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DocumentFinal report - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos: estudo preliminar1996

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 7/1994
Title:
1994 Grants
Start date: 1994-12 - 1998-03
Dimension/support:
7 caixas de arquivo
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
007 - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos : estudo preliminar
Duration: 1994-12 - 1996-09
Researcher(s):
Isabel Soares, Pedro Lopes dos Santos, Maria Carolina Costa e Silva
Institution(s): Centro de Medicina Desportiva do Norte, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Lopes, P., Silva, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Attachment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
Final report - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos: estudo preliminar
Publication year: 1996
URL:
http://www.bial.com/fotos/gca/es_1095692966bolsa_0794.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
This study aimed to assess the quality of the attachment relation between infant-mother (N= 31 dyads) during the Strange Situation and to examine their heart-rate (through the Holter – Mortara, PR, 4) during this experimental procedure.
Fourteen infants were classified as secure (B pattern), 10 as insecure-avoidant (A group) and 7 as insecure-resistant (C group). This distribution is similar to those found in other studies with middle class and low risk samples. No significant differences were found among the attachment patterns in terms of the infant’ s cardiac baseline. However, significant differences were found between secure and insecure groups in terms of their heart-rate during the Strange Situation: the ambivalent babies (C group) showing an increase especially in the two separation episodes (5 and 8).
In general, similarities were found between insecure-avoidant and secure babies (for instance, a decrease of their heart-rate - in episode 7 - when they are together with the stranger and after being alone in episode 6) but the former showed an increase in their heart-rate during the second reunion with their mothers (episode 8). No relations were found between the mother’s and infant’s heart-rate and the attachment patterns.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-1996-43.01
Author: Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Santos, P., Silva, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Attachment / Strange situation / Heart rate / Attachment patterns

Relatório Final

Relatório Final

DocumentAvaliação da vinculação e da frequência cardíaca em bebés de 12 meses na Situação Estranha1999

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 7/1994
Title:
1994 Grants
Start date: 1994-12 - 1998-03
Dimension/support:
7 caixas de arquivo
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
007 - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos : estudo preliminar
Duration: 1994-12 - 1996-09
Researcher(s):
Isabel Soares, Pedro Lopes dos Santos, Maria Carolina Costa e Silva
Institution(s): Centro de Medicina Desportiva do Norte, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Lopes, P., Silva, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Attachment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
Avaliação da vinculação e da frequência cardíaca em bebés de 12 meses na Situação Estranha
Publication year: 1999
URL:
http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=28710111
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, C., Costa, O., Cunha, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares, I., Silva, C., Costa, O. & Cunha, J.P. (1999). Avaliação da vinculação e da frequência cardíaca em bebés de 12 meses na Situação Estranha. Revista Portuguesa de Psicossomática, 1, 1010-114.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Attachment / Strange situation / Heart rate

DocumentAvaliação da vinculação e da regulação autonómica da frequência cardíaca na Situação Estranha1996

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 7/1994
Title:
1994 Grants
Start date: 1994-12 - 1998-03
Dimension/support:
7 caixas de arquivo
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
007 - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos : estudo preliminar
Duration: 1994-12 - 1996-09
Researcher(s):
Isabel Soares, Pedro Lopes dos Santos, Maria Carolina Costa e Silva
Institution(s): Centro de Medicina Desportiva do Norte, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Lopes, P., Silva, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Attachment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
Avaliação da vinculação e da regulação autonómica da frequência cardíaca na Situação Estranha
Publication year: 1996
URL:
http://sigarra.up.pt/fpceup/pt/publs_pesquisa.FormView?P_ID=36441
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Santos, P., Jnngenelen, I., Henriques, M. R., Silva, A. P., Figueiredo, B., Costa, O.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares, I., Santos, P., Jongenelen, I., Henriques, M. R., Silva, A. P., Figueiredo, B. ... Costa, O. (1996). Avaliação da vinculação e da regulação autonómica da frequência cardíaca na Situação Estranha. In L. Almeida, S. Araújo, M. Gonçalves, C. Machado & M. Simões (Orgs.), Avaliação Psicológica: Formas e Contextos (pp. 247-258, Vol. IV). Braga: APPORT.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Attachment / Heart rate / Strange situation

DocumentAttachment organization and heart-rate variability in the strange situation1996

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 7/1994
Title:
1994 Grants
Start date: 1994-12 - 1998-03
Dimension/support:
7 caixas de arquivo
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
007 - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos : estudo preliminar
Duration: 1994-12 - 1996-09
Researcher(s):
Isabel Soares, Pedro Lopes dos Santos, Maria Carolina Costa e Silva
Institution(s): Centro de Medicina Desportiva do Norte, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Lopes, P., Silva, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Attachment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
Attachment organization and heart-rate variability in the strange situation
Publication year: 1996
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Santos, P., Jongenelen, C., Henriques, M. R., Silva, C. , Costa, O.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares, I., Santos, P., Jongenelen, I., Henriques, M. R., Silva, C., & Costa, O. (1996). Attachment organization and heart-rate variability in the strange situation. Paper presented at the XIVth Annual Meeting of ISSBO, August 12-16, Québec City, Canada.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Attachment / Strange situation / Heart rate

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa07-04_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Thirty four participants took part in a formal study examining pre- and post-stimulus responses to acoustic stimuli consisting of 1-second of 95db of white noise with a random inter-stimulus interval of 30 ± 10 s. The dependent variable was the difference between pulse-rate, which was measured by a standard 3-electrode ECG placement, prior to the choice of acoustic stimuli compared to prior to no-stimulus control. A Monte Carlo method was used to assess statistical relevance of the data.
Two sets of data were collected to ascertain any Decision Augmentation Theory effects (i.e., experimenter psi): Condition A with 16 stimuli/participant and Condition B with 48 stimuli/participant.
The best participant produced a pre-stimulus effect size of 1.02 (z = 2.05, p = 0.02); however, the results across all 34 participants were disappointing. Combining the two conditions resulted in a total stimuli count of 518 contrasted with 512 silent controls. The effect sizes were 0.043 and 0.006 for Conditions A and B, respectively, which indicated there was no observed prestimulus pulse rate response to acoustic stimuli compared to controls.
It is difficult to ascribe a meaning to a null result; however, we do consider a number of potential explanations.
• We did not screen participants for native ability in this particular setup, so it remains possible that we did not have psi talent in the participant pool.
• Contrary to expectations, heart rate may not be subject to prestimulus response effects.
• This particular study was plagued with difficulties from its inception. Some of these issues arose because we were not well trained in heart-rate measures and analyses. The result was that we had to restart the study learning as we went. This had two important side effects. The first is that it sharply reduced the available participant pool from which we could draw, and secondly and most importantly it had a demoralizing effect on the researchers.
This last point requires further discussion. It is a well-established effect that set and setting play an important role in experimental psychology and perhaps a determining role in parapsychological experiments. One of the strongest effects in the PSI literature is the so-called sheep/goat effect which may be a strong manifestation of this effect.
Because of the frustrating beginning to the study and because our team is strongly accustomed to obtaining positive results, we all became discouraged and less attentive to this study. Perhaps at a minimum this contributed to the null result or, at worst, maybe “caused” the null result.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Prestimulus response / Decision augmentation theory / Heart rate / Autonomic nervous system

Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

Final report - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

DocumentPrestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
007 - Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-04
Researcher(s):
Edwin May
Institution(s): Laboratories for Fundamental Research, Palo Alto (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Presentiment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-007.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The objective of this study was twofold: (1) to observe prestimulus response effects using heart rate as in indicator of the autonomic nervous system and (2) to ascertain which of two potential models of the functioning best fit the data. Are the data indicative of a precognitive response to a future stimuli or an experimenter effect via Decision Augmentation Theory (DAT). Using a 3-point electrode system, we monitored heart rate continuously for approximately 45 minutes. At random intervals of 30±10 s, we consulted a predefined list of counter balanced stimuli of either 1 s of 95 dB white noise or a silent data marker as a control. The prestimulus region was defined as - 4.7 to -1.2 s prior to stimulus onset and the heart rate data for each stimulus was referenced to that at -4.7s (i.e., clamped at that point). The dependent variable was the area between the average heart rate prior a future acoustic stimulus and a future control. A statistical assessment for this area was determined using a traditional non-parametric permutation technique. A DAT test required either 8 (condition A) or 24 (condition B) stimuli, respectively. Combining the two conditions we found essentially no effect (z = -0.29, p = 0.6, ES =-0.01, n = 518 stimuli). So also there appeared to be no observable effect in either of the two conditions: Condition A (z = -0.46, p = 0.68, ES = - 0.043, n = 121 stimuli) and Condition B (z = -0.12, p = 0.54, ES = -0.006, n = 397 stimuli). It is difficult to ascribe a meaning to a null result; however, we do consider a number of potential explanations. (1) Heart rate may not be subject to prestimulus response effects. (2) This study was plagued with difficulties. The result was that we had to restart the study a number of times. This had two important side effects. The first is that it sharply reduced the available participant pool from which we could draw, and secondly and most importantly it had a demoralizing effect on the researchers. This last point requires further discussion. It is a well established effect that set and setting play an important role in experimental psychology and perhaps a determining role in parapsychological experiments. One of the strongest effects in the PSI literature is the so-called sheep/goat effect which may be a strong manifestation of this effect.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
May, E. C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
May, E. C. (2008). Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Prestimulus response / Decision augmentation theory / Heart rate / Autonomic nervous system

Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

Prestimulus response in the sympathetic/parasympathetic nervous system

DocumentAttachment organization and heart-rate variability in the strange situation1998

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 7/1994
Title:
1994 Grants
Start date: 1994-12 - 1998-03
Dimension/support:
7 caixas de arquivo
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
007 - Abordagem intergeracional da organização bio-comportamental e representacional da vinculação em mães e filhos : estudo preliminar
Duration: 1994-12 - 1996-09
Researcher(s):
Isabel Soares, Pedro Lopes dos Santos, Maria Carolina Costa e Silva
Institution(s): Centro de Medicina Desportiva do Norte, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: por
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Lopes, P., Silva, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Attachment

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1994-007.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/1994
Title:
Attachment organization and heart-rate variability in the strange situation
Publication year: 1998
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/2%C2%BA_simposio.a108.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Soares, I.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, C., Cunha, J., Costa, O., Santos, P.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares, I., Silva, C., Cunha, J., Costa, O., & Santos, P. (1998). Attachment organization and heart-rate variability in the strange situation. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 285-291). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Attachment / Strange situation / Heart rate

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-086
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
086 - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Patrizio Tressoldi, Stefano Massaccesi, Massimiliano Martinelli
Institution(s): Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Padova (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Written consent forms of participants
Language: eng
Author:
Tressoldi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Massaccesi, S., Martinelli, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-086.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
Final report - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa8608_19102011.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Using the methodological paradigm to investigate the presentiment phenomenon and its extension to pre-alerting and guessing tasks, we planned to explore whether participant heart rate signals could be used to predict whether randomly selected future stimuli would be pleasant or unpleasant.
After evidence found in Experiment 1 of different anticipatory signals before the perception of pleasant and unpleasant sounds, we further explored the effect by asking participants to block incoming unpleasant sounds. The prediction was tested in Experiment 2 using an explicit intuitive condition and an implicit condition in which incoming unpleasant sounds were automatically skipped, based on physiological response. Experiment 3 used only the implicit intuitive condition.
When participants were divided into high and low scorers on absorption, high absorbers obtained a statistically significant difference in the means of blocked pleasant and unpleasant sounds (Exp. 2 and Exp. 3), but only in the implicit condition. Overall, these results seem to suggest the possibility of exploiting anticipatory physiological signals to predict future events using implicit intuition.
With a new study, we aimed to replicate and extend the findings obtained by the previous experiments. In this study, two pools of pleasant and alerting sounds were used to test the generality of previous findings. By using fifty participants, it was also possible to study whether gender could be a further moderator of the observed effect.
Results confirm the findings of Tressoldi, et al. (2009), clarifying that the effect was present only in females. Further statistical analysis suggests that absorption acts as an implicit cognitive “filter” only for pleasant sounds.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Tressoldi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Massaccesi, S., Varotto, D.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Anticipation / Heart rate / Absorption / Gender differences

Final report - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events

Final report - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events

DocumentImplicit intuition: How heart rate can contribute to prediction of future events2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-086
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
086 - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Patrizio Tressoldi, Stefano Massaccesi, Massimiliano Martinelli
Institution(s): Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Padova (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Written consent forms of participants
Language: eng
Author:
Tressoldi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Massaccesi, S., Martinelli, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-086.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
Implicit intuition: How heart rate can contribute to prediction of future events
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/39751502/implicit-intuition-how-heart-rate-can-contribute-prediction-future-events
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Using a well-established methodological paradigm to investigate the presentiment phenomenon and its extension to pre-alerting and guessing tasks, we planned to explore in this study whether participant heart rate signals could be used to predict whether randomly selected future stimuli would be pleasant or unpleasant. After evidence was found in Experiment 1 of different anticipatory signals before the perception of pleasant and unpleasant sounds, we further explored the effect by asking participants to block incoming unpleasant sounds. The prediction was tested in Experiment 2 using an explicit intuitive condition in which participants were informed when their physiological response suggested that the next sound would be unpleasant, and they were able to skip it by pressing the computer mouse. We also included an implicit condition in which incoming unpleasant sounds were automatically skipped, based on physiological response. Experiment 3 used only the implicit intuitive condition. In the implicit intuitive condition, we found an r 0.40 (Expt. 2) and an rs = 0.69 (Expt. 3) between the scores on the Tellegen Absorption Scale and the difference between blocked pleasant and unpleasant sounds. The total variance explained by Absorption and a measure of Expected Efficacy was R2corr = 0.105 (Expt.2) and 0.57 (Expt.3). The specific role of absorption in facilitating implicit intuition was confirmed by the low correlation, r = -0.22, with the difference between the blocked pleasant and unpleasant sounds in the explicit condition (Expt. 2). When participants were divided into high and low scorers on absorption, high absorbers obtained a statistically significant difference in the means of blocked pleasant and unpleasant sounds (Expt. 2 and Expt. 3), but only in the implicit condition. Overall, these results seem to suggest the possibility of exploiting anticipatory physiological signals to predict future events using implicit intuition.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tressoldi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Martinelli, M., Zaccaria, E., Massaccesi, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Tressoldi, P., Martinelli, M., Zaccaria, E. & Massaccesi, S. (2009). Implicit intuition: How heart rate can contribute to prediction of future events. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 73(1), 1-16.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Implicit intuition / Anticipation / Absorption / Heart rate

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DocumentFurther Evidence of the Possibility of Exploiting Anticipatory Physiological Signals to Assist Implicit Intuition of Random Events2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-086
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
086 - How psychophysiological anticipatory information can be used to solve intuitive tasks with random events
Duration: 2009-01 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Patrizio Tressoldi, Stefano Massaccesi, Massimiliano Martinelli
Institution(s): Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Padova (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Written consent forms of participants
Language: eng
Author:
Tressoldi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Massaccesi, S., Martinelli, M.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-086.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
Further Evidence of the Possibility of Exploiting Anticipatory Physiological Signals to Assist Implicit Intuition of Random Events
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.academia.edu/1419004/Further_evidence_of_the_possibility_of_exploiting_anticipatory_physiological_signals_to_assist_implicit_intuition_of_random_events
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
With this study, we aimed to replicate and extend the ?ndings ob-tained by Tressoldi, Martinelli, Zaccaria, and Massaccesi (2009) who showedthat in participants with high scores on the Tellegen Absorption Scale (score> 20), anticipatory heart rate responses in an implicit pre-alerting paradigmcould be used to improve their intuitive decisions on random events. In thisstudy, two pools of pleasant and alerting sounds were used to test the gener-ality of previous ?ndings. By using ?fty participants, it was also possible tostudy whether gender could be a further moderator of the observed effect.Results con? rm the ?ndings of Tressoldi, Martinelli, Zaccaria, and Massaccesi(2009), clarifying that the effect was present only in females. Females witha high level of absorption predict more hits than females with a low level.Further statistical analysis suggests that absorption acts as an implicit cogni-tive “?lter” only for pleasant sounds.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Tressoldi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Martinelli, M., Scartezzini, L., Massaccesi, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Tressoldi, P., Martinelli, M., Scartezzini, L., & Massaccesi, S. (2010). Further Evidence of the Possibility of Exploiting Anticipatory Physiological Signals to Assist Implicit Intuition of Random Events. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 24(3), 411-424.
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Anticipatory responses / Heart rate / Intuition / Random events / Absorption / Gender differences

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DocumentPhysiological correlates of ESP: Heart rate differences between targets and nontargets2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/093
Title: Physiological correlates of ESP: Heart rate differences between targets and nontargets
Publication year: 2004
Número de inventário:
M-0096
URL: http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/19330164/physiological-correlates-esp-heart-rate-differences-between-targets-nontargets
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Physiological reactions to incoming stimuli can occur without perceptual and cognitive encoding. This paper reports the results of two experiments aimed at investigating heart rate differences in participants on viewing targets and nontargets in classical clairvoyance and precognition forced-choice tasks. We opted for very easy decision-making tasks instead of using violent/erotic pictures in order to find a scientific paradigm that may also be extended to children. The task consisted of a serial presentation of 4 calm pictures; participants had to guess which picture would be randomly selected as a target. The target was selected automatically by a pseudorandom algorithm. In the clairvoyance condition, targets were selected before participants did the trials; in the precognition one, targets were determined right after participants had made their choice. For each picture presentation, a sample of 10 heart rate data points was collected. The experiments involved 12 participants who together contributed 240 trials. Results were significant in both experiments: heart rate associated with targets increased at a statistically significant level compared to nontargets. The present results lend support to the hypothesis that heart rate may be a reliable physiological variable to detect ESP cognitive information even if overt target identification is at chance.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in archive
Language:
eng
Author:
Sartori, L.
Secondary author(s):
Massacessi, S., Martinelli, M., Tressoldi, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Sartori, L., Massacessi, S., Martinelli, M., & Tressoldi, P. (2004). Physiological correlates of ESP: Heart rate differences between targets and nontargets. Journal of Parapsychology, 68(2), 351-360.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.107|2006
Times cited: 4|2024-02-06
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Clairvoyance / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Heart rate / Decision-making / Parapsychology

DocumentAspetos psicofisiológicos da interação mãe/pai-bebé2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-157
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2012
Title:
157 - Contributions of parent-infant psychophysiology during dyadic interactions to child development
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-11
Researcher(s):
Raquel Alexandra Gonçalves Costa, Iva Tendais, Ana Conde, Catarina Tojal
Institution(s): ISLA Campus Lisboa, Laureate International Universities, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Costa, R.
Secondary author(s):
Tendais, I., Conde, A., Tojal, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Developmental psychology / Cognitive development / Psychosocial development / Physical development and health / Affective and social behavior / Parenthood / Biopsychological problems / Mental health

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-157.16
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2012
Title:
Aspetos psicofisiológicos da interação mãe/pai-bebé
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0870-82312017000400004
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Although the importance of the quality of behaviors in the mother-infant and father-infant interaction is recognized, knowledge on the physiological aspects that underlie it is still scarce. Objective: to describe the physiological response of mothers and fathers during interaction with their infants. For this purpose, heart rate, respiratory sinus arrhythmia and skin conductance of 24 mothers and 13 fathers were recorded during interaction with the infant according to the Face-to-Face Still-Face (FFSF) protocol. Results: There was an increase in heart rate during the face-to-face episode, a decrease in the still-face episode and a new increase in the recovery episode. There is a decrease in respiratory sinus arrhythmia during the face-to-face episode, an increase in the still-face episode and a further decrease in the recovery episode. Regarding skin conductance, the responses of mothers and fathers follow different patterns: in women there is an increase during the face-to-face episode, a decrease in the still-face episode and a new increase in the recovery episode while in men there is a consistent increase in skin conductance throughout the FFSF procedure. Conclusion: This study contributes to the understanding of the physiological responses of mothers and fathers during the interaction with their infants.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
por
Author:
Pereira, S.
Secondary author(s):
Costa, R., Tojal, C., Tendais, I.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pereira, S., Costa, R., Tojal, C., & Tendais, I. (2017). Aspetos psicofisiológicos da interação mãe/pai-bebé. Análise Psicológica, 35(4), 453-467. https://doi.org/10.14417/ap.1271
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Mother-infant interaction / Father-infant interaction / Physiological response / Face-to-face still-face / Respiratory sinus arrhythmia / Heart rate / Skin conductance

Aspetos psicofisiológicos da interação mãe/pai-bebé

Aspetos psicofisiológicos da interação mãe/pai-bebé

DocumentPsychophysiological reactivity in couples during a marital interaction task2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-087
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2012
Title:
087 - Neurobiological correlates of empathy in couples: A study of central and peripheral measures
Duration: 2013-05 - 2017/07
Researcher(s):
Joana Fernandes Pereira Coutinho, Cledna Patricia de Oliveira Silva, Jean Decety, Kristin Perrone McGovern, Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Vânia Andrea Sousa Gonçalves Moreira de Lima
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Escola de Psicologia, Universidade do Minho (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
2 Articles (1 published and 1 submitted)
Language: eng
Author:
Coutinho, J.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, C. P., Decety, J., McGovern, K., Gonçalves, O., Lima, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Affective and social behavior / Conjugality / Brain structure and function / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-087.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2012
Title:
Psychophysiological reactivity in couples during a marital interaction task
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10484-017-9380-2
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The ability to regulate our own physiological arousal when dealing with the emotional expression of our partner is crucial for satisfactory and stable intimate relationships. In previous physiological studies of marital interactions, researchers have found greater levels of psychophysiological arousal for members of the couple in conflictual interactions in comparison with positive interactions. Past researchers have established that intense and prolonged autonomic and neuroendocrine arousal during marital conflict can have negative consequences for mental and physical health. In this study we examined the physiological reactivity, as measured by skin conductance level, heart rate and cortisol levels, from both partners during a couple's interaction task consisting of a structured conversation about positive and negative aspects of their relationship. Participants were thirty-two heterosexual couples (N?=?64) in a committed monogamous relationship with a minimum duration of one year. We found higher heart rate and cortisol levels during negative interaction condition when compared with the positive condition. Skin conductance was higher in the positive interaction condition, when compared with the negative interaction condition. In addition, we found a significant negative association between heart rate variability and autonomic arousal evoked by the interaction task. The implications of these findings for the effects of marital strain on health as well as for the design of risk-reducing interventions, namely biofeedback are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permssion
Language:
eng
Author:
Coutinho, J.
Secondary author(s):
Oliveira-Silva, P. , Mesquita, A., Barbosa, M., Perrone-McGovern, K. M. , Gonçalves, O. F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Coutinho, J., Oliveira-Silva, P., Mesquita, A., Barbosa, M., Perrone-McGovern, K., & Gonçalves, O. F., (2017). Psychophysiological reactivity in couples during a marital interaction task. Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, 42(4), 335-346. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10484-017-9380-2
2-year Impact Factor: 1.347|2017
Times cited: 15|2024-02-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Couples / Marital interaction / Physiological measures / Skin Conductance / Heart rate / Cortisol

DocumentHeart rate and heart rate variability during sleep in family dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate effect of pre-sleep emotions2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
169 - The potential effect of behavioral stimulation on social competence in dogs (via endogenous oxytocin release)
Duration: 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Anna Kis, József Topál, Alin Ciobica, Radu Lefter, Katinka Tóth
Institution(s): Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience and Psychology, Research Centre for Natural Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary); Department of Animal Physiology and Behaviour "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi (Romania)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Kis, A.
Secondary author(s):
Topál, J., Ciobica, A., Lefter, R., Tóth, K.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Dog (Canis familiaris) / Social stimutation / Oxytocin / Social cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-169.10
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Heart rate and heart rate variability during sleep in family dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate effect of pre-sleep emotions
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6071078/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The domestic dog (Canis familiaris) has been shown to both excel in recognising human emotions and produce emotion-related vocalisations and postures that humans can easily recognise. However, little is known about the effect of emotional experiences on subsequent sleep physiology, a set of phenomena heavily interrelated with emotions in the case of humans. The present paper examines heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) during dogs' sleep, measures that are influenced by both positive and negative emotions in awake dogs. In Study I, descriptive HR and HRV data is provided on N = 12 dogs about the different sleep stages (wake, drowsiness, non-rapid eye movement (non-REM), REM; scoring based on electroencephalogram (EEG) data). We conclude that wakefulness is characterised by higher HR and lower HRV compared to all sleep stages. Furthermore, drowsiness is characterised by higher HR and lower HRV than non-REM and REM, but only if the electrocardiogram (ECG) samples are taken from the first occurrence of a given sleep stage, not when the longest periods of each sleep stage are analysed. Non-REM and REM sleep were not found to be different from each other in either HR or HRV parameters. In Study II, sleep HR and HRV measures are compared in N = 16 dogs after a positive versus negative social interaction (within-subject design). The positive social interaction consisted of petting and ball play, while the negative social interaction was a mixture of separation, threatening approach and still face test. Results are consistent with the two-dimensional emotion hypothesis in that following the intense positive interaction more elevated HR and decreased HRV is found compared to the mildly negative (lower intensity) interaction. However, although this trend can be observed in all sleep stages except for REM, the results only reach significance in the wake stage. In sum, the present findings suggest that HR and HRV are possible to measure during dogs' sleep, and can potentially be used to study the effect of emotions not only during but also after such interactions.
Language: eng
Author:
Varga, B.
Secondary author(s):
Gergely, A., Galambos, Á., Kis, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Varga, B., Gergely, A., Galambos, Á., & Kis, A. (2018). Heart rate and heart rate variability during sleep in family dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate effect of pre-sleep emotions. Animals, 8(7), 107.
2-year Impact Factor: 1.654|2018
Times cited: 16|2024-02-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Dog / Emotion / Heart rate / Sleep

Heart rate and heart rate variability during sleep in family dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate effect of pre-sleep emotions

Heart rate and heart rate variability during sleep in family dogs (Canis familiaris). Moderate effect of pre-sleep emotions

DocumentWhen our hearts beat together: Cardiac synchrony as an entry point to understand dyadic co-regulation in couples2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-087
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2012
Title:
087 - Neurobiological correlates of empathy in couples: A study of central and peripheral measures
Duration: 2013-05 - 2017/07
Researcher(s):
Joana Fernandes Pereira Coutinho, Cledna Patricia de Oliveira Silva, Jean Decety, Kristin Perrone McGovern, Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves, Vânia Andrea Sousa Gonçalves Moreira de Lima
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação em Psicologia, Escola de Psicologia, Universidade do Minho (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
2 Articles (1 published and 1 submitted)
Language: eng
Author:
Coutinho, J.
Secondary author(s):
Silva, C. P., Decety, J., McGovern, K., Gonçalves, O., Lima, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Empathy / Affective and social behavior / Conjugality / Brain structure and function / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-087.20
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 24/2012
Title:
When our hearts beat together: Cardiac synchrony as an entry point to understand dyadic co-regulation in couples
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/psyp.13739
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The degree to which romantic partners' autonomic responses are coordinated, represented by their pattern of physiological synchrony, seems to capture important aspects of the reciprocal influence and co-regulation between spouses. In this study, we analyzed couple's cardiac synchrony as measured by heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV). A sample of 27 couples (N = 54) performed a structured interaction task in the lab where they discussed positive and negative aspects of the relationship. During the interaction, their cardiac measures (HR and HRV) were recorded using the BIOPAC System. Additional assessment, prior to the lab interaction task, included self-report measures of empathy (Interpersonal Reactivity Index and Interpersonal Reactivity Index for Couples) and relationship satisfaction (Revised Dyadic Adjustment Scale). Synchrony computation was based on the windowed cross-correlation of both partner's HR and HRV time series. In order to control for random synchrony, surrogate controls were created using segment-wise shuffling. Our results confirmed the presence of cardiac synchrony during the couple's interaction when compared to surrogate testing. Specifically, we found evidence for negative (antiphase) synchrony of couple's HRV and positive (in-phase) synchrony of HR. Further, both HRV and HR synchronies were associated with several dimensions of self-report data. This study suggests that cardiac synchrony, particularly, the direction of the covariation in the partners' physiological time series, may have an important relational meaning in the context of marital interactions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Coutinho, J.
Secondary author(s):
Pereira, A., Oliveira-Silva, P., Meier, D., Lourenço, V., Tschacher, W.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4
Reference:
Coutinho, J., Pereira, A., Oliveira-Silva, P., Meier, D., Lourenço, V., & Tschacher, W. (2021). When our hearts beat together: Cardiac synchrony as an entry point to understand dyadic co-regulation in couples. Psychophysiology, 58(3): e13739. https://doi.org/10.1111/psyp.13739
2-year Impact Factor: 4.348|2021
Times cited: 23|2024-02-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Heart rate / Heart rate variability / Physiological synchrony / Romantic relationships / Surrogate synchrony (SUSY)

DocumentData mining techniques in psychotherapy: applications for studying therapeutic alliance2023

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-178
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2012
Title:
178 - How collaboration in psychotherapy becomes therapeutic: a study of interactive and psychophysiological processes in good and poor outcome cases
Duration: 2013-06 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Eugénia Maria Ribeiro Pereira, Adriana Sampaio, Cledna Patricia Silva, António P. Ribeiro, Adam O. Horvath, William B. Stiles, Inês Sousa, Joana Mourão, Dulce Pinto, Zita Sousa
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação em Psicologia (CIPsi/UM), School of Psychology, Universidade do Minho (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Master theses
PhD theses
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Pereira, E.
Secondary author(s):
Sampaio, A., Silva, C. P., Ribeiro, A., Horvath, A., Stiles, W., Sousa, I., Mourão, J., Pinto, D., Sousa, Z.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Intervention / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-178.21
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Data mining techniques in psychotherapy: applications for studying therapeutic alliance
Publication year: 2023
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-023-43366-6
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Therapeutic Alliance (TA) has been consistently reported as a robust predictor of therapy outcomes and is one of the most investigated therapy relational factors. Research on therapists' and clients' contributions to the alliance development and the alliance-outcome relationship had shown mixed results. The relation of the therapist's and client's biological markers with the alliance is an important and under-investigated topic. Taking advantage of data mining techniques, this exploratory study aimed to investigate the role of different therapist and client factors, including heart rate (HR) and electrodermal activity (EDA), in relation to TA. Twenty-two dyads with 6 therapists and 22 clients participated in the study. The Working Alliance Inventory (WAI) was used to evaluate the client's and therapist's perception of the alliance at the end of each session and through the therapy processes. The Cross-Industry Standard Process for Data Mining (CRISP-DM) was used to explore patterns that may contribute to TA. Machine Learning (ML) models have been employed to provide insights into the predictors and correlates of TA. Our results showed that Linear Regression (LR) was the best technique for predicting the therapist's TA, with client "Diagnostic" and therapy "Termination" being identified as significant predictors of the therapist's TA. In addition, for clients' TA, the Random Forest (RF) was shown to have the best performance. The therapist's TA and therapy "Outcome" were observed as the most influential predictors for the client's TA. In addition, while the Heart Rate (therapist) was negatively associated with the therapist's TA, EDA in the client was a physiological indicator related to the client's TA. Overall, these findings can assist in identifying key factors that therapists should focus on to enhance the quality of therapeutic alliance. Results are discussed in terms of their consistency with empirical literature, innovative and interdisciplinary research on the therapeutic alliance field, and, in particular, the use of the Data Mining approach in a psychotherapy context.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mosavi, N. S.
Secondary author(s):
Ribeiro, E., Sampaio, A., Santos, M. F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
5
Reference:
Mosavi, N. S., Ribeiro, E., Sampaio, A., & Santos, M. F. (2023). Data mining techniques in psychotherapy: applications for studying therapeutic alliance. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 16409. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-023-43366-6
2-year Impact Factor: 4.6|2022
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2022
Times cited: 1|2024-02-16
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Therapeutic alliance / Heart rate / Electrodermal activity

Data mining techniques in psychotherapy: applications for studying therapeutic alliance

Data mining techniques in psychotherapy: applications for studying therapeutic alliance