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DocumentFinal report - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
064 - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Duration: 2007-02 - 2008-12
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Shackel, Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Miguel Farias
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Wiech, K., Kahane, G., Farias, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms / Cognitive processes / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
Final report - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/64-06-20131212.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy volunteers, we investigated the neural bases of counterintuitive moral judgements, while controlling for the content of these judgments (utilitarian versus non-utilitarian). More specifically, we investigated the relationship between the effort required to arrive at a moral judgement, as reflected by behavioural and neural responses during moral decision-making, and two personality traits, each potentially reflecting one of the two postulated pathways to counterintuitive moral judgment (cognitive effort or emotional deficit).
Counterintuitive judgements were perceived as more difficult than intuitive judgements, whereas there was no significant difference in perceived difficulty between utilitarian and deontological judgments. At the neural level, the fMRI data suggest that previously reported differences in moral judgment are in fact largely due to their intuitiveness and not to their content. Furthermore, we show that the difficulty of making counterintuitive moral judgments is reflected in activation in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC). Importantly, rACC activation during counterintuitive judgments of a specifically utilitarian character was negatively correlated with ‘psychoticism’, a trait associated with diminished affect and social awareness, but not with ‘need for cognition’, a trait reflecting preference for complex cognition.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Kahane, G., Wiech, K., Farias, M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Neuroimaging / Moral judgment / Decision-making / Cognition / Emotion

Final report - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement

Final report - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement

DocumentThe neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
064 - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Duration: 2007-02 - 2008-12
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Shackel, Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Miguel Farias
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Wiech, K., Kahane, G., Farias, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms / Cognitive processes / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://scan.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2011/03/18/scan.nsr005.full.pdf+html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neuroimaging studies on moral decision-making have thus far largely focused on differences between moral judgments with opposing utilitarian (well-being maximizing) and deontological (duty-based) content. However, these studies have investigated moral dilemmas involving extreme situations, and did not control for two distinct dimensions of moral judgment: whether or not it is intuitive (immediately compelling to most people) and whether it is utilitarian or deontological in content. By contrasting dilemmas where utilitarian judgments are counterintuitive with dilemmas in which they are intuitive, we were able to use functional magnetic resonance imaging to identify the neural correlates of intuitive and counterintuitive judgments across a range of moral situations. Irrespective of content (utilitarian/deontological), counterintuitive moral judgments were associated with greater difficulty and with activation in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex, suggesting that such judgments may involve emotional conflict; intuitive judgments were linked to activation in the visual and premotor cortex. In addition, we obtained evidence that neural differences in moral judgment in such dilemmas are largely due to whether they are intuitive and not, as previously assumed, to differences between utilitarian and deontological judgments. Our findings therefore do not support theories that have generally associated utilitarian and deontological judgments with distinct neural systems.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kahane, G.
Secondary author(s):
Wiech, K., Shackel, N., Farias, M., Savulescu, J., Tracey, I.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Kahane, G., Wiech, K., Shackel, N., Farias, M., Savulescu, J., & Tracey, I. (2012). The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7(4), 393-402. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr005
2-year Impact Factor: 5.042|2014
Times cited: 73|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Neuroimaging / Moral judgment / Decision-making / functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)

The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment

The neural basis of intuitive and counterintuitive moral judgment

DocumentBrain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
064 - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Duration: 2007-02 - 2008-12
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Shackel, Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Miguel Farias
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Wiech, K., Kahane, G., Farias, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms / Cognitive processes / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Previous neuroimaging studies of moral dilemmas have suggested that different modes of moral deliberation have distinct neurobiological correlates: deontological, rule-based judgments have been associated with automatic, affect-laden moral intuitions; and utilitarian, utility-maximizing judgments with controlled cognitive processing. However, the respective contribution of content (deontological or utilitarian)
and intuitiveness to moral judgement is still unclear, and the neural bases of moral intuitions remain obscure.
METHODS:
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy volunteers, we investigated the neural bases of counterintuitive moral judgements, while controlling for the content of these judgments (utilitarian versus non-utilitarian). More specifically, we investigated the relationship between the effort required to arrive at a moral judgement, as reflected by behavioural and neural responses during moral decision-making, and two personality traits, each potentially reflecting one of the two postulated pathways to counterintuitive moral judgment (cognitive effort or emotional deficit).
RESULTS:
Counterintuitive judgements were perceived as more difficult than intuitive judgements, whereas there was no significant difference in perceived difficulty between utilitarian and deontological judgments. At the neural level, the fMRI data suggest that previously reported differences in moral judgment are in fact largely due to their intuitiveness and not to their content. Furthermore, we show that the difficulty of making counterintuitive moral judgments is reflected in activation in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC). Importantly, rACC activation during counterintuitive judgments of a specifically utilitarian character was negatively correlated with ‘psychoticism’, a trait associated with diminished affect and social awareness, but not with ‘need for cognition’, a trait reflecting preference for complex cognition.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our data thus suggest that recent attempts to draw support for utilitarian ethics on the basis of research on the neuroscience of moral cognition are premature. More importantly, our findings provide evidence that counterintuitive moral judgment in healthy individuals can be based in two distinct neural mechanisms, and that the rACC is a key structure in moral cognition which can serve as a biomarker for these two pathways to
moral judgment.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Kahane, G., Farias, M.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Shackel, N., Kahane, G., & Farias, M. (2010). Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 215). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Neuroimaging / Moral judgment / Decision-making / Cognition / Emotion

Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement

Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement

DocumentBrain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
064 - Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Duration: 2007-02 - 2008-12
Researcher(s):
Nicholas Shackel, Katja Wiech, Guy Kahane, Miguel Farias
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Wiech, K., Kahane, G., Farias, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms / Cognitive processes / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-064.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
AIMS:
Previous neuroimaging studies of moral dilemmas have suggested that different modes of moral deliberation have distinct neurobiological correlates: deontological, rule-based judgments have been associated with automatic, affect-laden moral intuitions; and utilitarian, utility-maximizing judgments with controlled cognitive processing. However, the respective contribution of content (deontological or utilitarian) and intuitiveness to moral judgement is still unclear, and the neural bases of moral intuitions remain obscure.
METHODS:
Using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in healthy volunteers, we investigated the neural bases of counterintuitive moral judgements, while controlling for the content of these judgments (utilitarian versus non-utilitarian). More specifically, we investigated the relationship between the effort required to arrive at a moral judgement, as reflected by behavioural and neural responses during moral decision-making, and two personality traits, each potentially reflecting one of the two postulated pathways to counterintuitive moral judgment (cognitive effort or emotional deficit).
RESULTS:
Counterintuitive judgements were perceived as more difficult than intuitive judgements, whereas there was no significant difference in perceived difficulty between utilitarian and deontological judgments. Further, we show that the difficulty of making counterintuitive moral judgments is reflected in activation in the rostral anterior cingulate cortex (rACC). Importantly, rACC activation during counterintuitive judgments of a specifically utilitarian character was negatively correlated with ‘psychoticism’, a trait associated with diminished affect and social awareness, but not with ‘need for cognition’, a trait reflecting preference for complex cognition.
CONCLUSIONS:
At the neural level, the fMRI data suggest that previously reported differences in moral judgment are in fact largely due to their intuitiveness and not to their content.
DISCUSSION:
Our data thus suggest that recent attempts to draw support for utilitarian ethics on the basis of research on the neuroscience of moral cognition are premature. More importantly, our findings provide evidence that counterintuitive moral judgment in healthy individuals can be based in two distinct neural mechanisms, and that the rACC is a key structure in moral cognition which can serve as a biomarker for these two pathways to moral judgment.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Shackel, N.
Secondary author(s):
Wiech, K., Kahane, G., Farias, M.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Shackel, N., Wiech, K., Kahane, G., & Farias, M. (2012). Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 4/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Neuroimaging / Moral judgment / Decision-making / Cognition / Emotion

Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement

Brain imaging study of the psychological antecedents and neural correlates of moral judgement

DocumentJuízos morais e emoções: Um estudo através da Tarefa Moral Convencional revista e ampliada2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-166
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2010
Title:
166 - Judgements of moral wrongdoings and emotions: A neuropsychophysiological study
Duration: 2012-01 - 2015-09
Researcher(s):
Paulo Sousa, João Eduardo Marques-Teixeira, Carlos Eduardo Evangelisti Mauro, Fernando Ricardo Ferreira-Santos
Institution(s): Faculdade de Economia e Gestão, Universidade Católica Portuguesa, Centro Regional do Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: por
Author:
Sousa, P.
Secondary author(s):
Marques-Teixeira, J., Mauro, C., Ferreira-Santos, F.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Affective and social behavior / Social interaction/norms

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-166.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 20/2010
Title:
Juízos morais e emoções: Um estudo através da Tarefa Moral Convencional revista e ampliada
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.viiisnip2013.com/livro_atas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJETIVO:
O objetivo deste estudo foi examinar o papel das emoções na produção de juízos morais. Para tal, utilizámos a Tarefa Moral Convencional (MCT) que serve para qualificar, através de cenários de transgressões apresentados aos participantes, o que constitui um juízo de uma transgressão moral por oposição a um juízo
de transgressão de uma convenção social.
METODOLOGIA
A MCT foi revista e implementada através de um inquérito, utilizando questões que avaliam, entre outras, as dimensões afetivas de valência e ativação, e as emoções discretas. Introduziram-se também novos cenários que vão para além dos domínios morais tradicionais de dano e injustiça.
RESULTADOS:
Obteve-se uma associação entre emoções e juízos morais: as transgressões morais foram percecionadas como mais negativas e perturbadoras/ativadoras do que as de convenções sociais.
DISCUSSÃO:
Contrariamente à maioria dos estudos sobre este tema, os nossos resultados demonstram o potencial papel das emoções nos juízos morais.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
por
Author:
Pipa, F.
Secondary author(s):
Sousa, P., Ferreira-Santos, F., Mauro, C.
Document type:
Conference paper
Reference:
Pipa, F., Sousa, P., Ferreira-Santos, F., & Mauro, C. (2013). Juízos morais e emoções: Um estudo através da Tarefa Moral Convencional revista e ampliada. In A. Pereira, M. Calheiros, P. Vagos, I. Direito, S. Monteiro, C. F. Silva, & A. A. Gomes (Eds.), Livro de Atas do VIII Simpósio Nacional de Investigação em Psicologia (pp. 205-215). Aveiro: Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Moral judgment / Moral-conventional task / Affective dimensions / Discrete emotions

Juízos morais e emoções: Um estudo através da Tarefa Moral Convencional revista e ampliada

Juízos morais e emoções: Um estudo através da Tarefa Moral Convencional revista e ampliada

DocumentFinal report - The Aging Social Brain – Neural and behavioral age-related changes in social cognition and decision-making2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: Aging
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
The Aging Social Brain – Neural and behavioral age-related changes in social cognition and decision-making
Duration: 2014-11 - 2018-01
Researcher(s):
João Eduardo Marques Teixeira, Manuel Fernando Santos Barbosa, Fernando Ricardo Ferreira Santos, Pedro Manuel Rocha Almeida, Hugo Daniel Leão Sousa
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade do Porto, Portugal
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Submitted and published articles
Language: por / eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Marques-Teixeira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Barbosa, F., Ferreira-Santos, F., Almeida, P. R., Sousa. H.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotional processing / Empathy / Theory of mind / Moral judgement / Decision making / Aging

Reference code: Aging-01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Final report - The Aging Social Brain – Neural and behavioral age-related changes in social cognition and decision-making
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Aging%20Social%20Brain.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Social cognition comprises emotional recognition, theory of mind (ToM), moral judgment, and decision-making. Age-related changes on neurophysiological correlates of social cognition are scarcely studied.
AIM
To analyze age changes in behavioral and neurophysiological correlates of social cognition.
METHOD
30 younger (YA; Mage=26.6, SD=4.05), 30 middle-aged (MA; M=48.4, SD=5.50) and 29 older adults (OA; M=64.5, SD=4.10) performed experimental tasks targeting each social cognition component, during an EEG.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS
Emotional recognition - OA had higher N170, despite similar behavioral performances in all groups. ToM - YA and MA outperformed OA. YA and MA showed higher late positive potentials (LPP) in congruent than incongruent conditions, while OA had similar amplitudes in both. This may affect OA’s ability to use others’ facial expressions to understand their inner states. Moral judgement - OA were less accurate than YA, which was consistent with the N2 attenuation during the perception of accidental/intentional harm. Social economic decision-making (Ultimatum Game) - OA accepted more unfair offers than YA and MA. As the Medial Frontal Negativity amplitude did not differ between groups, decisions may be explained by different economic/social preferences, rather than unfairness sensitivity. Decision-making under risk - OA were less risk-averse than YA. YA had higher Feedback Related Negativity for favorable than unfavorable outcomes, while MA and OA had similar amplitudes in both. Similarly, the P3 amplitude of OA did not differ between gains and non-gains. This suggests that aging is accompanied by a decline in the ability to adjust economic decisions according to feedback.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
por
Author:
Marques-Teixeira, J.
Document type:
Final report
Keywords:
Aging / Social cognition / Moral judgment / Decision-making / ERPs

Final report - The Aging Social Brain – Neural and behavioral age-related changes in social cognition and decision-making

Final report - The Aging Social Brain – Neural and behavioral age-related changes in social cognition and decision-making

DocumentStimuli in moral judgment and theory of mind tasks: A validation study for the Portuguese population2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: Aging
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
The Aging Social Brain – Neural and behavioral age-related changes in social cognition and decision-making
Duration: 2014-11 - 2018-01
Researcher(s):
João Eduardo Marques Teixeira, Manuel Fernando Santos Barbosa, Fernando Ricardo Ferreira Santos, Pedro Manuel Rocha Almeida, Hugo Daniel Leão Sousa
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia e de Ciências da Educação, Universidade do Porto, Portugal
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Submitted and published articles
Language: por / eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Marques-Teixeira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Barbosa, F., Ferreira-Santos, F., Almeida, P. R., Sousa. H.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotional processing / Empathy / Theory of mind / Moral judgement / Decision making / Aging

Reference code: Aging-05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Stimuli in moral judgment and theory of mind tasks: A validation study for the Portuguese population
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://osf.io/5jwyb/
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Fernandes, C.
Secondary author(s):
Gonçalves, A., Ferreira-Santos, F., Melo e Castro, J., Paiva, T., Barbosa, F., Martins, I. P., Marques-Teixeira, J.
Document type:
Unpublished document
Reference:
Fernandes, C., Gonçalves, A., Ferreira-Santos, F., Melo e Castro, J., Paiva, T. O., Barbosa, F., Martins, I. P., & Marques-Teixeira, J. (2016, June). Stimuli in moral judgment and theory of mind tasks: a validation study for the Portuguese population. Poster presented at the 3rd International Conference of the European Society for Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, Porto, Portugal.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Moral judgment / Theory of mind

Stimuli in moral judgment and theory of mind tasks: A validation study for the Portuguese population

Stimuli in moral judgment and theory of mind tasks: A validation study for the Portuguese population

DocumentIndignation for moral violations suppresses the tongue motor cortex: preliminary TMS evidence2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-347
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
347 - Driving synaptic plasticity in motor-to-visual neural pathways to enhance action prediction
Researcher(s): Alessio Avenanti, Emmanuele Tidoni, Marco Zanon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Notes:
This project hasn't started yet
Author: Avenanti, A.
Secondary author(s):
Tidoni, E., Zanon, M.
Keywords:
Action observation / Prediction / Plasticity / Connectivity / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-347.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Indignation for moral violations suppresses the tongue motor cortex: preliminary TMS evidence
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/scan/advance-article/doi/10.1093/scan/nsaa036/5826313
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We commonly label moral violations in terms of ‘disgust’, yet it remains unclear whether metaphorical expressions linking disgust and morality are genuinely shared at the cognitive/neural level. Using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), we provide new insights into this debate by measuring motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) from the tongue generated by TMS over the tongue primary motor area (tM1) in a small group of healthy participants presented with vignettes of moral transgressions and non-moral vignettes. We tested whether moral indignation, felt while evaluating moral vignettes, affected tM1 excitability. Vignettes exerted a variable influence on MEPs with no net effect of the moral category. However, in accordance with our recent study documenting reduced tM1 excitability during exposure to pictures of disgusting foods or facial expressions of distaste, we found that vignettes of highly disapproved moral violations reduced tM1 excitability. Moreover, tM1 excitability and moral indignation were linearly correlated: the higher the moral indignation, the lower the tM1 excitability. Respective changes in MEPs were not observed in a non-oral control muscle, suggesting a selective decrease of tM1 excitability. These preliminary findings provide neurophysiological evidence supporting the hypothesis that morality might have originated from the more primitive experience of oral distaste.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Vicario, C. M.
Secondary author(s):
Rafal, R. D., di Pellegrino, G., Lucifora, C., Salehinejadm M. A. , Nitsche, M. A., Avenanti, A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Vicario, C. M., Rafal, R. D., di Pellegrino, G., Lucifora, C., Salehinejadm M. A., Nitsche, M. A., & Avenanti, A. (2020). Indignation for moral violations suppresses the tongue motor cortex: preliminary TMS evidence. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, nsaa036. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsaa036
2-year Impact Factor: 3.571|2019
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2020
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Moral judgment / Disgust / Transcranial magnetic stimulation / Motor-evoked potentials / Tongue cortico-hypoglossal excitability

Indignation for moral violations suppresses the tongue motor cortex: preliminary TMS evidence

Indignation for moral violations suppresses the tongue motor cortex: preliminary TMS evidence