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Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentAnomalous experience and qualitative research: An introduction to the special issue2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-055
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2004
Title:
055 - Describing the contents of consciousness - A study of the production of reports of mental imagery using parapsychological data
Duration: 2006-10 - 2009-02
Researcher(s):
Robin Wooffitt
Institution(s): Department of Sociology, University of York (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Conferecen paper
1 unpublished document
1 article submitted for publication
Language: eng
Author:
Wooffitt, R.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Consciousness / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-055.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2004
Title:
Anomalous experience and qualitative research: An introduction to the special issue
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14780880903304535#.UfdxM2xdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The authors provide an introduction to the articles and commentaries which comprise the special issue on anomalous experience and qualitative research. It is argued that within psychology there have been two broad responses to reports of paranormal experiences: laboratory-based parapsychological studies and studies which seek to identify the determining factors that lead people to believe that they have experienced paranormal phenomena. However, recently an alternative perspective has developed in which the analytic goal is not to explain away or corroborate participants' claims or experiences but to understand in more detail their significance as psychological, social, and cultural events. The articles which comprise this special issue contribute to this development. They all begin from the assumption that anomalous experiences are fundamentally meaningful events, symbolically mediated through language and communication, which are inextricably enmeshed in the fabric of interpersonal actions in social settings, and reflect their broader historical and cultural context. What also unites these articles is that they show how the qualitative analysis of events or experiences can contribute to our understanding of fundamental psychological and social psychological processes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wooffitt, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., & Wooffitt, R. (Eds.) (2010). Anomalous experience and qualitative research: An introduction to the special issue. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7(1), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780880903304535
Impact factor notes: Impact factor computed since 2015
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Anomalous / Conversation analysis / Discourse analysis / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Parapsychology

Anomalous experience and qualitative research: An introduction to the special issue

Anomalous experience and qualitative research: An introduction to the special issue

DocumentFinal report - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Final report - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa8506_04022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) of the data identified four main clusters of themes across the five studies. One cluster concerned the potential for the OBE to be viewed as an adaptive experience; occurring at times of personal significance and helping individuals cope with difficult life events. A second cluster highlighted the benefits and challenges that experients encountered when sharing their OBEs with other people as part of their sense-making endeavours. A third cluster of themes centred on the embodied nature of the OBE and the attributions and beliefs experients had about the perceived control and mastery they had over their OBEs. Also identified in this theme was the transactive nature of the out-of-body environments themselves, which were seen as meaningful places that facilitated experients’ embodied, goal-oriented behaviours. The fourth cluster focused on the abundance of rarely discussed OBE features and the corresponding attribution experients made of some kind of meaning to certain features, many of which were bound to previously held desires and beliefs, and tied in closely with their future anticipations and expectations. The theoretical implications for all of these findings are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience / Qualitative methods / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

Final report - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences

Final report - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences

DocumentThe evolving self: finding meaning in near-death experiences using interpretative phenomenological analysis2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
The evolving self: finding meaning in near-death experiences using interpretative phenomenological analysis
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13674670802334910#.UiDKeGxdYq6
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Near-death experiences (NDEs) have become a topic of increasing interest to medical and psychological researchers over the last 35 years. During the course of this research agenda, several studies have focused on the phenomenology of the experience and its after-effects, mostly from a nomothetic stance. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of having an NDE and what meaning NDErs attribute to that experience and its resultant after-effects by taking an idiographic, phenomenological approach. Three female participants took part in recorded face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis found that to more deeply understand the impact of NDEs it is crucial to consider how the experience fits within the biographical context of an individual's life. Rather than being an overall influence on personal and spiritual growth, individuals may choose elements of an experience which are most personally meaningful for them and take that into their later lives. Each participant in some way came to a new understanding in their lives as a result of their NDE. In addition, the process of integration was helped or hindered by physical and psychological factors concomitant at the time of the NDE. Also evident were the challenges the NDE, or elements therein, have on the individual's sense of self and how they maintain and develop that self in the years succeeding the event.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2009). The evolving self: finding meaning in near-death experiences using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Mental Health, Religion and Culture, 12(3), 223-239. https://doi.org/10.1080/13674670802334910
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Near-death experience / Qualitative methods / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

The evolving self: finding meaning in near-death experiences using interpretative phenomenological analysis

The evolving self: finding meaning in near-death experiences using interpretative phenomenological analysis

DocumentThe experience and management of anomalous experience: An examination of the out-of-body experience using interpretative phenomenological analysis2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
The experience and management of anomalous experience: An examination of the out-of-body experience using interpretative phenomenological analysis
Publication year: 2008
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
A variety of anomalous experiences have been reported in the research literature as enhancing, rather than indicating poor mental health. The out-of-body experience (OBE), where the person‘s self and body are phenomenologically separate, is a relatively common anomalous experience. The aim of this study was to investigate the experience of an OBE and its resultant after-effects. Three participants took part in recorded face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis found experients perceived their OBEs as occurring at times of personal significance. They were inextricably linked with participants‘ lives beyond their point of occurrence and played an adaptive role in response to difficult life events. The process of integration was helped or hindered by the varying reactions from others to the disclosure of the OBE. The idiographic nature of this study was instrumental in highlighting the subtle personal and social factors that influenced how the OBE was managed and integrated.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2008). The experience and management of anomalous experience: An examination of the out-of-body experience using interpretative phenomenological analysis. In S. Sherwood (Ed.), Proceedings of presented papers: The Parapsychological Association 51st Annual Convention (pp. 250-263). Winchester, UK: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Qualitative methods / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

DocumentAn interpretative phenomenological analysis of out-of-body experiences in two cases of novice meditators2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
An interpretative phenomenological analysis of out-of-body experiences in two cases of novice meditators
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/48155231/interpretative-phenomenological-analysis-out-of-body-experiences-two-cases-novice-meditators
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The out-of-body experience (OBE) is an anomalous experience that has been found to occur under a variety of circumstances. This article takes its focus the in-depth examination of the lived experience of having an OBE as described by two novice meditators. A qualitative approach was adopted using interpretative phenomenological analysis. Two female participants who had OBEs while meditating took part in face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. Three interrelated themes emerged from the findings.
Analysis highlighted the potential for the OBE to function as an adaptive psychological response in relation to how participants endeavoured to discharge existing need-related conflicts. Also emergent was the transactive nature of the out-of-body environments themselves, which were seen as meaningful places that facilitated participants’ embodied, goal-oriented behaviours. Accordingly, participants took pragmatic views about their OBEs, seeing them more as tools or skills that can be utilised as an extension of their selves. Also emphasised was the role of absorption in the production of both the participants’ meditative and out-of-body states.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2009). An interpretative phenomenological analysis of out-of-body experiences in two cases of novice meditators. Australian Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 37(2), 90-118.
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Meditation / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Qualitative methods / Embodiment

An interpretative phenomenological analysis of out-of-body experiences in two cases of novice meditators

An interpretative phenomenological analysis of out-of-body experiences in two cases of novice meditators

DocumentInterpreting the anomalous: Finding meaning in out-of-body and near-death experiences2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Interpreting the anomalous: Finding meaning in out-of-body and near-death experiences
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14780880903304550#.Ui2vAmxdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Much contemporary research on anomalous experiences has been focused on issues of confirming the authenticity of the phenomena, or to determine the underlying processes by which these phenomena may manifest themselves. This research has largely been nomothetic in nature relying mainly on laboratory experiments and/or questionnaire surveys. Traditionally, however, there has existed a third strand of exploration in this field of study–phenomenological research—which in recent times has been somewhat overlooked in this field of work. In an attempt to redress this shortcoming, the authors propose the use of Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) to research anomalous experience. IPA possesses strong theoretical and philosophical underpinnings and a focus on describing and interpreting the process, intricacy and novelty of personal experience. The authors argue that IPA appears ideally suited as a method of qualitative investigation to address important fundamental research questions posed by the study of anomalous experiences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2010). Interpreting the anomalous: Finding meaning in out-of-body and near-death experiences. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 7(1), 57-72. https://doi.org/10.1080/14780880903304550
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Anomalous experiences / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Near-death experience / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Qualitative methods

Interpreting the anomalous: Finding meaning in out-of-body and near-death experiences

Interpreting the anomalous: Finding meaning in out-of-body and near-death experiences

DocumentManaging anomalous experience: Meaning making and the OBE2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Managing anomalous experience: Meaning making and the OBE
Publication year: 2009
URL:
https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=10186
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D., Murray, J.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Wilde, D., & Murray, J. (2009). Managing anomalous experience: Meaning making and the OBE. In C. Murray (Ed.), Psychological scientific perspectives on out-of-body and near-death experiences (pp. 105-116). New York, NY: Nova Science.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Adaptive role / Meaning / Integration process / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Qualitative methods

Managing anomalous experience: Meaning making and the OBE

Managing anomalous experience: Meaning making and the OBE

DocumentFinding meaning in near-death experiences2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Finding meaning in near-death experiences
Publication year: 2009
URL:
https://www.novapublishers.com/catalog/product_info.php?products_id=10186
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Near-death experiences (NDEs) have become a topic of increasing interest to medical and psychological researchers over the last 35 years. During the course of this research agenda, several studies have focused on the phenomenology of the experience and its after-effects, mostly from a nomothetic stance. This chapter reports on the experience of having an NDE and the meanings attributed to that experience and its resultant after-effects by taking an idiographic, phenomenological approach. Here we detail how individuals may choose elements of an experience which are most personally meaningful for them and how this is incorporated into their later lives. Of particular interest here is how participants came to new understandings of their lives as a result of their NDE. A process of integration is helped or hindered by physical and psychological factors concomitant at the time of the NDE. Also evident are the challenges the NDE, or elements therein, have on the individual's sense of self and how they maintain and develop that self in the years following the event.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D., Murray, J.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., Wilde, D., & Murray, J. (2009). Finding meaning in near-death experiences. In C. Murray (Ed.), Psychological scientific perspectives on out-of-body and near-death experiences (pp. 205-219). New York, NY: Nova Science.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Near-death experience / Meaning / Integration process / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Qualitative methods

Finding meaning in near-death experiences

Finding meaning in near-death experiences

DocumentA phenomenological analysis of the near-death experience2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
A phenomenological analysis of the near-death experience
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.ischp.net/downloads/2007abstractsbook.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This paper focuses on the phenomenon of the near-death experience (NDE) and its meaning for the experient. The NDE has been reported by people who are verifiably near-death (such as in cardiac arrest patients) and people who perceive themselves to be near-death (i.e. during traumatic experiences). This typically involves the person feeling that their self has physically separated from their body, and the experiential content is often characterised by a series of spiritual and religious motifs (e.g. seeing bright lights, a tunnel, and spiritual beings). Although the NDE is a relatively common phenomenon within and across cultures, there is a lack of research examining the personal impact of such experiences. In this paper we present a case study of the NDE. Interview data is analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. The findings from this study have value for professionals and lay persons alike. For instance, prior research has suggested that the NDE is a life changing event. By examining in more depth the experience and meaning of the NDE, psychologists, counsellors, GPs, transpersonal psychologists and psychiatrists will be better equipped to understand their clients’ experiences and to help them with any potential personality transformations or psycho-spiritual crises that may arise post-event.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2007). A phenomenological analysis of the near-death experience. In Fifth Biennial Conference of the International Society of Critical Health Psychology (pp. 49-50). Boston, USA.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Near-death experience / Meaning / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Qualitative methods

A phenomenological analysis of the near-death experience

A phenomenological analysis of the near-death experience

DocumentFinding meaning in near-death experiences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.12
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Finding meaning in near-death experiences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.spr.ac.uk/main/page/conference-abstracts-2008
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Near-Death Experiences (NDEs) have been reported by people who are verifiably near-death (e.g. after cardiac arrest) and people who perceive themselves to be near-death (e.g. during traumatic experiences) (Greyson, 2000). They have become a topic of increasing research interest over the last 35 years. The majority of this research has been nomothetic in nature. This approach has provided a wealth of data about how the average experient integrates their NDE, modifies their attitudes and values, and undergoes spiritual transformation and growth. However, it has been argued in psychology (e.g. De Waele, 1986; Flick, 2002) that the averaged data obtained from such studies relate only to the average person, if such a person exists. Also missing from this method is the power to specify any detail about the particular nuances of a person’s transformative processes. For example, when someone is said to have acquired a ‘greater interest in spiritual matters’ after an NDE, what exactly does that mean or entail for them?
Whilst quantitative research work has added substantially to our understanding of the NDE, there remains a need for a closer examination of the longitudinal after-effects experienced by people who have them, the nature of those after-effects, and the temporal, social and psychological factors that may impinge on the integration process, and in particular, the person’s sense of self or identity. The present research aimed to address these issues by taking a phenomenological, idiographic approach. To date there has been no in-depth examination of the lived experience of having an NDE and what meaning NDErs attribute to that experience.
In order to gain access and insight to the world of people who have had NDEs a qualitative methodology was adopted using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Sampling in IPA research is purposive; that is, it seeks the experiences and opinions of the most appropriate persons for the particular research issue being addressed. The intense analysis of individual accounts and the examination of shared meaning, along with any nuances in these meanings, are reflective of the idiographic characteristic of IPA which is generally characterized by small and homogeneous samples (Smith & Osborn, 2003). To meet these requirements, three women were recruited to take part in face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, and subjected to IPA.
Three interconnected themes emerged when considering participants’ NDEs; 1) the NDE in a biographical context, 2) new understandings: the roots of development & growth, and 3) being and becoming: life after near-death.
The analysis showed that life for the experient post-NDE is socially, affectively and psychologically complex. Participant’s described a variety of attitudinal and behavioural changes since their NDE, as well as an array of barriers and facilitators to sharing the experience with others. The idiographic, phenomenological stance taken in this research was also instrumental in highlighting the subtle, yet powerful personal, social and spiritual mediating factors that influenced how the NDE was managed and integrated.
By examining the experience and meaning of the NDE, psychologists and health care professionals will be better equipped to understand their clients’ experiences and to help them with any potential personality transformations or psycho-spiritual crises that may arise after the event.
REFERENCES
De Waele, J. P. (1986). Individual Psychology. In R. Harre & R. Lamb (Eds.), The Dictionary of Personality and Social Psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.
Flick, U. (2002). An Introduction to Qualitative Research (2nd ed.). London: Sage Publications Ltd.
Greyson, B. (2000). Near-Death Experiences. In E. Cardeña, S. J. Lynn & S. C. Krippner (Eds.), Varieties of Anomalous Experience: Examining the Scientific Evidence (pp. 315-352): American Psychological Association.
Smith, J. A., & Osborn, M. (2003). Interpretative phenomenological analysis. In J. A. Smith (Ed.), Qualitative Psychology. A Practical Guide to Research Methods (pp. 51-80). London: Sage.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2008, August). Finding meaning in near-death experiences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Paper presented at the International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research, Winchester, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://www.spr.ac.uk/main/page/conference-abstracts-2008
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Near-death experience / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Qualitative methods

DocumentOut-of-body experiences (OBEs) within the context of a person’s life: An interpretative phenomenological analysis2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.13
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Out-of-body experiences (OBEs) within the context of a person’s life: An interpretative phenomenological analysis
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://abstracts.bps.org.uk/index.cfm?&ResultsType=Abstracts&ResultSet_ID=3057&FormDisplayMode=view&frmShowSelected=true&localAction=details
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The OBE, where the person’s self and body are phenomenologically separate, is a relatively common phenomenon. Previous research has been conducted using laboratory experiments, questionnaire surveys, and interviews. Each of these methods has had its own particular focus within the topic area itself. For instance, experimental techniques have been mainly used to investigate the veridicality of the OBE, whereas questionnaire studies have attempted to build a ‘profile’ of the experients in order to describe their personality, or in many cases, to predict what kind of personality would be most likely to have an OBE. These two approaches have been almost exclusively quantitative in nature, with the resultant criticism being that they have taken a largely ‘top-down’ approach and researchers have failed to take a more bottom-up approach, in which the experiences of OBErs are first elicited in detail before forming testable hypotheses which would provide the best psychological insight into the phenomenon. Where interviews have been conducted, the research has largely focused on examining the features of the OBE, for example, describing which physical sensations a person may feel at the onset of the experience, or cataloguing the diversity of after-effects the experient may undergo post-OBE. Regarding the issue of after-effects, some researchers have been critical of the lack of systematic work done to elicit the impact the OBE has on the experient. In so doing, research in this area has paid little consideration to the everyday relevance or significance of the experience to the person having it. Therefore, the aims of this study were to investigate the lived psychological experience of having an OBE in relation to the after-effects experienced by people who have them, the nature of those after-effects, and the temporal, social and psychological factors that may impinge on the post-experience integration process. In order to facilitate this, an idiographic qualitative approach was taken. Three participants took part in face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. All interviews were audio recorded and transcribed prior to analysis. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyse the data. Four themes emerged; barriers to sharing the experience, facilitators to sharing the experience, the positive effects of OBEs, and the OBE within a biographical context. The findings from this study show that despite their ostensibly paranormal nature, OBEs are perceived by their experients as naturally occurring, seemingly normal events that can often arise at times of great significance in a person’s life. From thereon the OBE is inextricably linked with the experient’s everyday life living, and reference to them can offer additional, alternative ways of coping with difficult, stressful or even tragic life events and situations. This presentation will highlight the advantages and disadvantages of the idiographic approach with this sample. In particular, it will be argued that, contrary to some calls for ‘naturalistic’ data collection which view the interview as producing artificial data, information obtained in the context of interview can have real-world relevance.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D., & Murray, C. (2008, September). Out-of-body experiences (OBEs) within the context of a person’s life: An interpretative phenomenological analysis. Paper presented at the Qualitative Methods in Psychology Section Inaugural Conference, University of Leeds, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://abstracts.bps.org.uk/index.cfm?&ResultsType=Abstracts&ResultSet_ID=3057&FormDisplayMode=view&frmShowSelected=true&localAction=details
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Qualitative methods

DocumentTowards a model of distant healing2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
162 - Paranormal healing, paranormal belief, and physical and psychological well-being
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-03
Researcher(s):
Caroline Watt, Alison Easter
Institution(s): Koestler Parapsychology Unit, Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
1 Article
Doctoral thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Watt, C.
Secondary author(s):
Easter, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Healing / Distant healing / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-162.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2006
Title:
Towards a model of distant healing
Publication year: 2010
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Easter, A.
Document type:
Doctoral thesis
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Easter, A. (2010). Towards a model of distant healing (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Psychology Department, University of Edinburgh, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Distant healing / Healer characteristics / Paranormal belief / Expectancy / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Mixed methods approach

Towards a model of distant healing

Towards a model of distant healing

DocumentThe occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.15
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
To elicit in-depth phenomenological detail regarding the lived experience of having either an OBE arising under a variety of circumstances or an NDE; To expand upon current psychological theories of OBEs/NDEs;
METHODS:
Fifteen participants took part in face-to-face, semi-structured interviews. The sample comprised of experients with a variety of OBEs (sleep-related (n=3), whilst feeling physically/psychologically threatened (n=3), meditatively achieved (n=3), and whilst under the influence of drugs or alcohol (n=3)) and those who had an NDE (n=3). Data were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA).
RESULTS:
Findings from three of the above groups of interviews are presented: Sleep related OBEs: Participants’ OBEs were found to play an adaptive role in response to difficult life events. The process of integration was helped or hindered by the varying reactions from others to the disclosure of the OBE.
Meditative OBEs: Analysis highlighted the potential for the OBE to function as an adaptive psychological response related to participants’ efforts to discharge existing need-related conflicts. Also emergent was the transactive nature of the out-of-body environments themselves, which were seen as meaningful places that facilitated participants’ embodied, goal-oriented behaviours.
NDEs: Rather than being an overall influence on personal and spiritual growth, participants chose elements of their NDE which were most personally meaningful for them to take into their later lives. Also evident were the challenges the NDE, or elements therein, have on the individual’s sense of self and how they maintain and develop that self in the years succeeding the event.
CONCLUSIONS:
The idiographic nature of this work highlighted the personal, social and environmental mediating factors that influenced how the OBE/NDE was managed and integrated. In addition, concomitant physical and psychological events can also intertwine in vastly complex ways, which may aid or hinder the individual’s resolution of the underlying meaning of the event.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Murray, C., & Wilde, D. (2010). The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 221-222). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience / Qualitative methods / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences

The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences

DocumentFinal report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Final report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa8210_07022013.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
A survey conducted with a random sample of psychologists, psychotherapists, and counsellors found that 44% (N = 100) of respondents had experienced synchronicity in the clinical setting, 67% (N = 150) of the sample felt that synchronicity events could be useful experiences in therapy, and 31% (N = 51) felt that they might be useful. Explanations that respondents gave for why synchronicity experiences occurred in therapy were significantly different according to professional group membership. For example, psychologists were significantly more likely than both counsellors (F (1, 122) = 4.763, p = .031) and psychotherapists (F (1, 150) = 6.569, p = .011) to agree that chance coincidence was an explanation for synchronicity, whereas, counsellors (F (1, 118) = 8.258, p = .005) and psychotherapists (F (1, 151) = 11.589, p = .001) were significantly more likely than psychologists to agree that a need for unconscious material to be expressed could be an explanation for synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting. This may have an impact on how practitioners respond to clients who report anomalous experiences. Interviews with a subsample of respondents identified three superordinate themes that illuminate how participants interpret and address synchronicity experiences in therapy: 'Sense of connectedness', 'Therapeutic process', and 'Professional issues'. Participants commented on how their experience of synchronicity in the clinical setting was a profound moment that facilitated growth in their clients and resulted in a stronger therapeutic relationship. Synchronicity experiences are perceived to be a useful ‘tool’ for the therapeutic process, which has important implications for training and supervision.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Clinical setting / Psychotherapy / Online survey / Semi-structured in-depth interviews

Final report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

Final report - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

DocumentAn interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://nectar.northampton.ac.uk/4691/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Attempts to explain synchronicity experiences by mainstream science argue that believers in the paranormal are more prone to seeing meaningful patterns in randomness (Blackmore & Moore, 1994) or underestimate the probability of their occurring by chance (Brugger et al, 1993). However, empirical studies testing these theories have found mixed results. Brugger, Landis, and Regard (1990) found a moderate correlation between belief in the paranormal and subjective frequency of coincidences, whereas others have found no differences between believers and sceptics in terms of probability misjudgement (Blackmore, 1997; Bressan, 2002). Regardless of whether synchronicity experiences are associated with a belief in the paranormal or are indeed random events, a large body of literature exists that claims synchronicity experiences (meaningful coincidence between an inner event and an external event occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time) frequently occur in clinical settings, especially in psychotherapeutic settings, and that they can promote personal growth (Jung, 1952; Keutzer, 1984; Nachman, 2009). For example, there have been occurrences where the therapist has dreamt information about the client that is later verified as correct (Ehrenwald, 1948; Orloff, 1996) or where the therapeutic setting becomes part of the synchronistic event, the most notable being the Scarab beetle scenario (cf. Jung, 1952). However, there has been limited systematic research that has explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in different therapeutic settings. This is surprising given that such experiences could have implications for the therapeutic relationship, the clinical outcome, and models of psi.
The study reported in this paper investigated the process and nature of synchronicity experiences from the perspective of the ‘therapist’. A qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 2009) explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences by interviewing a purposive sample of ‘therapists’ who report such experiences in their therapeutic sessions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three counsellors, three psychologists and three psychotherapists and focused on how synchronicity experiences are interpreted, what features influence these interpretations, how participants make sense of these experiences, and whether synchronicity experiences were perceived to be useful in therapy.
Three super-ordinate themes were identified that illuminate how participants interpret, understand, and deal with synchronicity experiences in therapy: ‘Sense of connectedness’, ‘Therapeutic process’, and ‘Professional issues’. Most participants commented on how their experience of synchronicity in the therapeutic setting was a profound moment that facilitated growth in their clients and resulted in a stronger therapeutic relationship. These super-ordinate themes also have nine constituent subthemes which will be reported at the conference alongside participant extracts to demonstrate how they are grounded in the data and as a way of validating interpretations. Anomalous experiences that occur in the clinical setting are an important consideration for mental health professionals and parapsychologists as findings add to our knowledge of a growing area termed ‘clinical parapsychology’ or ‘counselling for anomalous experiences’ and point to the need for a more integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences as subjectively real for the client and therapist
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C. (2012, September). An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy. Paper presented at the 36th Society for Psychical Research (SPR) International Annual Conference, Northampton, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://nectar.northampton.ac.uk/4691/
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Clinical setting / Mental health professionals / Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Anomalous experiences

DocumentExploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://bacp.co.uk/research/conf_archive/2012.php#q56
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
AIM/PURPOSE:
There has been limited systematic research that has explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in different clinical settings. This study aims to redress this by exploring the process and nature of these experiences from the perspective of the clinician.
DESIGN/METHODOLOGY:
A qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996, 2009) explored the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences by interviewing a purposive sample of clinicians who report such experiences in their therapeutic sessions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with three counsellors, three psychologists and three psychotherapists and focused on how synchronicity experiences are interpreted, what features influence these interpretations, how participants make sense of these experiences, and whether synchronicity experiences were perceived to be useful in therapy. Ethical approval was received from the School of Social Sciences Ethics Committee.
RESULTS/FINDINGS:
Three superordinate themes were identified that illuminate how participants interpret, understand, and deal with synchronicity experiences in therapy: 'sense of connectedness', 'therapeutic process', and 'professional issues'. Most participants commented on how their experience of synchronicity in the therapeutic setting was a profound moment that facilitated growth in their clients and resulted in a stronger therapeutic relationship. These superordinate themes also have 10 constituent subthemes which will be reported at the conference alongside participant extracts to demonstrate how they are grounded in the data and as a way of validating interpretations.
RESEARCH LIMITATIONS:
Due to the small sample size inherent in most qualitative research designs, findings cannot be generalised to any great extent, but can provide insights into how some therapists makes sense of synchronicity experiences. Smith and Osborn (2003) point out that IPA research seeks to explore in-depth the lived experience of individuals who are a homogeneous group rather than making generalisations that are applicable to all.
CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS:
Synchronicity experiences are perceived to be a useful ‘tool' for the therapeutic process, which has important implications for training and supervision. Findings support an integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences, such as synchronicity events, as subjectively real for the client and therapist.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (power point presentation)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., & Ridgway, S. (2012, May). Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy. Paper presented at the 18th Annual BACP Research Conference ‘Understanding Counselling and Psychotherapy: Preferences, Process and Outcomes’, Edinburgh, UK. Abstract retrieved from http://bacp.co.uk/research/conf_archive/2012.php#q56
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Counselors / Psychotherapists / Psychologists

Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy

Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy

DocumentAn investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/24/2011_pa_convention_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Attempts to explain synchronicity experiences by mainstream science argue believers in the paranormal are more prone to seeing meaningful patterns in randomness (Blackmore & Moore, 1994) or underestimate the probablity of their occuring by chance (Brugger et al, 1993). However, empirical studies testing these theories have found mixed results. Brugger, Landis, and Regard (1990) found a moderate correlation between belief in the paranormal and subjective frequency of coincidences, whereas others have found no differences between believers and sceptics in terms of probablity misjudgement (Blackmore, 1997; Bressan, 2002). Regardless of whether synchronicity experiences are associated with a belief in the paranormal or are indeed random events, a large body of literature exists that claims synchronicity experiences (meaningful coincidence between an inner event and an external event occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time) frequently occur in clinical settings, especially in psychotherapeutic settings, and that they can promote personal growth (Jung, 1952; Keutzer, 1984; Nachman, 2009). For example, there have been occurrences where the therapist has dreamt information about the client that is later verified as correct (Ehrenwald, 1948; Orloff, 1996) or where the therapeutic setting becomes part of the synchronistic event, the most notable being the Scarab beetle scenario (cf. Jung, 1952). It has been proposed that synchronicity may be more likely in the psychotherapy setting given the openness to unconscious communication, the salience of the therapeutic relationship, and the development of symbolic thought (Marlo & Kline, 1998). However, we still know relatively little about how common synchronicity experiences are in different clinical settings or how they are interpreted by clinicians with different therapeutic orientations (i.e. psychotherapists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and counsellors). This is surprising given that such experiences could have implications for the therapeutic relationship, the clinical outcome, and models of psi. Anomalous experiences that occur in the clinical setting are an important consideration for mental health professionals and parapsychologists as research findings will add to our knowledge of a growing area tentatively termed “clinical parapsychology” (Belz, 2009) and may point to the need for a more integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences as subjectively real for the client.
This research brief outlines two planned studies investigating synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting using a mixed methods approach. Firstly, a quantitative study, involving a nationwide survey, with a representative sample of clinicians (psychiatrists, counsellors, clinical psychologists, and psychotherapists) is under construction to investigate the range and incidence of synchronicity experiences within different clinical settings. For example, how common are synchronicity experiences? Are there any differences between clinicians in terms of occurrences and form of synchronicity experiences? Secondly, a qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996) will explore the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences by interviewing a purposive sample of clinicians who report such experiences in their therapeutic sessions. Interviews will focus on how synchronicity experiences are interpreted by different clinicians (e.g. as evidence of psi/anomalous communication, as products of random events to which meaning is attached and/or as useful for the therapeutic process) and what features influence these interpretations. Interviews will also explore how clinicians make sense of these experiences. For example, what do they mean to them? How do they identify a synchronistic experience? As such, the research is not concerned with whether synchronicity is proof of psi phenomena per se; rather it seeks to establish how common these experiences are within different clinical settings and explores the process and nature of these experiences from the perspective of the clinician. The current status of the research will be reported during the presentation
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective power point presentation in attachment
Author: Roxburgh, E. C.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C. (2011). An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting. In M. Kittenis (Ed.), Parapsychological Association 54th Annual Convention: Abstracts of Presented Papers (pp. 29-30). Curitiba, Brazil: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Clinical setting / Mental health professionals / Online survey / Semi-structured in-depth interviews / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

Abstract

Abstract

DocumentAn investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The purpose of this research was twofold. Firstly, to investigate how common synchronicity experiences are in the clinical setting and whether there are there any differences between clinicians in the reporting, interpretation or explanation of synchronicity experiences. Secondly, to explore the phenomenology of synchronicity experiences, focusing on how clinicians make sense of these experiences.
METHODS:
The research used a mixed-methods design. The first stage of the research involved a nationwide on-line survey which was completed by a representative sample of clinicians. The second stage involved a qualitative study using interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA; Smith, 1996). Semi-structured interviews were conducted with a sample of counsellors, psychologists and psychotherapists who reported synchronicity experiences in their therapeutic sessions.
RESULTS:
Preliminary analysis of the closed items from the survey suggests that clinicians are more likely to have experienced a synchronicity event if they are female, if they practise as a psychotherapist and have been working within their profession for ten years or more. Additionally, psychologists are more likely to report that synchronicities are chance coincidences that individuals ascribe meaning to, whereas psychotherapists tend to report that synchronicities occur because the client needs to discuss important unconscious material. A thematic content analysis on the open ended data is in progress and a more sophisticated quantitative analysis will be conducted on the closed item data once the survey has closed. Themes from the IPA study will be reported at the conference alongside participant extracts to illuminate how they are grounded in the data.
CONCLUSION/DISCUSSION:
An overwhelming outcome of the research is that synchronicity experiences are seen as a useful tool for therapy. Therefore, on a therapeutic level, it is necessary to explore what implications any reported synchronicity experiences have on the therapeutic relationship and clinical outcome of the client. Findings may support a more integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges anomalous experiences, such as synchronicity events, as subjectively real for the client. On a parapsychological level findings might shed some light on whether ESP is involved in synchronicity. If so, it would be an example of how psi might operate in a real world setting.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective power point presentation in attachment
Author: Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., & Ridgway, S. (2012). An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 60/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Synchronicity / Meaningful coincidence / Clinical setting / Psychotherapy / Online survey / Semi-structured in-depth interviews

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting

DocumentFinding meaning in near-death experiences: An Interpretative phenomenological analysis2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
085 - The occurrence, phenomenology and psychological correlates of out-of-body and near death experiences
Duration: 2007-06 - 2009-11
Researcher(s):
Craig Murray, David Wilde
Institution(s): Manchester University, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Murray, C.
Secondary author(s):
Wilde, D.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-085.16
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2006
Title:
Finding meaning in near-death experiences: An Interpretative phenomenological analysis
Publication year: 2008
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Wilde, D.
Secondary author(s):
Murray, C.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Wilde, D. J., & Murray, C. D. (2008). Finding meaning in near-death experiences: An Interpretative phenomenological analysis. Psychology & Health, 23(Suppl. 1), 272-273. https://doi.org/10.1080/08870440802299543
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Parapsychology / Near-death experience / Interpretative phenomenological analysis

DocumentExploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
082 - An investigation into the prevalence and phenomenology of synchronicity experiences in the clinical setting
Duration: 2011-03 - 2012-07
Researcher(s):
Elizabeth Roxburgh
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes (CSAPP), The University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
2 Conference presentation
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-082.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2010
Title:
Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/13642537.2015.1027784?journalCode=rejp20
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Synchronicity experiences (SEs) are defined as psychologically meaningful connections between inner events (e.g. thought, dream or vision) and one or more external events occurring simultaneously or at a future point in time. There has been limited systematic research that has investigated the phenomenology of SEs in therapy. This study aimed to redress this by exploring the process and nature of such experiences from the perspective of the practitioner. Semi-structured face-to-face interviews were conducted with a purposive sample of nine practitioners who reported SEs in their therapeutic
sessions (three counsellors, three psychologists and three psychotherapists), and focused on how participants make sense of their experiences of synchronicity in therapy. Interpretative phenomenological analysis was used to identify three superordinate themes: sense of connectedness, therapeutic process, and professional issues. Findings suggest that SEs can serve to strengthen the therapeutic relationship and are perceived as useful harbingers of information about the therapeutic process, as well as being a means of overcoming communication difficulties, as they are seen to provide insights into the client’s experiencing of themselves and others, regardless of whether or not the SE is acknowledged by the client or disclosed by the therapist.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roxburgh, E. C.
Secondary author(s):
Ridgway, S., Roe, C. A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roxburgh, E. C., Ridgway, S., & Roe, C. A. (2015). Exploring the meaning in meaningful coincidences: An interpretative phenomenological analysis of synchronicity in therapy. European Journal of Psychotherapy & Counselling, 17(2), 144-161. https://doi.org/10.1080/13642537.2015.1027784
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Impact factor notes: Impact factor only available since 2022
Times cited: 14|2024-02-07
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Interpretative phenomenological analysis / Meaningful coincidence / Practitioner / Synchronicity / Therapeutic process / Therapeutic relationship