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DocumentAWARE - AWAreness during REsuscitation - A prospective study2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-142
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 01/2008
Title:
142 - Multi-centre study into the relationship of memories, consciousness and near death experiences during Cardiac Arrest
Duration: 2010-01 - 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Sam Parnia, Fritz Sterz, Roland Beisteiner, Harry Walmsley, Peter Doyle, Mr. Ken Spearpoint, Stephen Holgate, Susan Jones, Sue Hampshire, Celia Warlow, Russell Metcalf Smith, Leanne Smyth, Hayley Killingback, Salli Lovett, Paul Wills, Penny Sartori, Iain Mcleod, Jon Taylor
Institution(s): University of Southampton Department of Medical Specialities, Southampton General Hospital (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final reports
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Parnia, S.
Secondary author(s):
Sterz, F., Beisteiner, R., Walmsley, H., Doyle, P., Spearpoint, S., Holgate, S., Jones, S., Hampshire, S., Warlow, C., Smith, R., Smyth, L., Killingback, H., Lovett, S., Wills, P., Sartori, P., McLeod, I., Taylor, J.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-142.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 01/2008
Title:
AWARE - AWAreness during REsuscitation - A prospective study
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.resuscitationjournal.com/article/S0300-9572(14)00739-4/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Cardiac arrest (CA) survivors experience cognitive deficits including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). It is unclear whether these are related to cognitive/mental experiences and awareness during CPR. Despite anecdotal reports the broad range of cognitive/mental experiences and awareness associated with CPR has not been systematically studied.
METHODS:
The incidence and validity of awareness together with the range, characteristics and themes relating to memories/cognitive processes during CA was investigated through a 4 year multi-center observational study using a three stage quantitative and qualitative interview system. The feasibility of objectively testing the accuracy of claims of visual and auditory awareness was examined using specific tests. The outcome measures were (1) awareness/memories during CA and (2) objective verification of claims of awareness using specific tests.
RESULTS:
Among 2060 CA events, 140 survivors completed stage 1 interviews, while 101 of 140 patients completed stage 2 interviews. 46% had memories with 7 major cognitive themes: fear; animals/plants; bright light; violence/persecution; deja-vu; family; recalling events post-CA and 9% had NDEs, while 2% described awareness with explicit recall of ‘seeing’ and ‘hearing’ actual events related to their resuscitation. One had a verifiable period of conscious awareness during which time cerebral function was not expected.
CONCLUSIONS:
CA survivors commonly experience a broad range of cognitive themes, with 2% exhibiting full awareness. This supports other recent studies that have indicated consciousness may be present despite clinically undetectable consciousness. This together with fearful experiences may contribute to PTSD and other cognitive deficits post CA.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Parnia, S.
Secondary author(s):
Spearpoint, S., de Vos, G., Fenwick, P., Goldberg, D., Yang, J., Zhu, J., Baker, K., Killingback, H., McLean, P., Wood, M., Zafari, A. M., Dickert, N., Beisteiner, R., Sterz, F., Berger, M., Warlow, C., Bullock, S., Lovett, S., McPara, R., Marti-Navarette, S., Cushing, P., Wills, P., Harris, K., Sutton, J., Walmsley, A., Deakin, C., Little, P., Farber, M., Greyson, B., Schoenfeld, E.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
4
Reference:
Parnia, S., Spearpoint, S., de Vos, G., Fenwick, P., Goldberg, D., Yang, J., Zhu, J., . . . Schoenfeld, E. (2014). AWARE—AWAreness during REsuscitation—A prospective study. Resuscitation, 85(2), 1799-1805. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resuscitation.2014.09.004
2-year Impact Factor: 4.167|2014
Times cited: 97|2024-02-06
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Cardiac arrest / Consciousness / Awareness / Near-death experiences / Out-of-body experiences (OBEs) / Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) / Implicit memory / Explicit memory

AWARE—AWAreness during REsuscitation—A prospective study

AWARE—AWAreness during REsuscitation—A prospective study

DocumentMemories of near-death experiences: Are they self-defining? 2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-19
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Memories of near-death experiences: Are they self-defining?
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://academic.oup.com/nc/article/2019/1/niz002/5368150
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Some people report memories of near-death experiences (NDEs) after facing situations of impending death and these memories appear to have significant consequences on their lives (here referred to as “real NDE experiencers”; real NDErs). We assessed to what extent NDE memories are considered self-defining: memories that help people to define clearly how they see themselves. We screened 71 participants using the Greyson NDE scale (48 real NDErs and 23 NDErs-like who had lived a similar experience in absence of a threat to their life). Participants described their two main self-defining memories (SDMs). For each SDM, they completed the Centrality of Event Scale (CES) to assess how central the event is to their identity. The two subgroups did not differ regarding the proportion of NDErs who recalled their NDE (30 real NDErs out of 48 and 11 NDErs-like out of 23). Real NDErs and NDErs-like who recalled their NDE (n?=?41) reported richer experiences as assessed by the Greyson NDE scale. Furthermore, these participants rated their NDE memory as more central to their identity as compared to other SDMs, and the richness of the NDE memory was positively associated to its centrality (CES scores). Overall, these findings suggest that the self-defining aspect of the experience might be related to its phenomenological content rather than its circumstances of occurrence. The self-defining status of NDE memories confirms that they constitute an important part of NDErs’ personal identity and highlights the importance for clinicians to facilitate their integration within the self.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cassol, H.
Secondary author(s):
D’argembeau, A., Charland-Verville, V., Laureys, S., Martial, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Cassol, H., D’argembeau, A., Charland-Verville, V., Laureys, S., & Martial, C. (2019). Memories of near-death experiences: Are they self-defining? Neuroscience of Consciousness, (1): niz002. https://doi.org/10.1093/nc/niz002
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Impact factor notes: Impact factor only available since 2022
Times cited: 7|2024-02-12
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Near-death experiences / Near-death experiences-like / Self-defining memories / Autobiographical memory / Centrality of Event Scale

Memories of near-death experiences: Are they self-defining?

Memories of near-death experiences: Are they self-defining?

DocumentFinal report - Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-1
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Final report - Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Near-Death Experiences (NDEs) refer to mental events with highly emotional and mystical aspects classically occurring in altered states of consciousness following a real or perceived life-threatening situation.
Aims: The aim of this project was to better characterize the NDE phenomenon and their experiencers though the integration of both a psychological and a neuropsychological approach. We conducted 7 studies aiming to investigate the NDE memory, 2 studies aiming to study the NDE experiencers’ personality and cognitive characteristics, and 3 studies aiming to investigate the neurobiological basis of the NDE phenomenon.
METHOD
Using qualitative (e.g. thematic analysis) and quantitative (e.g. natural language processing tool) analyses of hundreds of written narratives, we extracted common features, identified their order of appearance, and we compared them with experiences elicited by different types of psychoactive drugs. We also retrospectively assessed experiencers’ cognitive and personality variables, the phenomenological characteristics of the memory and assessed to what extent they are considered self-defining using validated questionnaires. Finally, we reproduced NDE-like features in controlled laboratory settings in ‘naïve’ healthy subjects and NDE experiencers by administrating DMT, medically-controlled vaso-vagal syncopes and using hypnosis, while performing high-density EEG monitoring to measure cerebral electrical changes.
RESULTS&CONCLUSIONS
NDE memories comprise recurrent time-bounded and transversal features with no prototypical sequences, and are associated with an important amount of phenomenological characteristics –correlated with the richness of the experience itself. Besides, they are self-defining, meaning that they are central to experiencers’ identities. A natural language processing tool enabled to identify, via semantic similarity, the long-standing link between certain drugs and NDEs. Indeed, the NMDA receptor antagonist ketamine consistently resulted in reports most similar to those associated with NDEs. Ketamine was followed by a series of serotonergic psychedelics (e.g. DMT) and could be used as a reversible experimental model for NDE phenomenology. In addition, our findings support the view that a particularly strong engagement in fantasy and a high illusory recollection susceptibility might make people more likely to report such experiences when exposed to suitable physiological and psychological conditions. Finally, we observed significant overlaps in nearly all of the NDE-like phenomenological features induced in controlled laboratory settings, compared with reports of ‘actual’ NDEs. These studies suggest that NDE features are brain-mediated events resulting from dynamic changes in the brain’s activity and connectivity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Secondary author(s):
Martial, C., Charland-Verville, V., Cassol, H.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Near-death experiences / Consciousness / Memory / Personality

Final report - Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories

Final report - Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories

DocumentA systematic analysis of distressing near-death experience accounts2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-41
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
A systematic analysis of distressing near-death experience accounts
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09658211.2019.1626438
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Near-death experiences (NDEs) are usually associated with positive affect, however, a small proportion are considered distressing. We aimed to look into the proportion of distressing NDEs in a sample of NDE narratives, categorise distressing narratives according to Greyson and Bush’s classification (inverse, void or hellish), and compare distressing and “classical” NDEs. Participants wrote down their experience, completed the Memory Characteristics Questionnaire (assessing the phenomenology of memories) and the Greyson scale (characterising content of NDEs). The proportion of suicidal attempts, content and intensity of distressing and classical NDEs were compared using frequentist and Bayesian statistics. Distressing NDEs represent 14% of our sample (n?=?123). We identified 8 inverse, 8 hellish and 1 void accounts. The proportion of suicide survivors is higher in distressing NDEs as compared to classical ones. Finally, memories of distressing NDEs appear as phenomenologically detailed as classical ones. Distressing NDEs deserve careful consideration to ensure their integration into experiencers’ identity.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cassol, H.
Secondary author(s):
Martial, C., Annen, J., Martens, G., Charland-Verville, V. , Majerus, S., Laureys, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
5
Reference:
Cassol, H., Martial, C., Annen, J., Martens, G., Charland-Verville, V., Majerus, S., & Laureys, S. (2019). A systematic analysis of distressing near-death experience accounts. Memory, 27(8), 1122-1129. https://doi.org/10.1080/09658211.2019.1626438
2-year Impact Factor: 1.895|2019
Times cited: 19|2024-02-12
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Near-death experiences / Distressing near-death experiences / Memory Characteristics Questionnaire / Phenomenology

DocumentCharacterization of near-death experiences using text mining analyses: a preliminary study2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: NDE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of “Near-Death Experiences” through the comparison of experiencers and non-experiencers’ particularities: inter-individual differences in cognitive characteristics and susceptibility to false memories
Duration: 2016-03 - 2019-03
Researcher(s):
Steven Laureys, Charlotte Martial, Vanessa Charland-Verville, Héléna Cassol
Institution(s): Coma Science Group, University of Liège (Belgium)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Laureys, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Near-death experience / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Reference code: NDE-48
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/Outros Apoios
Title:
Characterization of near-death experiences using text mining analyses: a preliminary study
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0227402
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The notion that death represents a passing to an afterlife, where we are reunited with loved ones and live eternally in a utopian paradise, is common in the reports of people who have encountered a “Near-Death Experience” (NDE). NDEs are thoroughly portrayed by the media but empirical studies are rather recent. The definition of the phenomenon as well as the identification of NDE experiencers is still a matter of debate. To date, NDEs’ identification and description in studies have mostly derived from answered items in questionnaires. However, questionnaires’ content could be restricting and subject to personal interpretation. We believe that in addition to their use, user-independent statistical text examination of freely expressed NDEs narratives is of prior importance to help capture the phenomenology of such a subjective and complex phenomenon. Towards that aim, we included 158 participants with a firsthand retrospective narrative of their self-reported NDE that we analyzed using an automated text-mining method. The output revealed the top words expressed by experiencers. In a second step, a hierarchical clustering analysis was conducted to visualize the relationships between these words. It revealed three main clusters of features: visual perceptions, emotions and spatial components. We believe the user-independent and data-driven text mining approach used in this study is promising by contributing to the building a rigorous description and definition of NDEs.
Accessibility: Document exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Charland-Verville, V.
Secondary author(s):
Ribeiro de Paula, D., Martial, C., Cassol, H., Antonopoulos, G., Chronik, B. A., Soddu, A., Laureys, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Charland-Verville, V.*, Ribeiro de Paula, D.*, Martial, C., Cassol, H., Antonopoulos, G., Chronik, B. A., Soddu, A., & Laureys, S. (2020). Characterization of near-death experiences using text mining analyses: a preliminary study. PLoS ONE, 15(1): e0227402. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0227402
2-year Impact Factor: 3.240|2020
Times cited: 5|2024-02-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Near-death experiences / Qualitative analysis

Characterization of near-death experiences using text mining analyses: a preliminary study

Characterization of near-death experiences using text mining analyses: a preliminary study

File181 - Sleep and dreaming after a near-death experience. An exploratory study using wrist actigraphy2021-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2020 Grants
Start date: 2021-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2020-181
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
181 - Sleep and dreaming after a near-death experience. An exploratory study using wrist actigraphy
Duration: 2021-02
Researcher(s):
Nicole Lindsay, Natasha Tassell-Matamua, Rosemary Gibson
Institution(s): School of Psychology, Massey University, Palmerston North (New Zealand)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Lindsay, N.
Secondary author(s):
Tassell-Matamua, N., Gibson, R.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Near-death experiences / Dreams / Sleep / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

DocumentPsychology and the paranormal: Exploring anomalous experience2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-070
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2002
Title:
070 - Assessing the relationship between subjective validation, personality characteristics and beliefs in the paranormal
Duration: 2003-01 - 2005-03
Researcher(s):
David Marks, Robert Snowden, Nicola Gray, Lisa Evans, Anastasia Soureti
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, City University London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Marks, D.
Secondary author(s):
Snowden, R., Gray, N., Evans, L., Soureti, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-070.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2002
Title:
Psychology and the paranormal: Exploring anomalous experience
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/psychology-and-the-paranormal/book268474#description
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The field of research on the paranormal has changed enormously in the last 20 years. Examining experiences of extrasensory perception, psychokinesis, precognition, ganzfeld, dissociative states, out-of-the-body experiences, alien abductions and near-death experiences, the book appraises the best available evidence to date on scientific claims of the paranormal. Each chapter also provides a description of the psychological processes that are likely to contribute to these experiences, and to the high prevalence of paranormal beliefs. Importantly, this book does not take a fixed sceptical or 'disbelieving' view of the phenomena but, as far as possible, offers a neutral gaze which will equip readers to make up their own minds, as well as providing them with the critical skills to defend their conclusions. The book is in four parts. Part I is about basic principles, theories and processes. It defines the field of this survey as the 'science of anomaly'; presents a new integrative review and theory of paranormal experience; and discusses some of the key psychological processes that increase our understanding of anomalous experiences and beliefs. Part II is concerned with empirical and theoretical perspectives on some of the best known 'classic' subjective anomalous phenomena that are claimed to be paranormal. Part III concerns three subjectively anomalous experiences that are usually not given paranormal interpretations: the Hypnotic Trance State, Out-Of-Body Experience (OBE) and Near Death Experience (NDE). Part IV provides a conclusion and 'take-home message'. Finally, an Appendix provides concepts, methods and measures which should be helpful to readers wishing to embark upon studies of their own. It is helpful to look at the general terrain of 'anomalistic psychology' both subjective paranormal experiences (SPEs) that are claimed by some authorities to be paranormal and other SPEs not generally claimed to be paranormal, with intriguing differences between the two.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Marks, D. F.
Document type:
Book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Marks, D. F. (2020). Psychology and the paranormal: Exploring anomalous experience. Sage Publications Ltd. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781529730036
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis / Precognition / Ganzfeld / Dissociative states / Out-of-the-body experiences / Alien abductions / Near-death experiences / Paranormal beliefs / Altered state of consciousness