recorded human intracranial electrophysiological data and found fast amygdala responses, beginning 74-ms post-stimulus onset, to fearful, but not neutral or happy, facial expressions. These responses had considerably shorter latency than fear responses that we observed in visual cortex. Notably, fast amygdala responses were limited to low spatial frequency components of fearful faces, as predicted by magnocellular inputs to amygdala. Furthermore, fast amygdala responses were not evoked by photographs of arousing scenes, which is indicative of selective early reactivity to socially relevant visual information conveyed by fearful faces. These data therefore support the existence of a phylogenetically old subcortical pathway providing fast, but coarse, threat-related signals
to human amygdala.
Accessibility: Document exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Méndez-Bértolo, C.
Secondary author(s):
Moratti, S., Toledano, R., Lopez-Sosa, F., Martínez-Alvarez, R., Mah, Y., Vuilleumier, P., Gil-Nagel, A., Strange, B.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Méndez-Bértolo, C., Moratti, S., Toledano, R., Lopez-Sosa, F., Martínez-Alvarez, R., … Strange, B. (2016). A fast pathway for fear in human amygdala. Nature Neuroscience, 19(8), 1041-1049. doi: 10.1038/nn.4324
2-year Impact Factor: 17.839|2016
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2018
Times cited: 94|2020-03-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Amygdala / Fear / Psychology

A fast pathway for fear in human amygdala

A fast pathway for fear in human amygdala

DocumentGaze-following and reaction to an aversive social interaction have corresponding associations with variation in the OXTR gene in dogs but not in human infants2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
169 - The potential effect of behavioral stimulation on social competence in dogs (via endogenous oxytocin release)
Duration: 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Anna Kis, József Topál, Alin Ciobica, Radu Lefter, Katinka Tóth
Institution(s): Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary); Department of Animal Physiology and Behaviour "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi (Romania)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Kis, A.
Secondary author(s):
Topál, J., Ciobica, A., Lefter, R., Tóth, K.
Keywords:
Dog (Canis familiaris) / Social stimutation / Oxytocin / Social cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Gaze-following and reaction to an aversive social interaction have corresponding associations with variation in the OXTR gene in dogs but not in human infants
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02156/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
It has been suggested that dogs' remarkable capacity to use human communicative signals lies in their comparable social cognitive skills; however, this view has been questioned recently. The present study investigated associations between oxytocin receptor gene (OXTR) polymorphisms and social behavior in human infants and dogs with the aim to unravel potentially differential mechanisms behind their responsiveness to human gaze. Sixteen-month-old human infants (N = 99) and adult Border Collie dogs (N = 71) participated in two tasks designed to test (1) their use of gaze-direction as a cue to locate a hidden object, and (2) their reactions to an aversive social interaction (using the still face task for children and a threatening approach task for dogs). Moreover, we obtained DNA samples to analyze associations between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the OXTR (dogs: -213AG, -94TC, -74CG, rs8679682, children: rs53576, rs1042778, rs2254298) and behavior. We found that OXTR genotype was significantly associated with reactions to an aversive social interaction both in dogs and children, confirming the anxiolytic effect of oxytocin in both species. In dogs, the genotypes linked to less fearful behavior were associated also with a higher willingness to follow gaze whereas in children, OXTR gene polymorphisms did not affect gaze following success. This pattern of gene-behavior associations suggests that for dogs the two situations are more alike (potentially fear-inducing or competitive) than for human children. This raises the possibility that, in contrast to former studies proposing human-like cooperativeness in dogs, dogs may perceive human gaze in an object-choice task in a more antagonistic manner than children.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Oláh, K.
Secondary author(s):
Topál, J., Kovács, Z., Kis, A., Koller, D. , Park, S. Y., Virányi, Z.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Oláh, K., Topál, J., Kovács, Z., Kis, A., Koller, D., Park, S. Y., & Virányi, Z. (2017). Gaze-following and reaction to an aversive social interaction have corresponding associations with variation in the OXTR gene in dogs but not in human infants. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:2156. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02156
2-year Impact Factor: 2.089|2017
Times cited: 5|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Genotype / Gaze following / Social / Fear / Genotype / Dog / Human infant

Gaze-following and reaction to an aversive social interaction have corresponding associations with variation in the OXTR gene in dogs but not in human infants

Gaze-following and reaction to an aversive social interaction have corresponding associations with variation in the OXTR gene in dogs but not in human infants

DocumentFear expressions of dogs during New Year fireworks: a video analysis2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
169 - The potential effect of behavioral stimulation on social competence in dogs (via endogenous oxytocin release)
Duration: 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Anna Kis, József Topál, Alin Ciobica, Radu Lefter, Katinka Tóth
Institution(s): Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary); Department of Animal Physiology and Behaviour "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi (Romania)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Kis, A.
Secondary author(s):
Topál, J., Ciobica, A., Lefter, R., Tóth, K.
Keywords:
Dog (Canis familiaris) / Social stimutation / Oxytocin / Social cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169.22
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Fear expressions of dogs during New Year fireworks: a video analysis
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-72841-7#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
A high proportion of pet dogs show fear-related behavioural problems, with noise fears being most prevalent. Nonetheless, few studies have objectively evaluated fear expression in this species. Using owner-provided video recordings, we coded behavioural expressions of pet dogs during a real-life firework situation at New Year’s Eve and compared them to behaviour of the same dogs on a different evening without fireworks (control condition), using Wilcoxon signed ranks tests. A backwards-directed ear position, measured at the base of the ear, was most strongly associated with the fireworks condition (effect size: Cohen’s d = 0.69). Durations of locomotion (d = 0.54) and panting (d = 0.45) were also higher during fireworks than during the control condition. Vocalisations (d = 0.40), blinking (d = 0.37), and hiding (d = 0.37) were increased during fireworks, but this was not significant after sequential Bonferroni correction. This could possibly be attributed to the high inter-individual variability in the frequency of blinking and the majority of subjects not vocalising or hiding at all. Thus, individual differences must be taken into account when aiming to assess an individual’s level of fear, as relevant measures may not be the same for all individuals. Firework exposure was not associated with an elevated rate of other so-called ‘stress signals’, lip licking and yawning.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Gähwiler, S.
Secondary author(s):
Bremhorst, A., Tóth, K., Riemer, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Gähwiler, S., Bremhorst, A., Tóth, K., & Riemer, S. (2020). Fear expressions of dogs during New Year fireworks: a video analysis. Scientific Reports, 10: 16035. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-72841-7
Keywords: Dog / Fear / Stress signals

Fear expressions of dogs during New Year fireworks: a video analysis

Fear expressions of dogs during New Year fireworks: a video analysis