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DocumentLong-latency evoked potentials and mnemonic processing of faces and words2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
063 - Attentional modulation in neural responses to faces
Duration: 2005-02 - 2009-07
Researcher(s):
Jaime Iglesias Dorado
Institution(s): Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Psicologia (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
7 articles (5 published and 2 submitted)
Previous versions of papers submitted for publication, which were afterwards published
Language: spa / eng
Author:
Dorado, J. I.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Perception / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-063.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2004
Title:
Long-latency evoked potentials and mnemonic processing of faces and words
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.neurologia.com/pdf/Web/4712/ba120624.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Introduction. Evoked potentials are real-time electrophysiological markers of cognitive operations and especially mnemonic processes. The N400 wave has traditionally been studied to characterise the processes involved in memorising verbal material. To investigate the existence of specific memory processes for each information domain, functional analogues of this wave were examined during the processing of non-verbal stimuli, such as faces. Aim. Using an inter-subject design, the classic verbal N400 wave was compared with its functional analogue during the processing of faces in a contextual preactivation task adapted to the visual domain of faces. Subjects and methods. After several sessions dedicated to learning a set of faces, another evoked potential recording session was held in order to analyse the effects of the existence of structural inconsistencies in these stimuli and to compare them, with regard to their topographic distribution and neural generators, with those observed in the classic verbal N400 task. Results. A verbal N400 wave was observed with a (slightly right) centroparietal distribution, and this response was distinguished from another negative wave obtained during the processing of facial inconsistencies in the same group of participants, with a predominantly occipital localisation and differentiated neural generators. Conclusions. These findings support the hypothesis of the specificity of the neural mechanisms involved in the mnemonic processing of faces and words, which is in line with the neurocognitive models that suggest the independence or modularity of memory processes in different domains of information.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
spa
Author:
Olivares, E. I.
Secondary author(s):
Iglesias, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Olivares, E. I., & Iglesias, J. (2008). Long-latency evoked potentials and mnemonic processing of faces and words. Revista de Neurologia, 47(12), 624-630.
2-year Impact Factor: 1.083|2008
Times cited: 2|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Electrical brain activity / Evoked potentials / Face recognition / N400 / Preactivation / Priming / sLORETA

Potenciales evocados de larga latencia y procesamiento mnésico de caras y palabras

Potenciales evocados de larga latencia y procesamiento mnésico de caras y palabras

DocumentRelating psi to a theory of intuition: using precognition habituation to improve ganzfeld scores2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-152
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
152 - Relating psi to a theory of intuition: using precognition habituation to improve ganzfeld scores
Duration: 2006-09 - 2008-05
Researcher(s):
Adrian Parker, Torbjorn Fagerberg
Institution(s): Psychology Department, Gothenburg University (Sweden)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Unpublished document
Conference paper
Language: eng
Author:
Parker, A.
Secondary author(s):
Fagerberg, T.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-152.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 16/2004
Title:
Relating psi to a theory of intuition: using precognition habituation to improve ganzfeld scores
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The study was aimed seeing if it possible to the manipulate the content of imagery that is obtained during
an altered state of consciousness (the ganzfeld). Specifically, we investigated the degree to which the prior exposure to subliminally presented film clips might re-emerge as later imagery in the ganzfeld.
Pairs of volunteers were selected on the basis of having reported prior experiences of and beliefs in psychic
phenomena. The participants were briefly exposed to a rapid presentation of the sets of film clips which would be later used as psi-targets in one half of the experiment. This method developed here, which we call “speed viewing”, is at threshold for subliminal perception (60 ms). The experiment was pre-set to 60 trials which were carried out. Each session consisted of two trials, that is two target selections of film clips to used in a psi-ganzfeld experiment. For one of these two trails, a target film clip was randomly selected by the computer program from the target set of films that had been primed while for the other trial a target film clip was randomly selected from the non-primed sets of targets. The order of these two trials, primed and non-primed (each with P = .25), was for this purpose also randomised.
Testing followed the usual ganzfeld procedure of matching the ganzfeld imagery to the target and decoy films. The procedure however allowed us to evaluate the degree to which the primed subliminal film material re-emerged as imagery in the altered state and to note additional elements that might appear beyond those reported in the normal state of consciousness. However contrary to the hypothesis, scoring was below chance expectancy for the primed targets and close to the chance expectancy for the non primed targets. Further analyses are being carried out on emotional impact of the various films used in the film library.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Parker, A.
Secondary author(s):
Fagerberg, T.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Parker, A., & Fagerberg, T. (2008). Relating psi to a theory of intuition: using precognition habituation to improve ganzfeld scores. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psi / Ganzfeld / Subliminal perception / Priming

Relating psi to a theory of intuition: using precognition habituation to improve ganzfeld scores

Relating psi to a theory of intuition: using precognition habituation to improve ganzfeld scores

DocumentERP correlates of relational learning II: Testing a behavioural model of visual-visual and auditory-visual priming2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-048
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2008
Title:
048 - ERP correlates of relational learning II: Testing a behavioural model of visual-visual and auditory-visual priming
Duration: 2009-09 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Simon Dymond, Sara Tepaeru Minster
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Swansea University, Wales (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Dymond, S.
Secondary author(s):
Minster, S.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-048.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2008
Title:
ERP correlates of relational learning II: Testing a behavioural model of visual-visual and auditory-visual priming
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: The present study examined the behavioural and electrophysiological correlates of
derived relational responding (stimulus equivalence).
Methods: Participants were trained, but not tested, for the formation of 4, 3-member stimulus
relations (A1-B1-C1, A2-B2-C2, A3-B3-C3, and A4-B4-C4) consisting of pseudowords, before then
receiving a relatedness decision task that presented all combinations of stimulus pairs (Directly
Trained (i.e., A1-B1), Symmetry (i.e., B1-A1) and Equivalence (i.e., C1-B1), as well as Between Pair
directly trained (i.e., A1-B2), symmetry (i.e., B1-A2), and equivalence (i.e., C1-B2) trials. Analyses
compared each of these trial-types, as well as Within and Between comparisons. Thirty-five
healthy controls were recruited. Twenty-one participants passed the final matching to sample test
for derived relations.
Results: Behavioural results indicated that reaction times on Equivalence trials were significantly
slower than all other trials types. Directly Trained trials were marginally faster than Symmetry
trials (p=.49) and Equivalence trials (p<.000); Symmetry trials were significantly faster than
Equivalence trials (p<.000); and Between trials were significantly slower than Within trials (p=.01).
With the EEG data, a series of repeated ANOVAs were calculated across three frequency ranges
(i.e., alpha, beta, and theta). Significant results for mean amplitude were typically found in the 4 to
8 Hz (theta) range, 350 ms after target onset, whereas peak mean amplitude differences were
typically found in the theta range 250 ms after target onset.
Conclusions: Overall, equivalence trials evoked greater negativity than symmetry or directly
trained trials. Further analyses are supportive of a derived relations approach to the
electrophysiological correlates of relational learning.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Dymond, S.
Secondary author(s):
Minster, S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Dymond, S., & Minster, S. (2012). ERP correlates of relational learning II: Testing a behavioural model of visual-visual and auditory-visual priming. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 24/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Event-related potential (ERP) / Priming / Equivalence relations

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Novo ficheiro

DocumentMindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
122 - Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Duration: 2009-10 - 2012-11
Researcher(s):
Henk Barendregt, Stephen Whitmarsh, Eva Lobach, Dick J. Bierman, Fabio Giommi
Institution(s): Mind Brain Mindfulness research group (MBM) of the Institute of Computing and Information Sciences (ICIS), Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion / Cognitive processes / Learning / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-122.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2008
Title:
Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objective: To contribute to the understanding of intuitive decision-making through investigating
the effectiveness and psycho-physiologically basis of the “gut-feeling”.
Method: For five consecutive days participants conducted a working memory (WM) experiment
where apparently random consonant-sequences had to be retained and reproduced.
Unbeknownst to the subjects these were generated by a complex artificial grammar. To study the
gradual acquisition of a preference for this grammar, subjects conducted a preference task at day
one, two and five. While evaluations were being made Galvanic Skin Response, heart rate and
pupil dilation were measured. Finally, subjects where debriefed about the grammaticality of the
WM sequences and explicitly asked to judge a series of sequences on their grammaticality, under
similar psycho-physiological measurements. To investigate the causal role of affective processes in
intuitive decision-making, every presentation in the preference (and final evaluation-) task was
preceded by very short (~30ms) and thereby unconsciously perceived, emotional images. Since we
hypothesized that intuitive decision-making partly relies upon accurate reading of one's affective
('gut-feeling') state, and that such skills vary within the population, we also measured mindfulness
skills through questionnaires.
Results: Subjects where shown to implicitly extract complex grammatical regularities while being
unable to verbally report these. According to the Somatic Marker Theory (SMT) we expected the
sympathetic system to provide emotionally coded information about the learned implicit
associations. Results suggest that the somatic responses indeed paralleled the acquisition of
implicit knowledge, as shown previously with the Ohio Gambling Task (OGT). Further
measurements and analysis of priming effects and individual differences are in progress.
Discussion and conclusion: The simplicity of the OGT has been one of the main concerns of the
paradigm and the SMT (Maia & McClelland (2004), Trends Cogn Sci). Another concern has been the
fact that a reversal of the reward/punishment scheme has been shown to reverse the anticipatory GSR
(Tomb et al. 2002, Nat Neurosci). Our replication in a complex task without any reward/punishment schemes
contributes to the understanding of the psycho-physiologically basis of the intuitive decision-making in terms
of the SMT.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Barendregt, H.
Secondary author(s):
Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., Giommi, F.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Barendregt, H., Whitmarsh, S., Lobach, E., Bierman, D., & Giommi, F. (2012). Mindfulness and emotional factors contributing to intuitive decision-making in the medical settings. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 39/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Intuition / Mindfulness / Learning / Priming

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DocumentPrimação de facilitação social: Papel moderador da sensibilidade ao contexto2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-172
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 23/2010
Title:
172 - Attitudes sensitivity to context: Presence of other and physiological evidences
Duration: 2011-05 - 2015-10
Researcher(s):
Teresa Maria Morais Garcia-Marques, Ricardo Fonseca, Marília Prada, Alexandre Fernandes
Institution(s): Unidade de Investigação em Psicologia Cognitiva, do Desenvolvimento e da Educação (UIPCDE), ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Lisboa (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
2 Posters
Articles
Final report
Language: por / eng
Author:
Garcia-Marques, T.
Secondary author(s):
Fonseca, R., Prada, M., Fernandes, A. C.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Affective and social behavior / Social cognition / Motivation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-172.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 23/2010
Title:
Primação de facilitação social: Papel moderador da sensibilidade ao contexto
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://webs.psi.uminho.pt/appe/past/2012/files/Livro_Resumos_appe7.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Desde do início do sec. XX que se acumularam evidências empíricas de que a presença dos outros tem um impacto no desempenho dos indivíduos. Este fenómeno é celebremente conhecido como Facilitação Social. Seguindo a ideia de Allport (1985) tomamos como equivalente à presença real dos outros a sua presença imaginária. Testamos então a hipótese de que a mera primação de presença vs ausência de outros replicaria o efeito já conhecido da facilitação social no paradigma Stroop. Os resultados do estudo dão suporte à hipótese em estudo. A primação da presença dos outros diminui os efeitos de stroop exactamente como a verdadeira presença de outros, no entanto este efeito apenas se torna claro para indivíduos com baixo nível de auto-monitorização.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
por
Notes:
Abstract and respective poster in attachment
Author: Figueira, P.
Secondary author(s):
Garcia-Marques, T., Fonseca, R.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Figueira, P., Garcia-Marques, T., & Fonseca, R. (2012). Primação de facilitação social: Papel moderador da sensibilidade ao contexto. In Abstract book of the 7º Encontro Nacional da Associação Portuguesa de Psicologia Experimental (p. 18). Lisboa, Portugal: APPE.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Social facilitation / Performance / Stroop effect / Priming / Self-monitoring

Abstract

Abstract

Poster

Poster

DocumentVisibility predicts priming within but not between people: a cautionary tale for studies of cognitive individual differences2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-094
Location: SEC PCA - 94/12
Title:
094 - Prefrontal electrical stimulation in non-depressed reduces levels of reported negative affects from daily stressors
Duration: 2014-01 - 2017-05
Researcher(s):
Frederic Boy, Adelaide Austin
Institution(s): Wales Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience, Department of Psychology, College of Human and Health Sciences, Swansea University and Institute of Life Science (ILS2) – Imaging Centre, College of Medicine (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Boy, F.
Secondary author(s):
Austin, A.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Brain structure and function / Personality

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-094.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2012
Title:
Visibility predicts priming within but not between people: a cautionary tale for studies of cognitive individual differences
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://arxiv.org/ftp/arxiv/papers/1309/1309.3396.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
With resurgent interest in individual differences in perception, cognition and behavioral control as early indicators of disease, endophenotypes, or a means to relate brain structure to function, behavioral tasks are increasingly being transferred from within-subject settings to between-group or correlational designs. The assumption is that where we know the mechanisms underlying within-subject effects, these effects can be used to measure individual differences in those same mechanisms. However, between-subjects variability can arise from an entirely different source from that driving within-subject effects, and here we report a clear-cut demonstration of this. We examined the debated relationship between the visibility of a masked-prime stimulus and the direction of priming it causes (positive or reversed). Such reversal of priming has been hypothesized to reflect an automatic inhibitory mechanism that controls partially activated responses and allows behavioral flexibility. Within subjects, we found an unambiguous systematic transition from reversed priming to positive priming as prime visibility increased, replicated 7 times, and using different stimulus manipulations. However, across individuals there was never a relationship between prime discrimination ability and priming. Specifically, these data resolve the controversial debate on visibility and reversed priming, indicating that they arise from independent processes relying on partially shared stimulus signals. More generally, they stand as an exemplar case in which variance between individuals arises from a different source from that produced by stimulus manipulations.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Boy, F.
Secondary author(s):
Sumner, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Boy, F., & Sumner, P. (2014). Visibility predicts priming within but not between people: a cautionary tale for studies of cognitive individual differences. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 143(3), 1011-1025. doi: 10.1037/a0034881
2-year Impact Factor: 5.929|2014
Times cited: 10|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Priming / Individual differences

File480 - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative2015-072017-07

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
480 - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative
Duration: 2015-07 - 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Keywords:
Retro-active facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Mindset / Parapsychology

DocumentFinal report - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-233
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
233 - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative
Duration: 2013-07 - 2015-04
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz, Daryl Bem, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bem, D., Delorme, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-233.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
Final report - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative
Publication year: 2015
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa23312_18062015.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The issue of replication has been a long-standing challenge for parapsychology, with different experimenters obtaining different results using similar protocols. This study addressed this challenge through the examination of experimenter and participant expectancies about psi and their impact on the outcome of a psi task. The meta-study involved an international collaboration of teachers, student experimenters, and experimental volunteers, who made use of a standardized psi protocol involving precognition that has been the focus of a number of replication attempts and that allows for a systematic collection of data under well-controlled conditions (Bem, 2011). It included 12 different laboratories across 32 experimenters and 512 participants. While the preregistered hypothesis that was assessed on a participant basis did not show a significant psi effect, when statistical power was increased by using a single trial analysis, the primary hypothesis was highly significant. The effect was also significant for experiments conducted in the English language, rather than through translations of the protocol. The results did not support a correlation between study outcome and experimenter expectancy. Overall, these results support the feasibility of a multi-laboratory collaboration and show that single trial analysis might be more appropriate and powerful to process these types of data. A conceptual replication is now underway.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Replication / Psi / Expectancy / Experimenter effects / Priming

DocumentEffects of 10Hz and 20Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation on automatic motor control2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2012
Title:
084 - Neural bases of time processing: combining neuroimaging techniques and clinical evidence
Duration: 2013-03 - 2016-04
Researcher(s):
Patrizia Bisiacchi, Gianna Maria Toffolo, Vincenza Tarantino, Elias Casula, Giovanni Mento, Demis Basso
Institution(s): Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale, Università di Padova (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Bisiacchi, P.
Secondary author(s):
Toffolo, G., Tarantino, V., Casula, E., Mento, G., Basso, D.
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Childhood and adolescent disorders / Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) / Neurodegenerative disorders / Parkinson's disease

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-084.18
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 13/2012
Title:
Effects of 10Hz and 20Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation on automatic motor control
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1935861X1600005X
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
In a masked prime choice reaction task, presentation of a compatible prime increases the reaction time to the following imperative stimulus if the interval between mask and prime is around 80–250?ms. This is thought to be due to automatic suppression of the motor plan evoked by the prime, which delays reaction to the imperative stimulus. Oscillatory activity in motor networks around the beta frequency range of 20?Hz is important in suppression of movement. Transcranial alternating current at 20?Hz may be able to drive oscillations in the beta range.
OBJECTIVE/HYPOTHESIS
To investigate whether transcranial alternating current stimulation (tACS) at 20?Hz would increase automatic inhibition in a masked prime task. As a control we used 10?Hz tACS.
METHODS
Stimulation was delivered at alpha (10?Hz) and beta (20?Hz) frequency over the supplementary motor area and the primary motor cortex (simultaneous tACS of SMA-M1), which are part of the BG-cortical motor loop, during the execution of the subliminal masked prime left/right choice reaction task. We measured the effects on reaction times. Corticospinal excitability was assessed by measuring the amplitude of motor evoked potentials (MEPs) evoked in the first dorsal interosseous muscle by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over M1.
RESULTS
The 10 and 20-Hz tACS over SMA-M1 had different effects on automatic inhibition. The 20?Hz tACS increased the duration of automatic inhibition whereas it was decreased by 10?Hz tACS. Neurophysiologically, 20?Hz tACS reduced the amplitude of MEPs evoked from M1, whereas there was no change after 10?Hz tACS.
CONCLUSION
Automatic mechanisms of motor inhibition can be modulated by tACS over motor areas of cortex. tACS may be a useful additional tool to investigate the causal links between endogenous brain oscillations and specific cognitive processes.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Cappon, D.
Secondary author(s):
D'Ostilio, K., Garraux, G., Rothwell, J. C., Bisiacchi, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Cappon, D., D'Ostilio, K., Garraux, G., Rothwell, J. C., & Bisiacchi, P. (2016). Effects of 10Hz and 20Hz transcranial alternating current stimulation on automatic motor control. Brain stimulation, 9(4), 518-524. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2016.01.001
2-year Impact Factor: 6.078|2016
Times cited: 10|2020-03-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Transcranial alternating current stimulation / Cortical modulation / Motor control / Negative compatibility effect / Priming / Supplementary motor area

File147 - Metarepresentations of supernatural belief and the effect of context on physiological responses and cognitions

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-147
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
147 - Metarepresentations of supernatural belief and the effect of context on physiological responses and cognitions
Researcher(s): Malcolm Schofield, Ian Baker, David Sheffield, Paul Staples
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, College of Life and Natural Sciences, University of Derby (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project hasn't started yet
Author: Schofield, M.
Secondary author(s):
Baker, I., Sheffield, D., Staples, P.
Keywords:
Supernatural / Priming / Cognition / Psychophysiology

File189 - Implicit beliefs in the study of experimenter effects in the replication of psi experiments: A global initiative

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-189
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
189 - Implicit beliefs in the study of experimenter effects in the replication of psi experiments: A global initiative
Researcher(s): Marilyn Schlitz, Arnaud Delorme, Daryl Bem
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Abstract/Results: Marilyn Schlitz, Arnaud Delorme, Daryl Bem
Accessibility: Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Notes:
This project hasn't started yet
Author: Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Delorme, A., Bem, D.
Keywords:
Retroactive facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Implicit beliefs / Parapsychology

DocumentExperimenter effect and replication in psi research2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
480 - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative
Duration: 2015-07 - 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Keywords:
Retro-active facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Mindset / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Experimenter effect and replication in psi research
Publication year: 2016
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
This study addressed the replication problem in parapsychology through the examination of experimenter and participant belief in psi and their impact on the outcome of a psi task. The meta-study involved an international collaboration of teachers, student experimenters, and experimental volunteers, who made use of a standardized psi protocol that has been the focus of a number of replication attempts and that allows for a systematic collection of data under well-controlled conditions (Bem, 2011). It included 12 different laboratories across 32 experimenters and 512 participants. While the preregistered hypothesis that was assessed on a participant basis did not show a significant psi effect, when the statistical power was increased by using a single
trial analysis, the primary hypothesis was highly significant. The results did not support a correlation between study outcome and experimenter expectancy. Overall, these results support the feasibility of a multi-laboratory collaboration and show that single trial analysis might be more appropriate and powerful to process these types of data.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2012-233.02
Author: Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bem, D., Lobach, E., Rabeyron, T., Bengston, W., Nelson, S., Roney-Dougal, S. M., Moddel, G., Tressoldi, P., Delorme, A.
Document type:
Conference paper-d
Reference:
Schlitz, M., Bem, D., Lobach, E., Rabeyron, T., Bengston, W., Nelson, S., Roney-Dougal, S. M., Moddel, G., Tressoldi, P., & Delorme, A. (2016). Experimenter effect and replication in psi research. The Parapsychological Association & Society for Scientific Exploration Joint Convention.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Retro-active facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Mindset

DocumentExperimenter effect and replication in psi research2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-233
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
233 - The Study of Experimenter Effects in the Replication of Psi Experiments: A Global Initiative
Duration: 2013-07 - 2015-04
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz, Daryl Bem, Arnaud Delorme
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bem, D., Delorme, A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-233.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2012
Title:
Experimenter effect and replication in psi research
Publication year: 2016
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
This study addressed the replication problem in parapsychology through the examination of experimenter and participant belief in psi and their impact on the outcome of a psi task. The meta-study involved an international collaboration of teachers, student experimenters, and experimental volunteers, who made use of a standardized psi protocol that has been the focus of a number of replication attempts and that allows for a systematic collection of data under well-controlled conditions (Bem, 2011). It included 12 different laboratories across 32 experimenters and 512 participants. While the preregistered hypothesis that was assessed on a participant basis did not show a significant psi effect, when the statistical power was increased by using a single
trial analysis, the primary hypothesis was highly significant. The results did not support a correlation between study outcome and experimenter expectancy. Overall, these results support the feasibility of a multi-laboratory collaboration and show that single trial analysis might be more appropriate and powerful to process these types of data.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2014-480.02
Author: Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bem, D., Lobach, E., Rabeyron, T., Bengston, W., Nelson, S., Roney-Dougal, S. M., Moddel, G., Tressoldi, P., Delorme, A.
Document type:
Conference paper
Reference:
Schlitz, M., Bem, D., Lobach, E., Rabeyron, T., Bengston, W., Nelson, S., Roney-Dougal, S. M., Moddel, G., Tressoldi, P., & Delorme, A. (2016). Experimenter effect and replication in psi research. The Parapsychological Association & Society for Scientific Exploration Joint Convention.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Retro-active facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Mindset

DocumentFinal report - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
480 - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative
Duration: 2015-07 - 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Keywords:
Retro-active facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Mindset / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/2160/29_the-role-of-experimenter-and-participant-mindset_grant_48014.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
This study addressed the replication problem in parapsychology through the examination of experimenter and participant belief in psi and their impact on the outcome of a psi task.
AIMS
This experiment involves a modified version of the previous attempt where we are influencing expectancies of experimenters and subjects. In this experiment, after showing either randomized pro or anti-psi statements (for participants) and videos (for experimenters), we are assessing the experimenters’ and/or participants’ expectation using questionnaires.
METHOD
This study made use of a standardized psi protocol developed by Daryl Bem that has been the focus of several recent replication attempts and that allows for a systematic collection of data under well-controlled conditions. The study required no instrumentation beyond a desktop computer, thirty minutes per session, and requiring statistical analyses no more complex than a t-test across sessions or participants. Specifically, the replication protocol tested the retroactive priming aspect of experiment 4 of Bem, 2011) by examining reaction time for congruent or incongruent pairing of words and pictures.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS
The results of the psi task are the dependent measure for both the psi replication attempts and for the experimenters’ and subjects’ expectancy effects. The pre-registered hypothesis did show a trend in the expected direction for the psi replication (p=0.055, one tailed) but not for the experimenter effect. These results will be published at the PA conference 2018, and will be compiled with results from experiment 233/12 and 189/16 in a peer reviewed and indexed journal article.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Document type:
Final report
Keywords:
Priming / Expectancy effect / Experimenter effect / Retrocausation

Final report - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative

Final report - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative

DocumentPerceptual discrimination of basic object features is not facilitated when priming stimuli are prevented from reaching awareness by means of visual masking2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
152 - The role of the lateral occipital area in the visual processing of object size, shape, and orientation within and outside conscious awareness
Duration: 2017-03 - 2019-09
Researcher(s):
Philippe Chouinard, Irene Sperandio, Robin Laycock
Institution(s): La Trobe University, Melbourne (Australia); School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Chouinard, P.
Secondary author(s):
Sperandio, I., Laycok, R.
Keywords:
Lateral occiptal area (LO) / Continuous Flash Superssion (CFS) / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Object features / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Perceptual discrimination of basic object features is not facilitated when priming stimuli are prevented from reaching awareness by means of visual masking
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnint.2018.00013/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Our understanding of how form, orientation and size are processed within and outside of awareness is limited and requires further investigation. Therefore, we investigated whether or not the visual discrimination of basic object features can be influenced by subliminal processing of stimuli presented beforehand. Visual masking was used to render stimuli perceptually invisible. Three experiments examined if visible and invisible primes could facilitate the subsequent feature discrimination of visible targets. The experiments differed in the kind of perceptual discrimination that participants had to make. Namely, participants were asked to discriminate visual stimuli on the basis of their form, orientation, or size. In all three experiments, we demonstrated reliable priming effects when the primes were visible but not when the primes were made invisible. Our findings underscore the importance of conscious awareness in facilitating the perceptual discrimination of basic object features.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Peel, H. J.
Secondary author(s):
Sperandio, I., Laycok, R., Chouinard, P.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Peel, H. J., Sperandio, I., Laycok, R., & Chouinard, P. (2018). Perceptual discrimination of basic object features is not facilitated when priming stimuli are prevented from reaching awareness by means of visual masking. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 2: 13. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2018.00013
2-year Impact Factor: 2.810|2018
Times cited: 2|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Vision / Form discrimination / Orientation discrimination / Size discrimination / Visual masking / Priming

Perceptual discrimination of basic object features is not facilitated when priming stimuli are prevented from reaching awareness by means of visual masking

Perceptual discrimination of basic object features is not facilitated when priming stimuli are prevented from reaching awareness by means of visual masking

File318 - Changing human time perception in virtual reality emotional priming: A transcranial direct current stimulation study2019-04

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-318
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
318 - Changing human time perception in virtual reality emotional priming: A transcranial direct current stimulation study
Duration: 2019-04
Researcher(s):
André Silva, Ana Costa, Luke Jones, Ana Gomes
Institution(s): Centro de Investigação do Núcleo de Estudos e Intervenção Cognitivo-Comportamental, University of Coimbra (Portugal); Division of Neuroscience and Experimental Psychology, University of Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Language: eng
Notes:
Ongoing project
Author: Silva, A.
Secondary author(s):
Costa, A., Jones, L., Gomes, A.
Keywords:
Emotion / Transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) / Priming / Virtual reality / Psychophysiology

DocumentConscious awareness is required for the perceptual discrimination of threatening animal stimuli: A visual masking and continuous flash suppression study2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
152 - The role of the lateral occipital area in the visual processing of object size, shape, and orientation within and outside conscious awareness
Duration: 2017-03 - 2019-09
Researcher(s):
Philippe Chouinard, Irene Sperandio, Robin Laycock
Institution(s): La Trobe University, Melbourne (Australia); School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Chouinard, P.
Secondary author(s):
Sperandio, I., Laycok, R.
Keywords:
Lateral occiptal area (LO) / Continuous Flash Superssion (CFS) / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Object features / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Conscious awareness is required for the perceptual discrimination of threatening animal stimuli: A visual masking and continuous flash suppression study
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810018301934
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We investigated if the subliminal processing of threatening animal (snakes and spiders) and neutral object (cars and houses) stimuli can influence the discrimination of a subsequent visible stimulus. The prime and target pair were either identical, of the same category but with different physical features, or different in category and physical features. In two experiments, participants discriminated the basic level category (e.g. snake vs. spider) of a visible target stimulus that had been preceded by a visible or perceptually invisible prime stimulus. One experiment used visual masking to render prime stimuli perceptually invisible and the other used continuous flash suppression (CFS). Priming effects were demonstrated in both experiments when the prime was visible but not when the prime was rendered perceptually invisible. These findings demonstrate that conscious awareness could be required in the perceptual discrimination of threatening animal and neutral object images at their specific basic level category.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Cox, E. J.
Secondary author(s):
Sperandio, I., Laycock, R., Chouinard, P. A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Cox, E. J., Sperandio, I., Laycock, R., & Chouinard, P. A. (2018). Conscious awareness is required for the perceptual discrimination of threatening animal stimuli: A visual masking and continuous flash suppression study. Consciousness and Cognition, 65, 280-292. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.09.008
2-year Impact Factor: 1.855|2018
Times cited: 3|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Conscious awareness / Continuous flash suppression (CFS) / Priming / Threat stimuli / Visual masking

DocumentPerceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
152 - The role of the lateral occipital area in the visual processing of object size, shape, and orientation within and outside conscious awareness
Duration: 2017-03 - 2019-09
Researcher(s):
Philippe Chouinard, Irene Sperandio, Robin Laycock
Institution(s): La Trobe University, Melbourne (Australia); School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Chouinard, P.
Secondary author(s):
Sperandio, I., Laycok, R.
Keywords:
Lateral occiptal area (LO) / Continuous Flash Superssion (CFS) / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Object features / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810018303738?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We applied continuous flash suppression (CFS) during an interocular transfer paradigm to evaluate the importance of awareness and the contribution of early versus late visual structures in size recognition. Specifically, we tested if size judgements of a visible target could be influenced by a congruent or incongruent prime presented to the same or different eye. Without CFS, participants categorised a target as “small” or “large” more quickly when it was preceded by a congruent prime – regardless of whether the prime and target were presented to the same or different eye. Interocular transfer enabled us to infer that the observed priming was mediated by late visual areas. In contrast, there was no priming under CFS, which underscores the importance of awareness. We conclude that awareness and late visual structures are important for size perception and that any subconscious processing of the stimulus has minimal effect on size recognition.
Accessibility: Document exits in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Peel, H. J.
Secondary author(s):
Sherman, J. A., Sperandio, I., Laycock, R., Chouinard, P. A.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Peel, H. J., Sherman, J. A., Sperandio, I., Laycock, R., & Chouinard, P. A. (2019). Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study. Consciousness and Cognition, 67, 77-85. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2018.11.012
2-year Impact Factor: 2.044|2019
Times cited: 1|2020-07-30
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Size perception / Consciousness / Perceptual discrimination / Continuous flash suppression (CFS) / Priming / Interocular transfer

Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study

Perceptual size discrimination requires awareness and late visual areas: A continuous flash suppression and interocular transfer study

DocumentExperimenter effect and replication in psi research II: A global initiative2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
480 - The Role of Experimenter and Participant Mindset in the Replication of Psi Experiments: Phase II of a Global Initiative
Duration: 2015-07 - 2017-07
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Keywords:
Retro-active facilitation / Priming / Experimenter effect / Mindset / Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-480.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Experimenter effect and replication in psi research II: A global initiative
Publication year: 2018
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT
This replication issue in parapsychology was studied through the examination of experimenter and participant belief in psi and their impact on the outcome of a psi task. This series of three formal experiments employed a standardized psi protocol developed by Daryl Bem that has been the focus of several recent replication attempts and that allows for a systematic collection of data under wellcontrolled conditions. A session lasted no more than 30 minutes per subject. Specifically, the replication protocol tested the retroactive priming aspect of experiment 4 of Bem (2011) by examining reaction time for congruent or incongruent pairing of words and pictures. Study 1 examined expectancies of 32 experimenters and 512 subjects. Study 2 manipulated priming for expectancies by showing either randomized pro or anti-psi statements (for participants) and videos (for 32 experimenters), to assess the experimenters’ and/or expectation using questionnaires in 640 participants. In this article, we are reporting the results of Study 2. The results of the psi task are the dependent measure for both the psi replication attempts and for the experimenters’ and subjects’ expectancy effects. All analyses were run according to the document pre-registered prior to the start of the experiment. Although a trend in the expected direction was observed when comparing congruent image-word pairs versus incongruent ones for all subject combined, it fails to reach the 0.05 (two-tailed) significant threshold. No effect of subjects’ expectancy was observed. Study 3, which is now in process, uses implicit measures to examine expectancies of 32 experimenters and 512 participants.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bem, D., Cardeña, E. , Lyke, J., Grover, R., Blackmore, S., Tressoldi, P., Roney-Dougal, S., Bierman, D., Jolij, J., Lobach, E., Marcusson-Clavertz, D., Hartelius, G., Delorme, A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Schlitz, M., Bem, D., Cardeña, E., Lyke, J., Grover, R., Blackmore, S., ... Delorme, A. (2018). Experimenter effect and replication in psi research II: A global initiative. Abstracts of Presented Papers of the 61st Annual Convention of the Parapsychological Association (p. 23). Petaluma, USA: Parapsychological Association
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Priming / Retro-active facilitation / Experimenter effect / Mindset

Experimenter effect and replication in psi research II: A global initiative

Experimenter effect and replication in psi research II: A global initiative

DocumentThe processing of images of spiders and snakes outside of conscious awareness under visual masking2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
152 - The role of the lateral occipital area in the visual processing of object size, shape, and orientation within and outside conscious awareness
Duration: 2017-03 - 2019-09
Researcher(s):
Philippe Chouinard, Irene Sperandio, Robin Laycock
Institution(s): La Trobe University, Melbourne (Australia); School of Psychology, University of East Anglia, Norwich (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Chouinard, P.
Secondary author(s):
Sperandio, I., Laycok, R.
Keywords:
Lateral occiptal area (LO) / Continuous Flash Superssion (CFS) / Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) / Object features / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-152.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The processing of images of spiders and snakes outside of conscious awareness under visual masking
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://acnsconference.files.wordpress.com/2019/02/acns-2018-proceedings-with-isbn.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The brain is constantly surveying and selecting relevant visual stimuli to attend to. However, it has been suggested that stimuli with emotional salience (e.g., images of spiders and snakes) can bypass this processing and be processed outside of conscious awareness. To explore this possibility, two experiments were completed in which participants were presented with images of spiders and mushrooms (Experiment 1; N = 35), or snakes and flowers (Experiment 2; N = 35). These images were presented under visible (i.e., the participant was able to perceptually see the images) or invisible (i.e., a visual-masking technique was used to render the images perceptually invisible) conditions. Each experiment had two tasks. In the recognition task, the participant’s Galvanic skin response (GSR) was recorded when viewing visible and invisible stimuli. In the priming task, the participant’s reaction time was measured to a visible target stimulus preceded by either a visible or invisible prime stimulus that was either congruent or incongruent. There were no differences in GSR between conditions in the recognition task for either experiment. In the priming task, there were significant Visibility × Congruency interactions in the spider, F(1,32) = 9.47, p = .004, and snake, F(1,33) = 17.46, p < .001, experiments. Pairwise comparisons, correcting for multiple comparisons using the Bonferroni method, revealed that priming occurred in both visibility conditions with stronger effects for the visible (Experiment 1 Cohen’s d = 1.22; Experiment 2 Cohen’s d = 1.25) compared to invisible (Experiment 1 Cohen’s d = 0.59; Experiment 2 Cohen’s d = 0.53) conditions. Results from the recognition task suggest that there is no difference in the physiological response to the processing of different stimuli. However, in the priming task, results suggest that the invisible stimuli were processed outside of conscious awareness. This suggests that conscious awareness may enhance but is not always required to process certain visual stimuli.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Bicknell, R.
Secondary author(s):
Cox, E. J., Laycock, R., Chouinard, P. A.
Document type:
Abstract book
Reference:
Bicknell, R., Cox, E. J., Laycock, R., & Chouinard, P. A. (November 2018). The processing of images of spiders and snakes outside of conscious awareness under visual masking. Abstract Book of the 8th Annual Meeting of the Australasian Cognitive Neuroscience Society (p. 39). The University Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Conscious awareness / Continuous flash suppression (CFS) / Priming / Threat stimuli / Visual masking

The processing of images of spiders and snakes outside of conscious awareness under visual masking

The processing of images of spiders and snakes outside of conscious awareness under visual masking