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DocumentForebrain pain mechanisms2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
Forebrain pain mechanisms
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0165017308001537
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Emotional–affective and cognitive dimensions of pain are less well understood than nociceptive and nocifensive components, but the forebrain is believed to play an important role. Recent evidence suggests that subcortical and cortical brain areas outside the traditional pain processing network contribute critically to emotional–affective responses and cognitive deficits related to pain. These brain areas include different nuclei of the amygdala and certain prefrontal cortical areas. Their roles in various aspects of pain will be discussed. Biomarkers of cortical dysfunction are being identified that may evolve into therapeutic targets to modulate pain experience and improve pain-related cognitive impairment. Supporting data from preclinical studies in neuropathic pain models will be presented. Neuroimaging analysis provides evidence for plastic changes in the pain processing brain network. Results of clinical studies in neuropathic pain patients suggest that neuroimaging may help determine mechanisms of altered brain functions in pain as well as monitor the effects of pharmacologic interventions to optimize treatment in individual patients. Recent progress in the analysis of higher brain functions emphasizes the concept of pain as a multidimensional experience and the need for integrative approaches to determine the full spectrum of harmful or protective neurobiological changes in pain.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication/ in attachment to the final report)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Neugebauer, V.
Secondary author(s):
Galhardo, V., Maione, S., Mackey, S. C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Neugebauer, V., Galhardo, V., Maione, S., Mackey, S. C. (2009). Forebrain pain mechanisms. Brain Research Reviews, 60(1), 226-242. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresrev.2008.12.014
2-year Impact Factor: 9.432|2009
Times cited: 213|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Pain / Emotion / Cognition / Decision-making / Amygdala / Prefrontal cortex

DocumentCognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
Cognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20392966
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT;
Cognitive deficits such as impaired decision-making can be a consequence of persistent pain. Normal functions of the intact amygdala and prefrontal cortex are required for emotion-based decision-making that relies on the ability to assess risk, attribute value and identify advantageous strategies. We tested the hypothesis that pain-related cognitive deficits result from amygdala-driven impairment of medial prefrontal cortical (mPFC) function. To do this, we used electrophysiological single-unit recordings in vivo, patch-clamp in brain slices, and various behavioral assays to show that increased neuronal activity in the amygdala in an animal model of arthritis pain was accompanied by decreased mPFC activation and impaired decision-making. Further, pharmacologic inhibition (with a CRF1 receptor antagonist) of pain-related hyperactivity in the basolateral amygdala (BLA), but not central amygdala (CeA), reversed deactivation of mPFC pyramidal cells and improved decision-making deficits. Pain-related cortical deactivation resulted from a shift of balance between inhibitory and excitatory synaptic transmission. Direct excitatory transmission to mPFC pyramidal cells did not change in the pain model whereas polysynaptic inhibitory transmission increased. GABAergic transmission was reduced by non-NMDA receptor antagonists, suggesting synaptic inhibition was glutamate-driven. The results are consistent with a model of BLA-driven feed-forward inhibition of mPFC neurons. In contrast to the differential effects of BLA versus CeA hyperactivity on cortical-cognitive functions, both amygdala nuclei modulate emotional-affective pain behavior. Thus this study shows that the amygdala contributes not only to emotional-affective but also cognitive effects of pain. The novel amygdalo-cortical pain mechanism has important implications for our understanding of amygdala functions and amygdalo-cortical interactions.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126.11
Author: Ji, G.
Secondary author(s):
Sun, H., Fu, Y., Li, Z., Galhardo, V., Neugebauer, V.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Ji, G., Sun, H., Fu, Y., Li, Z., Galhardo, V., & Neugebauer, V. (2010). Cognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(15), 5451-5464. doi: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0225-10.2010
2-year Impact Factor: 7.271|2010
Times cited: 190|2020-04-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Amygdala / Prefrontal cortex / Pain / Anxiety / Decision-making / Central sensitization / Synaptic plasticity

Cognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation

Cognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation

DocumentA consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.12
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Uncovering the roles of the orbitofrontal cortex and the amygdala in rewardbased decision-making strategies has relied heavily in studies using discrete brain lesions. However, chronic pain patients also display risk-prone behavior even in the absence of discrete brain lesions. The main objective of this project was to study how chronic pain affects brain areas critical for reward processing.
For this we developed a novel Rodent Gambling Task in which naïve animals make consecutive choices between two levers that attribute rewards of different value and probability. After a prolonged training phase in which both levers give the same reward, in the probe trial we maintain one lever at 1 food pellet with 80% probability of reward - low risk lever – while the other lever gives 3 pellets but at only 30% probability – high risk lever. We found that control animals start the task with a preference for the high-risk lever, but progressively shift to the low-risk option, while animals with orbitofrontal or amigdalar lesions, and animals with chronic pain prefer the high-risk lever. Since no brain lesion is caused by the model of chronic pain, we performed an HPLC analysis and found a decrease in the levels of dopamine and serotonin at the OFC, with no significant changes in the amygdala. We extended these findings by chronically implanting multielectrodes
and recording 96 neurons in awake-behaving animals performing four sessions of the RGT before and after induction of pain. We found that the neuronal instantaneous firing rate was correlated with the probability of choosing a specific lever in the majority of the recorded neurons. Moreover, we found that the fraction of risk-sensitive neurons recorded in each session predicted the overall behavioural risk-bias of the animal.
This project demonstrated that chronic pain changes the reward-aversion circuitry and that these changes are crucial for setting individual levels of risk preference.
PUBLICATIONS:
Pais-Vieira M et al (2009) Neuroscience, 161: 671-679.
Neugebauer V et al (2009) Brain Research Reviews, 60: 226-242.
Pais-Vieira M et al (2007) Neuroscience, 145: 225-231.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Galhardo, V., Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., & Monteiro, C. (2010). A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 190). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Pain / Multielectrode neurophysiology / Prefrontal cortex / Reward

A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]

A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]

DocumentAge-related differences in the neural correlates of remembering time-based intentions2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-146
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
146 - Life-Span Changes in Electrophysiological Patterns Associated with Temporal Discrimination
Duration: 2009-01 - 2012-02
Researcher(s):
Patrizia Bisiacchi, Giovanni Sparacino, Vincenza Tarantino, Sami Schiff
Institution(s): Department of General Psychology, University of Padua (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Articles
Unpublished documents
Written consent forms of participants
Language: eng
Author:
Bisiacchi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Sparacino, G., Tarantino, V., Schiff, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Developmental psychology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Neurodegenerative disorders / Diseases/Injuries / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-146.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Age-related differences in the neural correlates of remembering time-based intentions
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22841994
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The present study used event-related potentials (ERPs) to explore the effect of age on the neural correlates of monitoring processes involved in time-based prospective memory. In both younger and older adults, the addition of a time-based prospective memory task to an ongoing task led to a sustained ERP activity broadly distributed over the scalp. Older adults, however, did not exhibit the slow wave activity observed in younger adults over prefrontal regions, which is considered to be associated with retrieval mode. This finding indicates that age-related decline in intention maintenance might be one source of the impaired prospective memory performance displayed by older adults. An 'anterior shift' in scalp distribution of the P3 was observed in older adults, and was related to lower levels of accuracy in prospective memory performance. This relationship suggests that possible factors responsible for age-related decline in prospective memory performance include the decreased efficiency of executive/frontal functions as well as the reduced amount of resources available for the prospective memory task.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Time-based prospective memory; Aging; Event-related potentials; ERPs; Prefrontal cortex; Maintaining intentions; ; Retrieval mode
Author: Cona, G.
Secondary author(s):
Arcara, G., Tarantino, V., Bisiacchi, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Cona, G., Arcara, G., Tarantino, V., Bisiacchi, P. (2012). Age-related differences in the neural correlates of remembering time-based intentions. Neuropsychologia, 50(11), 2692-2704. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.07.033
2-year Impact Factor: 3.477|2012
Times cited: 20|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Time-based prospective memory / Aging / Event-related potential (ERP) / Prefrontal cortex / Maintaining intentions / Delayed intentions / Retrieval mode

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DocumentCognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 16 e 17/2008
Title:
126 - A Experiência da Dor: alterações funcionais induzidas por Dor Crónica nos circuitos neuronais de recompensa e aversão
Duration: 2009-03 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro, Hélder Cardoso Cruz, Maria Leonor Godinho, Daniela Seixas, Sónia Margarida Dourado
Institution(s): IBMC – Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Articles
Unpublished documents
Language: por / eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2004-84
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Monteiro, C., Cardoso-Cruz, H., Godinho, M., Seixas, D., Dourado, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-126.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 16 a 17/2008
Title:
Cognitive impairment in pain through amygdala-driven prefrontal cortical deactivation
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20392966
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Cognitive deficits such as impaired decision-making can be a consequence of persistent pain. Normal functions of the intact amygdala and prefrontal cortex are required for emotion-based decision-making that relies on the ability to assess risk, attribute value, and identify advantageous strategies. We tested the hypothesis that pain-related cognitive deficits result from amygdala-driven impairment of medial prefrontal cortical (mPFC) function. To do this, we used electrophysiological single-unit recordings in vivo, patch clamp in brain slices, and various behavioral assays to show that increased neuronal activity in the amygdala in an animal model of arthritis pain was accompanied by decreased mPFC activation and impaired decision-making. Furthermore, pharmacologic inhibition (with a corticotropin-releasing factor 1 receptor antagonist) of pain-related hyperactivity in the basolateral amygdala (BLA), but not central amygdala (CeA), reversed deactivation of mPFC pyramidal cells and improved decision-making deficits. Pain-related cortical deactivation resulted from a shift of balance between inhibitory and excitatory synaptic transmission. Direct excitatory transmission to mPFC pyramidal cells did not change in the pain model, whereas polysynaptic inhibitory transmission increased. GABAergic transmission was reduced by non-NMDA receptor antagonists, suggesting that synaptic inhibition was glutamate driven. The results are consistent with a model of BLA-driven feedforward inhibition of mPFC neurons. In contrast to the differential effects of BLA versus CeA hyperactivity on cortical-cognitive functions, both amygdala nuclei modulate emotional-affective pain behavior. Thus, this study shows that the amygdala contributes not only to emotional-affective but also cognitive effects of pain. The novel amygdalo-cortical pain mechanism has important implications for our understanding of amygdala functions and amygdalo-cortical interactions.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2004-84.10
Author: Ji, G.
Secondary author(s):
Sun, H., Fu, Y., Li, Z., Pais-Vieira, M., Galhardo, V., Neugebauer, V.
Document type:
Article-d
Reference:
Ji, G. C., Sun, H., Fu, Y., Li, Z., Pais-Vieira, M., Galhardo, V., & Neugebauer, V. (2010). Cognitive Impairment in Pain through Amygdala-Driven Prefrontal Cortical Deactivation. Journal of Neuroscience, 30(15), 5451-5464. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.0225-10.2010
2-year Impact Factor: 7.271|2010
Times cited: 190|2020-04-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Amygdala / Prefrontal cortex / Pain / Anxiety / Decision-making / Central sensitization / Synaptic plasticity

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentFinal report - Structural and molecular basis of cognitive improvements induced by behavioral training (cognitive enrichment)2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
134 - How does cognitive enrichment impact on neuronal networks and behavioral performance?
Duration: 2010-05 - 2014-11
Researcher(s):
João José Cerqueira, Igor L. M. Spínola, Irene Melo Carvalho, Pedro Ricardo Luís Morgado, Ricardo Jorge Moreira Taipa
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cerqueira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Spínola, I., Carvalho, I., Morgado, P., Taipa, R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning / Brain structure and function / Stress and health / Chronic stress / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
Final report - Structural and molecular basis of cognitive improvements induced by behavioral training (cognitive enrichment)
Publication year: 2012
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cerqueira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Spínola, I., Carvalho, I., Morgado, P., Taipa, R.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Learning / Cognitive enrichment / Chronic stress / Neuropsychiatric disorders / Prefrontal cortex / Hippocampus

DocumentChronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
134 - How does cognitive enrichment impact on neuronal networks and behavioral performance?
Duration: 2010-05 - 2014-11
Researcher(s):
João José Cerqueira, Igor L. M. Spínola, Irene Melo Carvalho, Pedro Ricardo Luís Morgado, Ricardo Jorge Moreira Taipa
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cerqueira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Spínola, I., Carvalho, I., Morgado, P., Taipa, R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning / Brain structure and function / Stress and health / Chronic stress / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
Chronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23390414
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Chronic stress impairs cognitive function, namely on tasks that rely on the integrity of cortico-limbic networks. To unravel the functional impact of progressive stress in cortico-limbic networks we measured neural activity and spectral coherences between the ventral hippocampus (vHIP) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in rats subjected to short term stress (STS) and chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). CUS exposure consistently disrupted the spectral coherence between both areas for a wide range of frequencies, whereas STS exposure failed to trigger such effect. The chronic stress-induced coherence decrease correlated inversely with the vHIP power spectrum, but not with the mPFC power spectrum, which supports the view that hippocampal dysfunction is the primary event after stress exposure. Importantly, we additionally show that the variations in vHIP-to-mPFC coherence and power spectrum in the vHIP correlated with stress-induced behavioral deficits in a spatial reference memory task. Altogether, these findings result in an innovative readout to measure, and follow, the functional events that underlie the stress-induced reference memory impairments.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2010-61.02
Author: Oliveira, J. F.
Secondary author(s):
Dias, N., Correia, M., Gama-Pereira, F., Sardinha, V. M., Lima, A., Oliveira, A. F., Jacinto, L. R., Ferreira, D. S., Silva, A. M., Reis, J. S., Cerqueira, J., Sousa, N.
Document type:
Article-d
Reference:
Oliveira, J. F., Dias, N., Correia, M., Gama-Pereira, F., Sardinha, V. M. ,Lima, A., . . . & Sousa, N. (2013). Chronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures. Frontiers in Neural Circuits, 7, 10, 1-12. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2013.00010
2-year Impact Factor: 2.950|2013
Times cited: 23|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Chronic stress / Coherence / Hippocampus / Power spectrum / Prefrontal cortex

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentChronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
061 - Translation of neuron-glia interactions in complex cognitive functions
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
João Filipe Pedreira de Oliveira, Nuno Sérgio Mendes Dias, Luis Ricardo Monteiro Jacinto
Institution(s): Instituto de Investigação em Ciências da Vida e da Saúde (ICVS), Escola de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Oliveira, J. F.
Secondary author(s):
Dias, N., Jacinto, L. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
Chronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/Neural_Circuits/10.3389/fncir.2013.00010/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Chronic stress impairs cognitive function, namely on tasks that rely on the integrity of cortico-limbic networks. To unravel the functional impact of progressive stress in cortico-limbic networks we measured neural activity and spectral coherences between the ventral hippocampus (vHIP) and the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in rats subjected to short term stress (STS) and chronic unpredictable stress (CUS). CUS exposure consistently disrupted the spectral coherence between both areas for a wide range of frequencies, whereas STS exposure failed to trigger such effect. The chronic stress-induced coherence decrease correlated inversely with the vHIP power spectrum, but not with the mPFC power spectrum, which supports the view that hippocampal dysfunction is the primary event after stress exposure. Importantly, we additionally show that the variations in vHIP-to-mPFC coherence and power spectrum in the vHIP correlated with stress-induced behavioral deficits in a spatial reference memory task. Altogether, these findings result in an innovative readout to measure, and follow, the functional events that underlie the stress-induced reference memory impairments.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-134.02
Author: Oliveira, J. F.
Secondary author(s):
Dias, N., Correia, M., Gama-Pereira, F., Sardinha, V. M., Lima, A., Oliveira, A. F., Jacinto, L. R., Ferreira, D. S., Silva, A. M., Reis, J. S., Cerqueira, J., Sousa, N.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Oliveira, J. F., Dias, N., Correia, M., Gama-Pereira, F., Sardinha, V. M., ... Sousa, N. (2013). Chronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures. Frontiers in Neural Circuits, 7:10, 1-12. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2013.00010
2-year Impact Factor: 2.950|2013
Times cited: 23|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Chronic stress / Coherence / Power spectrum / Hippocampus / Prefrontal cortex

Chronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures

Chronic stress disrupts neural coherence between cortico-limbic structures

DocumentAssessing cognitive function in a rat model of glial pathology2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
061 - Translation of neuron-glia interactions in complex cognitive functions
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
João Filipe Pedreira de Oliveira, Nuno Sérgio Mendes Dias, Luis Ricardo Monteiro Jacinto
Institution(s): Instituto de Investigação em Ciências da Vida e da Saúde (ICVS), Escola de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Oliveira, J. F.
Secondary author(s):
Dias, N., Jacinto, L. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
Assessing cognitive function in a rat model of glial pathology
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://fens.ekonnect.co/FENS_331/poster_35339/program.aspx
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Astrocytes are being recognized as active elements concerning information flow in the brain, however their role in cognition is still unknown. In this study we aimed to understand the influence of astrocytic function in complex cognitive processes that depend on the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). The rationale consisted in analysing the cognitive performance of animals with induced glial pathology in the mPFC. This animal model was obtained by bilateral intracranial injections of L-a-aminoadipate to cause astrocyte ablation in Wistar-Han rats. Cognitive functions dependent on the mPFC, such as attention set-shifting and reversal learning of non-spatial working memory, were assessed by the attentional set-shifting task (ASST). Animals with mPFC-glial pathology showed no differences in learning how to perform the task, however they learnt faster the compound discrimination stages, when compared to the controls. Regarding the reversal learning stages, drug injected animals presented more difficulties than controls. Glial pathology seems to affect the function of neuro-glial networks, which may be translated in altered behavioural outputs.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (poster)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Lima, A.
Secondary author(s):
Reis, M., Cerqueira, J., Sousa, N., Oliveira, J. F.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Lima, A., Reis, M., Cerqueira, J., Sousa, N., & Oliveira, J. F. (2012, July). Assessing cognitive function in a rat model of glial pathology. Poster presented at the 8th FENS Forum Neuroscience, Barcelona, Spain. Abstract retrieved from http://fens.ekonnect.co/FENS_331/poster_35339/program.aspx
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Astrocyte / Cognition / Learning / Prefrontal cortex

Assessing cognitive function in a rat model of glial pathology

Assessing cognitive function in a rat model of glial pathology

DocumentAstrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
061 - Translation of neuron-glia interactions in complex cognitive functions
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-07
Researcher(s):
João Filipe Pedreira de Oliveira, Nuno Sérgio Mendes Dias, Luis Ricardo Monteiro Jacinto
Institution(s): Instituto de Investigação em Ciências da Vida e da Saúde (ICVS), Escola de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
3 Articles
1 Poster
Language: eng
Author:
Oliveira, J. F.
Secondary author(s):
Dias, N., Jacinto, L. R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-061.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 17/2010 e 18/2010
Title:
Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/mp2013182a.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interest in astroglial cells is rising due to recent findings supporting dynamic neuron–astrocyte interactions. There is increasing evidence of astrocytic dysfunction in several brain disorders such as depression, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder; importantly these pathologies are characterized by the involvement of the prefrontal cortex and by significant cognitive impairments. Here, to model astrocyte pathology, we injected animals with the astrocyte specific toxin L-a-aminoadipate (L-AA) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC); a behavioral and structural characterization two and six days after the injection was performed. Behavioral data shows that the astrocyte pathology in the mPFC affects the attentional set-shifting, the working memory and the reversal learning functions. Histological analysis of brain sections of the L-AA-injected animals revealed a pronounced loss of astrocytes in the targeted region. Interestingly, analysis of neurons in the lesion sites showed a progressive neuronal loss that was accompanied with dendritic atrophy in the surviving neurons. These results suggest that the L-AA-induced astrocytic loss in the mPFC triggers subsequent neuronal damage leading to cognitive impairment in tasks depending on the integrity of this brain region. These findings are of relevance to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying disorders that involve astrocytic loss/dysfunction in the PFC.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-134.04
Author: Lima, A.
Secondary author(s):
Sardinha, V. M., Oliveira, A. F., Reis, M., Mota, C., Silva, M., Marques, F., Cerqueira, J., Pinto, L., Sousa, N., Oliveira, J. F.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Lima, A., Sardinha V. M., Oliveira A. F., Reis M., Mota C., Silva, M., . . . Oliveira, J. F. (2014). Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats. Molecular Psychiatry,19(7), 834-841. doi: 10.1038/mp.2013.182
2-year Impact Factor: 14.496|2014
Times cited: 42|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Aminoadipate / Astrocyte / Cognition / Learning / Prefrontal cortex

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

DocumentAstrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
134 - How does cognitive enrichment impact on neuronal networks and behavioral performance?
Duration: 2010-05 - 2014-11
Researcher(s):
João José Cerqueira, Igor L. M. Spínola, Irene Melo Carvalho, Pedro Ricardo Luís Morgado, Ricardo Jorge Moreira Taipa
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute (ICVS), School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Cerqueira, J.
Secondary author(s):
Spínola, I., Carvalho, I., Morgado, P., Taipa, R.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning / Brain structure and function / Stress and health / Chronic stress / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-134.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2008
Title:
Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.nature.com/mp/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/mp2013182a.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Interest in astroglial cells is rising due to recent findings supporting dynamic neuron–astrocyte interactions. There is increasing evidence of astrocytic dysfunction in several brain disorders such as depression, schizophrenia or bipolar disorder; importantly these pathologies are characterized by the involvement of the prefrontal cortex and by significant cognitive impairments. Here, to model astrocyte pathology, we injected animals with the astrocyte specific toxin L-a-aminoadipate (L-AA) in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC); a behavioral and structural characterization two and six days after the injection was performed. Behavioral data shows that the astrocyte pathology in the mPFC affects the attentional set-shifting, the working memory and the reversal learning functions. Histological analysis of brain sections of the L-AA-injected animals revealed a pronounced loss of astrocytes in the targeted region. Interestingly, analysis of neurons in the lesion sites showed a progressive neuronal loss that was accompanied with dendritic atrophy in the surviving neurons. These results suggest that the L-AA-induced astrocytic loss in the mPFC triggers subsequent neuronal damage leading to cognitive impairment in tasks depending on the integrity of this brain region. These findings are of relevance to better understand the pathophysiological mechanisms underlying disorders that involve astrocytic loss/dysfunction in the PFC.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2010-061.04
Author: Lima, A.
Secondary author(s):
Sardinha, V. M., Oliveira, A. F., Reis, M., Mota, C., Silva, M., Marques, F., Cerqueira, J., Pinto, L., Sousa, N., Oliveira, J. F.
Document type:
Article-d
Reference:
Lima, A., Sardinha V. M., Oliveira A. F., Reis M., Mota C., Silva, M., . . . Oliveira, J. F. (2014). Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats. Molecular Psychiatry,19(7), 834-841. doi: 10.1038/mp.2013.182
2-year Impact Factor: 14.496|2014
Times cited: 42|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Aminoadipate / Astrocyte / Cognition / Learning / Prefrontal cortex

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

Astrocyte pathology in the prefrontal cortex impairs the cognitive function of rats

DocumentFinal report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2012
Title:
046 - Motivational Intensity in the Prefrontal Cortex
Duration: 2013-03 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Stephen Fairclough, Christopher Burns
Institution(s): School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion and motivation / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046.01
Location: SEC PCA - 46/13
Title:
Final report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex
Publication year: 2014
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant4612.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND/AIM
The aim of this work was to investigate the motivational intensity model (MIM) using measures of brain activation. The MIM has been extensively explored using cardiovascular psychophysiology, however the activation of the prefrontal cortex has not been explored in this particular paradigm. The aim of this study was to investigate how cognitive demand in response to working memory load affected activation of the rostral prefrontal cortex (rPFC) under two conditions: (a) control (no reward) and (b) financial reward. It was hypothesised that the presence of reward would enhance rPFC activation but only when cognitive demand was high.
METHODS
40 participants (20 males) volunteered for the mixed-design study where reward group served as a between-participants factor. Cognitive demand was varied by exposing participants to a working memory task (nback) at five levels of difficulty, e.g. 0-back, 1-back, 3-back, 5-back, 7-back. Demand was estimated to be easy (0-back, 1-back), hard (3-back, 5-back) or impossible (7-back). All participants were paid £10 for taking part in the study, but half of the participants were offered an additional monetary reward of £10 that was linked to their performance on the task. Blood oxygenation in the rPFC was captured using a functional near-infrared spectrography (fNIRS) device that covered the forehead region of the participant and monitored BA10.
RESULTS
The results of the study indicated that blood oxygenation in the rPFC was generally higher in the presence of reward. It was also apparent that activation of the rPFC peaked at the 3-back task for participants in the control group, whereas this peak was observed at the 5-back for participants in the reward group.
CONCLUSIONS
The rPFC responded to both cognitive demand and the presence of a reward. This effect was consistent with the MIM where the level of effort invested into a task is influenced by the likelihood of success and the presence of an extrinsic reward.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Motivation / Working memory / Prefrontal cortex / Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)

Final report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex

Final report - Motivational intensity in the prefrontal cortex

File389 - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas2015-012017-02

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
389 - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas
Duration: 2015-01 - 2017-02
Researcher(s):
Dmitry Kobak, Christian Machens
Institution(s): Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Secondary author(s):
Machens, C.
Keywords:
Population activity / Dimensionality reduction / Prefrontal cortex / Principal component analysis / Psychophysiology

DocumentSleep and Emotional Functions2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Sleep and Emotional Functions
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F7854_2013_271
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In this chapter, we review studies investigating the role of sleep in emotional functions. In particular, evidence has recently accumulated to show that brain regions involved in the processing of emotional and reward-related information are activated during sleep. We suggest that such activation of emotional and reward systems during sleep underlies the reprocessing and consolidation of memories with a high affective and motivational relevance for the organism. We also propose that these mechanisms occurring during sleep promote adapted cognitive and emotional responses in the waking state, including overnight performance improvement, creativity, and sexual functions. Activation across emotional-limbic circuits during sleep also appears to promote emotional maturation and the emergence of consciousness in the developing brain.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., & Schwartz, S. (2014). Sleep and Emotional Functions. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 25, 411-431. doi: 10.1007/7854_2013_271
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Sleep / Sleep deprivation / Dreaming / Emotion / Cognition / Reward / Sexual function / Creativity / Memory consolidation / Brain development / Amygdala / Prefrontal cortex / Hippocampus / Ventral tegmental area / Striatum / Nucleus accumbens / Dopamine / Limbic / Mesolimbic

Sleep and Emotional Functions

Sleep and Emotional Functions

File296 - Synaptic competition and cooperation in reward learning: The role of hippocampal and prefrontal inputs to the nucleus accumbens

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-296
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
296 - Synaptic competition and cooperation in reward learning: The role of hippocampal and prefrontal inputs to the nucleus accumbens
Researcher(s): Stephen Martin, Rosalina Fonseca
Institution(s): Division of Neuroscience, School of Medicine, University of Dundee (UK); Centro de Estudos de Doenças Crónicas, NOVA Medical School, Faculdade de Ciências Médicas – Universidade NOVA de Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Author: Martin, S. J.
Secondary author(s):
Fonseca, R.
Keywords:
Nucleus accumbens / Hippocampus / Prefrontal cortex / Synaptic plasticity / Psychophysiology

DocumentFinal report - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
389 - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas
Duration: 2015-01 - 2017-02
Researcher(s):
Dmitry Kobak, Christian Machens
Institution(s): Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Secondary author(s):
Machens, C.
Keywords:
Population activity / Dimensionality reduction / Prefrontal cortex / Principal component analysis / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%2038914.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neurons in higher cortical areas, such as the prefrontal cortex, are often tuned to a variety of sensory and motor variables, and are therefore said to display mixed selectivity. This complexity of single neuron responses can obscure what information these areas represent and how it is represented. In this project we developed and demonstrated advantages of a new dimensionality reduction technique, demixed principal component analysis (dPCA), that decomposes population activity into a few components. In addition to systematically capturing the majority of the variance of the data, dPCA also exposes the dependence of the neural representation on task parameters such as stimuli, decisions, or rewards. To illustrate our method we reanalyzed population data from four datasets comprising different species, different cortical areas and different experimental tasks. In each case, dPCA provides a concise way of visualizing the data that summarizes the task-dependent features of the population response in a
single figure.
This project also involved some additional work on dimensionality reduction of electrophysiological datasets, including data from auditory cortex and from input areas to dopaminergic system in rats.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Population activity / Dimensionality reduction / Prefrontal cortex / Principal component analysis / Auditory cortex

Final report - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas

Final report - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas

DocumentDemixed principal component analysis of neural population data2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
389 - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas
Duration: 2015-01 - 2017-02
Researcher(s):
Dmitry Kobak, Christian Machens
Institution(s): Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Secondary author(s):
Machens, C.
Keywords:
Population activity / Dimensionality reduction / Prefrontal cortex / Principal component analysis / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://elifesciences.org/content/5/e10989
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neurons in higher cortical areas, such as the prefrontal cortex, are often tuned to a variety of sensory and motor variables, and are therefore said to display mixed selectivity. This complexity of single neuron responses can obscure what information these areas represent and how it is represented. Here we demonstrate the advantages of a new dimensionality reduction technique, demixed principal component analysis (dPCA), that decomposes population activity into a few components. In addition to systematically capturing the majority of the variance of the data, dPCA also exposes the dependence of the neural representation on task parameters such as stimuli, decisions, or rewards. To illustrate our method we reanalyze population data from four datasets comprising different species, different cortical areas and different experimental tasks. In each case, dPCA provides a concise way of visualizing the data that summarizes the task-dependent features of the population response in a single figure.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Secondary author(s):
Brendel, W., Constantinidis, C., Feierstein, C. E., Kepecs, A., Mainen, Z. F., Qi, X.-L., Romo, R., Uchida, N., Machens, C. K.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Kobak, D., Brendel, W., Constantinidis, C., Feierstein, C. E., Kepecs, A., Mainen, Z. F., Qi, X.-L., Romo, R., Uchida, N., & Machens, C. K. (2016). Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data. eLife 5, e10989. doi: 10.7554/eLife.10989.001
2-year Impact Factor: 7.725|2016
Times cited: 81|2020-03-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Population activity / Dimensionality reduction / Prefrontal cortex / Principal component analysis / Auditory cortex

Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data

Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data

DocumentDemixed principal component analysis of neural population data2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
389 - Demixing and visualizing neural population activity in higher cortical areas
Duration: 2015-01 - 2017-02
Researcher(s):
Dmitry Kobak, Christian Machens
Institution(s): Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final reports
Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Secondary author(s):
Machens, C.
Keywords:
Population activity / Dimensionality reduction / Prefrontal cortex / Principal component analysis / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-389.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://www.gatsby.ucl.ac.uk/nccd/nccd15/abstracts/kobak.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neurons in higher cortical areas, such as the prefrontal cortex, are often tuned to a variety of sensory and motor variables, and are therefore said to display mixed selectivity. This complexity of single neuron responses can obscure what information these areas represent and how it is represented. Here we present a dimensionality reduction technique, demixed principal component analysis (dPCA), that decomposes population activity into a few components. In addition to systematically capturing the majority of the variance of the data, dPCA also exposes the neural representation in terms of task parameters such as stimuli, decisions, or rewards. To illustrate our method we reanalyze population data from four datasets comprising different species, different cortical areas and different experimental tasks. In each case, dPCA provides a concise way of visualizing the data that summarizes all the relevant features of the population response in a single figure. In addition, dPCA highlights several important and seemingly universal features of the population activity in prefrontal cortex; e.g. that most of the neural activity is not related to any of the controlled task parameters, such as stimuli or decision; or that there are no well-separated functional clusters of cells.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Kobak, D.
Secondary author(s):
Brendel, W., Constantinidis, C., Feierstein, C. E., Kepecs, A., Mainen, Z., Romo, R., Qi, X.-L., Uchida, N., Machens, C.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Kobak, D., Brendel, W., Constantinidis, C., Feierstein, C. E., Kepecs, A., ..., Machens, C. (2015, August-September). Demixed principal component analysis of neural population data. Poster presented at Neural Coding, Computation and Dynamics (NCCD), Bilbao, Spain.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Principal Component Analysis / Population activity / Prefrontal cortex / Dimensionality reduction / Auditory cortex

DocumentFinal report - Prefrontal electrical stimulation in non-depressed reduces levels of reported negative affects from daily stressors2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-094
Location: SEC PCA - 94/12
Title:
094 - Prefrontal electrical stimulation in non-depressed reduces levels of reported negative affects from daily stressors
Duration: 2014-01 - 2017-05
Researcher(s):
Frederic Boy, Adelaide Austin
Institution(s): Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University and Institute of Life Science (ILS2) – Imaging Centre, College of Medicine (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Boy, F.
Secondary author(s):
Austin, A.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Brain structure and function / Personality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-094.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2012
Title:
Final report - Prefrontal electrical stimulation in non-depressed reduces levels of reported negative affects from daily stressors
Publication year: 2017
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Negative emotional responses to the daily life stresses have cumulative effects which, in turn, impose wide-ranging negative constraints on emotional well being and neurocognitive performance (Kalueff and Nutt, 2007; Nadler et al., 2010; Charles et al., 2013). Crucial cognitive functions such as memory and problem solving, as well more short term emotional responses (e.g., anticipation of- and response to- monetary rewards or losses) are influenced by mood. The negative impact of these behavioral responses is felt at the individual level, but it also imposes major economic burden on modern healthcare systems.
AIMS:
Although much research has been undertaken to understand the underlying mechanisms of depressed mood and design efficient treatment pathways, comparatively little was done to characterize mood modulations that remain within the boundaries of a healthy mental functioning.
METHODS:
In two placebo-controlled experiment, we applied daily prefrontal transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) at five and three points in time.
RESULTS: We found reliable improvements on self-reported mood evaluation. Using a new team of experimenters, we replicated this finding in an independent double-blinded placebo-controlled experiment and showed that stimulation over a shorter period of time (3 days) is sufficient to create detectable mood improvements.
CONCLUSIONS:
Taken together, our data show that repeated bilateral prefrontal tDCS can reduce psychological distress in non-depressed individuals.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Boy, F.
Secondary author(s):
Austin, A.
Document type:
Final report
Keywords:
Brain stimulation / Transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) / Mood / Prefrontal cortex

DocumentFNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: Impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2012
Title:
046 - Motivational Intensity in the Prefrontal Cortex
Duration: 2013-03 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Stephen Fairclough, Christopher Burns
Institution(s): School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion and motivation / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046.02
Location: SEC PCA - 46/13
Title:
FNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: Impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/journals/Neurophotonics/volume-5/issue-3/035001/FNIRS-activity-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-motivational-intensity/10.1117/1.NPh.5.3.035001.short?SSO=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Previous research has demonstrated changes in neurovascular activation of the prefrontal cortex to increased working memory load. The primary purpose of the current paper was to investigate overload of working memory capacity using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) within the framework of motivational intensity theory. A secondary goal was to explore the influence of the correlation-based signal improvement (CBSI) as a method for correcting the influence of systemic variables. In study one, 30 participants (15 female, mean age = 21.09 years, s.d. = 2.9 years) performed a verbal version of the n-back working memory task under four levels of demand (easy, hard, very hard, and impossible). In contrast to the raw data, CBSI-transformed fNIRS data indicated that neurovascular coupling was highest at hard demand when the task was challenging but success was possible. The second study (N??=??30; 15 female, mean age = 22.4 years, s.d. = 5.3) replicated the working memory manipulation with the addition of low versus high levels of financial reward. Analyses of CBSI-transformed levels of oxygenated (HbO) and deoxygenated (HHb) hemoglobin replicated the first study at right lateral regions of the prefrontal cortex (BA46). HHb_CBSI data were significantly reduced at impossible demand for participants receiving the higher level of financial reward. The study is the first to support predictions from the motivational intensity model using neurovascular data. In addition, the application of CBSI to fNIRS data was found to improve the sensitivity of HbO and Hbb to the independent variables.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C., Kreplin, U.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Fairclough, S., Burns, C., & Kreplin, U. (2018). FNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement. Neurophoton, 5(3), 035001. doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.5.3.035001
2-year Impact Factor: 3.581|2018
Times cited: 2|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Functional near-infrared spectroscopy / Working memory / Prefrontal cortex / Motivation / Reward / Signal processing