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DocumentFinal report - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2004
Title:
076 - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-12
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Susanne Müller, Harald Walach
Institution(s): Department for Evaluation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Hospital Epidemiology, Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Copyright/Reproduction: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S., Walach, H.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-076.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2004
Title:
Final report - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa7604_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Findings in parapsychology suggest an effect of distant intentionality. Two laboratory set-ups explored this topic by measuring the effect of a distant intention on psychophysiological variables. The DMILS (direct mental interaction in living systems) experiments investigate the effect of various intentions on the electrodermal activity (EDA) of a remote subject. The "Remote Staring" experiments examine whether gazing by an observer (starer) covaries with the electrodermal activity of the person being observed (staree).
In two meta-analyses (Schmidt, Schneider, Utts & Walach, 2004) it became obvious that the remote staring studies had a lower overall quality than the DMILS studies. While there are some high quality DMILS studies (score over 90%) the highest quality in Remote Staring studies is 71%.
Thus there is a lack in studies with good methodology to assess the remote staring paradigm. We conducted a remote staring study that intended to overcome methodological shortcomings of earlier studies.
Fifty participants were invited to take part as starees. After completing questionnaires on mindfulness, mood, personality and paranormal belief they rested in a comfortable position in front of a video camera while their EDA was continuously monitored. The experimenter also acted as the starer and either observed or did not observe the participant through a closed circuit television system according to a random schedule. EDA during stare and non-stare epochs was compared for significant differences.
In addition to this basic (replication) set-up two new hypotheses were tested. The participant had the possibility to press a button whenever s/he feels stared at. This added a conscious response variable without engaging into the disadvantages of the standard conscious guessing paradigm (guessing strategies, response bias etc). Furthermore the distraction of the starer's intention during non-stare epochs was varied. In one condition s/he was mentally occupied by a cognitive task, in the other s/he was just told not to stare (standard condition). We hypothesized that the distraction from the target in the standard condition was too weak to avoid an unwanted intentional effect in the staree.
Overall we did not find any staring effect at all, not in the EDA data and not in the 'conscious' open response situation. The difference between the conditions were the sender was distracted or not distracted was not significant (p=.07) but for the condition where the starers were distracted (N=20) we found a medium effect size for a staring effect according.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S., Walach, H.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Personality / Temperament / Mindfulness / Paranormal belief / Remote staring

Final report - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms

Final report - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms

DocumentRemote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables. Combining and improving two successful paradigms2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2004
Title:
076 - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-12
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Susanne Müller, Harald Walach
Institution(s): Department for Evaluation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Hospital Epidemiology, Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Copyright/Reproduction: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S., Walach, H.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-076.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2004
Title:
Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables. Combining and improving two successful paradigms
Publication year: 2006
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Findings in parapsychology suggest an effect of distant intentionality. Two laboratory set-ups explored this topic by measuring the effect of a distant intention on psychophysiological variables. The DMILS (direct mental interaction in living systems) experiments investigate the effect of various intentions on the electrodermal activity (EDA) of a remote subject. The “Remote Staring” experiments examine whether gazing by an observer (starer) covaries with the electrodermal activity of the person being observed (staree).
In two meta-analyses (Schmidt, Schneider, Utts & Walach, 2004) it became obvious that the remote staring studies had a lower overall quality than the DMILS studies. While there are some high quality DMILS studies (score over 90%) the highest quality in Remote Staring studies is 71%. Thus there is a lack in studies with good methodology to assess the remote staring paradigm.
We conducted a remote staring study that intended to overcome methodological shortcomings of earlier studies.
Fifty participants were invited to take part as starees. After completing questionnaires on mindfulness, mood, personality and paranormal belief they rested in a comfortable position in front of a video camera while their EDA was continuously monitored. The experimenter also acted as the starer and either observed or did not observe the participant through a closed circuit television system according to a random schedule. EDA during stare and non-stare epochs was compared for significant differences.
In addition to this basic (replication) set-up two new hypotheses were tested. The participant had the possibility to press a button whenever s/he feels stared at. This added a conscious response variable without engaging into the disadvantages of the standard conscious guessing paradigm (guessing strategies, response bias etc). Furthermore the distraction of the starer’s intention during non-stare epochs was varied. In one condition s/he was mentally occupied by a cognitive task, in the other s/he was just told not to stare (standard condition). We hypothesized that the distraction from the target in the standard condition was too weak to avoid an unwanted intentional effect in the staree.
Overall we did not find any staring effect at all, not in the EDA data and not in the ‘conscious’ open response situation. Thus the experiment failed in demonstrating any Psi effect.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Müller, S.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S., Walach, H.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Müller, S., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2006). Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables. Combining and improving two successful paradigms. In C. Simmonds-Moore (Ed.), Proceedings of The Parapsychological Association 49th Annual Convention: Proceedings of presented papers (pp. 85-99). Stockholm, Sweden: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Personality / Paranormal belief / Temperament / Mindfulness / Sense of being stared at

DocumentFinal report - A Test for Mindfulness – The Bistable Images Test2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-023
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2008
Title:
023 - A Test for Mindfulness – The Bistable Images Test
Duration: 2009-01 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Harald Walach, Ursula Mochty
Institution(s): University of Northampton, School of Social Sciences (UK)
Language: eng
Author:
Walach, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mochty, U.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-023.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2008
Title:
Final report - A Test for Mindfulness – The Bistable Images Test
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa2308_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
We used the bistable Necker cube as a potential test for mindfulness. In a cross
sectional study participants with a long meditation practice perceived significantly fewer
reversals than control persons, when asked to hold on to one perception. This was correlated
with meditation time per week. This finding documents that perceptual processes might
indeed be altered by meditation practice. Meditators also were more mindful, less anxious and
depressed than the control group, but were not different in attention control under time
pressure (d2-test). Meditators also had a significantly shorter reaction time, and this might
even be a better measure of mindfulness to be studied in the future. These results support the
assumption that meditation practice enhances perceptual control and mindfulness. Without
instruction to hold on to one percept, there was no difference between the groups. The results
of a longitudinal study with meditation novices clearly demonstrated a significant improvement
over 8 weeks in all variables. Selective attention and mindfulness increased significantly with
participants becoming significantly less anxious and depressed. Participants were able to
successfully increase the average time in between perceived reversals under both conditions.
A decrease in the amount of perceived reversals was significant for the passive condition and
almost reached significance under the active condition.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Walach, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mochty, U.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Meditation / Mindfulness / Bistable images test

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DocumentFinal report - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Final report - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa3008_05032013.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The aim of the research project was to investigate whether a brief daily mindfulness meditation practice can contribute to an improvement of attentional functions and changes in the underlying brain networks.
Towards this end we conducted a longitudinal EEG study with randomized control group design that assessed the modification of attentional functions after 16 weeks of mindfulness meditation practice. At baseline participants were allocated to a meditation (MG) or a wait-list control group (CG). The MG received three hours mindfulness meditation training and were requested to meditate daily for ten minutes for the next 16 weeks. At baseline, after 8 weeks and after 16 weeks, participants performed computerized tasks that address attentional control mechanisms, while the 64-channel EEG was recorded.
The analysis of the event-related potentials (ERP) of the EEG confirmed that regular mindfulness practice influences brain mechanisms of attentional control evidenced by differences between the MG and CG in ERP components that indicate inhibitory, resource allocation and conflict monitoring processes. Importantly, also the levels of self reported mindfulness (assessed with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire) increased significantly in the MG compared to the CG. This increase was positively correlated with the self-reported amount of meditation practice.
Consistent with recent findings, the pattern of results suggests that mindfulness practice may be associated with a more even distribution of limited attentional resources and more efficient conflict monitoring.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Meditation / Mindfulness / Attention

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DocumentMindfulness-based approaches: Are they all the same?2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Mindfulness-based approaches: Are they all the same?
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21254062
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mindfulness-based approaches are increasingly employed as interventions for treating a variety of psychological, psychiatric and physical problems. Such approaches include ancient Buddhist mindfulness meditations such as Vipassana and Zen meditations, modern group-based standardized meditations, such as mindfulness-based stress reduction and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, and further psychological interventions, such as dialectical behavioral therapy and acceptance and commitment therapy. We review commonalities and differences of these interventions regarding philosophical background, main techniques, aims, outcomes, neurobiology and psychological mechanisms. In sum, the currently applied mindfulness-based interventions show large differences in the way mindfulness is conceptualized and practiced. The decision to consider such practices as unitary or as distinct phenomena will probably influence the direction of future research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Chiesa, A.
Secondary author(s):
Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Chiesa, A., & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness-based approaches: Are they all the same? Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(4), 404-424. doi: 10.1002/jclp.20776
2-year Impact Factor: 2.116|2011
Times cited: 160|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Mindfulness / Zen / Vipassana / Neuroimaging / Physical illness / Mental illness

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DocumentIndividual levels of mindfulness predict brain activity related to inhibitory control and response monitoring2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Individual levels of mindfulness predict brain activity related to inhibitory control and response monitoring
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/10.3389/conf.fnhum.2011.207.00050/event_abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mindfulness, defined as the ability to maintain non-judgemental awareness of present experiences, has emerged as an important predictor of mental well-being. In this study we investigated the cognitive / neurophysiological mechanisms of inhibitory control and response monitoring, considered to be important factors underpinning mindfulness. Participants performed a typical Go/NoGo task while the 64-channel EEG was recorded. Their task was to respond with speeded button presses to standard stimuli and to withhold responses to less frequent lures. The mean amplitudes of a second negative ERP component, peaking around 250 ms after stimulus onset (N2) with a maximum at fronto-central sites, were significantly larger for lures than for standards. Similarly, the following positive component (P3), peaking around 370 ms with a slightly more anterior topography, was enlarged for lures. Interestingly, for withheld responses these components showed variations that depended on the self-reported levels of mindfulness, assessed with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire: Comparing higher to lower levels of mindfulness, the N2 was significantly reduced, while the P3 was enlarged. The enlarged N2 component in NoGo trials is considered to reflect inhibitory mechanisms, while the P3 has been linked to response monitoring and possibly the preparation for subsequent trials. The pattern of results may thus indicate that higher levels of mindfulness are linked to more efficient inhibitory processes, followed by a more elaborate evaluation of one's own response behaviour. Building on these findings, we predict that meditation practices that foster mindfulness are likely to improve inhibitory and response monitoring mechanisms, partially explaining their wide-ranging beneficial effects. Funding: Funded by the BIAL Foundation (to PM) and a scholarship by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Education (to JPP).
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Bethan, M., Pozuelos-López, J.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Malinowski, P., Bethan, M. & Pozuelos-López, J. (2011). Individual levels of mindfulness predict brain activity related to inhibitory control and response monitoring. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Conference Abstract: XI International Conference on Cognitive Neuroscience (ICON XI). doi: 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2011.207.00050
2-year Impact Factor: 2.895|2013
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Awareness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Mindfulness

DocumentHow does mindfulness practice promote positive psychological change?2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
How does mindfulness practice promote positive psychological change?
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.achtsamkeitskongress.de/index.php?id=624&L=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
An ever-growing number of studies are confirming the efficacy of mindfulness-based meditations and more general mindfulness-based interventions in alleviating a variety of psychological problems and chronic diseases. However, the understanding of the underlying psychological processes that promote positive change is still very limited. In our own research we currently focus on the role of habitual thinking and its interplay with emotion regulation. In line with several theoretical assumptions we conceptualize the development of mindfulness in terms of a process-oriented approach, changing how thoughts, emotions and physical sensations are experienced rather than what thoughts or emotions and sensations are experienced. The talk aims to introduce our theoretical framework.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Malinowski, P. (2011, August). How does mindfulness practice promote positive psychological change? Conference Abstract: International Conference Mindfulness, Hamburg.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Mindfulness / Meditation / Mental illness / Physical illness

DocumentMindfulness practice for well being and psychological change2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Mindfulness practice for well being and psychological change
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.google.pt/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&frm=1&source=web&cd=1&ved=0CDIQFjAA&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bangor.ac.uk%2Fmindfulness%2Fppts_etc%2FMalinowski_AttentionMindfulness_final.pptx&ei=GMUdUvbjJcfB7Abi8oDIDA&usg=AFQjCNGndaeJVnGr8r6rR7yy1jfTk2z_RQ
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Mindfulness / Attention / Meditation / Vipassana

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentRegular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3277272/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mindfulness-based meditation practices involve various attentional skills, including the ability to sustain and focus ones attention. During a simple mindful breathing practice, sustained attention is required to maintain focus on the breath while cognitive control is required to detect mind wandering. We thus hypothesized that regular, brief mindfulness training would result in improvements in the self-regulation of attention and foster changes in neuronal activity related to attentional control. A longitudinal randomized control group EEG study was conducted. At baseline (T1), 40 meditation naïve participants were randomized into a wait list group and a meditation group, who received three hours mindfulness meditation training. Twenty-eight participants remained in the final analysis. At T1, after eight weeks (T2) and after 16 weeks (T3), all participants performed a computerized Stroop task (a measure of attentional control) while the 64-channel EEG was recorded. Between T1 and T3 the meditators were requested to meditate daily for 10 min. Event-related potential (ERP) analysis highlighted two between group effects that developed over the course of the 16-week mindfulness training. An early effect at left and right posterior sites 160–240 ms post-stimulus indicated that meditation practice improved the focusing of attentional resources. A second effect at central posterior sites 310–380 ms post-stimulus reflects that meditation practice reduced the recruitment of resources during object recognition processes, especially for incongruent stimuli. Scalp topographies and source analyses (Variable Resolution Electromagnetic Tomography, VARETA) indicate relevant changes in neural sources, pertaining to left medial and lateral occipitotemporal areas for the early effect and right lateral occipitotemporal and inferior temporal areas for the later effect. The results suggest that mindfulness meditation may alter the efficiency of allocating cognitive resources, leading to improved self-regulation of attention.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Moore, A.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Derose, J., Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Moore, A., Gruber, T., Derose, J., & Malinowski, P. (2012). Regular, brief mindfulness meditation practice improves electrophysiological markers of attentional control. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6, 18. doi: 10.3389/fnhum.2012.00018
2-year Impact Factor: 2.906|2012
Times cited: 124|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Cognitive control / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Stroop / Interference / Attention

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DocumentNeural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Neural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/Neuroscience/10.3389/fnins.2013.00008/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The scientific interest in meditation and mindfulness practice has recently seen an unprecedented surge. After an initial phase of presenting beneficial effects of mindfulness practice in various domains, research is now seeking to unravel the underlying psychological and neurophysiological mechanisms. Advances in understanding these processes are required for improving and fine-tuning mindfulness-based interventions that target specific conditions such as eating disorders or attention deficit hyperactivity disorders. This review presents a theoretical framework that emphasizes the central role of attentional control mechanisms in the development of mindfulness skills. It discusses the phenomenological level of experience during meditation, the different attentional functions that are involved, and relates these to the brain networks that subserve these functions. On the basis of currently available empirical evidence specific processes as to how attention exerts its positive influence are considered and it is concluded that meditation practice appears to positively impact attentional functions by improving resource allocation processes. As a result, attentional resources are allocated more fully during early processing phases which subsequently enhance further processing. Neural changes resulting from a pure form of mindfulness practice that is central to most mindfulness programs are considered from the perspective that they constitute a useful reference point for future research. Furthermore, possible interrelations between the improvement of attentional control and emotion regulation skills are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Malinowski, P. (2013). Neural mechanisms of attentional control in mindfulness meditation. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 7: 8. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2013.00008
2-year Impact Factor: 3.656|2014
Impact factor notes: Impact factor computed since 2013
Times cited: 139|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Attentional control / Stroop / Attention

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentMindfulness and cognitive control: are they really related?2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Mindfulness and cognitive control: are they really related?
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/10.3389/conf.fnhum.2011.207.00260/event_abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interests in study the underlying mechanisms of Mindfulness have increase in recent years. Mindfulness is understood as the ability to maintain non-judgemental awareness of present experiences, which is related to cognitive control. In this study we investigate the relation between the mechanisms of conflict resolution and error monitoring and mindfulness. Participants performed a Flanker task, while we register the EEG. Reaction times, accuracy of response and the ERP component related to the conflict resolution (N2) and error monitoring (ERN) where analyzed. In Flanker task the N2 component is considered to reflect conflict resolution processes, while the ERN has been linked Error Monitoring. Related to Stimuli-Locked ERP, we found a negative fronto-central component which highest amplitude was found around 350ms after stimulus onset (N2). This negativity was significantly larger for incongruent than for congruent. Regarding the Response-Locked ERP, we found a negative deflection peaking around 50ms after response (ERN), which was significantly larger for incorrect than correct answers. These effects were correlated with the level of mindfulness assessed with the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). We found a negative correlation between mindfulness level and the amplitude of the N2, while a positive correlation with the amplitude of the ERN was found. Results indicate that high levels of mindfulness are linked to more efficient cognitive control hence fewer resources are needed for conflict resolution. Results also suggest that the higher levels of mindfulness enhance behavioural and mental monitoring. These cognitive control processes have been related to more efficient emotional regulation, and can help us to understand the beneficial effect of mindfulnes Funding: Supported by Founding BES-2009-017932 of the Program of Formación de Personal Investigador (FPI) of the Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación, Spain.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pozuelos-López, J.
Secondary author(s):
Mead, B., Rueda, M., Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Abstract
Reference:
Pozuelos-López, J., Mead, B., Rueda, M. & Malinowski, P. (2011). Mindfulness and cognitive control: are they really related? Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. Conference Abstract: XI International Conference on Cognitive Neuroscience (ICON XI). doi: 10.3389/conf.fnhum.2011.207.00260
2-year Impact Factor: 2.895|2013
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Cognitive control / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Mindfulness

DocumentFinal report - Measurement and Analysis of Interindividual Psychophysiological Differences in Experienced Meditators2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
083 - Measurement and Analysis of Interindividual Psychophysiological Differences in Experienced Meditators
Duration: 2009-10 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Niko Kohls
Institution(s): Institut für Umweltmedizin und Krankenhaushygiene, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Kohls, N.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-083.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
Final report - Measurement and Analysis of Interindividual Psychophysiological Differences in Experienced Meditators
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/BIAL%20Results%20Sheet%208308.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The connection between mindfulness, a positive evaluation of mystical experiences and a decreased psychopathology could be demonstrated in subjective self-ratings but also in the gamma activity of resting state EEG. The same could be observed in the EEG coherence of beta band activity. This is a surprising match between behavioural self-ratings of the concept of mindfulness and the brain electrical physiology. The results strongly support the idea that a state of mindful presence and an attitude of acceptance are closely related to psychological health and a positive acceptance of mystical experiences.
While meditation essentially was found to be a state of reduced lower frequencies, the beta1 amplitudes seem to increase in parietal areas similarly to the state of presence. High frequency EEG correlations indicate an increased state of presence in experienced meditators compared to the less experienced meditators.
Highly significant brain state changes between various meditative tasks in experienced meditators indicate that meditation trained persons show higher brain dynamics than less experienced people giving rise to the hypothesis that those people may be able to experience themselves in more different ways. This offers meditators a higher range of mental possibilities. As similar results were seen in the most present versus least present participants, we also could say that the self-rated personal trait of being present is connected with the ability of altering the physiological state of presence.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Kohls, N.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Behavioral self-rating / Psychological health / Mystical experience

Final report - Measurement and Analysis of Interindividual Psychophysiological Differences in Experienced Meditators

Final report - Measurement and Analysis of Interindividual Psychophysiological Differences in Experienced Meditators

DocumentNeurophysiological correlates to psychological trait variables in experienced meditative practitioners2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-083
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
083 - Measurement and Analysis of Interindividual Psychophysiological Differences in Experienced Meditators
Duration: 2009-10 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Niko Kohls
Institution(s): Institut für Umweltmedizin und Krankenhaushygiene, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Kohls, N.
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-083.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
Neurophysiological correlates to psychological trait variables in experienced meditative practitioners
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F978-94-007-2079-4_10
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
“Meditation” has frequently been used as an umbrella term for diverse consciousness practices. Although neuropsychological state and trait measures in persons experienced in meditation practice have been reported during the last years, there is no consensus about their phenomenological meaning and correlation with experiences. In this study we aimed to investigate the neuronal, psychological and phenomenological commonalities of various meditation styles by correlating 64 channel of EEG (electroencephalogram) data with questionnaire measures tapping into mindfulness (FMI) and exceptional and spiritual experiences (EEQ). Significant correlations between EEG measures and the mindfulness score, amount of meditation experience, and exceptional experiences such as visionary dreams were found. The heuristic approach of classifying spiritual and meditative techniques on three different dimensions – neuronal, phenomenological and psychological trait – seems to be a promising way for developing a taxonomy of meditative states that is not only based on a superficial, technological surface level description of a particular mind-body practice.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Kohls, N., Kamei, T., Feilding, A., Walach, H.
Document type:
Book chapter
Reference:
Hinterberger, T., Kohls, N., Kamei, T., Feilding, A., & Walach, H. (2011). Neurophysiological correlates to psychological trait variables in experienced meditative practitioners. In H. Walach, S. Schmidt, W.B. Jonas (Eds.). Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality. Studies in Neuroscience, Consciousness and Spirituality, (Vol. 1, pp.129-155), Heidelberg, London, New York, Springer.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Electroencephalogram (EEG)

DocumentFinal report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
122 - Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Duration: 2009-10 - 2012-11
Researcher(s):
Henk Barendregt, Stephen Whitmarsh, Eva Lobach, Dick J. Bierman, Fabio Giommi
Institution(s): Mind Brain Mindfulness research group (MBM) of the Institute of Computing and Information Sciences (ICIS), Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Learning / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Final report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa12208_21022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Participants were unknowingly exposed to complex regularities in a working memory task. The existence of implicit knowledge was subsequently inferred from a preference for stimuli with similar grammatical regularities. Several affective traits have been shown to influence AGL performance positively, many of which are related to a tendency for automatic responding. We therefore tested whether the mindfulness trait predicted a reduction of grammatically congruent preferences, and used emotional primes to explore the influence of affect. Mindfulness was shown to correlate negatively with grammatically congruent responses. Negative primes were shown to result in faster and more negative evaluations. We conclude that grammatically congruent preference ratings rely on habitual responses, and that our findings provide empirical evidence for the non-reactive disposition of the mindfulness trait.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
The final report is presented as article
Author: Whitmarsh, S.
Secondary author(s):
Udden, J., Barendregt, H., Petersson, K.
Document type:
Article. Final report
Reference:
Whitmarsh, S., Udden, J., Barendregt, H., & Petersson, K. (2013). Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning. Consciousness and Cognition, 22(3), 833-845. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2013.05.007
2-year Impact Factor: 2.235|2013
Times cited: 15|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Artificial grammar / Implicit learning / Mindfulness / Meditation

Final report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning

Final report - Mindfulness reduces habitual responding based on implicit knowledge: Evidence from artificial grammar learning

DocumentFinal report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
149 - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Duration: 2010-04 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Harald Walach, Thilo Hinterberger, Matthias Braeunig, Dr. Jose Raul Naranjo, Kathrin Simshäuser
Institution(s): Center for Mindfulness, Meditation and Neuroscience Research, Instit. of Environmental Health Sciences, Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Walach, H., Hinterberger, T., Braeunig, M., Naranjo, J. R., Simshäuser, K.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Assessment tools / Cognitive processes / Attention / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2008
Title:
Final report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa149-08_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Meditation can be described as a special way to pay attention on a continuous moment to moment basis. Research has shown that meditation techniques are able to enhance attentional capacities. In this study we took a closer look at this relationship between meditation and attention. At first we developed three different assessment tools for the description of a medition practice without referring to any esoteric or religious aspects. A scale assessing the motivation of meditators was developed by the psychometric assessment of 550 meditators. Here a psychometric valid, highly reliable scale with a stable four factor structure could be developed. Regarding meditation practice it was necessary to differentiate between different types of attention cultivated in different meditation styles. The main dimension here was the difference between a narrow focused attention and a wide and open form of attention. This difference was assessed with several visual analog scales.
Regarding the human attentional network three distinct systems of attention (alerting, orienting and executive control) are known. We recruited 25 long-term meditators and 25 sex and age matched controls. They were tested for their performance in each of the three networks by the attention network test (ANT) while EEG was measured to assess event related potentials (ERP) in relation to the ANT stimuli.
We could demonstrate that meditators had a significant better performance on the executive component of the ANT (p<.05). There was no difference for the two other networks. Meditators practicing meditation with a narrow focus of attention showed a better performance in the executive control function of the ANT (r = .34) but the correlation failed to reach significance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng / ger
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Hinterberger, T., Inacker, E., Markowiak, M., Naranjo, J. R., Adrian, C., Simshäuser, K., Netz, B., Walach, H.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Attention / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Motivation

Final report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures

Final report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures

DocumentMeditation und Emotionsregulation im Bereich neurowissenschaftlicher Forschung2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2008
Title:
085 - Embodied Emotions. The impact of expertise in mindfulness on the automaticity in emotion regulation strategies detected by psychophysiological parameters and self-report in a laboratory setting
Duration: 2009-09 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
Susanne Müller, Ulrike Halsband
Institution(s): Department of Psychology/Neuropsychology, University of Freiburg (Germany)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Unpublished documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Müller, S.
Secondary author(s):
Halsband, U.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-085.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2008
Title:
Meditation und Emotionsregulation im Bereich neurowissenschaftlicher Forschung
Publication year: 2010
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
ger
Author:
Müller, S.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Emotion regulation / Neuropsychology / Embodied emotion

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentEmbodied emotions. The impact of expertise in mindfulness on the automaticity in emotion regulation strategies detected by psychophysiological parameters and self-report in a laboratory settingn.d.

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-085
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2008
Title:
085 - Embodied Emotions. The impact of expertise in mindfulness on the automaticity in emotion regulation strategies detected by psychophysiological parameters and self-report in a laboratory setting
Duration: 2009-09 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
Susanne Müller, Ulrike Halsband
Institution(s): Department of Psychology/Neuropsychology, University of Freiburg (Germany)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Unpublished documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Müller, S.
Secondary author(s):
Halsband, U.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-085.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2008
Title:
Embodied emotions. The impact of expertise in mindfulness on the automaticity in emotion regulation strategies detected by psychophysiological parameters and self-report in a laboratory setting
Publication year: n.d.
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng / ger
Author:
Müller, S.
Secondary author(s):
Halsband, U.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Mindfulness / Emotion regulation / Psychophysiological measures / Meditation / Embodied emotion

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DocumentFinal report - Facilitating healthy ageing: Investigating neuroprotective effects of mindfulness practice2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-032
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
032 - Facilitating healthy ageing: Investigating neuroprotective effects of mindfulness practice
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013-05
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Cathy Montgomery
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Natural Sciences and Psychology Byrom Street, Liverpool (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Montgomery, C.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-032.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Title:
Final report - Facilitating healthy ageing: Investigating neuroprotective effects of mindfulness practice
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa3210_07022013.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The aim of the project was to investigate whether regular, brief mindfulness practice, previously shown to be beneficial in improving attentional control functions, would positively influence the process of cognitive ageing.
During the first phase of the project various measures of cognitive performance were trialled in older participants. Based on the results and practical insights from these pilots a 3-arm longitudinal control trial was run with participants (age 55 – 75 years). The mindfulness group (MG, N=20) engaged in 7 weeks of brief (10 minutes), daily mindful breathing exercises while the active control group (ACG, N=20) engaged in the same amount of cognitive training, similar to available “brain gym” programs. A third waitlist control group (WCG, N=10) only took part in the assessment. At the beginning and end of the programme participants completed four cognitive tasks (the attentional blink task, the Continuous Performance Test, an emotional Stroop task and a spatial short-term memory task). Employing a 64-channel EEG set-up, electrophysiological measures were recorded concurrently.
Currently the extensive dataset is being analysed. A first, cursory analysis suggests that the MG improved above and beyond both control groups on several performance parameters. Additionally, aspects of the event-related potentials, indicative of distinct improvements in attentional functions, appear to be selectively improved in the MG.
As the majority of the MG participants also reported positive influences on their daily life, our preliminary conclusion is that a brief mindful breathing practice can yield positive effects in older participants and may thus be a building block for a lifestyle that facilitates healthy ageing.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation research / Mindfulness / Cognitive aging / Attentional functions

Final report - Facilitating healthy ageing: Investigating neuroprotective effects of mindfulness practice

Final report - Facilitating healthy ageing: Investigating neuroprotective effects of mindfulness practice

DocumentA Test for Mindfulness - The Bistable Images Test2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-023
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2008
Title:
023 - A Test for Mindfulness – The Bistable Images Test
Duration: 2009-01 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Harald Walach, Ursula Mochty
Institution(s): University of Northampton, School of Social Sciences (UK)
Language: eng
Author:
Walach, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mochty, U.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-023.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2008
Title:
A Test for Mindfulness - The Bistable Images Test
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objective: This study aims to follow up results obtained from a previous pilot experiment
on the empirical investigation of mindfulness. Currently self-rating questionnaires are in
use, but, to date, no objective assessment for mindfulness is available to quantify this
construct. Recent studies point towards improvement in attention by means of systematic
meditation training. The aim of this study is to overcome some of the weaknesses of selfratings
and develop a quick and simple objective test for the assessment of mindfulness
and attention. The bi-stable images test presents the Necker Cube illusion, where two
shapes can be perceived in the same image. As mental training of attention is a core
ingredient of meditation, it should be possible to influence the amount of image reversals,
and indicate changes in mindfulness and attention.
Method: We measured average reaction time and amount of image reversals during 2 4-
min presentations of the Necker Cube illusion (with/without instruction to hold each
reversal), and individual average reaction time to a 2-min alternating images reaction task
(3x) for both experienced meditation and non-meditation group. Two mindfulness
questionnaires, a short attention test, and an anxiety and depression scale were
conducted for correlation with and control of side effects for obtained test data.
Participants: 38 meditators (min. meditation experience of 5 years) and matched 38 nonmeditators
(N=76) were tested.
Results: We report significantly negative correlations between meditation hours/week
and anxiety, depression, sex, and total amount of reversals. The higher meditative practice
was per week, the higher mindfulness and the longer an image could be held with
instruction. Meditation hours/week and concentration were determined as possible
predictors for mindfulness.
Conclusion: The relationship of significantly lesser image reversals with higher meditative
practice is encouraging evidence that the bi-stable images test could be an objective test
tool for assessment of meditation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Walach, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mochty, U.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Walach, H., & Mochty, U. (2010). A Test for Mindfulness - The Bistable Images Test. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 249). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Binocular rivalry / Attention / Mindfulness

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DocumentDoes meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
030 - Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-04
Researcher(s):
Peter Malinowski, Thomas Gruber, Gernot G. Supp
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-030.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: Mindfulness based meditation practices involve various attentional skills, including the
ability to sustain and focus one’s attention. During a simple mindful breathing practice, sustained
attention is required to maintain focus on the breath while cognitive control is required to detect
mind wandering. As the refinement of attentional functions is considered to significantly
contribute to the positive effects of meditation practice, the aim of this project was to investigate
whether brief regular mindfulness meditation practice would result in improvements in the self
regulation of attention and foster changes in neuronal activity related to attentional control.
Methods: A longitudinal randomised control group EEG study was conducted. At baseline (T1), 40
meditation naïve participants were randomised into a wait list group and a meditation group, who
received three hours mindfulness meditation training. 28 participants remained in the final
analysis. At T1, after 8 weeks (T2) and after 16 weeks (T3), all participants performed a
computerized Stroop task (a measure of attentional control) while the 64-channel EEG was
recorded. Between T1 and T3 the meditators were requested to meditate daily for ten minutes.
Results: Event-related potential (ERP) analysis highlighted two between group effects that
developed over the course of the 16-week mindfulness training. An early effect at left and right
posterior sites 160 – 240 ms post stimulus indicates that meditation practice improved the
focusing of attentional resources. A second effect at central posterior sites 310 – 380 ms post
stimulus reflects that meditation practice reduced the recruitment of resources during object
recognition processes, especially for incongruent stimuli. Scalp topographies and source analyses
(VARETA) indicate relevant changes in neural sources, pertaining to left medial and lateral
occipitotemporal areas for the early effect and right lateral occipitotemporal and inferior temporal
areas for the later effect.
Discussion and Conclusions: The results suggest that mindfulness meditation may alter the
efficiency of allocating cognitive resources, leading to improved self regulation of attention. That
meditating for only 10 minutes per day leads to significant changes in neural activity highlights the
potential mindfulness practice may have for the everyday user.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Malinowski, P.
Secondary author(s):
Gruber, T., Supp, G.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Malinowski, P., Gruber, T., Supp, G. (2012). Does meditation practice modulate the dynamics of attentional neural networks? An EEG study. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 16/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Cognitive control / Electrophysiology / Attention

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