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DocumentMystical experience, thin boundaries, and transhumanation as predictors of psychokinetic performance with a Random Number Generator2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2004
Title:
001 - Mystical experience, thin boundaries, and transhumanation as predictors of psychokinetic performance with a Random Number Generator
Duration: 2006-02 - 2006-10
Researcher(s):
Michael Thalbourne
Institution(s): Anomalistic Psychology Research Unit, University of Adelaide (Australia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Thalbourne, M. A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychopraxia / Spiritualism / Spiritual traditions/experiences / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-001.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2004
Title:
Mystical experience, thin boundaries, and transhumanation as predictors of psychokinetic performance with a Random Number Generator
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Actas_7Simp.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
(1) to examine whether the psychological variables thinness of boundaries, mystical experience, and transhumanation could be used to predict the performance of a Random Number Generator (RNG); and (2) to examine the relationships between the three psychological predictors.
METHOD:
92 participants filled in a questionnaire survey containing, in order, the Boundary Questionnaire, the Rasch-scaled Mystical Experience Scale, and the Transhumanation Scale. They then attempted to influence the output of the RNG: there were 100 binary trials in each run, and 50 runs per session, of which just one was given; the output psychopractic score was called “scoresum”.
RESULTS:
(1) there was no evidence that the three questionnaires (the Rasch-scaled Mystical Experience Scale, the Boundary Scale, and the Transhumanation Scale) could either singly or in combination predict scoresum, that is to say, performance on the RNG; (2) there was significant evidence that mystics tended to have “thin” (permeable) psychological boundaries, and to score higher on the Transhumanation Scale, which has four components: paranormal belief/experience, mystical experience, the Eastern concept of the body-energy Kundalini, and spirituality.
CONCLUSIONS:
On this occasion, transhumanation, boundary thinness, and mystical experience were not able to predict psychopractic performance; however, there were moderately strong positive, significant correlations between these three scales.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Thalbourne, M. A.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Thalbourne, M. A. (2008). Mystical experience, thin boundaries, and transhumanation as predictors of psychokinetic performance with a Random Number Generator. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 7th Symposium of Fundação Bial. Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Thin boundaries / Mystical experience / Transhumanation / Random number generation (RNG)

Mystical experience, thin boundaries, and transhumanation as predictors of psychokinetic performance with a Random Number Generator

Mystical experience, thin boundaries, and transhumanation as predictors of psychokinetic performance with a Random Number Generator

DocumentFinal report - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
104 - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task
Duration: 2009-01 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe
Institution(s): Centre for the Study of Anomalous Psychological Processes [CSAPP], University of Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Unpublished document
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-104.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 17/2008
Title:
Final report - Lability and PK performance: Identifying the optimal conditions for PK-RNG effects in the laboratory using an I Ching task
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa10408_04022014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Study 1 used a new PK testing program involving an I Ching divination task. Three hexagrams were produced by sampling 3 sources of randomness (RNG, RND function in BASIC, random number tables). Participants rated all I Ching outcomes in advance using a Q-sort method. As predicted, highest ratings were awarded to hexagrams sampled from the most labile randomness source, but effects were small and nonsignificant. A similar pattern was found for participant lability, and for the interaction. Study 2 was an on-line survey to produce a psychometrically robust measure of lability and explore its relationship with spontaneous PK. A 71-item Lability Scale incorporated five factors, of which three—Intuitive Cognition, Ego-orientated Cognition and Emotional Interpretation—predicted PK experience scores. Study 3 used this new scale in an I Ching experiment, and looked at the effects of physiological arousal on performance. No interaction effects between participant and target system lability were found and relationships with arousal measures were inconsistent, but included significant correlations between PK score and heart rate (low lability) and PSS (high lability). Study 4 focused on researcher-participant interaction quality; no lability interaction effect was found, and there were no differences found between the 'friendly' and 'formal' conditions. Study 5 compared a nonstriving ‘practice’ trial and a ‘test’ in which participants were strived for a desired outcome. This gave a significant interaction between individual lability levels and RNG lability levels. Performance in ‘test’ condition was significantly better than in the ‘practice’ condition for low and intermediate lability target systems.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Document type:
Final report
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychokinesis (PK) / I Ching / PK performance / Random number generation (RNG) / Paranormal belief / Experimenter-subject interaction / Lability

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentEnhancing psychokiness task performance: volition an other attempts to study PK performance through the practice of imagery strategies2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-017
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
017 - Enhancing psychokiness task performance: volition and other attempts to study PK performance through the practice of imagery strategies
Duration: 2009-02 - 2011-02
Researcher(s):
Alejandro Parra, Juan Manuel Corbetta, Irma Juana Caputo
Institution(s): Instituto de Psicologia Paranormal, Buenos Aires (Argentina)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Corbetta, J., Caputo, I.
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Intention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-017.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2008
Title:
Enhancing psychokiness task performance: volition an other attempts to study PK performance through the practice of imagery strategies
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bial%20Sonhos%20Miolo_Total%20Bolsas.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: Two studies were done exploring the effectiveness of two PK imagery strategies
derived from a survey of popular writings on how to develop psychic skills. Goal-oriented imagery
involves visualizing only the final outcome or desired goal; process-oriented imagery involves
visualizing some sort of process gradually leading up to the desired final outcome.
Method: In the first study, 62 subjects were asked to bias the behavior of a visual display
controlled by a random number generator, using each imagery strategy half the time (8 runs of 16
trials for each strategy). In the second study, we investigate the effects of two psychologically
distinct techniques of attempting to influence falling dice. In the first technique ("conscious
concentration"), the subject was requested to attempt, by consciously focusing his willpower and
inducing a tension in his muscles, to force the dice to fall with the target face upward. In the
second technique ("visualization"), the subject was asked merely to visualize the desired face while
in a state of relaxation.
Results: There was significantly positive overall evidence for PK (p < .02) and for PK during goaloriented
imagery (p < .01). If one considers the subject as the unit of analysis, subjects' overall
scores differed significantly from chance (p < .05); neither imagery strategy produced scores that
differed significantly from chance, and goal-oriented scores did riot differ significantly from
process-oriented scores. In a second study, 20 subjects attempted the same PK task, using each
imagery strategy half the time. An analysis of variance revealed that goal-oriented imagery scores
were significantly greater than process-oriented scores, that prior training was not itself a
significant factor, but that imagery strategy and prior training interacted significantly (p < .02).
Conclusion: Before considering possible interpretations of the results, some alternative
hypotheses for the observed PK effects should be considered. It is possible, for instance, to
advance the hypothesis that the effects were due solely to chance, excluding a parapsychological
influence. The negative deviation obtained in Condition 1 and the differential scoring between the
conditions indicate that the various effects are unlikely to be due to chance alone.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Parra, A.
Secondary author(s):
Corbetta, J., Caputo, I.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Reference:
Parra, A., Corbetta, J., & Caputo, I. (2012). Enhancing psychokiness task performance: volition an other attempts to study PK performance through the practice of imagery strategies. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 14/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Imagery / Goal-oriented / Psychokinesis (PK) scoring / Random number generation (RNG) / Zener diode

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

File252 - An empirical test of the effect of brain damage in mind-over-matter experiments

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-252
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
252 - An empirical test of the effect of brain damage in mind-over-matter experiments
Researcher(s): Jacob Jolij, Dick Bierman, Morris Freedman
Institution(s): Faculty of Behavioural and Social Sciences, University of Groningen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Notes: This project hasn't started yet
Author: Jolij, J.
Secondary author(s):
Bierman, D., Freedman, M.
Keywords:
Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Virtual lesion / Random number generation (RNG) / Parapsychology and Psychophysiology

DocumentCan random number generation be taught implicitly?2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-388
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
388 - Are free will and moral responsibility real or illusory? On the causal role of consciousness in decision-making, a combined EEG and intracranial study
Duration: 2016-02 - 2019-06
Researcher(s):
Uri M. Maoz
Institution(s): California Institute of Technology - Caltech, Pasadena, (USA)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Maoz, U.
Keywords:
Decision Making / Role of Consciousness in Decision Making / Free Will and Moral Responsibility / Decision Reversals / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-388.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Can random number generation be taught implicitly?
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://www.abstractsonline.com/pp8/index.html#!/4071/presentation/12096
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Human ability to be random, as the flipside of predictability, is important for various neuroscience fields, such as decision-making, volition, and theory of mind. So it is no surprise that it has drawn interest over the years. Most research finds human ability to be random lacking, with people underestimating the the chance likelihood of repeated events, for example. It is therefore probably that we could train human subjects to be more random by explicitly pointing out their deviations from randomness and asking them to correct those. But to what degree could humans be implicitly taught to be random?
To test this, we constructed a 3-part experiment. In all parts, subjects selected one of 3 options—rock, paper, or scissors—using the keyboard. In the first part of the experiment, we instructed subjects to generate a 100-long series of rock, paper, and scissors that would be as random as possible. They received no feedback on how random the series was. In the second part of the experiment, subjects played 100 trials of rock/paper/scissors against the computer. This time, they were told whether they won, tied, or lost. The computer used a prediction algorithm that searched for patterns in each subject’s transitions between rock, paper, and scissors, taking into account also wins, ties, and losses. Thus, subjects’ best strategy was to be as random as possible. Half the subjects were told of the algorithm, the others were not. In the third and last part of the experiment, subjects were once again instructed to generate a 100-long random series of rock, paper, and scissors, with no feedback. Before part 1 of the experiment, participants filled out a short questionnaire about their confidence and knowledge of randomness. After part 3, they further filled out a short questionnaire about their experience and to gauged their own performance during the study. The objective was to test whether any learning that occurred during the game part also generalized to simple, non-competitive random sequence generation.
We determined the degree of randomness of the sequences using tests for equiprobability of events outcome (one third each for rock paper and scissors); sequential independence (how well previous trials can predict the current trial); event symmetry; and repetition or repetition avoidance. Preliminary results suggest that some subjects are better able to create random sequences than others. There is also evidence that subjects do learn to become more random as the experiment progresses. We expect more control experiments to shed more light on the effect of implicit learning on random-sequence generation in humans.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Maoz, U.
Secondary author(s):
Merholz, G.
Document type:
Online abstract
Reference:
Maoz, U., & Merholz, G. (2016). Can random number generation be taught implicitly? Poster presented at the 46th Annual Meeting of the Society for Neuroscience, San Diego. Abstract retrieved at http://www.abstractsonline.com/pp8/index.html#!/4071/presentation/12096
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Random number generation (RNG)