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DocumentThe neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
150 - Electrocortical activity during deep hypnosis experiences
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-02
Researcher(s):
Etzel Cardeña, Dietrich Lehmann, Mark Winkel
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Lund (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Lehmann, D., Winkel, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-150.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2004
Title:
The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0010945212001074
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
After a hypnotic induction, medium and highly hypnotizable individuals often report spontaneous alterations in various dimensions of consciousness. Few studies investigating these experiences have controlled for the inherent demands of specific hypnotic suggestions and fewer still have considered their dynamic properties and neural correlates.
METHODS:
We adopted a neurophenomenological approach to investigate neutral hypnosis, which involves no specific suggestion other than to go into hypnosis, with 37 individuals of high, medium, and low hypnotizability (Highs, Mediums, and Lows). Their reports of depth and spontaneous experience at baseline, following a hypnotic induction, and then after multiple rest periods were analyzed and related to EEG frequency band power and global functional connectivity.
RESULTS:
Hypnotizability was marginally associated with lower global functional connectivity during hypnosis. Perceived hypnotic depth increased substantially after the induction especially among Highs and then Mediums, but remained almost unchanged among Lows. In the sample as a whole, depth correlated moderately to strongly with power and/or power heterogeneity for the fast EEG frequencies of beta2, beta3, and gamma, but independently only among Highs. The spontaneous phenomenology of Lows referred primarily to the ongoing experiment and everyday concerns, those of Mediums to vestibular and other bodily experiences, and those of Highs to imagery and positive affect/exceptional experiences. The latter two phenomena were associated with lower global functional connectivity during hypnosis. Imagery correlated positively with gamma power heterogeneity and negatively with alpha1 power heterogeneity. Generally, the pattern of correlations for the Highs was the opposite of that for the Lows.
CONCLUSIONS:
Experienced hypnotic depth and spontaneous phenomena following a neutral hypnotic induction vary as a function of hypnotizability and are related to global functional connectivity and EEG band wave activity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardeña, E.
Secondary author(s):
Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., Marcusson-Clavertz, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cardeña, E., Jönsson, P., Terhune, D. B., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (2013). The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis. Cortex, 49(2), 375-85. doi: 10.1016/j.cortex.2012.04.001
2-year Impact Factor: 6.042|2013
Times cited: 49|2021-05-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Hypnosis / Functional connectivity / Hypnotizability / Neurophenomenology / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis

The neurophenomenology of neutral hypnosis

DocumentDissociable brain mechanisms for processing social exclusion and rule violation2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-169
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2008
Title:
169 - When Rejection Hurts: Probing the Neural Basis of Childhood Social Exclusion with a Dense-array EEG
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Michael J. Crowley, Linda C. Mayes, Christopher A. Bailey
Institution(s): Yale Child Study Center, New Haven (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Crowley, M.
Secondary author(s):
Mayes, L., Bailey, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-169.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2008
Title:
Dissociable brain mechanisms for processing social exclusion and rule violation
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.learningace.com/doc/1805433/c5e1c30f91a520fce21cd3ce3da9b8a7/dissociable-brain-mechanisms-for-processing-social-exclusion-and-rule-violation
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Social exclusion inherently involves an element of expectancy violation, in that we expect other people to follow the unwritten rule to include us in social interactions. In this functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study, we employed a unique modification of an interactive virtual ball-tossing game called "Cyberball" (Williams et al., 2000) and a novel paradigm called "Cybershape," in which rules are broken in the absence of social exclusion, to dissociate brain regions that process social exclusion from rule violations more generally. Our Cyberball game employed an alternating block design and removed evoked responses to events when the participant was throwing the ball in inclusion to make this condition comparable to exclusion, where participants did not throw. With these modifications, we replicated prior findings of ventral anterior cingulate cortex (vACC), insula, and posterior cingulate cortex activity evoked by social exclusion relative to inclusion. We also identified exclusion-evoked activity in the hippocampi, left ventrolateral prefrontal cortex, and left middle temporal gyrus. Comparing social exclusion and rule violation revealed a functional dissociation in the active neural systems as well as differential functional connectivity with vACC. Some overlap was observed in regions differentially modulated by social exclusion and rule violation, including the vACC and lateral parietal cortex. These overlapping brain regions showed different activation during social exclusion compared to rule violation, each relative to fair play. Comparing activation patterns to social exclusion and rule violation allowed for the dissociation of brain regions involved in the experience of exclusion versus expectancy violation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Bolling, D.
Secondary author(s):
Pitskel, N., Deen, B., Crowley, M., McPartland, J., Mayes, L., Pelphrey, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Bolling, D., Pitskel, N., Deen, B., Crowley, M., Mayes, L., Pelphrey, K. (2011). Dissociable brain mechanisms for processing social exclusion and rule violation. Neuroimage, 54(3), 2462-2471. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.10.049
2-year Impact Factor: 5.895|2011
Times cited: 90|2021-05-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Social exclusion / Rule violation / Anterior cingulate cortex / Functional connectivity / Default mode network

DocumentReduced functional connectivity between cortical sources in five meditation traditions detected with lagged coherence using EEG tomography2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-044
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2006
Title:
044 - Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-01
Researcher(s):
Dietrich Lehmann, Shisei Tei, Pascal Faber, Hiraoki Kumano, Lorena Gianotti, Roberto Pascual-Marqui
Institution(s): The KEY Institute for Brain-Mind Research, University Hospital of Psychiatry, Zurich (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
8 Articles (published or submitted)
14 Posters
Language: eng
Author:
Lehmann, D.
Secondary author(s):
Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., Pascual-Marqui, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-044.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2006
Title:
Reduced functional connectivity between cortical sources in five meditation traditions detected with lagged coherence using EEG tomography
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053811912000596
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Brain functional states are established by functional connectivities between brain regions. In experienced meditators (13 Tibetan Buddhists, 15 QiGong, 14 Sahaja Yoga, 14 Ananda Marga Yoga, 15 Zen), 19-channel EEG was recorded before, during and after that meditation exercise which their respective tradition regards as route to the most desirable meditative state. The head surface EEG data were recomputed (sLORETA) into 19 cortical regional source model time series. All 171 functional connectivities between regions were computed as 'lagged coherence' for the eight EEG frequency bands (delta through gamma). This analysis removes ambiguities of localization, volume conduction-induced inflation of coherence, and reference-dependence. All significant differences (corrected for multiple testing) between meditation compared to no-task rest before and after meditation showed lower coherence during meditation, in all five traditions and eight (inhibitory as well as excitatory) frequency bands. Conventional coherence between the original head surface EEG time series very predominantly also showed reduced coherence during meditation. The topography of the functional connectivities was examined via PCA-based computation of principal connectivities. When going into and out of meditation, significantly different connectivities revealed clearly different topographies in the delta frequency band and minor differences in the beta-2 band. The globally reduced functional interdependence between brain regions in meditation suggests that interaction between the self process functions is minimized, and that constraints on the self process by other processes are minimized, thereby leading to the subjective experience of non-involvement, detachment and letting go, as well as of all-oneness and dissolution of ego borders during meditation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lehmann, D.
Secondary author(s):
Faber, P., Tei, S., Pascual-Marqui, R., Milz, P., Kochi, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lehmann, D., Faber, P., Tei, S., Pascual-Marqui, R., Milz, P., & Kochi, K. (2012). Reduced functional connectivity between cortical sources in five meditation traditions detected with lagged coherence using EEG tomography. NeuroImage, 60(2), 1574-1586. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.01.042
2-year Impact Factor: 6.252|2012
Times cited: 76|2021-05-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Source model lagged cortical EEG coherence / LORETA / Five meditation traditions / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Functional connectivity

Reduced functional connectivity between cortical sources in five meditation traditions detected with lagged coherence using EEG tomography

Reduced functional connectivity between cortical sources in five meditation traditions detected with lagged coherence using EEG tomography

DocumentBrain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-044
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2006
Title:
044 - Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-01
Researcher(s):
Dietrich Lehmann, Shisei Tei, Pascal Faber, Hiraoki Kumano, Lorena Gianotti, Roberto Pascual-Marqui
Institution(s): The KEY Institute for Brain-Mind Research, University Hospital of Psychiatry, Zurich (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
8 Articles (published or submitted)
14 Posters
Language: eng
Author:
Lehmann, D.
Secondary author(s):
Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., Pascual-Marqui, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-044.19
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2006
Title:
Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
A major objective of our Bial grant concerned the exploration of conceivable commonalities and differences of brain electric states in different traditions of meditation.
METHODS:
Pursuing this goal, brain electric functional connectivity was studied in experienced meditators of five traditions (13 Tibetan Buddhists, 15 QiGong, 14 Sahaja Yoga, 14 Ananda Marga Yoga, 15 Soto Zen) during tradition-specific meditation (selfdissolution, QiGong, Samadhi, Satori) and during wakeful resting before ('rest1') and after ('rest2') meditation. EEG (19-56 electrodes) was computed (via sLORETA, current density
in 6239 voxels) into intracerebral waveshapes of 19 intracerebral regions (ROIs) that correspond to cortex underlying the 10/20 electrode positions. Functional connectivity was computed from scalp-recorded data as conventional coherence between 19 locations, and from sLORETA waveshapes as 'lagged coherence' between 19 ROI's[1]; lagged coherence only measures connections with time delay; these are interpretable as true
functional connectivity. - For each meditator group, t-tests identified significant coherence differences between rest1 vs meditation and rest2 vs meditation in each of 8 EEG frequency bands (delta to gamma). There are 171 connections between 19 locations or ROIs. For each subject and frequency band, we counted the percentage of connections that reached significantly different coherence between rest1 vs meditation and rest2 vs meditation; from these two %values, mean% was computed, and averaged across all 8 bands, separately for each tradition.
RESULTS:
In the 5 traditions, for scalp coherences, 1% to 4% of the connections were significant higher in meditation than rest, 6% to 36% lower; for intracerebral lagged coherence, 0% were higher, between 26% to 68% were lower. On average across the 5 traditions, scalp coherence decreased most strongly in alpha1&2 and beta 1&2, while intracerebral lagged coherence decreased most strongly in delta, theta, beta1&2. For the gamma frequency band alone, scalp coherences were higher between 1% to 13%, lower between 1% to 27%; intracerebral lagged coherences were higher in 0%, lower between 2% to 75% of cases.
CONCLUSIONS:
In sum, all 5 traditions clearly showed more significant decreases than increases in scalp coherence, and only significant decreases, but no increases in intracerebral lagged coherence that avoids distorting volume conduction. Contrary to published reports of strongly increased gamma band coherence in meditation[2], our 5 traditions on average in scalp coherence increased significantly only 4% of the gamma band coherences while 9% decreased; intracerebral lagged coherence showed no increase at all, but decrease in 44% of the coherences.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lehmann, D.
Secondary author(s):
Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., Pascual-Marqui, R.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lehmann, D., Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., & Pascual-Marqui, R. (2010). Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 205-206). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation traditions / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Lagged coherence / sLoreta / Functional connectivity

Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing

Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing

DocumentBrain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-044
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2006
Title:
044 - Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-01
Researcher(s):
Dietrich Lehmann, Shisei Tei, Pascal Faber, Hiraoki Kumano, Lorena Gianotti, Roberto Pascual-Marqui
Institution(s): The KEY Institute for Brain-Mind Research, University Hospital of Psychiatry, Zurich (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
8 Articles (published or submitted)
14 Posters
Language: eng
Author:
Lehmann, D.
Secondary author(s):
Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., Pascual-Marqui, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-044.20
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2006
Title:
Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Meditation reportedly leads to increased functional connectivity. Previous studies on specific meditation traditions computed coherence between head-surface EEG time series. This suffers from (a) reference-dependence, (b) ambiguous source localization, and (c) overestimation due to volume conduction [1]. EEG lagged intracerebral coherence between source-model time series solves these caveats [1]. With this method we studied functional connectivity during meditation in 5 groups of experienced meditators (13 Tibetan Buddhists, 15 QiGong, 14 Sahaja Yoga, 14 Ananda Marga Yoga, 15 Zen).
METHODS:
19-channel EEG during pre-rest, meditation and post-rest was recomputed (8 EEG frequency bands) into (a) conventional EEG coherence between 19 head-surface time-series and (b) intracerebral lagged coherence between 19 cortical regions of interest with sLORETA. The possible 171 (19*18/2) head-surface and intracerebral lagged coherences were statistically compared between conditions corrected for multiple testing. Topography of intracerebral lagged coherence (computing PCA-based principal connectivities) was compared going in and coming out of meditation.
RESULTS:
Meditation versus pre- and post-rest revealed only lowered intracerebral lagged coherence in all 5 groups and all 8 EEG frequency bands. Head-surface coherence also was prominently lowered. In delta and beta-2 bands, different connectivity topographies occurred going in and coming out of meditation [2].
CONCLUSIONS/DISCUSSION:
Contrary to reportedly increased functional connectivity in meditation, our results showed a global lowering of functional connectivity during meditation compared to pre- and post-rest, concerning all 8 EEG frequency bands and all 5 meditation traditions. This may reflect decreased interactions between the sub-processes of the self function and reduced constraints on the self function by other processes, leading to subjective experiences during meditation such as non-involvement and letting go, as well as of all-oneness and dissolution of ego borders.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lehmann, D.
Secondary author(s):
Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., Pascual-Marqui, R.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lehmann, D., Tei, S., Faber, P., Kumano, H., Gianotti, L., & Pascual-Marqui, R. (2012). Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 3/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: LORETA / Meditation / Lagged coherence / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Functional connectivity

Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing

Brain electric activity in meditation: Extension of earlier work and hypothesis testing

DocumentStudying the default mode and its mindfulness-induced changes using EEG functional connectivity2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
027 - From trance to transcendence during meditation
Duration: 2011-06 - 2013-06
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Abraham Goldstein, Aviva Berkovich Ohana
Institution(s): The Leslie and Susan Golda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Book chapter
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Goldstein, A., Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Trance / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Perception / Consciousness / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
Studying the default mode and its mindfulness-induced changes using EEG functional connectivity
Publication year: 2013
Institution(s):
http://talispiritualeducation.org.il/data/upl/ufck/Mindfulness.pdf
URL: http://scan.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2013/11/05/scan.nst153.abstract?sid=325a187f-268c-4133-9f25-498fc3ca0a34
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The default mode network (DMN) has been largely studied by imaging, but not yet by neurodynamics, using EEG functional connectivity (FC). Mindfulness Meditation (MM), a receptive, non-elaborative training is theorized to lower DMN activity. We explored: 1) the usefulness of EEG-FC for investigating the DMN; and 2) the MM-induced EEG-FC effects. To this end, 3 MM groups were compared with controls, employing EEG-FC (mean phase coherence - MPC). Our results show that: 1) DMN activity was identified as reduced overall inter-hemispheric gamma MPC during the transition from resting state to a time production task; and 2) MM-induced a state increase in alpha MPC, as well as a trait decrease in EEG-FC. The MM-induced EEG-FC decrease was irrespective of expertise or band. Specifically, there was a relative reduction in right theta MPC, and left alpha and gamma MPC. The left gamma MPC was negatively correlated with MM expertise, possibly related to lower internal verbalization. The trait lower gamma MPC supports the notion of MM-induced reduction in DMN activity, related with self-reference and mind-wandering. This report emphasizes the possibility of studying the DMN using EEG-FC, as well as the importance of studying meditation in relation to it.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Secondary author(s):
Glicksohn, J., Goldstein, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Berkovich-Ohana, A., Glicksohn, J., & Goldstein, A. (2013). Studying the default mode and its mindfulness-induced changes using EEG functional connectivity. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 9(10), 1616-1624. doi: 10.1093/scan/nst153
2-year Impact Factor: 5.884|2013
Times cited: 40|2021-05-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Default mode network / Electroencephalography / Functional connectivity / Mean phase coherence (MPC) / Mindfulness meditation

Studying the default mode and its mindfulness-induced changes using EEG functional connectivity

Studying the default mode and its mindfulness-induced changes using EEG functional connectivity

DocumentTowards a profile of the hypnotic state: Continuing the search for a state marker2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-222
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2012
Title:
222 - EEG functional connectivity in post-hypnotic amnesia
Duration: 2013-04 - 2016-04
Researcher(s):
Marios Kittenis, Graham Jamieson
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, University of Edinburgh (UK) and Neuropsychology Lab, School of Behavioural, Cognitive, and Social Sciences, The University of New England, Armindale (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Submitted paper
Language: eng
Author:
Kittenis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Jamieson, G.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Personality factors / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-222.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2012
Title:
Towards a profile of the hypnotic state: Continuing the search for a state marker
Publication year: 2014
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
It is widely disputed whether or not hypnosis, as distinct from responses to specific hypnotic suggestions, constitutes a discrete change in the operating state of the mind-brain system. If hypnotic responses require the on-set of such a background state, characteristic differences in the organization of neuronal activity should be visible between hypnotic and non-hypnotic conditions. This study sought to delineate a neuronal state ‘marker’ of hypnosis, thereby aiming to extend recent EEG findings of topographically specific increases in theta band functional connectivity and decreases in beta1 band connectivity in high compared to lows susceptible subjects following a hypnotic induction (Jamieson & Burgess, 2014). Specifically, this study extends the findings from sensor space (electrodes) to source space (cortical voxels). For this, resting EEG with eyes closed was recorded before, during and after hypnosis in 8 low susceptible and 11 high susceptible participants. Spectral band power analysis was conducted on the data, yielding, as expected, no significant results. Current source density estimations and connectivity analyses were done using the Key Institute eLORETA software. Cortical source activity did not show any significant hypnosis-related differences. However, as expected, hypnosis-related increases in functional connectivity in the theta band were found within nodes of the executive control network, in the salience network and in the default mode network. Moreover, also as expected, hypnosis-related decreases in beta1 band functional connectivity was found, specifically within nodes of the dorsal attention network and the executive control network. There were also two unexpected hypnosis-related increases in beta1 connectivity within nodes of the dorsal attention network and the salience network. These results indicate that reported changes in the theta and beta1 band functional connectivity in hypnosis are linked with a reorganization within the operations of the major networks regulating the flow of conscious experience, thereby supporting an altered state account of the hypnotic condition
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Tivadar, R.
Document type:
Master's thesis
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Tivadar, R. (2014). Towards a profile of the hypnotic state: Continuing the search for a state marker (Unpublished master´s thesis), School of Philosophy, Psychology and Language Sciences, University of Edinburgh.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Post-hypnotic amnesia / Functional connectivity / EEG

Towards a profile of the hypnotic state: Continuing the search for a state marker

Towards a profile of the hypnotic state: Continuing the search for a state marker

File536 - Void consciousness: Investigating the neural network correlates of an exceptional meditative experience with EEG-MREG2015-092020-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-536
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
536 - Void consciousness: Investigating the neural network correlates of an exceptional meditative experience with EEG-MREG
Duration: 2015-09 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ulf Winter, Pierre LeVan, Stefan Martin Schmidt
Institution(s): Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Freiburg (Germany); Dept. of Radiology, Medical Physics, University Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Winter, U.. LeVan, P.. Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Neural correlates of consciousness / Meditation / EEG / fMRI / Functional connectivity / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

DocumentInhibition of retrieval in hypnotic amnesia: Dissociation by upper-alpha gating2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-222
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2012
Title:
222 - EEG functional connectivity in post-hypnotic amnesia
Duration: 2013-04 - 2016-04
Researcher(s):
Marios Kittenis, Graham Jamieson
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, University of Edinburgh (UK) and Neuropsychology Lab, School of Behavioural, Cognitive, and Social Sciences, The University of New England, Armindale (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Submitted paper
Language: eng
Author:
Kittenis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Jamieson, G.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Psychophysiology and Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Hypnosis / Personality factors / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-222.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2012
Title:
Inhibition of retrieval in hypnotic amnesia: Dissociation by upper-alpha gating
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/nc/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/nc/nix005
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Hypnotic amnesia is a functional dissociation from awareness during which information from specific neural processes is unavailable to consciousness. We test the proposal that changes in topographic patterns of cortical oscillations in upper-alpha (10–12?Hz) band selectively inhibit the recall of memories during hypnotic amnesia by blocking availability of locally processed information at specific points in retrieval. Participants were prescreened for high or low hypnotic susceptibility. Following hypnotic induction, participants were presented with a series of 60 face stimuli and were required to identify affective expressions. Participants received a suggestion for amnesia for these faces. They were then presented with a set of 30 old and 30 new faces and identified each as old or new. Amnesia suggestion was lifted and recall tested using the remaining 30 old faces and another 30 new faces. Exact Low Resolution Brain Electromagnetic Tomography source analyses are reported for 64 channel event-related electroencephalogram recorded from highs showing reversible amnesia to old faces. For high-susceptible participants, the amnesia suggestion significantly increased old faces wrongly identified while for low-susceptible participants amnesia suggestion increased the new faces wrongly identified. There were no differences between high- and low-susceptible participants following reversal of the suggestion. For previously seen faces which were wrongly identified, compared to new faces correctly identified, (late) evoked upper-alpha is significantly higher in right BA7 in a region implicated in top-down executive control to assist recall of visual information. Lagged nonlinear connectivity between cortical sources in upper-alpha in the same condition showed significantly increased connectivity between right BA34 (parahippocampal gyrus) and right BAs 7, 20 and 22. Integration between these regions is essential for recall of recent faces. During amnesia, spatial and temporal coordination of upper-alpha appears to suppress integrated functioning of these regions (hence recall). These patterns were absent after reversal of amnesia suggestion.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Jamieson, G.
Secondary author(s):
Kittenis, M., Tivadar, R., Evans, I.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Jamieson, G., Kittenis, M., Tivadar, R., & Evans, I. (2017). Inhibition of retrieval in hypnotic amnesia: Dissociation by upper-alpha gating. Neuroscience of Consciousness, 3(1): 1-15. doi: 10.1093/nc/nix005
Times cited: 0|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Alpha inhibition / Functional connectivity / Face recognition / Hypnosis / Amnesia / Dissociation

Inhibition of retrieval in hypnotic amnesia: Dissociation by upper-alpha gating

Inhibition of retrieval in hypnotic amnesia: Dissociation by upper-alpha gating

DocumentTracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-373
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
373 - Multimodal Mapping of Visual Motion Perceptual Decision: Dissecting the Role of Different Motion Integration Areas in Visual Surface Reconstruction
Duration: 2016-02 - 2017-10
Researcher(s):
Miguel de Sá e Sousa de Castelo Branco, Gabriel Nascimento Ferreira da Costa, Gilberto Silva, João Valente Duarte, Ricardo Martins
Institution(s): ICNAS - Institute for Nuclear Sciences Applied to Health, Coimbra, Portugal; IBILI - Institute for Biomedical Imaging and Life Sciences, Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Author: Castelo-Branco, M.
Secondary author(s):
Costa, G., Silva, G., Duarte, J., Martins, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Motion perception / Decision-making / Perceptual Ambiguity / Decision Models / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-373.21
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37822-x
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The role of long-range integration mechanisms underlying visual perceptual binding and their link to interhemispheric functional connectivity, as measured by fMRI, remains elusive. Only inferences on anatomical organization from resting state data paradigms not requiring coherent binding have been achieved. Here, we used a paradigm that allowed us to study such relation between perceptual interpretation and functional connectivity under bistable interhemispheric binding vs. non-binding of visual surfaces. Binding occurs by long-range perceptual integration of motion into a single object across hemifields and non-binding reflects opponent segregation of distinct moving surfaces into each hemifield. We hypothesized that perceptual integration vs. segregation of surface motion, which is achieved in visual area hMT+, is modulated by changes in interhemispheric connectivity in this region. Using 7T fMRI, we found that perceptual long-range integration of bistable motion can be tracked by changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity between left/right hMT+. Increased connectivity was tightly related with long-range perceptual integration. Our results indicate that hMT+ interhemispheric functional connectivity reflects perceptual decision, suggesting its pivotal role on long-range disambiguation of bistable physically constant surface motion. We reveal for the first time, at the scale of fMRI, a relation between interhemispheric functional connectivity and decision based perceptual binding.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2016-207.04
Author: Sousa, T.
Secondary author(s):
Duarte, J., Costa, G. N., Kemper, V. G., Martins, R., Goebel, R., Castelo-Branco, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Sousa, T., Duarte, J., Costa, G. N., Kemper, V. G., Martins, R., Goebel, R., & Castelo-Branco, M. (2019). Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex. Scientific Reports, 9, Article number: 1242. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37822-x
2-year Impact Factor: 3.998|2019
Times cited: 1|2021-04-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Functional connectivity / Binding / Integration / Motion

Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex

Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex

DocumentIncreased hippocampal-prefrontal functional connectivity in insomnia2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-253
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
253 - REM-sleep, the regulation of self-conscious emotion and hyperarousal in psychophysiological insomnia
Duration: 2015-11 - 2017-09
Researcher(s):
Lucia Talamini, Ekaterini Georgopoulou, Eus Van Someren
Institution(s): University of Amsterdam, Psychology, Dept. Brain and Cognition (The Netherlands) and Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Dept. Sleep & Cognition, Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Talamini, L.
Secondary author(s):
Georgopoulou, E., Van Someren, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Psychophysiological insomnia / Hyperarousal / Self-conscious emotion / REM-sleep

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-253.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 25/2012
Title:
Increased hippocampal-prefrontal functional connectivity in insomnia
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074742718300194
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Insomnia Disorder (ID) is the second-most common mental disorder and has a far-reaching impact on daytime functioning. A meta-analysis indicates that, of all cognitive domains, declarative memory involving the hippocampus is most affected in insomnia. Hippocampal functioning has consistently been shown to be sensitive to experimental sleep deprivation. Insomnia however differs from sleep deprivation in many aspects, and findings on hippocampal structure and function have been equivocal. The present study used both structural and resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a larger sample than previously reported to evaluate hippocampal volume and functional connectivity in ID. Included were 65 ID patients (mean age = 48.3 y ± 14.0, 17 males) and 65 good sleepers (mean age = 44.1 y ± 15.2, 23 males). Insomnia severity was assessed with the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), subjective sleep with the Consensus Sleep Diary (CSD) and objective sleep by two nights of polysomnography (PSG). Seed-based analysis showed a significantly stronger connectivity of the bilateral hippocampus with the left middle frontal gyrus in ID than in controls (p = .035, cluster based correction for multiple comparisons). Further analyses across all participants moreover showed that individual differences in the strength of this connectivity were associated with insomnia severity (ISI, r = .371, p = 9.3e-5) and with subjective sleep quality (CSD sleep efficiency, r = -.307, p = .009) (all p FDR-corrected). Hippocampal volume did not differ between ID and controls. The findings indicate more severe insomnia and worse sleep quality in people with a stronger functional connectivity between the bilateral hippocampus and the left middle frontal gyrus, part of a circuit that characteristically activates with maladaptive rumination and deactivates with sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2016-190.02
Author: Leerssen, J.
Secondary author(s):
Wassing, R., Ramautar, J. R., Stoffers, D., Lakbila-Kamal, O., Perrier, J., Bruijel, J., Foster-Dingley, J. C., Aghajani, M., Van Someren, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Leerssen, J., Wassing, R., Ramautar, J. R., Stoffers, D., Lakbila-Kamal, O., Perrier, J., Bruijel, J., Foster-Dingley, J. C., Aghajani, M., & Van Someren, E. (2019). Increased hippocampal-prefrontal functional connectivity in insomnia. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 160, 144-150. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2018.02.006
2-year Impact Factor: 2.768|2019
Times cited: 14|2021-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Insomnia / Sleep / Hippocampus / Middle frontal gyrus / resting-state fMRI / Functional connectivity

DocumentIncreased hippocampal-prefrontal functional connectivity in insomnia2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-190
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
190 - Sleeping body, sentient mind? Searching for the neural bases of conscious experiences during sleep
Duration: 2017-10 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Eus Van Someren, Yishul Wei
Institution(s): Department of Sleep and Cognition, Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience, Amsterdam (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Article
Author: Van Someren, E.
Secondary author(s):
Wei, Y.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Interoception / Insomnia / Neural correlates of consciousness / Salience / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-190.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Increased hippocampal-prefrontal functional connectivity in insomnia
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1074742718300194
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Insomnia Disorder (ID) is the second-most common mental disorder and has a far-reaching impact on daytime functioning. A meta-analysis indicates that, of all cognitive domains, declarative memory involving the hippocampus is most affected in insomnia. Hippocampal functioning has consistently been shown to be sensitive to experimental sleep deprivation. Insomnia however differs from sleep deprivation in many aspects, and findings on hippocampal structure and function have been equivocal. The present study used both structural and resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a larger sample than previously reported to evaluate hippocampal volume and functional connectivity in ID. Included were 65 ID patients (mean age = 48.3 y ± 14.0, 17 males) and 65 good sleepers (mean age = 44.1 y ± 15.2, 23 males). Insomnia severity was assessed with the Insomnia Severity Index (ISI), subjective sleep with the Consensus Sleep Diary (CSD) and objective sleep by two nights of polysomnography (PSG). Seed-based analysis showed a significantly stronger connectivity of the bilateral hippocampus with the left middle frontal gyrus in ID than in controls (p = .035, cluster based correction for multiple comparisons). Further analyses across all participants moreover showed that individual differences in the strength of this connectivity were associated with insomnia severity (ISI, r = .371, p = 9.3e-5) and with subjective sleep quality (CSD sleep efficiency, r = -.307, p = .009) (all p FDR-corrected). Hippocampal volume did not differ between ID and controls. The findings indicate more severe insomnia and worse sleep quality in people with a stronger functional connectivity between the bilateral hippocampus and the left middle frontal gyrus, part of a circuit that characteristically activates with maladaptive rumination and deactivates with sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2012-253.04
Author: Leerssen, J.
Secondary author(s):
Wassing, R., Ramautar, J. R., Stoffers, D., Lakbila-Kamal, O., Perrier, J., Bruijel, J., Foster-Dingley, J. C., Aghajani, M., Van Someren, E.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Leerssen, J., Wassing, R., Ramautar, J. R., Stoffers, D., Lakbila-Kamal, O., Perrier, J., Bruijel, J., Foster-Dingley, J. C., Aghajani, M., & Van Someren, E. (2019). Increased hippocampal-prefrontal functional connectivity in insomnia. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, 160, 144-150. doi: 10.1016/j.nlm.2018.02.006
2-year Impact Factor: 2.768|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2019
Times cited: 14|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Insomnia / Sleep / Hippocampus / Middle frontal gyrus / resting-state fMRI / Functional connectivity

File204 - Boosting WM capacity by strengthening the oscillatory functional fronto-parietal pathway2019-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-204
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
204 - Boosting WM capacity by strengthening the oscillatory functional fronto-parietal pathway
Duration: 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Vincenzo Romei
Institution(s): Centre for studies and research in Cognitive Neuroscience - CsrNC, Department of Psychology, University of Bologna (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Author:
Romei, V.
Secondary author(s):
Poch, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Brain oscillations / Working memory / Functional connectivity / Neurostimulation / Psychophysiology

DocumentClinical subcategorization of minimally conscious state according to resting functional connectivity2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-15
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Clinical subcategorization of minimally conscious state according to resting functional connectivity
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hbm.24303
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Patients in minimally conscious state (MCS) have been subcategorized in MCS plus and MCS minus, based on command-following, intelligible verbalization or intentional communication. We here aimed to better characterize the functional neuroanatomy of MCS based on this clinical subcategorization by means of resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Resting state fMRI was acquired in 292 MCS patients and a seed-based analysis was conducted on a convenience sample of 10 MCS plus patients, 9 MCS minus patients and 35 healthy subjects. We investigated the left and right frontoparietal networks (FPN), auditory network, default mode network (DMN), thalamocortical connectivity and DMN between-network anticorrelations. We also employed an analysis based on regions of interest (ROI) to examine interhemispheric connectivity and investigated intergroup differences in gray/white matter volume by means of voxel-based morphometry. We found a higher connectivity in MCS plus as compared to MCS minus in the left FPN, specifically between the left dorso-lateral prefrontal cortex and left temporo-occipital fusiform cortex. No differences between patient groups were observed in the auditory network, right FPN, DMN, thalamocortical and interhemispheric connectivity, between-network anticorrelations and gray/white matter volume. Our preliminary group-level results suggest that the clinical subcategorization of MCS may involve functional connectivity differences in a language-related executive control network. MCS plus and minus patients are seemingly not differentiated by networks associated to auditory processing, perception of surroundings and internal awareness/self-mentation, nor by interhemispheric integration and structural brain damage.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Aubinet, A.
Secondary author(s):
Larroque, S., Heine, L., Martial, C., Majerus, S., Laureys, S., Di Perri, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Aubinet, A., Larroque, S., Heine, L., Martial, C., Majerus, S., Laureys, S., & Di Perri, C. (2018). Clinical subcategorization of minimally conscious state according to resting functional connectivity. Human Brain Mapping, 39(11), 4519-4532. doi: 10.1002/hbm.243
2-year Impact Factor: 4.554|2018
Times cited: 12|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: MCS minus and plus / Auditory network / Default mode network / Frontoparietal network / Functional connectivity / Language / Resting state fMRI / Structural imaging

DocumentA heartbeat away from consciousness: Heart rate variability entropy can discriminate disorders of consciousness and is correlated with resting-state fMRI brain connectivity of the central autonomic network2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-24
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
A heartbeat away from consciousness: Heart rate variability entropy can discriminate disorders of consciousness and is correlated with resting-state fMRI brain connectivity of the central autonomic network
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fneur.2018.00769/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Disorders of consciousness are challenging to diagnose, with inconsistent behavioral responses, motor and cognitive disabilities, leading to approximately 40% misdiagnoses. Heart rate variability (HRV) reflects the complexity of the heart-brain two-way dynamic interactions. HRV entropy analysis quantifies the unpredictability and complexity of the heart rate beats intervals. We here investigate the complexity index (CI), a score of HRV complexity by aggregating the non-linear multi-scale entropies over a range of time scales, and its discriminative power in chronic patients with unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and minimally conscious state (MCS), and its relation to brain functional connectivity.
METHODS
We investigated the CI in short (CIs) and long (CIl) time scales in 14 UWS and 16 MCS sedated. CI for MCS and UWS groups were compared using a Mann-Whitney exact test. Spearman's correlation tests were conducted between the Coma Recovery Scale-revised (CRS-R) and both CI. Discriminative power of both CI was assessed with One-R machine learning model. Correlation between CI and brain connectivity (detected with functional magnetic resonance imagery using seed-based and hypothesis-free intrinsic connectivity) was investigated using a linear regression in a subgroup of 10 UWS and 11 MCS patients with sufficient image quality.
RESULTS
Higher CIs and CIl values were observed in MCS compared to UWS. Positive correlations were found between CRS-R and both CI. The One-R classifier selected CIl as the best discriminator between UWS and MCS with 90% accuracy, 7% false positive and 13% false negative rates after a 10-fold cross-validation test. Positive correlations were observed between both CI and the recovery of functional connectivity of brain areas belonging to the central autonomic networks (CAN).
CONCLUSION
CI of MCS compared to UWS patients has high discriminative power and low false negative rate at one third of the estimated human assessors' misdiagnosis, providing an easy, inexpensive and non-invasive diagnostic tool. CI reflects functional connectivity changes in the CAN, suggesting that CI can provide an indirect way to screen and monitor connectivity changes in this neural system. Future studies should assess the extent of CI's predictive power in a larger cohort of patients and prognostic power in acute patients.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Riganello, F.
Secondary author(s):
Larroque, S., Ali Bahri, M., Heine, L., Martial, C., Charland-Verville, V., Aubinet, C., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Chatelle, C., Laureys, S., Di Perri, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Riganello, F., Larroque, S., Ali Bahri, M., Heine, L., Martial, C., Charland-Verville, V., Aubinet, C., Vanhaudenhuyse, A., Chatelle, C., Laureys, S., Di Perri, C. (2018). A heartbeat away from consciousness: Heart rate variability entropy can discriminate disorders of consciousness and is correlated with resting-state fMRI brain connectivity of the central autonomic network. Frontiers in Neurology, 9, 769.
2-year Impact Factor: 2.635|2018
Times cited: 16|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Heart rate variability entropy (HRV) / Disorders of consciousness (DOC) / Unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/vegetative state (UWS/VS) / Minimally conscious state / Functional connectivity / Resting-state fMRI / Machine learning

A heartbeat away from consciousness: Heart rate variability entropy can discriminate disorders of consciousness and is correlated with resting-state fMRI brain connectivity of the central autonomic network

A heartbeat away from consciousness: Heart rate variability entropy can discriminate disorders of consciousness and is correlated with resting-state fMRI brain connectivity of the central autonomic network

DocumentTracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-207
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
207 - The role of motion adaptation in bottom-up mechanisms of perceptual decision-making
Duration: 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Miguel Castelo-Branco, João Duarte, Ricardo Martins, Teresa Sousa, Gabriel Costa
Institution(s): Institute for Nuclear Sciences Applied to Health - ICNAS, University of Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Author: Castelo-Branco, M.
Secondary author(s):
Duarte, J., Martins, R., Sousa, T., Costa, G.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Adaptation / Neuroimaging / Perceptual decision / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-207.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-018-37822-x
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The role of long-range integration mechanisms underlying visual perceptual binding and their link to interhemispheric functional connectivity, as measured by fMRI, remains elusive. Only inferences on anatomical organization from resting state data paradigms not requiring coherent binding have been achieved. Here, we used a paradigm that allowed us to study such relation between perceptual interpretation and functional connectivity under bistable interhemispheric binding vs. non-binding of visual surfaces. Binding occurs by long-range perceptual integration of motion into a single object across hemifields and non-binding reflects opponent segregation of distinct moving surfaces into each hemifield. We hypothesized that perceptual integration vs. segregation of surface motion, which is achieved in visual area hMT+, is modulated by changes in interhemispheric connectivity in this region. Using 7T fMRI, we found that perceptual long-range integration of bistable motion can be tracked by changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity between left/right hMT+. Increased connectivity was tightly related with long-range perceptual integration. Our results indicate that hMT+ interhemispheric functional connectivity reflects perceptual decision, suggesting its pivotal role on long-range disambiguation of bistable physically constant surface motion. We reveal for the first time, at the scale of fMRI, a relation between interhemispheric functional connectivity and decision based perceptual binding.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2014-373.21
Author: Sousa, T.
Secondary author(s):
Duarte, J., Costa, G. N., Kemper, V. G., Martins, R., Goebel, R., Castelo-Branco, M
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Sousa, T., Duarte, J., Costa, G. N., Kemper, V. G., Martins, R., Goebel, R., & Castelo-Branco, M. (2019). Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex. Scientific Reports, 9, Article number: 1242. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-37822-x
2-year Impact Factor: 3.998|2019
Times cited: 1|2021-04-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Functional connectivity / Binding / Integration / Motion

Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex

Tracking perceptual decision mechanisms through changes in interhemispheric functional connectivity in human visual cortex

DocumentVentromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
163 - Sacred Values underlying Conflict Proneness: A neuroimaging study of religious and nationalist radicals
Duration: 2015-02 - 2019-04
Researcher(s):
Adolf Tobena, Clara Pretus, Joseph Hilferty, Oscar Vilarroya, Scott Atran
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Forensic Medicine UAB, Bellaterra Campus (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Tobena, A.
Secondary author(s):
Petrus, C., Hilferty, J., Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Neuroimage / Sacred values / Social conflict / Devoted actors / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-163.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/scan/nsz034/5486105
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Willingness to fight and die (WFD) has been developed as a measure to capture willingness to incur costly sacrifices for the sake of a greater cause in the context of entrenched conflict. WFD measures have been repeatedly used in field studies, including studies on the battlefield, although their neurofunctional correlates remain unexplored. Our aim was to identify the neural underpinnings of WFD, focusing on neural activity and interconnectivity of brain areas previously associated with value-based decision-making, such as the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC). A sample of Pakistani participants supporting the Kashmiri cause was selected and invited to participate in an functional magnetic resonance (fMRI) paradigm where they were asked to convey their WFD for a series of values related to Islam and current politics. As predicted, higher compared to lower WFD was associated with increased ventromedial prefrontal activity and decreased dorsolateral activity, as well as lower connectivity between the vmPFC and the dlPFC. Our findings suggest that WFD more prominently relies on brain areas typically associated with subjective value (vmPFC) rather than integration of material costs (dlPFC) during decision-making, supporting the notion that decisions on costly sacrifices may not be mediated by cost-benefit computation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pretus, C.
Secondary author(s):
Hamid, N., Sheikh, H. , Gómez, Á. , Ginges, J., Tobeña, A. , Davis, R. , Vilarroya, O., Atran, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pretus, C., Hamid, N., Sheikh, H., Gómez, Á., Ginges, J., Tobeña, A., Davis, R., Vilarroya, O., & Atran, S. (2019). Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, nsz034. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsz034
2-year Impact Factor: 3.571|2019
Times cited: 4|2021-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Costly sacrifices / Will to fight and die / Sacred values / fMRI / Functional connectivity

Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause

Ventromedial and dorsolateral prefrontal interactions underlie will to fight and die for a cause

DocumentFinal report - Effects of neurofeedback on functional connectivity and EEG power density2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-385
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
385 - Effects of neurofeedback on functional connectivity and EEG power density
Duration: 2015-03 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Pedro Jose Montoya Jimenez, Beatriz Rey Solaz, Inmaculada Riquelme, Miguel Angel Munoz Garcia, Niels Birbaumer
Institution(s): University of Balearic Islands - Research Institute on Health Sciences, Palma (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Montoya, P.
Secondary author(s):
Solaz, B., Riquelme, I., Garcia, M., Birbaumer, N.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Real-time fMRI neurofeedback / Pain / Insula / Anterior cingulate cortex / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-385.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Effects of neurofeedback on functional connectivity and EEG power density
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Given that neurofeedback can be used to vary the activity of the neural substrates of a region of interest in order to provoke behavioural changes, the present study tried to modify brain activity of different regions of the pain matrix through neurofeedback to induce changes in pain perception. Four experiments were carried out. Experiment I was designed to test the feasibility of real-time fMRI neurofeedback to train subjects to self-regulate the functional connectivity of insula and ACC. Preliminary data revealed significant changes in brain connectivity and reductions in pain ratings from pre- to post-training sessions. The protocol could not be applied in further subjects due to technical problems with the MR scanner. Experiment II revealed that neurofeedback training to self-regulate sensoriomotor EEG (mu) rhythm was able to elicit differentially enhancements of desynchronization and synchronization of the mu rhythm, as well as to enhance functional connectivity of somatosensory cortices with different regions involved in pain processing. Experiment III demonstrated that chronic pain patients were able to learn to sel-regulate the mu rhythm, but also that the neurofeedback training led to significant reduction of pain thresholds in these patients. Experiment IV showed that only good responders to the neurofeedback training of the EEG mu rhythm displayed significant differences in the power density difference between synchronization and desynchronization over somatosensory electrodes, and reduced pain ratings after the training. These findings suggested that self-regulation of neural activity within brain regions involved in pain processing can significantly modify functional connectivity of these regions and alter pain perception in chronic pain patients.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Montoya, P.
Secondary author(s):
Rey Solaz, B., Munoz Garcia, M. A., Riquelme, I., Birbaumer, N.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Montoya, P., Rey Solaz, B., Munoz Garcia, M. A., Riquelme, I., & Birbaumer, N. (2019). Final report - Effects of neurofeedback on functional connectivity and EEG power density.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Neurofeedback / Somatosensory cortex / Pain / Functional connectivity / Power spectral density

Final report - Effects of neurofeedback on functional connectivity and EEG power density

Final report - Effects of neurofeedback on functional connectivity and EEG power density

Document(Dis)Connectivities of Awakening2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-536
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
536 - Void consciousness: Investigating the neural network correlates of an exceptional meditative experience with EEG-MREG
Duration: 2015-09 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ulf Winter, Pierre LeVan, Stefan Martin Schmidt
Institution(s): Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Freiburg (Germany); Dept. of Radiology, Medical Physics, University Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Winter, U.. LeVan, P.. Schmidt, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Neural correlates of consciousness / Meditation / EEG / fMRI / Functional connectivity / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-536.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
(Dis)Connectivities of Awakening
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.tsc2019-interlaken.ch/app/download/7833890754/program_abstracts_online_corr4.pdf?t=1562607584
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Within contemplative traditions states of consciousness without any specific content are described, which could represent a minimal, basic form of conscious experience.
Therefore, the neuroscientific investigation of such states of consciousness could open a new and unique, approach to understanding the minimal neuronal correlate of the conscious state or consciousness itself.
We are currently investigating the neurophysiologic correlates of deep content-reduced meditative states in expert and novice meditators from different traditions by using latest integrated EEG-fMRI.
Here we present – for the very first time - data of two independent measurements in an extraordinary qualified meditator (meditating for over 35 years or 50,000 hours) who reported to had an experience of awakening during the EEG-fMRI measurement.
The experience was described by the subject as ‘awareness-resting-in-it-self’ or ‘clear open awareness’ without any thoughts, body- or sense perception and even without any sense of self, time and space.
The focus of the presentation is on the results of a detailed analysis of the dynamic functional connectivity within and between specific functional networks related to conscious awareness. Implications for the search of the minimal neural correlates of
consciousness are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Winter, U.
Secondary author(s):
LeVan, P., Schmidt, S.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Winter, U., LeVan, P., & Schmidt, S. (2019). (Dis)Connectivities of Awakening. Abstracts in-depth workshops of the Science of Consciousness (pp. 124 -125). Interlaken, Switzerland.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Consciousness / Meditation / Functional connectivity

(Dis)Connectivities of Awakening

(Dis)Connectivities of Awakening

DocumentTime-delay latency of resting-state blood oxygen level-dependent signal related to the Level of consciousness in patients with severe consciousness impairment2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-53
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Time-delay latency of resting-state blood oxygen level-dependent signal related to the Level of consciousness in patients with severe consciousness impairment
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.1089/brain.2019.0716
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Recent evidence on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) suggests that healthy human brains have a temporal organization represented in a widely complex time-delay structure. This structure seems to underlie brain communication flow, integration/propagation of brain activity, as well as information processing. Therefore, it is probably linked to the emergence of highly coordinated complex brain phenomena, such as consciousness. Nevertheless, possible changes in this structure during an altered state of consciousness remain poorly investigated. In this work, we hypothesized that due to a disruption in high-order functions and alterations of the brain communication flow, patients with disorders of consciousness (DOC) might exhibit changes in their time-delay structure of spontaneous brain activity. We explored this hypothesis by comparing the time-delay projections from fMRI resting-state data acquired in resting state from 48 patients with DOC and 27 healthy controls (HC) subjects. Results suggest that time-delay structure modifies for patients with DOC conditions when compared with HC. Specifically, the average value and the directionality of latency inside the midcingulate cortex (mCC) shift with the level of consciousness. In particular, positive values of latency inside the mCC relate to preserved states of consciousness, whereas negative values change proportionally with the level of consciousness in patients with DOC. These results suggest that the mCC may play a critical role as an integrator of brain activity in HC subjects, but this role vanishes in an altered state of consciousness.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Rudas, J.
Secondary author(s):
Martínez, D., Castellanos, G. , Demertzi, A. , Martial, C. , Carriére, M., Aubinet, C. , Soddu, A. , Laureys, S. , Gómez, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Rudas, J., Martínez, D., Castellanos, G., Demertzi, A., Martial, C., Carriére, M., ... Gómez, F. (2020). Time-delay latency of resting-state blood oxygen level-dependent signal related to the Level of consciousness in patients with severe consciousness impairment. Brain Connectivity, 10(2), 83-94. doi: 10.1089/brain.2019.0716
2-year Impact Factor: 2.262|2020
Times cited: 2|2021-07-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Disorders of consciousness / Functional connectivity / Latency / Midcingulate cortex / Resting-state networks / Time delay