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DocumentTelepathy and telepresence in immersive virtual reality2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
135 - Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, Christine Simmonds-Moore, Jezz Fox
Institution(s): Manchester University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Conference proceedings
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
Telepathy and telepresence in immersive virtual reality
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/247705978_Telepathy_and_telepresence_in_immersive_virtual_reality
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Simmonds, C., & Fox, J. (2005). Telepathy and telepresence in immersive virtual reality. Proceedings of Presented Papers: The Parapsychological Association 48th Annual Convention (pp. 236-241).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Immersive virtual reality

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentThe design and implementation of the telepathic immersive virtual reality system2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
135 - Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, Christine Simmonds-Moore, Jezz Fox
Institution(s): Manchester University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Conference proceedings
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
The design and implementation of the telepathic immersive virtual reality system
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.researchgate.net/publication/247830100_THE_DESIGN_AND_IMPLEMENTATION_OF_THE_TELEPATHIC_IMMERSIVE_VIRTUAL_REALITY_SYSTEM
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This paper describes a project which has a focus on immersive virtual reality (IVR) as an experimental
environment and medium for telepathy. IVR denotes the use of three-dimensional computer graphics
technology to generate artificial environments that afford real-time interaction and exploration. These are
intended to give the user an impression of being present (‘telepresence’) or immersed in a computer-generated world. A sense of immersion is promoted through the use of head mounted displays (HMDs). These present stereo images and sound to create a perceptually encompassing computer environment. An instrumented data glove allows participants to interact with virtual objects. We argue that IVR has a number of features which make it well suited for the study of telepathy, including a higher degree of experimental control, the co-location of senders and receivers, and the opportunity for more ‘natural’ and meaningful (to participants) experimental trials. In the early stages of the project we have focussed on developing an immersive virtual environment (the Telepathic Immersive Virtual Environment, or TIVE) which acts as the experimental environment for both ‘Sender’ and ‘Receiver’ in the later telepathy trials. This environment looks like a room: for example, it has a door, a window, a chair, a bookshelf and a potted plant. During the experimental trials the bookshelf is filled with four objects. These objects are interactive; that is, both Sender and Receiver are able to pick up and manipulate the target object. In addition the Receiver can also handle three other objects which form part of the target set (the Sender does not see these additional objects). As the Sender and Receiver handle an object in the TIVE they hear a sound evocative of that object. Having constructed the TIVE our work now focuses on two telepathy studies. In these studies the Sender tries to communicate to the Receiver by telepathic means the identity of an object randomly chosen from a set of four (the set is in turn randomly chosen from a group of four sets). Within this paper we describe the general procedure for our telepathy studies using the TIVE. This includes the computerised random process of target set selection (and of selecting which object in the set acts as the target), and the use of gesture recognition for object selection and de-selection. We conclude the paper with some indication of our future plans for the TIVE.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Howard, T., Fox, J., Caillette, F., Simmonds-Moore, C., Wilde, D.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Howard, T., Fox, J., Caillette, F., Simmonds-Moore, C., & Wilde, D. (2006). The design and implementation of the telepathic immersive virtual reality system. In C. Simmonds-Moore (Ed.), Proceedings of The Parapsychological Association 49th Annual Convention: Proceedings of presented papers (pp. 100-114). Stockholm, Sweden: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychopathology / Telepathy / Immersive virtual reality

The design and implementation of the telepathic immersive virtual reality system

The design and implementation of the telepathic immersive virtual reality system

DocumentObservations of the embodied use of target objects in the telepathy virtual environment2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
135 - Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, Christine Simmonds-Moore, Jezz Fox
Institution(s): Manchester University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Conference proceedings
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
Observations of the embodied use of target objects in the telepathy virtual environment
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.spr.ac.uk/psedsite/SPRconfabstracts2006.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The University of Manchester and Liverpool Hope University have been collaborating on a project which uses immersive virtual reality (IVR) as an experimental environment and medium for telepathy. IVR denotes the use of three-dimensional computer graphics technology to generate artificial environments that afford real-time interaction and exploration. These are intended to give the user an impression of being present (‘telepresence’) or immersed in a computer-generated world. A sense of immersion is promoted through the use of head mounted displays (HMDs). These present stereo images and sound to create a perceptually encompassing computer environment. An instrumented data glove allows participants to interact with virtual objects. We argue that IVR has a number of features which make it well suited for the study of telepathy, including a higher degree of experimental control, the colocation of senders and receivers, and the opportunity for more ‘natural’ and meaningful (to participants) experimental trials.
A further possible benefit of IVR in telepathy research is its facilitation of embodied attempts at telepathy. If the Sender (S) and Receiver (R) in a telepathy trial are allowed to interact with the target pool (such as a book, a vase, or a chair) this might also facilitate both the acts of sending and receiving. This would also go some way to addressing some of the problems with telepathy research identified by researchers who argue against a purely visual transfer model of telepathy, and would be a further move to more complex (on a number of levels) target material now widely supported in the research literature. Personal handling of target pool objects by both S and R might be expected to add other aspects to the telepathic communication process usually absent in the methodological design of research on this topic: indeed there are anecdotal accounts in the research literature of research participants who spontaneously try to act out aspects of the pictorial content of targets. As the relationship between S, R and the target pool objects becomes more interactive this might facilitate the transfer of emotions, meanings and experiences that better convey what these are. An object which can be handled might be expected to make accessible the personal meanings, purposes of use, and so on, of the object for S and R than might possibly be achieved via a static (or even moving) image or written name (which are more commonly used in telepathy research studies). Such a view would find support from work in ecological psychology, particular work on optical flow and affordances.
In this presentation we will focus on the qualitative observations of the telepathy IVR system in use, and
in particular on (1) the occasions when participants interact with target pool objects in an embodied
manner and (2) participants expressions of ‘like’ and ‘dislike’ of certain objects, and the reasons which
they provide. We believe such qualitative observations are valuable in aiding the refinement of future
experimental telepathy studies, including the types of target objects used. The presentation will include
an audio-visual presentation of the telepathy virtual environment in use to illustrate our qualitative
findings.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D., Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J., Howard, T.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Wilde, D., Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J., & Howard, T. (2006). Observations of the embodied use of target objects in the telepathy virtual environment. In 30th International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research: Abstracts of papers (p. 17). Liverpool.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychopathology / Telepathy / Immersive virtual reality

Observations of the embodied use of target objects in the telepathy virtual environment

Observations of the embodied use of target objects in the telepathy virtual environment

DocumentTesting for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
135 - Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, Christine Simmonds-Moore, Jezz Fox
Institution(s): Manchester University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Conference proceedings
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.spr.ac.uk/main/page/conference-abstracts-2007
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We have previously reported on the use of immersive virtual reality (IVR) as an experimental environment and medium for the study of telepathy (Murray, Simmonds and Fox, 2005; Murray, Howard, Fox, Caillette, Simmonds-Moore and Wilde, 2006). Our own Telepathy Immersive Virtual Environment (TIVE) uses three-dimensional computer graphics technology to generate artificial environments that afford real-time interaction and exploration in conjunction with head mounted displays (HMDs), sound, instrumented data gloves which allow participants to interact with virtual objects. In previous work we have suggested IVR overcomes (to a degree) the dislocation of sender and receiver and enables a more equitable balance between experimental control and ecological validity than in traditional telepathy research, as well as including multi-sensory target materials suggested by the research literature to be more conducive to higher hit rates. Here we provide the results of a test of telepathic communication using TIVE. A total of 200 participants (88 males, 112 females, mean age = 28.9, range 16-64 yrs, SD = 9.13) were tested in pairs, once as a sender and once as a receiver. This study did not find support for the psi hypothesis, either in terms of directional hitting or in a post hoc magnitude analysis, where the outcomes were no different from what would be expected by chance. As such, this indicates that the virtual reality experiment (as it is currently designed) is not conducive to above chance findings, or alternatively, that psi does not exist in the first place. For proponents of telepathy these results will be disappointing, particularly as they do not come close to the significant effect found in much ganzfeld research.
A number of potential criticisms of the present work will be discussed. For example, although we drew upon previous ganzfeld work as providing the theoretical underpinnings for much of our rationale for why immersive virtual reality may optimize the conditions expected to be conducive to observing telepathy in the laboratory, our study differs in other, perhaps more crucial ways to ganzfeld work. For instance, our study did not include any relaxation period which has been proposed by some researchers to be in part responsible for the significant effect found in some ganzfeld studies. Second, we did not select a particular ‘special’ population (e.g. ‘meditators’ and ‘creatives’) to take part in the study which previous work has suggested obtain better hit rates than student samples. A third criticism may be that, again unlike the ganzfeld where trials frequently last as long as two hours, our own trials lasted 7 minutes each. Some researchers may feel that this is too short a time to inculcate the necessary conditions for the occurrence of telepathy in the lab. A further argument maybe that in the present study participants took the role of a Receiver and Sender only once each, and an increased number of trials testing participants in the same roles might be more successful in demonstrating an effect.
Although we envisaged that IVR would provide a much more dynamic and multi-sensory rendition of target stimuli than has been achieved in previous research, and therefore provide an increased opportunity for the correct identification of the target by the Receiver, it may be that more meaningful targets might improve the potential psi-conducive nature of this type of study. The relationship of participants to the stimuli might be important in the likelihood that a correct identification will be obtained. For instance, one extension of the present work which we propose is the inclusion of people with a variety of phobias and the use of phobic material or objects such as spiders, snakes, blood and needles. The use of such participants and stimuli might be expected to increase the likelihood of correct target identification when such stimuli are the targets (or to inhibit this (psi-missing) when such material acts as a distracter).
The virtual environment itself could be modified further to include increasingly realistic objects which allow for more participant interaction. Future research dissemination will explore correlates of psi performance within the same study. This approach takes the view that the psi process may function differentially according to state of consciousness and personality factors. The null effect overall reported here may therefore reflect a systematic balance of psi hitting and psi missing.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Fox, J., Wilde, D., Simmonds-Moore, C., Howard, T.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Fox, J., Wilde, D., Simmonds-Moore, C., & Howard, T. (2007). Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment. Proceedings of the 31st International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research, Cardiff.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Parapsychology / Telepathy / Immersive virtual reality

DocumentTesting for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
135 - Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, Christine Simmonds-Moore, Jezz Fox
Institution(s): Manchester University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Conference proceedings
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/34101561/testing-telepathy-using-immersive-virtual-environment
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Within this paper we report on the use immersive virtual reality (IVR) as an experimental environment and medium for the study of telepathy. Our own Telepathy Immersive Virtual Environment (TIVE) uses three-dimensional computer graphics technology to generate artificial environments that afford real-time interaction and exploration in conjunction with head mounted displays (HMDs), sound, instrumented data gloves which allow participants to interact with virtual objects. Here we report the results of a test of telepathic communication using TIVE. A total of 200 participants (88 males, 112 females, mean age = 28.9, range 16-64 yrs, SD = 9.13) were tested in pairs, once as a sender and once as a receiver. This study did not find support for the psi hypothesis, either in terms of directional hitting or in a post hoc magnitude analysis, where the outcomes were no different from what would be expected by chance. Suggestions for this outcome are discussed along with suggestions for further work.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Howard, T., Wilde, D., Fox, J., Simmonds-Moore, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Howard, T., Wilde, D., Fox, J., & Simmonds-Moore, C. (2007). Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment. Journal of Parapsychology, 71(1), 105-124.
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available after 2006
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Immersive virtual reality

Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment

Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment

DocumentTelepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
135 - Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2005-11 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, Christine Simmonds-Moore, Jezz Fox
Institution(s): Manchester University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
2 Conference proceedings
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-135.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2004
Title:
Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
We developed an immersive virtual reality (IVR) application as an experimental environment and medium for the study of telepathy. Our own Telepathy Immersive Virtual Environment (TIVE) uses threedimensional
computer graphics technology to generate artificial environments that afford real-time interaction and
exploration in conjunction with head mounted displays (HMDs), sound, instrumented data gloves that allow
participants to interact with virtual objects.
METHODS:
We conducted two telepathy studies using TIVE. Study 1 included 100 participant pairs who each completed a trial as a sender and receiver, 200 trials in total. In Study 2 30 participant pairs took part in four further trials without changing roles, a total of 120 trials.
RESULTS:
Neither of the above studies showed evidence in support for the psi hypothesis, either in terms of directional
hitting or in a post hoc magnitude analysis, where the outcomes were no different from what would be expected by chance.
CONCLUSIONS:
Future analyses will explore correlates of psi performance within the same studies. This approach takes the view that the psi process may function differentially according to state of consciousness and personality factors. The null effect overall reported here may therefore reflect a systematic balance of psi hitting and psi missing.
PUBLICATIONS:
Murray, C.D., Simmonds, C. and Fox, J. (2005) Telepathy and telepresence in immersive virtual reality. Proceedings of the Parapsychological Association, 48th Annual Convention. Pp.236-241.; Murray, C.D., Howard, T., Fox, J., Caillette, F., Simmonds-Moore, C. and Wilde, D. (2006) The design and implementation of the
telepathic immersive virtual reality system. In C. Simmonds-Moore, editor, Proceedings of The Parapsychological Association 49th Annual Convention, pages 100-114, Stockholm, August 2006.; Murray, C.D., Wilde, D., Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J. and Howard, T. (2006) Observations of the embodied use of target objects in the telepathy virtual environment. Paper presented at the 30th International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research, Liverpool.; Murray, C.D., Fox, J., Wilde, D., Simmonds-Moore, C., and Howard, T. (2007) Testing for telepathy using an immersive virtual environment. Paper presented at the 31st International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research, Cardiff.; Murray, C.D., Howard, T., Fox, J., Caillette, F., Simmonds-Moore, C. and Wilde, D. (in press) The design and implementation of the telepathic immersive virtual reality system. International Journal of Parapsychology, 13.; Murray, C.D., Simmonds-Moore, C., Howard, T., Wilde, D. and Fox, J. (in press) Testing for Telepathy Using an Immersive Virtual Environment. Journal of Parapsychology
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Simmonds-Moore, C., Fox, J.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Simmonds-Moore, C., & Fox, J. (2008). Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Immersive virtual reality / Telepathy

Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality

Telepresence and telepathy in immersive virtual reality

DocumentMere observation of body discontinuity affects perceived ownership and vicarious agency over a virtual hand2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-150
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
150 - Measuring the Self: behavioural and neural correlates of bodily awareness
Duration: 2015-02 - 2017-03
Researcher(s):
Emmanuele Tidoni, Gaetano Tieri, Matteo Candidi, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Institution(s): Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, Rome (Italy); Department of Psychology, University of Rome "La Sapienza", Rome (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
7 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Tidoni, E.
Secondary author(s):
Tieri, G., Candidi, M., Aglioti, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Virtual Reality / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Skin Conductance Response / Bodily Self illusions / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-150.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Mere observation of body discontinuity affects perceived ownership and vicarious agency over a virtual hand
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00221-015-4202-3
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The mental representation of one’s body typically implies the continuity of its parts. Here, we used immersive virtual reality to explore whether mere observation of visual discontinuity between the hand and limb of an avatar could influence a person’s sense of ownership of the virtual body (feeling of ownership, FO) and being the agent of its actions (vicarious agency, VA). In experiment 1, we tested whether placing different amounts of visual discontinuity between a virtual hand and limb differently modulate the perceived FO and VA. Participants passively observed from a first-person perspective four different versions of a virtual limb: (1) a full limb; a hand detached from the proximal part of the limb because of deletion of (2) the wrist; (3) the wrist and forearm; (4) and the wrist, forearm and elbow. After observing the static or moving virtual limb, participants reported their feeling of ownership (FO) and vicarious agency (VA) over the hand. We found that even a small visual discontinuity between the virtual hand and arm significantly decreased participants’ FO over the hand during observation of the static limb. Moreover, in the same condition, we found that passive observation of the avatar’s actions induced a decrease in both FO and VA. We replicated the same results in a second study (experiment 2) where we investigated the modulation of FO and VA by comparing the visual body discontinuity with a condition in which the virtual limb was partially occluded. Our data show that mere observation of limb discontinuity can change a person’s ownership and agency over a virtual body observed from a first-person perspective, even in the absence of any multisensory stimulation of the real body. These results shed new light on the role of body visual continuity in modulating self-awareness and agency in immersive virtual reality.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Tieri, G.
Secondary author(s):
Tidoni, E., Pavone, E. F., Aglioti, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Tieri, G., Tidoni, E., Pavone, E. F., & Aglioti, S. M. (2015). Mere observation of body discontinuity affects perceived ownership and vicarious agency over a virtual hand. Experimental Brain Research, 233(4), 1247-1259. doi: 10.1007/s00221-015-4202-3
2-year Impact Factor: 2.057|2015
Times cited: 62|2021-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Vicarious agency / Feeling of body ownership / Visual continuity / Immersive virtual reality

DocumentInfluence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-218
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
218 - Virtual bodies, real empathy: Behavioural, bodily, and neural reactivity to the observation of pain and pleasure on self and others in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2017-04 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Gaetano Tieri, Martina Fusaro, Valentina Nicolardi, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Institution(s): Unitelma Sapienza, Rome (Italy); Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Rome “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress Reports
Final report
Author: Tieri, G.
Secondary author(s):
Fusaro, M., Nicolardi, V., Aglioti, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Virtual Reality / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Empathy for pain and pleasure / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-218.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Influence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://linkinghub.elsevier.com/retrieve/pii/S1053-8100(18)30347-7
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Observing others' pain may induce a reaction called personal distress that may be influenced by top-down (imagine self or other in pain, i.e., self- vs other-oriented stance) and bottom-up (physical perspective of those who suffer, i.e., first vs third person perspective- 1PP vs 3PP) processes. The different contributions of these processes have not been teased apart. By capitalizing on the power of Immersive Virtual Reality, we explored how behavioural (subjective ratings) and physiological reactivity (skin conductance reactivity, SCR) to pain and pleasure delivered to an avatar was influenced by Cognitive stance and Physical perspective. Taking an Other-Oriented stance leads to attributing higher congruent valence (i.e. pain rated as unpleasant and pleasure as pleasant) and intensity to the stimuli and induces reduced SCR. Ownership over the virtual limb was maximal in 1PP where physiological reactivity to the stimuli was comparable. Our results highlight different components underpinning reactivity to pain and pleasure.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Fusaro, M.
Secondary author(s):
Tieri, G., Aglioti, S. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Fusaro, M., Tieri, G., & Aglioti, S. M. (2019). Influence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study. Consciousness and Cognition, 67, 86-97. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.010
2-year Impact Factor: 2.044|2019
Times cited: 9|2021-05-21
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Cognitive and physical perspective-taking / Empathy / Feeling of ownership / Immersive virtual reality / Pleasant touch / Vicarious pain

Influence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study

Influence of cognitive stance and physical perspective on subjective and autonomic reactivity to observed pain and pleasure: An immersive virtual reality study

DocumentVisual appearance of a virtual upper limb modulates the temperature of the real hand: A thermal imaging study in Immersive Virtual Reality2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-218
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
218 - Virtual bodies, real empathy: Behavioural, bodily, and neural reactivity to the observation of pain and pleasure on self and others in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2017-04 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Gaetano Tieri, Martina Fusaro, Valentina Nicolardi, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Institution(s): Unitelma Sapienza, Rome (Italy); Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Rome “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress Reports
Final report
Author: Tieri, G.
Secondary author(s):
Fusaro, M., Nicolardi, V., Aglioti, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Virtual Reality / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Empathy for pain and pleasure / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-218.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Visual appearance of a virtual upper limb modulates the temperature of the real hand: A thermal imaging study in Immersive Virtual Reality
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/ejn.13545
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
To explore the link between Sense of Embodiment (SoE) over a virtual hand and physiological regulation of skin temperature, 24 healthy participants were immersed in virtual reality through a Head Mounted Display and had their real limb temperature recorded by means of a high-sensitivity infrared camera. Participants observed a virtual right upper limb (appearing either normally, or with the hand detached from the forearm) or limb-shaped non-corporeal control objects (continuous or discontinuous wooden blocks) from a first-person perspective. Subjective ratings of SoE were collected in each observation condition, as well as temperatures of the right and left hand, wrist and forearm. The observation of these complex, body and body-related virtual scenes resulted in increased real hand temperature when compared to a baseline condition in which a 3d virtual ball was presented. Crucially, observation of non-natural appearances of the virtual limb (discontinuous limb) and limb-shaped non-corporeal objects elicited high increase in real hand temperature and low SoE. In contrast, observation of the full virtual limb caused high SoE and low temperature changes in the real hand with respect to the other conditions. Interestingly, the temperature difference across the different conditions occurred according to a topographic rule that included both hands. Our study sheds new light on the role of an external hand's visual appearance and suggests a tight link between higher-order bodily self-representations and topographic regulation of skin temperature.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Tieri, G.
Secondary author(s):
Gioia, A., Scandola, M., Pavone, E. F., Aglioti, S. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Tieri, G., Gioia, A., Scandola, M., Pavone, E. F., & Aglioti, S. M. (2017). Visual appearance of a virtual upper limb modulates the temperature of the real hand: a thermal imaging study in Immersive Virtual Reality. European Journal of Neuroscience, 45(9), 1141-1151. doi: 10.1111/ejn.13545
2-year Impact Factor: 2.832|2017
Times cited: 22|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Immersive Virtual Reality / Body ownership / First person perspective / Thermal imaging / Visual continuity

DocumentVisual feedback from a virtual body modulates motor illusion induced by tendon vibration2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-218
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
218 - Virtual bodies, real empathy: Behavioural, bodily, and neural reactivity to the observation of pain and pleasure on self and others in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2017-04 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Gaetano Tieri, Martina Fusaro, Valentina Nicolardi, Salvatore Maria Aglioti
Institution(s): Unitelma Sapienza, Rome (Italy); Social Cognitive Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Rome “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress Reports
Final report
Author: Tieri, G.
Secondary author(s):
Fusaro, M., Nicolardi, V., Aglioti, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Virtual Reality / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Empathy for pain and pleasure / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-218.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Visual feedback from a virtual body modulates motor illusion induced by tendon vibration
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00426-020-01366-5
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Frequency-specific tendon vibration (TV) elicits illusory kinesthetic sensations around the vibrated body parts. Studies indicate that vision plays a fundamental role in modulating such illusions. In our current study, we used immersive virtual reality (IVR) to investigate the role of body-related visual feedback in modulating illusory sensation of movement in the left arm. Thirty healthy participants were asked to evaluate the onset of motor illusion and four illusion-related features (vividness, duration, extension and aftereffect), in the presence and absence of real and virtual visual feedback. Additionally, subjective reports of the embodiment illusion (the sense of embodying a virtual surrogate) were collected in virtual conditions. Results showed a progressive decrease in the perception of the motor illusion along a continuum ranging from the absence of visual feedback (maximal illusory perception) to the observation of one’s own real arm (minimal illusory perception). Interestingly, the appearance of the virtual limbs affected the movement illusion differently. Specifically, TV evoked a stronger kinesthetic illusion when observing the virtual hand detached from the limb than during the observation of the virtual full limb and virtual object. This suggests that a closer visual resemblance between the virtual and real limb results in a greater effect on proprioceptive processing. However, no significant correlation was found between the illusion of arm movement and the illusion of embodiment, indicating that the two phenomena may not be directly related. These findings provide new insight into the role of body-related visual feedback in modulating motor illusions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fusco, G.
Secondary author(s):
Tieri, G., Aglioti, S.M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Fusco, G., Tieri, G., & Aglioti, S.M. (2020). Visual feedback from a virtual body modulates motor illusion induced by tendon vibration. Psychological Research-Psychologishe Forschung. doi: 10.1007/s00426-020-01366-5
2-year Impact Factor: 2.956|2020
Times cited: 3|2021-08-24
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Immersive virtual reality / Embodiment illusion / Visual feedback

File311 - How body ownership shapes tactile awareness: Inducing phantom sensations and measuring their electrophysiological correlates in immersive virtual reality2021-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2020 Grants
Start date: 2021-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020-311
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
311 - How body ownership shapes tactile awareness: Inducing phantom sensations and measuring their electrophysiological correlates in immersive virtual reality
Duration: 2021-04
Researcher(s):
Carlotta Fossataro, Valentina Bruno, Alice Rossi Sebastiano, Francesca Garbarini
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, University of Turin (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
This project hasn't started yet
Author: Fossataro, C.
Secondary author(s):
Bruno, V., Rossi Sebastiano, A., Garbarini, F.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Body ownership / Tactile awareness / Electroencephalography / Immersive virtual reality / Psychophysiology