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BIAL Foundation
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentState-dependent TMS over prefrontal cortex disrupts fear-memory reconsolidation and prevents the return of fear2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-347
Location: BF-GMS
347 - Driving synaptic plasticity in motor-to-visual neural pathways to enhance action prediction
Duration: 2019-10 - 2023-06
Alessio Avenanti, Marco Zanon
Institution(s): Department of Psychology, Alma Mater Studiorum - Università di Bologna (Italy)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Avenanti, A.
Secondary author(s):
Zanon, M.
Number of reproductions:
Action observation / Prediction / Plasticity / Connectivity / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-347.05
Location: BF-GMS
State-dependent TMS over prefrontal cortex disrupts fear-memory reconsolidation and prevents the return of fear
Publication year: 2020
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Erasing maladaptive memories has been a challenge for years. A way to change fear memories is to target the process of reconsolidation, during which a retrieved memory transiently returns to a labile state, amenable to modification [1, 2]. Disruption of human fear-memory reconsolidation has been classically attempted with pharmacological [3] or behavioral (e.g., extinction) [4] treatments that, however, do not clarify the underlying brain mechanism. To address this issue, in 84 healthy humans submitted to six experiments, here, we combined a differential fear conditioning paradigm with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) administered in a state-dependent manner. In a critical condition, we stimulated the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) 10 min after a reminder cue that reactivated a fear memory acquired 1 day before. At testing, 24 h after rTMS, participants exhibited decreased physiological expression of fear, as shown by their skin conductance response. Similar reductions were observed when targeting the left and the right dlPFC. In contrast, no decrease was observed in participants tested immediately after dlPFC-rTMS or in participants receiving either control rTMS (i.e., active control site and sham stimulations) or dlPFC-rTMS without preceding fear-memory reactivation, thus showing both the site and time specificity and state dependency of our rTMS intervention. Expression of fear was indeed reduced only when dlPFC-rTMS was administered within the reconsolidation time window. Moreover, dlPFC-rTMS prevented subsequent return of fear after extinction training. These findings highlight the causal role of dlPFC in fear-memory reconsolidation and suggest that rTMS can be used in humans to prevent the return of fear.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
By permission
Borgomaneri, S.
Secondary author(s):
Battaglia, S., Garofalo, S., Tortora, F., Avenanti, A., di Pellegrino, G.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Borgomaneri, S., Battaglia, S., Garofalo, S., Tortora, F., Avenanti, A., & di Pellegrino, G. (2020). State-dependent TMS over prefrontal cortex disrupts fear-memory reconsolidation and prevents the return of fear [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jul 23]. Current Biology.
2-year Impact Factor: 10.834|2020
Times cited: 58|2024-02-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Memory reconsolidation / Fear conditioning / State dependency / Transcranial magnetic stimulation / Dorsolateral prefrontal cortex / Reinstatement