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File041 - Psicofisiologia das memórias afetivas em toxicodependência1997-012004-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 8/1996
Title:
1996 Grants
Start date: 1997-01 - 2005-05
Dimension/support:
8 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-041
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/1996
Title:
041 - Psicofisiologia das memórias afetivas em toxicodependência
Duration: 1997-01 - 2004-04
Researcher(s):
José Correia, José Manuel Pinto de Pádua, Gláucia Lima Correia, Carla Scherer
Institution(s): AREA Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Language: por
Notes:
The project was not concluded and was closed un April 2004.
Author: Correia, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Memory / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Substance-related disorders / Emotion / Motivation

File031 - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme2007-042010-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-031
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2006
Title:
031 - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme
Duration: 2007-04 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Caroline Dalton, Jeff Breckon, Robert Copeland, Brian Hall, Gavin Reynolds
Institution(s): Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Dalton, C.
Secondary author(s):
Breckon, J., Copeland, R., Hall, B., Reynolds, G.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Obesity / Intervention / Motivation

DocumentFinal report - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-031
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2006
Title:
031 - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme
Duration: 2007-04 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Caroline Dalton, Jeff Breckon, Robert Copeland, Brian Hall, Gavin Reynolds
Institution(s): Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Dalton, C.
Secondary author(s):
Breckon, J., Copeland, R., Hall, B., Reynolds, G.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Obesity / Intervention / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-031.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2006
Title:
Final report - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa3106.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The overall aim of this study was to investigate the influence of serotonin and dopamine receptor gene polymorphisms on various parameters relevant to the successful participation of obese people taking part in a diet and exercise obesity intervention. We demonstrated that serotonin receptor gene genotype has a significant influence on perception of hunger. We also showed that dopamine receptor gene polymorphisms significantly influence the drop out rate from an obesity intervention study, and suggest that this is due to the influence of these polymorphisms both on motivation to exercise and on restrained eating behaviours. Finally we demonstrated the efficacy of motivational interviewing in an obesity intervention programme and have shown that motivational interviews influence the relationship between measures of motivation or eating behaviours and weight loss measured by BMI change These novel findings indicate that serotonin plays a key role in determining appetite. They also indicate that extent of dopamine signalling may influence an individual's motivation to engage in weight-loss programmes. Further studies are required to confirm these findings and investigate the underlying mechanisms involved.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dalton, C.
Secondary author(s):
Breckon, J., Copeland, R., Hall, B., Reynolds, G.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Genotype / Obesity / Motivation / Intervention program / Serotonin / Dopamine / Weight loss

Final report - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme

Final report - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme

DocumentThe use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-031
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2006
Title:
031 - The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme
Duration: 2007-04 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Caroline Dalton, Jeff Breckon, Robert Copeland, Brian Hall, Gavin Reynolds
Institution(s): Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Sport and Exercise Science, Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Dalton, C.
Secondary author(s):
Breckon, J., Copeland, R., Hall, B., Reynolds, G.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Obesity / Intervention / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-031.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2006
Title:
The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
To determine whether polymorphisms in serotonin or dopamine receptor genes influence changes in body mass index (BMI) or waist/hip ratio in participants of a diet and exercise programme, the extent of motivation of the participants in relation to exercise, and the participants eating behaviour scores.
METHODS:
100 obese participants of a 12-week exercise and diet intervention programme took part in the study. BMI and waist/hip ratio data were collected. The Three-factor Eating Questionnaire (TFEQ) was used to quantify eating behaviours, and the BREQ-2 questionnaire to quantify motivation in relation to exercise. Measures and questionnaires were repeated at the end of the programme. DNA was extracted from a buccal swab and genotyped for polymorphisms in serotonin and dopamine receptor genes.
RESULTS:
The results indicate that polymorphisms in serotonin receptor genes influence BMI and waist/hip ratio changes in the participants. Subjects with favourable combinations of serotonin receptor genotypes were more likely to reduce their BMI waist/hip ratio than subjects with the opposing genotypes. In addition dopamine receptor genotype influences the motivation of the participants to engage in exercise. Subjects with unfavourable genotypes were less likely to have improved their motivation score measured by the BREQ-2 questionnaire by the end of the study than those participants with a favourable genotype. Finally, both serotonin and dopamine receptor genotypes influence the subjects’ eating behaviour. Subjects with combinations of unfavourable genotypes were more likely to have eating behaviours known to be associated with weight gain compared to subjects with more favourable genotype combinations.
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings suggest that success when attempting to lose weight is influenced by polymorphisms in serotonin and dopamine receptor genes. This influence is mediated by the effect of these genes on eating behaviours and on motivation to participate in exercise. Further studies are required to investigate ways of personalising diet and exercise programmes to take into account the influence of these genetic factors.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective poster in attachment
Author: Dalton, C.
Secondary author(s):
Breckon, J., Silva, N., Copeland, R., Hall, A., Kesterton, S., Reynolds, G.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Dalton, C., Breckon, J., Copeland, R., Hall, B., & Reynolds, G. (2010). The use of a biological marker, 5-HT2C genotype, as a predictor of motivation, adherence and weight loss in participants of an obesity intervention programme. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 202). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Genotype / Obesity / Motivation / Three-factor eating questionnaire (TFEQ) / Behavioral regulation in exercise questionnaire-2 (BREQ-2)

Polymorphisms in serotonin and dopamine receptor genes influence weight loss, motivation and eating behaviours

Polymorphisms in serotonin and dopamine receptor genes influence weight loss, motivation and eating behaviours

DocumentFinal report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
149 - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Duration: 2010-04 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Harald Walach, Thilo Hinterberger, Matthias Braeunig, Dr. Jose Raul Naranjo, Kathrin Simshäuser
Institution(s): Center for Mindfulness, Meditation and Neuroscience Research, Instit. of Environmental Health Sciences, Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Walach, H., Hinterberger, T., Braeunig, M., Naranjo, J. R., Simshäuser, K.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Assessment tools / Cognitive processes / Attention / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2008
Title:
Final report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa149-08_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Meditation can be described as a special way to pay attention on a continuous moment to moment basis. Research has shown that meditation techniques are able to enhance attentional capacities. In this study we took a closer look at this relationship between meditation and attention. At first we developed three different assessment tools for the description of a medition practice without referring to any esoteric or religious aspects. A scale assessing the motivation of meditators was developed by the psychometric assessment of 550 meditators. Here a psychometric valid, highly reliable scale with a stable four factor structure could be developed. Regarding meditation practice it was necessary to differentiate between different types of attention cultivated in different meditation styles. The main dimension here was the difference between a narrow focused attention and a wide and open form of attention. This difference was assessed with several visual analog scales.
Regarding the human attentional network three distinct systems of attention (alerting, orienting and executive control) are known. We recruited 25 long-term meditators and 25 sex and age matched controls. They were tested for their performance in each of the three networks by the attention network test (ANT) while EEG was measured to assess event related potentials (ERP) in relation to the ANT stimuli.
We could demonstrate that meditators had a significant better performance on the executive component of the ANT (p<.05). There was no difference for the two other networks. Meditators practicing meditation with a narrow focus of attention showed a better performance in the executive control function of the ANT (r = .34) but the correlation failed to reach significance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng / ger
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Hinterberger, T., Inacker, E., Markowiak, M., Naranjo, J. R., Adrian, C., Simshäuser, K., Netz, B., Walach, H.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation / Mindfulness / Attention / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Event-related potential (ERP) / Motivation

Final report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures

Final report - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures

File062 - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces2007-032010-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
062 - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces
Duration: 2007-03 - 2010-02
Researcher(s):
Miguel Farias, Alana Harris, Christina Aus der Au, Katja Wiech, Pedro Soares, Wiebke Friese
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng / por
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Harris, A., Aus der Au, C., Wiech, K., Soares, P., Friese, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Religious beliefs/experiences / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Emotion / Motivation

DocumentFinal report - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
062 - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces
Duration: 2007-03 - 2010-02
Researcher(s):
Miguel Farias, Alana Harris, Christina Aus der Au, Katja Wiech, Pedro Soares, Wiebke Friese
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng / por
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Harris, A., Aus der Au, C., Wiech, K., Soares, P., Friese, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Religious beliefs/experiences / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Emotion / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
Final report - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/62-06-20131212.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The aim of this project was to understand the interaction between motivations to go on pilgrimage, spiritual behaviours and experiences, and psychological outcomes. Four hundred and fifty pilgrims to the Roman Catholic sites of Fátima, Lourdes, the Pagan site of Stonehenge, and the New Age town of Glastonbury were asked to fill in a questionnaire. This included standardized measures of positive and negative affect (PANAS), personality (EPQ), magical/paranormal ideation, religious belief/experience, and motivations to go on pilgrimage.
Spiritual Growth and Community/Care were the major motivational dimensions for pilgrims at both Christian sites, while Pagan pilgrims scored highest on Cosmic/Nature Closeness and Sensation Seeking motivations. Results for Positive and Negative Affect showed that Christian pilgrims were significantly higher on positive affect than Pagan pilgrims, while Pagan pilgrims scored significantly higher on negative affect. Pagan pilgrims also had significantly higher scores on magical/paranormal ideation and spiritual experiences. We suggest that Pagan rituals elicit higher arousal than Christian ones, and are less supported by a social and belief structure. This makes Pagan pilgrims more likely to experience negative affect (e.g. fear) and a higher frequency of unusual experiences. The higher frequency on unusual experiences is also partially explained by a schizotypal personality disposition and a tendency to process information in an intuitive way.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Harris, A., Soares, P., Friese, W., Bilderbeck, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Pilgrimage / Motivation / Spiritual experience / Affect / Personality

Final report - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces

Final report - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces

DocumentThe Pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
062 - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces
Duration: 2007-03 - 2010-02
Researcher(s):
Miguel Farias, Alana Harris, Christina Aus der Au, Katja Wiech, Pedro Soares, Wiebke Friese
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng / por
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Harris, A., Aus der Au, C., Wiech, K., Soares, P., Friese, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Religious beliefs/experiences / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Emotion / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
The Pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The aim of this project was to understand the interaction between motivations to go on pilgrimage, religious behaviours and experiences, and psychological outcomes. We were also interested in looking at sacred spaces and individuals affiliated with contrasting types of religiosity.
Various European sites were selected according to their representativeness of traditional Christianity and Paganism. Four hundred and fifty pilgrims to the Roman Catholic sites of Fátima, Lourdes, the Pagan site of Stonehenge, and the New Age town of Glastonbury were asked to fill in a questionnaire. This included standardized measures of positive and negative affect (PANAS), personality (EPQ), magical/paranormal ideation, as well as measures of religious belief/experience and activities, a newly developed scale on motivations to pilgrimage, and a qualitative section. Longitudinal data was collected using a reduced version of the questionnaire 8 to 12 weeks after the respective pilgrimage.
Spiritual Growth and Community/Care were the major motivational dimensions for pilgrims at both Christian sites, while Pagan pilgrims scored highest on Cosmic/Nature Closeness and Sensation Seeking motivations. Results for Positive and Negative Affect showed that Christian pilgrims were significantly higher on positive affect than Pagan pilgrims, while Pagan pilgrims scored significantly higher on negative affect. Items asking
about physical illness and mental health problems presented no significant differences between groups, so these differences in affect may be attributed to the characteristics of the pilgrimage (e.g. the ritual activities) and the motivations to be a pilgrim, instead of base individual differences. Pagan pilgrims also had significantly higher scores on magical/paranormal ideation and spiritual experiences.
These results are approached within a broad framework highlighting the behavioural and social-cognitive differences between Pagan and Christian belief systems. Specifically, we suggest that Pagan rituals elicit higher arousal than Christian ones, and are less supported by a social and belief structure. This makes Pagan pilgrims more likely to experience negative affect (e.g. fear) and a higher frequency of unusual experiences. Historical evidence from Classical Paganism is drawn upon to support these conclusions. Some of these results have been presented at two international conferences. Four papers are about to be submitted to various journals and a monograph proposal is under preparation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Harris, A., Aus der Au, C., Wiech, K., Soares, P., Friese, W.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Farias, M., Harris, A., Aus der Au, C., Wiech, K., Soares, P., & Friese, W. (2010). The Pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 214). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Pilgrimage / Motivation / Spiritual experience / Affect / Personality

The Pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces

The Pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces

DocumentFinal report - Analgesic properties of computer games2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-105
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2010
Title:
105 - Analgesic properties of computer games
Duration: 2011-09 - 2013-02
Researcher(s):
Stephen Fairclough, Helen Poole
Institution(s): School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Conference paper
Language: eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Poole, H.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Pain

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-105.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2010
Title:
Final report - Analgesic properties of computer games
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa105-10_03012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The concept of immersion describes a graded psychological experience that corresponds to the way in which we engage with tasks or stimuli. Selective attention is the psychological mechanism at the heart of an immersive experience. It is also known that selective attention may play an important role during the perception of pain, there is evidence that distraction from painful stimuli can increase pain tolerance. This convergence has led to a line of research where immersion in virtual tasks (e.g. computer games) is utilized for therapeutic purposes and pain relief. The first experiment adopted an Evoked Response Potential (ERP) methodology based on the auditory oddball paradigm. We developed a methodology where participants played a computer game whilst being exposed to a series of tones that were irrelevant to the game. Our participants were exposed to the oddball paradigm during several game conditions. The degree of demand experienced by participants was manipulated to yield easy, hard and impossible levels of difficulty. Participants experienced these three levels of difficulty on three display types: a small 5” display, a large TV display and a Head-Mounted Display (HMD. Our findings revealed that immersion was highest during hard/impossible levels of demand that increased the intrinsic motivation of the participant. However, we found no effect of display type on immersion.
Our second experiment focused on the motivational aspects of immersion and we once again exposed our participants to easy, hard and impossible levels of demand. Instead of using an auditory oddball task to capture ERP modulation, participants were exposed to repeated painful stimuli based on contact heat applied to the forearm. The aim of this experiment was to investigate whether ERP responses to painful stimuli were modulated by the level of game demand. This experiment failed to reveal any statistically significant findings and there were a number of methodological issues that may have been responsible for this null finding.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Immersion / Selective attention / Pain / Games / Motivation / Auditory oddball paradigm / Event-related potential (ERP)

Final report - Analgesic properties of computer games

Final report - Analgesic properties of computer games

File167 - Elucidating the molecular mechanisms mediating feeding behavior2011-052014-09

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-167
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2010
Title:
167 - Elucidating the molecular mechanisms mediating feeding behavior
Duration: 2011-05 - 2014-09
Researcher(s):
Carlos Vidal Ribeiro, Maria Teresa Montez, Laura Belmonte, Samantha Herbert
Institution(s): Champalimaud Foundation, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Language: eng
Author:
Ribeiro, C.
Secondary author(s):
Montez, M., Belmonte, L., Herbert, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Motivation / Eating behavior

File172 - Attitudes sensitivity to context: Presence of other and physiological evidences2011-052015-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-172
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 23/2010
Title:
172 - Attitudes sensitivity to context: Presence of other and physiological evidences
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Teresa Maria Morais Garcia-Marques, Ricardo Fonseca, Marília Prada, Alexandre Fernandes
Institution(s): Unidade de Investigação em Psicologia Cognitiva, do Desenvolvimento e da Educação (UIPCDE), ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
2 Posters
Articles
Final report
Language: por / eng
Author:
Garcia-Marques, T.
Secondary author(s):
Fonseca, R., Prada, M., Fernandes, A. C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Social cognition / Motivation

DocumentBases psicoterapêuticas na prática clínica

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/020
Title: Bases psicoterapêuticas na prática clínica
Número de inventário: M-0021
Local: Porto
Publisher: Laboratórios Bial
Date: 1989
Pag., vols.: 214 p.
Dimension/support: 24 cm
Accessibility: Document exists in archive
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
por
Notes:
Prémio Bial de Medicina Clínica 1988 - 1º classificado
Edition: 1ª ed.
Collection: (Bial ; 5)
Author: Pacheco, J. C.
Document type:
Book
Keywords:
Clinical practice / Personality / Communication / Motivation / Doctor-patient relationship / Suicide

DocumentMeditation und Motivation- Konstruktion eines Fragebogens zur Motivation von Meditierenden2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
149 - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Duration: 2010-04 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Harald Walach, Thilo Hinterberger, Matthias Braeunig, Dr. Jose Raul Naranjo, Kathrin Simshäuser
Institution(s): Center for Mindfulness, Meditation and Neuroscience Research, Instit. of Environmental Health Sciences, Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Walach, H., Hinterberger, T., Braeunig, M., Naranjo, J. R., Simshäuser, K.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Assessment tools / Cognitive processes / Attention / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Meditation und Motivation- Konstruktion eines Fragebogens zur Motivation von Meditierenden
Publication year: 2012
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
ger
Author:
Netz, B.
Document type:
Master's thesis
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Netz, B. (2012). Meditation und Motivation- Konstruktion eines Fragebogens zur Motivation von Meditierenden (Unpublished master´s thesis). Universität Freiburg, Psychologisches Institut.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Motivation / Assessment

DocumentWhy are people meditating? The Meditation Motivation Scale2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
149 - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Duration: 2010-04 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Harald Walach, Thilo Hinterberger, Matthias Braeunig, Dr. Jose Raul Naranjo, Kathrin Simshäuser
Institution(s): Center for Mindfulness, Meditation and Neuroscience Research, Instit. of Environmental Health Sciences, Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Walach, H., Hinterberger, T., Braeunig, M., Naranjo, J. R., Simshäuser, K.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Assessment tools / Cognitive processes / Attention / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Why are people meditating? The Meditation Motivation Scale
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.ecim-congress.org/tl_files/content/2011/ECIM%202011_Abstracts.PDF
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Meditation origins from religious traditions in the ancient East. In our modern western society the practice of meditation grew very popular in recent years. This may be due to secular or non-secular reasons. The motivation to practice meditation may range from intentions like well-being and health related issues up to the concept of self-transformation by following a spiritual path. Since it can be assumed that the motivation for a meditation practice is strongly related to the outcome we decided to construct a questionnaire assessing motives for meditation.
METHODS:
A large range of meditators was asked for their motivations to meditate. Based on their answers we constructed a 58 item scale in German offering a large range of motivations. All items had to be rated on 5 point scale. 549 meditators filled in the scale online. We performed a psychometric assessment. 27 items were discarded because of low variance, low discriminatory power, skewed distributions or loadings on multiple factors. We performed an exploratory factor analysis (Varimax) with orthogonal scale rotation.
RESULTS:
The final scale has 31 items and explains a total of 55.3 % of variance with a internal consistency of Cronbach’s a = .90. Motivations could be grouped into four distinct factors: 1. Wellbeing and Relaxation (9 Items, a=.90, 17.6% variance), 2. Regulation of Emotions (9 Items, a = .89, 14.3 % variance), 3. Self-exploration (7 Items, a = .85, 12.5 % variance), 4. Self-transformation (6 Items, a = .81, 11.0 % variance).
CONCLUSION:
The newly constructed Meditation Motivation Scale is suitable to assess motivations for the practice of meditation with high reliability. A clear-cut four factor structure emerged from the data of our sample demonstrating that secular and various non-secular motivations can be clearly separated.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Netz, B.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Schmidt, S., & Netz, B. (2011). Why are people meditating? The Meditation Motivation Scale. In M. Cree (Ed.), Abstract book of the 4th European Conference on Integrative Medicine (p. 51).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Motivation / Psychometric study

DocumentWhy are people meditating? – The Meditation Motivation Scale2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
149 - A closer look at meditation: Challenging the attentional network on different types of meditative procedures
Duration: 2010-04 - 2011-09
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Harald Walach, Thilo Hinterberger, Matthias Braeunig, Dr. Jose Raul Naranjo, Kathrin Simshäuser
Institution(s): Center for Mindfulness, Meditation and Neuroscience Research, Instit. of Environmental Health Sciences, Univ. Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Walach, H., Hinterberger, T., Braeunig, M., Naranjo, J. R., Simshäuser, K.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Assessment tools / Cognitive processes / Attention / Brain structure and function / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-149.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Why are people meditating? – The Meditation Motivation Scale
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.contemplativeresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/gdocs/ISCS%20Accepted%20Posters%202012-4-25.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The motivation to practice meditation may range from intentions like well-being and health related issues up to the concept of self-transformation by following a spiritual path. We constructed a questionnaire assessing motives for meditation. At first a 58-item scale was constructed. 549 meditators filled in the scale online. Psychometric assessment was performed and 27 items were discarded because of low variance, low discriminatory power, skewed distributions or loadings on multiple factors. The final scale has 31 items and explains a total of 55.3 % of variance with an internal consistency of 61=.90. An exploratory factor analysis with orthogonal scale rotation yielded four distinct factors: Wellbeing and Relaxation, Regulation of Emotions, Self-exploration, Self-transformation. We conclude that the Meditation Motivation Scale is suitable to assess motivations for the practice of meditation with high reliability. A clear-cut four factor structure emerged demonstrating that secular and various non-secular motivations can be clearly separated.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Netz, B., Trautwein, F. -M.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Schmidt, S., Netz, B., & Trautwein, F. -M. (2012, April). Why are people meditating? – The Meditation Motivation Scale. Poster presented at the International Symposium for Contemplative Studies, Denver, Colorado. Abstract retrieved from: http://www.contemplativeresearch.org/wp-content/uploads/gdocs/ISCS%20Accepted%20Posters%202012-4-25.pdf
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Motivation / Psychometric study

Why are people meditating? – The Meditation Motivation Scale

Why are people meditating? – The Meditation Motivation Scale

DocumentFinal report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2012
Title:
046 - Motivational Intensity in the Prefrontal Cortex
Duration: 2013-03 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Stephen Fairclough, Christopher Burns
Institution(s): School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion and motivation / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046.01
Location: SEC PCA - 46/13
Title:
Final report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex
Publication year: 2014
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant4612.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND/AIM
The aim of this work was to investigate the motivational intensity model (MIM) using measures of brain activation. The MIM has been extensively explored using cardiovascular psychophysiology, however the activation of the prefrontal cortex has not been explored in this particular paradigm. The aim of this study was to investigate how cognitive demand in response to working memory load affected activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (rPFC) under two conditions: (a) control (no reward) and (b) financial reward. It was hypothesised that the presence of reward would enhance rPFC activation but only when cognitive demand was high.
METHODS
40 participants (20 males) volunteered for the mixed-design study where reward group served as a between-participants factor. Cognitive demand was varied by exposing participants to a working memory task (nback) at five levels of difficulty, e.g. 0-back, 1-back, 3-back, 5-back, 7-back. Demand was estimated to be easy (0-back, 1-back), hard (3-back, 5-back) or impossible (7-back). All participants were paid £10 for taking part in the study, but half of the participants were offered an additional monetary reward of £10 that was linked to their performance on the task. Blood oxygenation in the rPFC was captured using a functional near-infrared spectrography (fNIRS) device that covered the forehead region of the participant and monitored BA10.
RESULTS
The results of the study indicated that blood oxygenation in the rPFC was generally higher in the presence of reward. It was also apparent that activation of the rPFC peaked at the 3-back task for participants in the control group, whereas this peak was observed at the 5-back for participants in the reward group.
CONCLUSIONS
The rPFC responded to both cognitive demand and the presence of a reward. This effect was consistent with the MIM where the level of effort invested into a task is influenced by the likelihood of success and the presence of an extrinsic reward.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Motivation / Working memory / Prefrontal cortex / Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)

Final report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex

Final report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex

DocumentImpairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://elifesciences.org/articles/25843
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Ventral tegmental area (VTA) activity is critical for reward/reinforcement and is tightly modulated by the laterodorsal tegmentum (LDT). In utero exposure to glucocorticoids (iuGC) triggers prominent motivation deficits but nothing is known about the impact of this exposure in the LDT-VTA circuit. We show that iuGC-rats have long-lasting changes in cholinergic markers in the LDT, together with a decrease in LDT basal neuronal activity. Interestingly, upon LDT stimulation, iuGC animals present a decrease in the magnitude of excitation and an increase in VTA inhibition, as a result of a shift in the type of cells that respond to the stimulus. In agreement with LDT-VTA dysfunction, we show that iuGC animals present motivational deficits that are rescued by selective optogenetic activation of this pathway. Importantly, we also show that LDT-VTA optogenetic stimulation is reinforcing, and that iuGC animals are more susceptible to the reinforcing properties of LDT-VTA stimulation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Coimbra, B.
Secondary author(s):
Soares-Cunha, C., Borges, S., Vasconcelos, N. A., Sousa, N., Rodrigues, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Coimbra, B., Soares-Cunha, C., Borges, S., Vasconcelos, N. A., Sousa, N., & Rodrigues, A. J. (2017). Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits. eLife, 6: e25843. doi: 10.7554/eLife.25843
2-year Impact Factor: 7.616|2017
Times cited: 1|2020-03-31
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Electrophysiology / Laterodorsal tegmentum / Motivation / Neuroscience / Optogenetics / Rat / Reward / Ventral tegmental area

Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits

Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits

DocumentNucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5957524/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) plays a central role in reinforcement and motivation. Around 95% of the NAc neurons are medium spiny neurons (MSNs), divided into those expressing dopamine receptor D1 (D1R) or dopamine receptor D2 (D2R). Optogenetic activation of D2-MSNs increased motivation, whereas inhibition of these neurons produced the opposite effect. Yet, it is still unclear how activation of D2-MSNs affects other local neurons/interneurons or input terminals and how this contributes for motivation enhancement. To answer this question, in this work we combined optogenetic modulation of D2-MSNs with in loco pharmacological delivery of specific neurotransmitter antagonists in rats. First, we showed that optogenetic activation of D2-MSNs increases motivation in a progressive ratio (PR) task. We demonstrated that this behavioral effect relies on cholinergic-dependent modulation of dopaminergic signalling of ventral tegmental area (VTA) terminals, which requires D1R and D2R signalling in the NAc. D2-MSN optogenetic activation decreased ventral pallidum (VP) activity, reducing the inhibitory tone to VTA, leading to increased dopaminergic activity. Importantly, optogenetic activation of D2-MSN terminals in the VP was sufficient to recapitulate the motivation enhancement. In summary, our data suggests that optogenetic stimulation of NAc D2-MSNs indirectly modulates VTA dopaminergic activity, contributing for increased motivation. Moreover, both types of dopamine receptors signalling in the NAc are required in order to produce the positive behavioral effects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Soares-Cunha, C.
Secondary author(s):
Coimbra, B., Domingues, A. V., Vasconcelos, N., Sousa, N., Rodrigues, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares-Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Domingues, A. V., Vasconcelos, N., Sousa, N., & Rodrigues, A. J. (2018). Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation. eNeuro, 5(2), e0386-18. doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0386-18.2018
Times cited: 6|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Basal ganglia / Medium spiny neurons / Motivation / Nucleus accumbens / Optogenetics / Reward

Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation

Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation

DocumentAtheists on the Santiago way: Examining motivations to go on pilgrimage2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
062 - The pilgrimage project: A study of motivations and experiences in sacred spaces
Duration: 2007-03 - 2010-02
Researcher(s):
Miguel Farias, Alana Harris, Christina Aus der Au, Katja Wiech, Pedro Soares, Wiebke Friese
Institution(s): Ian Ramsey Centre, University of Oxford (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng / por
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Harris, A., Aus der Au, C., Wiech, K., Soares, P., Friese, W.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Spiritualism / Religious beliefs/experiences / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Emotion / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-062.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2006
Title:
Atheists on the Santiago way: Examining motivations to go on pilgrimage
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/socrel/advance-article-abstract/doi/10.1093/socrel/sry019/5036084?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In the past 30 years, the camino to Santiago de Compostela has been recreated as an eclectic pilgrimage, open to both religious and atheist travelers. Following previous work on motivational orientations and religion, we conducted a study examining atheist versus religious pilgrims’ motivations to walk the Santiago way. We assessed pilgrims (N = 360) at various parts of the northern Spanish camino using a questionnaire that measured motivations to go on pilgrimage. In addition, we measured levels of positive and negative affect, physical exertion, and emotional problems. Atheists scored significantly lower on community and religious types of motivations. However, in several measures no differences were found between groups. We suggest that both atheist and religious pilgrims are exploring forms of horizontal and vertical transcendence characterized by a desire to connect to nature and one’s deeper self.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Farias, M.
Secondary author(s):
Coleman, T. J., Bartlett, J. E., Oviedo, L., Soares, P., Bas, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Farias, M., Coleman, T. J., Bartlett, J. E., Oviedo, L., Soares, P., & Bas, M. (2019). Atheists on the Santiago way: Examining motivations to go on pilgrimage. Sociology of Religion, 80(1), 28-44. doi: 10.1093/socrel/sry019
2-year Impact Factor: 2.611|2019
Times cited: 4|2020-07-30
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Atheism / Pilgrimage / Religion / Horizontal transcendence / Motivation

DocumentFNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: Impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2012
Title:
046 - Motivational Intensity in the Prefrontal Cortex
Duration: 2013-03 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Stephen Fairclough, Christopher Burns
Institution(s): School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion and motivation / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046.02
Location: SEC PCA - 46/13
Title:
FNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: Impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/journals/Neurophotonics/volume-5/issue-3/035001/FNIRS-activity-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-motivational-intensity/10.1117/1.NPh.5.3.035001.short?SSO=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Previous research has demonstrated changes in neurovascular activation of the prefrontal cortex to increased working memory load. The primary purpose of the current paper was to investigate overload of working memory capacity using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) within the framework of motivational intensity theory. A secondary goal was to explore the influence of the correlation-based signal improvement (CBSI) as a method for correcting the influence of systemic variables. In study one, 30 participants (15 female, mean age = 21.09 years, s.d. = 2.9 years) performed a verbal version of the n-back working memory task under four levels of demand (easy, hard, very hard, and impossible). In contrast to the raw data, CBSI-transformed fNIRS data indicated that neurovascular coupling was highest at hard demand when the task was challenging but success was possible. The second study (N??=??30; 15 female, mean age = 22.4 years, s.d. = 5.3) replicated the working memory manipulation with the addition of low versus high levels of financial reward. Analyses of CBSI-transformed levels of oxygenated (HbO) and deoxygenated (HHb) hemoglobin replicated the first study at right lateral regions of the prefrontal cortex (BA46). HHb_CBSI data were significantly reduced at impossible demand for participants receiving the higher level of financial reward. The study is the first to support predictions from the motivational intensity model using neurovascular data. In addition, the application of CBSI to fNIRS data was found to improve the sensitivity of HbO and Hbb to the independent variables.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C., Kreplin, U.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Fairclough, S., Burns, C., & Kreplin, U. (2018). FNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement. Neurophoton, 5(3), 035001. doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.5.3.035001
2-year Impact Factor: 3.581|2018
Times cited: 2|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Functional near-infrared spectroscopy / Working memory / Prefrontal cortex / Motivation / Reward / Signal processing