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BIAL Foundation
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DocumentFinal report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
Final report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa0106.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In previous research, we found that many people seem to know who is calling or sending an email or SMS message. Hit rates were above chance in randomized tests.
In this project, we carried out automated tests using emails or telephone calls. Subjects registered online, giving their name, sex and age, the names of three contacts, people they knew well, and email addresses or mobile telephone numbers of all participants.
The computer then selected one of the contacts at random and sent her a message by email or SMS asking her to contact the subject through an email address or telephone number provided on the message. After she had responded, the system contacted the subject asking him to guess from which of his three contacts he was about to receive a message. After the guess was made, the email message was delivered or the telephone call connected. Subjects thus received immediate feedback. After a random time delay this process was repeated until 6 trials had been completed.
In the email telepathy test, in over 400 trials, the hit rate was 41.8%, significantly above the 33.3% level expected by chance (p=.0001). In the telephone telepathy test, in more than 1,900 trials, the hit rate was 43.0%, very significantly above the as 33.3% expected by chance (p <1x10 -9). There was no significant difference between the hit rates with male and female subjects. Both these experiments were also carried out in a precognitive form, in which the sender of the message was selected at random only after the subject had made his guess. In the precognitive email experiment the results were at chance level. In the precognitive telephone experiment the hit rate was 33.8%, only slightly above chance (with 548 trials, p=.03).
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Automated tests / Precognition / SMS messages / E-mails / Mobile phone / Hit rate

Final report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls

Final report - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls

DocumentA rapid online telepathy test2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
001 - Automated testing for telepathy using emails and telephone calls
Duration: 2007-10 - 2010-06
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pamela Smart, David Luke
Institution(s): Perrot-Warrick Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles (only three as outcome of this project)
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Luke, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Precognition

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-001.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2006
Title:
A rapid online telepathy test
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.amsciepub.com/doi/abs/10.2466/pr0.104.3.957-970
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In an automated online telepathy test, each participant had four senders, two actual and two virtual, generated by the computer. In a series of 12 30-sec. trials, the computer selected one of the senders at random and asked him to write a message to the subject. After 30 sec., the participant was asked to guess who had written a message. After the computer had recorded his guess, it sent him the message. In a total of 6,000 trials, there were 1,559 hits (26.7%), significantly above the chance expectation of 25%. In filmed tests, the hit rate was very similar. The hit rate with actual senders was higher than with virtual senders, but there was a strong guessing bias in favour of actual senders. When high-scoring subjects were retested, hit rates generally declined, but one subject repeatedly scored above chance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Beeharee, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., & Beeharee, A. (2009). A rapid online telepathy test. Psychological Reports, 104(3), 957-970. https://doi.org/10.2466/pr0.104.3.957-970
2-year Impact Factor: 0.346|2009
Times cited: 1|2024-02-05
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Automated tests / Hit rate / Online test

A rapid online telepathy test

A rapid online telepathy test

DocumentOn the sense of being stared at: An analysis and pilot replication2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
On the sense of being stared at: An analysis and pilot replication
Publication year: 2004
Número de inventário:
M-0075
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Data collected in the majority of ‘the sense of being stared at’ experiments indicate that people tend to respond correctly when being stared at, and at chance when not being stared at. After statistical adjustment for overall response bias (the tendency to respond ‘yes’), this asymmetry disappears. But such an analysis assumes that response biases are constant across all trials. The question arises as to whether response biases may differ during stare and no-stare conditions. In a small-scale replication study with feedback after each trial (N = 625 trials), hit rates similar to those reported by Sheldrake were obtained, and a nearly significant difference in response biases was observed between stare and no-stare trials (p = 0.06). This asymmetry was observed primarily in the first six trials in 20-trial runs, arguing against a subliminal cuing hypothesis.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Radin, D. (2004). On the sense of being stared at: An analysis and pilot replication. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 68, 246-253.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sense of being stared at / Staring effect / Hit rate