Processing, please wait...
Database
search
in
Filter year from
to
Language
Country
  • Enter your search phrase in the search box.
  • General search:
    • The Boolean operator AND between the terms is assumed by default. If you enter the words European Union in the search box, the system returns all records in which both words occur, regardless of their order.
    • When entering a set of words in quotes, e.g "european union", all records containing the literal term "European Union" will be retrieved.
  • Search by access fields (e.g. author, title, etc.):
    • To direct your search, choose the field in which you want to search the word or expression.
    • Search in the field assumes by default the expression in quotes, e.g. European union will retrieve all records containing the literal term "European Union"
  • To perform more complex searches, additional words or expressions may be added.
  • If you want to refine the search results, you can always access the link "search" in the upper left corner of the page of search results.
  • The search engine is not case sensitive. For example, the word congress has the same meaning that Congress or CONGRESS.
  • To truncate your search expression, use the $ character
  • You can filter the results of your search by a date or date range, filling the appropriate boxes.
Base:
BIAL Foundation
Search:
DE:"Reasoning bias"
Results
1
to
2
from
2
found.
View
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentFinal report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
039 - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing
Duration: 2011-09 - 2013-11
Researcher(s):
Neil Andrew Dagnall, Gary Munley, Andrew Parker
Institution(s): The Manchester Metropolitan University, Research Institute of Health and Social Change, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Dep. of Psychology, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Munley, G., Parker, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
Final report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa3910_28012014.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
The project consisted of two phases. Phase I (respondents 1215) sought to develop a new measure of paranormal belief (the Manchester Metropolitan University New, MMU-N). Principal components analysis identified eight factors: Hauntings, Alien Visitation, Superstition, Psychokinesis, Religious Beliefs, Astrology, ESP and Witchcraft. Each factor was coherent, possessed conceptual clarity and demonstrated good internal reliability. The MMU-N measure overall and its subscales correlated positively with: traditional measures of paranormal belief (Revised Paranormal Belief Scale, & Australian Sheep Goat Scale), anomalous beliefs (urban legends & conspiratorial beliefs) and paranormal experiences. Additionally, the MMU-N correlated with reality testing1 deficits in a manner similar to the established paranormal measures. Phase II (responents 305) examined the degree to which specific probabilistic biases (misperception of chance & conjunction fallacy) were associated with belief in the paranormal and reality testing. Participants completed measures assessing probabilistic reasoning, belief in the paranormal and reality testing. Findings were consistent across belief measures. The best predictor of paranormal belief and reality testing deficits was perception of randomness. Comparisons (below vs. above the median) supported this finding. The results provide support for the notion that paranormal believers are more likely to misinterpret chance phenomena as non-random. Proneness to standard conjunctions was not associated with belief in the paranormal. However, believers solved fewer paranormal conjunctions than non-believers.
Footnote1: This project was approved on the understanding that reality testing and cognitive bias would be explored rather than schizotypy.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Drinkwater, K., Parker, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Paranormal experiences / Reasoning bias / Reality testing

Final report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing

Final report - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing

DocumentMisperception of Chance, Conjunction, Belief in the Paranormal and Reality Testing: A Reappraisal2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
039 - Paranormal belief, evaluation of paranormal experiences, schizoptypy and reality testing
Duration: 2011-09 - 2013-11
Researcher(s):
Neil Andrew Dagnall, Gary Munley, Andrew Parker
Institution(s): The Manchester Metropolitan University, Research Institute of Health and Social Change, Faculty of Health, Psychology and Social Care, Dep. of Psychology, Manchester (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Munley, G., Parker, A.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Paranormal belief / Personality factors / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-039.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
Misperception of Chance, Conjunction, Belief in the Paranormal and Reality Testing: A Reappraisal
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/acp.3057/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The present study examined the degree to which specific probabilistic biases (misperception of chance and conjunction fallacy) were associated with belief in the paranormal and proneness to reality testing (RT) deficits. Participants completed measures assessing probabilistic reasoning, belief in the paranormal and RT. Perception of randomness predicted the level of paranormal belief and proneness to RT deficits. These results provide support for the notion that paranormal believers demonstrate greater misrepresentation of chance. With regard to conjunction, a framing effect occurred. Problems presented in a paranormal context correlated negatively with the level of paranormal belief and proneness to RT deficits.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Dagnall, N.
Secondary author(s):
Drinkwater, K., Parker, A., Rowley, K.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Dagnall, N., Drinkwater, K., Parker, A., & Rowley, K. (2014). Misperception of Chance, Conjunction, Belief in the Paranormal and Reality Testing: A Reappraisal. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 28(5), 711–719. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.3057
2-year Impact Factor: 1.321|2014
Times cited: 38|2024-02-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Paranormal belief / Reasoning bias / Reality testing

Misperception of Chance, Conjunction, Belief in the Paranormal and Reality Testing: A Reappraisal

Misperception of Chance, Conjunction, Belief in the Paranormal and Reality Testing: A Reappraisal