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BIAL Foundation
DE:"Performance validity tests"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentFinal report - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint2023

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-430
Location: BF-GMS
430 - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint
Duration: 2016-05 - 2023-11
Sara Marta Pereira dos Santos Cavaco, Filomena Maria Correia Gomes
Institution(s): Centro Hospitalar do Porto - Hospital Santo António (Portugal); Faculdade de Medicina do Porto (Portugal)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Application form
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Cavaco, S.
Secondary author(s):
Gomes, F.
Number of reproductions:
Feigning / Malingering / Effort / Deception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-430.01
Location: BF-GMS
Final report - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint
Publication year: 2023
Detecting malingering in cognitive performance is an important clinical challenge in neuropsychological assessment.
To explore behavioral and oculomotor responses during the performance of a computerized version of the Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM-C) under normal vs. feigning conditions.
TOMM-C with eye-tracking recording was performed by 60 healthy individuals (31 under normal effort – NE; and 29 were instructed to feign memory impairment: 21 Naïve Malingerers – NM and 8 Coached Malingerers – CM) and 14 patients with Multiple Sclerosis (MS) and memory complaints performed. Number of correct responses, response time, number of fixations, and fixation time in old vs. new stimuli were recorded. Nonparametric tests were applied for group comparison.
NM produced fewer correct responses and had longer response times in comparison to NE on all three trials. NE showed more fixations and longer fixation time on previously presented stimuli (i.e., familiarity preference) specially on Trial 1, whereas NM had more fixations and longer fixation time on new stimuli (i.e., novelty preference) specially in the Retention trial. MS patients produced longer response time and had a different fixation pattern than NE subjects. No behavioral or oculomotor difference was observed between NM and CM.
Healthy malingerers have a distinct behavioral and oculomotor response pattern, reflecting an increased effort to inhibit a natural response. Oculomotor measures may be useful to detect exaggeration or fabrication of cognitive dysfunction. Though, its application in clinical populations may be limited.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Cavaco, S.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
Cavaco, S. (2023). Final report - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Malingering / Novelty preference / Eye-tracking / Performance validity tests

Final report - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint

Final report - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint