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BIAL Foundation
DE:"Peak performance"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentAlpha neurofeedback training for perfomance enhancement: reviewing the methodology2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-045
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
045 - Refining the methodology of alpha electroencephalographic biofeedback and exploring its effect on cognition and mood
Duration: 2009-02 - 2012-04
David Vernon, Soren Andersen, Neil Rutterford, Marcia Pasqualini, Olga Bazanova
Institution(s): Dept. of Applied Social Sciences, Canterbury Christ Church University (UK), University of East Anglia Norwich (UK), Dept. of Psychology, Avila University, Kansas City (USA), Siberian Branch of the Russian Medical Academy, State Institute for Molecular Biology and Biophysics, Nonvosibirsk (Russia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Vernon, D.
Secondary author(s):
Andersen, S., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Bazanova, O.
Number of reproductions:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-045.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2008
Alpha neurofeedback training for perfomance enhancement: reviewing the methodology
Publication year: 2009
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Introduction. Considerable interest has been, and still is, generated by the potential performance enhancing benefits of alpha neurofeedback training (NFT) for healthy participants. A plausible rationale for such training, with an aim to improve mood and/or enhance cognition, can be made based upon what is already known of the links between alpha EEG activity and behavior. However, designing an optimal NFT paradigm remains difficult because a number of methodological factors that may influence the outcome of such training remain largely unexplored.
Method. This article focuses on these methodological factors in an attempt to highlight some of the unanswered questions and stimulate future research.
Results. Specifically, this article examines the NFT training schedule; the variety, basis, and setting of reward thresholds; the nature and modality of the feedback signal provided; unidirectional as compared to bidirectional NFT; the establishment of a target frequency range for alpha; whether NFT should be conducted with eyes open or closed; and the identification of a clear index of learning.
Conclusions. Throughout, the article provides a number of suggestions and possible directions for future research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
By permission
Vernon, D.
Secondary author(s):
Dempster, T., Bazanova, O., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Andersen, S.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Vernon, D., Dempster, T., Bazanova, O., Rutterford, N., Pasqualini, M., Andersen, S. (2009). Alpha neurofeedback training for performance enhancement: reviewing the methodology. Journal of Neurotherapy, 13(4), 214-227.
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Alpha / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Methodology / Neurofeedback / Peak performance

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