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DocumentSomatosensory pain is not reliably modulated by weak acoustic stimuli2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-186
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2010
Title:
186 - Brain mechanisms of placebo analgesia
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-01
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Per M. Aslaksen, Torgil R. Vangberg, Odd Petter Eldevik, Jan Bergdahl, Sara Vambheim, Just C. Thoner
Institution(s): University of Tromsř and University Hospital of North Norway, Tromso (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form + 12 articles (previous project team publications)
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Aslaksen, P., Vangberg, T., Eldevik, O., Bergdahl, J., Vambheim, S., Thoner, J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-186.17
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Somatosensory pain is not reliably modulated by weak acoustic stimuli
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0167876015300568
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Background
Pain induced by electrical stimuli has been found in previous research to be reduced by brief, weak electrical pulses, termed prepulses, presented 40 to 60 ms prior to the painful electrical stimulus.
Methods
The present experiment investigated the generality of this effect by presenting weak acoustic stimuli simultaneously with, or 80 or 1000 ms prior to, painful electric shocks. In the second half of the experimental session, each participant (N = 119) was told that the acoustic stimuli would either increase or decrease the pain induced by the electric shock, to investigate automatic and controlled cognitive processes in the modulation of pain.
Results
Acoustic stimuli presented simultaneously with painful stimulation increased pain slightly (4 mm on a 100 mm scale). Acoustic stimuli presented 80 and 1000 ms prior to painful stimuli had no effect on pain. Information that acoustic stimuli would increase pain did so in females, but only when the acoustic stimulus was presented 80 ms prior to the painful stimulus.
Conclusions
The effect of the acoustic stimuli and of information was weak. Failure to replicate previous findings of decreased pain by weak prepulses was most likely due to the sensory modality of the prepulse stimuli. It is recommended that further studies of pain modulation by brief stimulation use electrical and not acoustic prepulse stimuli.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Flaten, A.
Secondary author(s):
Firan, A., Blumenthal, T.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Flaten, M.A., Firan, A., & Blumenthal, T.D. (2016). Somatosensory pain is not reliably modulated by weak acoustic stimuli. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 99, 114-120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2015.12.004
2-year Impact Factor: 2.582|2016
Times cited: 5|2024-02-07
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Pain / Prepulse inhibition / Placebo / Nocebo / Startle / Electromyography

DocumentPain related negative emotions and placebo analgesia2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-186
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2010
Title:
186 - Brain mechanisms of placebo analgesia
Duration: 2011-03 - 2014-01
Researcher(s):
Magne Arve Flaten, Per M. Aslaksen, Torgil R. Vangberg, Odd Petter Eldevik, Jan Bergdahl, Sara Vambheim, Just C. Thoner
Institution(s): University of Tromsř and University Hospital of North Norway, Tromso (Norway)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form + 12 articles (previous project team publications)
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Secondary author(s):
Aslaksen, P., Vangberg, T., Eldevik, O., Bergdahl, J., Vambheim, S., Thoner, J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-186.18
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
Title:
Pain related negative emotions and placebo analgesia
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-662-44519-8_5
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Individuals undergoing treatment for a symptom like pain expect that the treatment will reduce the pain. Many studies show that healthy volunteers or patients in pain report less pain after inactive treatment, if they believe that active medication has been administrated. The reduction of pain can be partly blocked by systemic administration of naloxone, an opioid antagonist. There is reduced central nervous system activation to painful stimuli in individuals who have been given a placebo and told it is a painkiller. These findings suggest that the expectation of pain relief generates central nervous system opioid activity that inhibits pain transmission to the cerebral cortex. Expectations may thus lead to changes in central nervous system activity that reduces pain. It is proposed that expectations activate a homeostatic system that corrects perturbations to the system via negative feedback. The nocebo effect is the opposite of the placebo effect, and is due to induction of negative emotions. Part of the treatment of many symptoms and diseases is due to autonomic adjustments controlled by the central nervous system. The involvement of emotional processes in placebo effects could have important consequences for interpretation of data from randomized controlled trials.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Flaten, M.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Flaten, M.A. (2014). Pain related negative emotions and placebo analgesia. In F. Benedetti, P. Enck, E. Frisaldi, M. Schedlowski (Eds.), Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology (pp. 81-96). New York, NY: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-44519-8_5
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Pain / Placebo analgesia / Placebo effect / Placebo response / Nocebo / Emotion

DocumentTreating ADHD with suggestion: Neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-118
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
118 - Recursive consciousness training: Using neurofeedback to induce altered states
Duration: 2015-09 - 2017-11
Researcher(s):
Amir Raz, Niels Birbaumer, Robert T Thibault
Institution(s): Montreal Neurological Institute, McGill University (Canada); Institute of Medical Psychology and Behavioral Neurobiology, University of Tübingen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Raz, A.
Secondary author(s):
Birmaumer, N., Thibault, R. T.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Brain Self-Regulation / Altered States of Consciousness / Neurofeedback / Meditation / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-118.15
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Treating ADHD with suggestion: Neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics
Publication year: 2018
URL:
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/1087054718770012
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
We propose that clinicians can use suggestion to help treat conditions such as ADHD. Methods: We use EEG neurofeedback as a case study, alongside evidence from a recent pilot experiment utilizing a sham MRI scanner to highlight the therapeutic potential of suggestion-based treatments.
RESULTS:
The medical literature demonstrates that many practitioners already prescribe treatments that hardly outperform placebo comparators. Moreover, the sham MRI experiment showed that, even with full disclosure of the procedure, suggestion alone can reduce the symptomatology of ADHD.
CONCLUSION:
Non-deceptive suggestion-based treatments, especially those drawing on accessories from neuroscience, may offer a safe complement and potential alternative to current standard of care for individuals with ADHD.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Thibault, R.
Secondary author(s):
Veissičre, S., Olson, J. A., Raz, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
5
Reference:
Thibault, R., Veissičre, S., Olson, J. A., & Raz, A. (2018). Treating ADHD with suggestion: Neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics. Journal of Attention Disorders, 22(8) 707-711. https://doi.org/10.1177/1087054718770012
2-year Impact Factor: 3.656|2018
Times cited: 23|2024-02-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Placebo / Nocebo / Neuroenchantment / Neurosuggestion / Neurofeedback / ADHD / EEG

Treating ADHD with suggestion: Neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics

Treating ADHD with suggestion: Neurofeedback and placebo therapeutics

DocumentThe potential role of illness expectations in the progression of medical diseases2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
220 - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome
Duration: 2019-02 - 2022-03
Researcher(s):
Francesco Pagnini, Paolo Banfi, Cesare Cavalera, Eleonora Volpato
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Universitŕ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan (Italy); Respiratory Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Banfi, P., Cavalera, C., Volpato, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Illness expectations / Placebo / Mind-body / Asthma / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The potential role of illness expectations in the progression of medical diseases
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://bmcpsychology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s40359-019-0346-4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
To what extent can one’s mind promote direct changes to the body? Can one’s beliefs about the body become a physical reality, without mediating effects from behaviors? Specifically, can medical symptoms and the course of a disease be directly affected by a person’s mindset about the illness?
There is a vast literature about placebo and nocebo effects, that promote physical changes by creating the expectation of a change through a primer (for example, a fake pill). Placebos, however, often imply deception, or at least ambiguity, to be effective. The concept of Illness Expectation describes the expectations, both implicit and explicit, that a person who has received a diagnosis makes about the course of the disease. It can be characterized by different degrees of rigidity, and it is argued here that these expectations can ultimately lead to changes in the disease progression. These changes may happen through behavior modifications, or through a non-behavioral pathway, which may deserve exploration efforts from the scientific literature.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Pagnini, F. (2019). The potential role of illness expectations in the progression of medical diseases. BMC Psychology, 7: 70. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-019-0346-4
2-year Impact Factor: 2.588|2021
Impact factor notes: Impact factor only available since 2021
Times cited: 10|2024-02-12
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Illness expectation / Chronic disease / Mind-body connection / Health Psychology / Placebo / Nocebo

The potential role of illness expectations in the progression of medical diseases

The potential role of illness expectations in the progression of medical diseases

DocumentIllness expectations predict the development of influenza-like symptoms over the winter season2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
220 - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome
Duration: 2019-02 - 2022-03
Researcher(s):
Francesco Pagnini, Paolo Banfi, Cesare Cavalera, Eleonora Volpato
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Universitŕ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan (Italy); Respiratory Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Banfi, P., Cavalera, C., Volpato, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Illness expectations / Placebo / Mind-body / Asthma / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Illness expectations predict the development of influenza-like symptoms over the winter season
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0965229920302120
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE
This study explores the hypothesis that cognitive expectations of catching influenza-like symptoms increase the chances of developing the symptoms over the winter season.
DESIGN
Self-reported data from 247 healthy volunteers were obtained twice, before and after the winter season. In the first assessment, expectations about developing influenza-like symptoms in the incoming months were charted. This data was matched with a post-winter assessment of the actual development of the symptoms.
RESULTS
The odds of developing symptoms were highly associated with the expectations declared months before (OR?=?1.776), and the association remained stable (OR?=?1.453) even when accounting for previous influenza-like illnesses and the perception of general health. In contrast with previous findings, perceived stress was not associated with symptom development.
CONCLUSIONS
These results support the hypothesis of a self-fulfilling prophecy mechanism related to influenza-like symptoms.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Cavalera, C., Volpato, E., Banfi, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Pagnini, F., Cavalera, C., Volpato, E., & Banfi, P. (2020). Illness expectations predict the development of influenza-like symptoms over the winter season. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 50, 102396. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102396
2-year Impact Factor: 2.446|2020
Times cited: 5|2024-02-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Illness Expectation / Influenza-Like Symptoms / Mind/Body Connection / Placebo / Nocebo

DocumentIllness expectations assessment in people with asthma: A tool for explicit and implicit beliefs2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
220 - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome
Duration: 2019-02 - 2022-03
Researcher(s):
Francesco Pagnini, Paolo Banfi, Cesare Cavalera, Eleonora Volpato
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Universitŕ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan (Italy); Respiratory Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Banfi, P., Cavalera, C., Volpato, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Illness expectations / Placebo / Mind-body / Asthma / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Illness expectations assessment in people with asthma: A tool for explicit and implicit beliefs
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.dovepress.com/illness-expectations-assessment-in-people-with-asthma-a-tool-for-expli-peer-reviewed-fulltext-article-JAA
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Illness expectations are cognitive schemas, both explicit and implicit, describing how symptoms are expected to be in the future. They can be particularly relevant to disease in a mind/body framework. Asthma is a condition in which the psychological aspects can highly influence the body, but no study has directly explored these specific expectations, and no dedicated assessment tools are available.
METHODS
We developed a questionnaire to assess the illness expectations, together with an ad hoc version of the Implicit Association Test (IAT). We tested its factorial structure, and the internal and test–retest validity, recruiting a sample of 183 asthmatic people. We also explored the convergent validity and the correlations with objective and subjective clinical assessments.
RESULTS
Data suggested a three-factorial structure of the questionnaire into expectations about future symptoms, change in current health status, and rigidity of these expectations. The questionnaire showed good psychometric properties and strong associations with the other considered outcomes, including implicit expectations. The implicit evaluation, however, lacked test–retest reliability.
CONCLUSION
The questionnaire is a valid tool to assess illness expectations in people with asthma. The two expectation scales are highly related, and the implicit expectations are moderately associated with the explicit ones. The lack of stability related to IAT results may reflect a lack of stability of the implicit expectations. The implications for the mind/body framework still need to be fully explored.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Volpato, E., Dell’Orto, S., Cavalera, C., Spina, M., Banfi, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Pagnini, F., Volpato, E., Dell’Orto, S., Cavalera, C., Spina, M., & Banfi, P. (2021). Illness expectations assessment in people with asthma: A tool for explicit and implicit beliefs. Journal of Asthma and Allergy, 14, 449-455. https://doi.org/10.2147/JAA.S307763
2-year Impact Factor: 3.027|2021
Times cited: 2|2024-02-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Illness expectations / Mind/body connection / Asthma / Placebo / Nocebo

Illness expectations assessment in people with asthma: A tool for explicit and implicit beliefs

Illness expectations assessment in people with asthma: A tool for explicit and implicit beliefs

DocumentFinal report - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
220 - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome
Duration: 2019-02 - 2022-03
Researcher(s):
Francesco Pagnini, Paolo Banfi, Cesare Cavalera, Eleonora Volpato
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Universitŕ Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan (Italy); Respiratory Rehabilitation Unit, Fondazione Don Carlo Gnocchi, Milan (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Secondary author(s):
Banfi, P., Cavalera, C., Volpato, E.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Illness expectations / Placebo / Mind-body / Asthma / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-220.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome
Publication year: 2022
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Placebo and nocebo promote physical modifications by creating the expectation of a change through a primer (e.g., a fake pill). Expectations, however, do not need a primer to be created. Every person who receives a diagnosis develops his/her expectations about the course of the disease. This is the concept of “Illness Expectation” (IE), a cognitive schema that defines the future-oriented beliefs about the illness and the symptoms of someone with a chronic disease. These beliefs are both explicit and implicit, and they could be characterized by different degrees of rigidity.
AIMS
The study aims to test the hypothesis that IEs affect illness symptoms. This is explored in the context of asthma, which is a debilitating respiratory disease, characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, airflow obstruction, and chronic inflammation.
METHOD
Three-hundred twelve participants with asthma were assessed three times over 6 months, for asthma symptoms (Asthma Control Test), respiratory values (FEV1), and illness expectations, by using the previously validated “Illness Expectation Test”, which assessed both explicit and implicit expectations. The predictive values of illness expectations over asthma symptoms and respiratory parameters were measured with latent growth modeling and linear regressions.
RESULTS
Longitudinal data analysis suggests a strong predictive value of explicit expectations over self-reported asthma symptoms (ß=-.50, se=.21, p=.01). Implicit expectations showed a similar pattern, with a trend toward significance (ß=-.014, se=.008, p=.09). Furthermore, the expectations of improvement or worsening of the symptoms over time strongly predicted changes in respiratory values (ß=.51, se=.11, p=.001).
CONCLUSIONS
Illness expectations predict symptoms progression over time in people with asthma. Specifically, explicit expectations about future symptoms strongly predict the subjectively reported asthma symptomatology. Interestingly, expectations about changes in symptomatology severity are strongly associated with the instrumentally assessed respiratory function. These results confirm the relevance of illness expectations in asthma progression and suggest a high potential for mind/body interventions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Pagnini, F.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Pagnini, F. (2022). Final report - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Illness expectations / Placebo / Nocebo / Mind-body / Asthma

Final report - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome

Final report - Mind-shaped body: A new conceptual framework beyond the placebo effect connecting expectations to disease outcome