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File343 - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain2015-062019-01

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-343
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
343 - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain
Duration: 2015-06 - 2019-01
Researcher(s):
Cláudio Emanuel Moreira Gomes, Andreas Martin Grabrucker, Joana Margarida Lopes da Silva Cristóvão, Sónia Cristina Alves Dickson Leal Solano
Institution(s): FCiências.ID – Associação para a Investigação e Desenvolvimento de Ciências (Portugal); Neurocenter of Ulm University (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Author: Gomes, C.
Secondary author(s):
Grabrucker, A., Cristóvão, J., Solano, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Protein homeostasis / Brain biometals / Neuroinflammation / Synaptic Biochemistry / Psychophysiology

DocumentThe choroid plexus transcriptome reveals changes in type I and II interferon responses in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-217
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 27/2012
Title:
217 - Temporal modulation of the subventricular zone neural stem cell niche by choroid plexus-cerebrospinal fluid derived factors
Duration: 2013-08 - 2019-01
Researcher(s):
João Carlos Cruz de Sousa, Fernanda Marques, Joana Palha, Ana Luísa Falcão, Ashley Novais
Institution(s): ICVS/3B's - Laboratório Associado (ICVS/3B's), Universidade do Minho (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles
1 Master thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Sousa, J.
Secondary author(s):
Marques, F., Palha, P., Falcão, A., Novais, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-217.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 27/2012
Title:
The choroid plexus transcriptome reveals changes in type I and II interferon responses in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0889159115001610
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by a marked decline in cognition and memory function. Increasing evidence highlights the essential role of neuroinflammatory and immune-related molecules, including those produced at the brain barriers, on brain immune surveillance, cellular dysfunction and amyloid beta (Aß) pathology in AD. Therefore, understanding the response at the brain barriers may unravel novel pathways of relevance for the pathophysiology of AD. Herein, we focused on the study of the choroid plexus (CP), which constitutes the blood–cerebrospinal fluid barrier, in aging and in AD. Specifically, we used the PDGFB-APPSwInd (J20) transgenic mouse model of AD, which presents early memory decline and progressive Aß accumulation, and littermate age-matched wild-type (WT) mice, to characterize the CP transcriptome at 3, 5–6 and 11–12 months of age. The most striking observation was that the CP of J20 mice displayed an overall overexpression of type I interferon (IFN) response genes at all ages. Moreover, J20 mice presented a high expression of type II IFN genes in the CP at 3 months, which became lower than WT at 5–6 and 11–12 months. Importantly, along with a marked memory impairment and increased glial activation, J20 mice also presented a similar overexpression of type I IFN genes in the dorsal hippocampus at 3 months. Altogether, these findings provide new insights on a possible interplay between type I and II IFN responses in AD and point to IFNs as targets for modulation in cognitive decline.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Mesquita, S. D.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, A. C., Gao. F., Coppola. G., Geschwind, D. H., Sousa, J. C., Correia-Neves, M., Sousa, N., Palha, J., Marques, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
5|2022-03-19
Reference:
Mesquita, S. D., Ferreira, A. C., Gao. F., Coppola. G., Geschwind, D. H., Sousa, J. C., ..., Marques, F. (2015). The choroid plexus transcriptome reveals changes in type I and II interferon responses in a mouse model of Alzheimer's disease. Brain Behavior and Immunity, 49, 280-292. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2015.06.008
2-year Impact Factor: 5.874|2015
Times cited: 43|2022-10-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease / Aging / Memory / Choroid plexus / Transcriptome / Neuroinflammation / Interferons / Cerebrospinal fluid / Hippocampus / Glial cells

DocumentInsights on the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease: The crosstalk between amyloid pathology, neuroinflammation and the peripheral immune system2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-217
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 27/2012
Title:
217 - Temporal modulation of the subventricular zone neural stem cell niche by choroid plexus-cerebrospinal fluid derived factors
Duration: 2013-08 - 2019-01
Researcher(s):
João Carlos Cruz de Sousa, Fernanda Marques, Joana Palha, Ana Luísa Falcão, Ashley Novais
Institution(s): ICVS/3B's - Laboratório Associado (ICVS/3B's), Universidade do Minho (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
6 Articles
1 Master thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Sousa, J.
Secondary author(s):
Marques, F., Palha, P., Falcão, A., Novais, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-217.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 27/2012
Title:
Insights on the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease: The crosstalk between amyloid pathology, neuroinflammation and the peripheral immune system
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0149763416300094
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common form of dementia, whose prevalence is growing along with the increased life expectancy. Although the accumulation and deposition of amyloid beta (Aß) peptides in the brain is viewed as one of the pathological hallmarks of AD and underlies, at least in part, brain cell dysfunction and behavior alterations, the etiology of this neurodegenerative disease is still poorly understood. Noticeably, increased amyloid load is accompanied by marked inflammatory alterations, both at the level of the brain parenchyma and at the barriers of the brain. However, it is debatable whether the neuroinflammation observed in aging and in AD, together with alterations in the peripheral immune system, are responsible for increased amyloidogenesis, decreased clearance of Aß out of the brain and/or the marked deficits in memory and cognition manifested by AD patients. Herein, we scrutinize some important traits of the pathophysiology of aging and AD, focusing on the interplay between the amyloidogenic pathway, neuroinflammation and the peripheral immune system.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Mesquita, S. D.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, A. C., Sousa, J. C., Correia-Neves, M., Sousa, N., Marques, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
Mesquita, S. D., Ferreira, A. C., Sousa, J. C., Correia-Neves, M., Sousa, N., & Marques, F. (2016). Insights on the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease: The crosstalk between amyloid pathology, neuroinflammation and the peripheral immune system. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 68, 547-562. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2016.06.014
2-year Impact Factor: 8.299|2016
Times cited: 87|2022-10-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease / Aging / Amyloid beta / Cognition / Blood-brain barrier / Choroid plexus / Cerebrospinal fluid / Glial cells / Neurons / Cytokines / Neuroinflammation / Immune system

DocumentFinal report - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-343
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
343 - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain
Duration: 2015-06 - 2019-01
Researcher(s):
Cláudio Emanuel Moreira Gomes, Andreas Martin Grabrucker, Joana Margarida Lopes da Silva Cristóvão, Sónia Cristina Alves Dickson Leal Solano
Institution(s): FCiências.ID – Associação para a Investigação e Desenvolvimento de Ciências (Portugal); Neurocenter of Ulm University (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Author: Gomes, C.
Secondary author(s):
Grabrucker, A., Cristóvão, J., Solano, S.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Protein homeostasis / Brain biometals / Neuroinflammation / Synaptic Biochemistry / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-343.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain
Publication year: 2019
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
This project sought to investigate the hypothesis that age-related altered metallostasis and neuroinflammation-related proteotoxic seeds induce changes in synaptic protein networks that are critical to neuronal function. For this we studied mechanisms through which pro-inflammatory S100 proteins modulate synaptic processes, related to metal ion homeostasis and proteotoxic insults.
We demonstrated that inflammatory S100 proteins influence metal ion homeostasis at the synapse. We showed that extracellular levels of S100B are not toxic and are taken up by neurons. We proved that S100B, either expressed in cells or added extracellular, scavenges zinc ions through specific binding resulting in a redistribution of the intracellular zinc pool. Then we gather evidence that increased neuronal S100B only significantly affects calcium levels upon zinc scavenging in vitro. This led to the proposal of a new role of S100B as a neuro-protective mediator acting on excitotoxicity via its effects on calcium and zinc homeostasis. Indeed, we established that zinc binding to S100B mediates anti-excitotoxic activity effects.
We also characterized protein interactions between S100B and neuronal aggregation-prone proteins. We demonstrated that monomeric Aß42 interacts preferentially with calcium-bound S100B and pinpointed the interaction at promiscuous peptide-binding region within the interfacial cleft of the protein. We showed that this results in a delay of aggregation and in a decrease in the toxicity to neuroblastoma derived cell cultures. This resulted in a clear demonstration of a relationship between protein aggregation and inflammatory processes that take place in the synaptic milieu and are critical to neuronal function.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Gomes, C.
Secondary author(s):
Cristóvão, J., Martinez, J., Leal, S., Romão, M., David, R., Hagmeyer, S., Grabrucker, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Gomes, C., Cristóvão, J., Martinez, J., Leal, S., Romão, M., David, R., Hagmeyer, S., & Grabrucker, A. (2019). Final report - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Synaptic biochemistry / Brain proteostasis / Neurometals / Neurodegeneration / Neuroinflammation

Final report - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain

Final report - Proteotoxic insults and synaptic dysfunction in the aging brain

DocumentFinal report - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-264
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
264 - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-09
Researcher(s):
Ana Luísa Cardoso, João Peça, Joana Guedes, Ana Silvestre Cardoso, Ana Viegas, Elisabete Ferreiro
Institution(s): Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Cardoso, A. L.
Secondary author(s):
Peça, J., Guedes, J., Cardoso, A. S., Viegas, A. , Ferreiro, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Maternal bonding / Pre-frontal cortex / Synaptic pruning / Neuroimmunity / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-264.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3332/the-influence-of-maternal-bonding-in-neuroimmune-synaptic-sculpting.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Exposure to early-life stress (ELS), such as that caused by maternal separation can induce maladaptive behaviors and increase the vulnerability to neurological disorders later in life. In addition to having a direct impact in neuronal function, stress can also trigger neuroinflammatory events that impact microglia activity.
AIMS
With this work, we aim to elucidate what is the acute and long-term impact of ELS exposure and how it interferes with key microglia functions which are crucial for correct circuit wiring during the post-natal period.
METHOD
Towards this purpose, we have used a paradigm of maternal separation and maternal stress (MSUS), that allows to mimic early life adversity in the form of maternal neglect. We have investigated consequences of ELS to social behavior, as well as its impact on microglia phenotype. We have focused our evaluation in the medial pre-frontal cortex (mPFC), a brain region implicated in social interaction and impulse control that is often implicated in neuropsychiatric disorders.
RESULTS
We have observed that exposure to MSUS causes changes in social interaction, in the form of a reduction in ultravocalizations, as early as P5. In addition, we observed changes in social preference and an increase in submissive behaviors in adolescent and adult male mice, but no significant behavior changes in females. Exposure to ELS also leads to sex-dependent morphological and gene expression changes that are more profound in male microglia and that originate an hyperramified phenotype in adolescent mice. Male MSUS mice also present an increase in the number of PV+ inhibitory neurons in the mPFC, that is not observed in females and that leads to an increase in spontaneous IPSCs in this region.
CONCLUSIONS
Taken together, ours results point towards a higher susceptibility of male mice to the negative impacts of ELS exposure. This feature may be directly connected with the different and delayed response of male microglia to this type of stress.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cardoso, A. L.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Cardoso, A. L. (2020). Final report - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Early life stress / Microglia / Neuronal circuits / Maternal bonding / Neuroinflammation

Final report - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting

Final report - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting