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DocumentOrbitofrontal cortex lesions disrupt risk assessment in a novel serial decision-making task for rats2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
Orbitofrontal cortex lesions disrupt risk assessment in a novel serial decision-making task for rats
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452206016629
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neurobiological mechanisms of decision-making have been shown to be modulated by a number of frontal brain regions. Among those areas, the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) is thought to play an important role in the decision of behavioral actions when faced with alternative options of ambiguous outcome. Here we present a novel neurobehavioral task to study affective decision-making in the rat, based on evaluation of consecutive choices between two levers associated with rewards of different value and probability. Two groups of animals were studied; a sham control group (n=6) and an OFC-lesioned group (n=7). In the first 30 trials both groups had similar preference patterns but at the end of the 90 trials of the task both groups developed specific preferences. The control group systematically preferred the lever associated with smaller but more reliable rewards (low risk lever) while the OFC lesion group preferred the high risk lever (index of preference of 0.21±0.21 vs. -0.45±0.10; t-test, P<0.05). Analysis of choice persistence (i.e. choosing the same lever in consecutive trials) suggests that the OFC-lesioned group became less sensitive to risk, seeking large rewards irrespective of their success probability.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (in attachment to the final report)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pais-Vieira, M.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Galhardo, V.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pais-Vieira, M., Lima, D., & Galhardo, V. (2007). Orbitofrontal cortex lesions disrupt risk assessment in a novel serial decision-making task for rats. Neuroscience, 145(1), 225-231. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2006.11.058
2-year Impact Factor: 3.352|2007
Times cited: 60|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Uncertainty / Gambling / Reward / Persistence / Quinolinic acid

Orbitofrontal cortex lesions disrupt risk assessment in a novel serial decision-making task for rats

Orbitofrontal cortex lesions disrupt risk assessment in a novel serial decision-making task for rats

DocumentCognitive impairment of prefrontal-dependent decision-making in rats after the onset of chronic pain2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
Cognitive impairment of prefrontal-dependent decision-making in rats after the onset of chronic pain
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0306452209005909
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Forced choice between alternative options of unpredictable outcome is a complex task that requires continual update of the value associated with each option. Prefrontal areas such as the orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) have been shown to play a major role in performance on ambiguous decision-making tasks with substantial risk component, broadly named as “gambling tasks.” We have recently demonstrated that rats display complex decision-making behavior in a rodent gambling task based on serial choices between rewards of different value and probability. This rodent task retains many of the key characteristics of the human Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), and performance in this novel task is also disrupted by OFC or amygdalar lesioning. In the present study we addressed if rat models of chronic pain would have impaired performance in this gambling task, since it is already known that the IGT response patterns of human pain patients are comparable to individuals with OFC lesions. We found that animals with a monoarthritic inflammatory model of chronic pain systematically preferred the lever associated with larger but infrequent rewards. In addition, we measured the neurochemical content of the OFC, amygdala and nucleus accumbens using HPLC, and found that in prolonged chronic pain animals there was a decrease in the tonic levels of dopamine, DOPAC (3,4-hydroxyphenyl-acetic acid) and 5-HIAA (5-hydroxyindole-3-acetic acid) in the OFC. This is the first report of the effect of chronic pain in rat decision-making processes and supports the notion that pain may have profound effects on the functioning of the reward-aversion circuitry relevant to strategic planning.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication/ in attachment to the final report)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Pais-Vieira, M.
Secondary author(s):
Mendes-Pinto, M., Lima, D., Galhardo, V.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Pais-Vieira, M., Mendes-Pinto, M. M., Lima, D., & Galhardo, V. (2009). Cognitive impairment of prefrontal-dependent decision-making in rats after the onset of chronic pain. Neuroscience, 161(3), 671-679. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2009.04.011
2-year Impact Factor: 3.292|2009
Times cited: 68|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Orbitofrontal cortex / Uncertainty / Monoarthritis / Reward / Gambling

Cognitive impairment of prefrontal-dependent decision-making in rats after the onset of chronic pain

Cognitive impairment of prefrontal-dependent decision-making in rats after the onset of chronic pain

DocumentA consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.12
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Uncovering the roles of the orbitofrontal cortex and the amygdala in rewardbased decision-making strategies has relied heavily in studies using discrete brain lesions. However, chronic pain patients also display risk-prone behavior even in the absence of discrete brain lesions. The main objective of this project was to study how chronic pain affects brain areas critical for reward processing.
For this we developed a novel Rodent Gambling Task in which naïve animals make consecutive choices between two levers that attribute rewards of different value and probability. After a prolonged training phase in which both levers give the same reward, in the probe trial we maintain one lever at 1 food pellet with 80% probability of reward - low risk lever – while the other lever gives 3 pellets but at only 30% probability – high risk lever. We found that control animals start the task with a preference for the high-risk lever, but progressively shift to the low-risk option, while animals with orbitofrontal or amigdalar lesions, and animals with chronic pain prefer the high-risk lever. Since no brain lesion is caused by the model of chronic pain, we performed an HPLC analysis and found a decrease in the levels of dopamine and serotonin at the OFC, with no significant changes in the amygdala. We extended these findings by chronically implanting multielectrodes
and recording 96 neurons in awake-behaving animals performing four sessions of the RGT before and after induction of pain. We found that the neuronal instantaneous firing rate was correlated with the probability of choosing a specific lever in the majority of the recorded neurons. Moreover, we found that the fraction of risk-sensitive neurons recorded in each session predicted the overall behavioural risk-bias of the animal.
This project demonstrated that chronic pain changes the reward-aversion circuitry and that these changes are crucial for setting individual levels of risk preference.
PUBLICATIONS:
Pais-Vieira M et al (2009) Neuroscience, 161: 671-679.
Neugebauer V et al (2009) Brain Research Reviews, 60: 226-242.
Pais-Vieira M et al (2007) Neuroscience, 145: 225-231.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Galhardo, V., Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., & Monteiro, C. (2010). A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 190). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Pain / Multielectrode neurophysiology / Prefrontal cortex / Reward

A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]

A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa [Similar decision-making impairment in orbitofrontal cortex lesioned and chronic pain animals in a risk assessment task]

DocumentFinal report - Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
061 - Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-10
Researcher(s):
Margaret Livingstone, Nancy Kanwisher, Johannes Haushofer, Camilo Libedinsky
Institution(s): Harvard Medical School, Dep. of Neurobiology, Boston (USA)
URL: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Livingstone, M.
Secondary author(s):
Kanwisher, N., Haushofer, J., Libedinsky, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-061.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
Final report - Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa6106.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Our first goal was to determine which brain areas represent the temporal delay of reward and to find the shape of the neural discounting function. Our results indicate that temporal delay of reward is reflected in the activation of caudate nucleus and nucleus accumbens. This is the first study to identify neural correlates of discounted value free of confounds of decision-related activation.
Our second goal was to investigate brain activation during decisions between delayed outcomes, i.e. intertemporal choice. We found that activation in the caudate and the accumbens activation was driven by chosen value. We found a strong correlation in the left caudate nucleus between the steepness of the behavioral and neural discount functions. Thus, this region might underlie individual differences in intertemporal choice behavior.
Our third goal was to look for neural correlates of a behavioral framing effect we had observed in temporal discounting. However, further testing showed this effect to be an experimental artifact that arose from the fact that no real payoffs were involved in the original experiment. Psychologists studying economic decision-making have generally assumed that subjects make similar decisions both when real payoffs are involved, and when the questions are purely hypothetical. Our results challenge this assumption and underscore the importance of using real payoffs in economic decision-making experiments.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Livingstone, M.
Secondary author(s):
Kanwisher, N., Haushofer, J., Libedinsky, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Temporal delay of reward / Brain activation / Intertemporal choice / Temporal discounting / Reward / Decision-making

Final report - Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting

Final report - Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting

DocumentNeural mechanisms of temporal discounting2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-061
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
061 - Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting
Duration: 2007-02 - 2009-10
Researcher(s):
Margaret Livingstone, Nancy Kanwisher, Johannes Haushofer, Camilo Libedinsky
Institution(s): Harvard Medical School, Dep. of Neurobiology, Boston (USA)
URL: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Livingstone, M.
Secondary author(s):
Kanwisher, N., Haushofer, J., Libedinsky, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Decision-making

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-061.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 4/2006
Title:
Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
Temporal discounting refers to the decrease in subjective value as a result of delay of reward. Previous studies have focused on neural correlates of intertemporal choice, e.g. decisions between $10 today and $11 tomorrow. This approach makes it difficult to isolate neural correlates of individual delayed rewards, and to dissociate neural correlates of valuation from decision processes. The present study attempts to identify
the neural correlates of temporal discounting per se, as distinct from intertemporal choices.
METHODS:
Subjects were presented with single rewards of varying magnitude and delay, allowing us to identify neural correlates of temporally discounted value without confounds from decision processes. In addition, we could dissociate representations of valence vs. arousal due to the inclusion of both positive and negative payoffs.
RESULTS:
We find that delay of reward is reflected in the caudate nucleus and nucleus accumbens, where activation increases going from long to short delays for gains, and decreases from long to short delays for losses. In addition, the steepness of the neural discount function in caudate nucleus correlated with individual discount parameters obtained in a separate testing session. Conversely, reward magnitude is most strongly reflected in nucleus accumbens, where activation increases from small to large gains and from large to small losses.
CONCLUSIONS:
Together, our results demonstrate that caudate nucleus represents temporally discounted value, independently of decision processes and arousal, and in a manner that reflects subjective time preferences. More generally, our study shows that limbic regions can encode abstract features of a reward, such as delay.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Livingstone, M.
Secondary author(s):
Kanwisher, N., Haushofer, J., Libedinsky, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Livingstone, M., Kanwisher, N., Haushofer, J., & Libedinsky, C. (2010). Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 213). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Temporal discounting / Reward / Neuroeconomics / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting

Neural mechanisms of temporal discounting

DocumentReward modulates spatial neglect2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-155
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2010
Title:
155 - Memory for personal experience and the parietal cortex
Duration: 2011-06 - 2015-09
Researcher(s):
Charlotte Russell, Paresh Malhotra, Adrian Williams
Institution(s): Centre for Cognition and Neuroimaging, Department of Psychology, Brunel University, Uxbridge (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Russell, C.
Secondary author(s):
Malhotra, P., Williams, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-155.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 21/2010
Title:
Reward modulates spatial neglect
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://jnnp.bmj.com/content/early/2012/10/28/jnnp-2012-303169.full.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Reward has been shown to affect attention in healthy individuals, but there have been no studies addressing whether reward influences attentional impairments in patients with focal brain damage.
METHODS:
Using two novel variants of a widely-used clinical cancellation task, we assessed whether reward modulated impaired attention in 10 individuals with left neglect secondary to right hemisphere stroke.
RESULTS:
Reward exposure significantly reduced neglect, as measured by total targets found, left-sided targets found and centre of cancellation, across the patient group. Lesion analysis showed that lack of response to reward was associated with damage to the ipsilateral striatum.
CONCLUSIONS:
This is the first experimental evidence that reward can modulate attentional impairments following brain damage. These results have significant implications for the development of behavioural and pharmacological therapies for patients with attentional disorders.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Malhotra, P.
Secondary author(s):
Soto, D., Li, K., Russell, C.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Malhotra, P., Soto, D., Li, K., & Russell, C. (2013). Reward modulates spatial neglect. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery & Psychiatry, 84(4), 366-369. doi: 10.1136/jnnp-2012-303169
2-year Impact Factor: 5.580|2013
Times cited: 21|2020-03-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Attention / Focal brain damage / Reward / Neglect

Reward modulates spatial neglect

Reward modulates spatial neglect

DocumentExploring the effects of depression and treatment of depression in reinforcement learning2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-176
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2010
Title:
176 - Dopaminergic regulation of dietary learning in humans and rodents
Duration: 2011-07 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Albino Jorge Carvalho de Sousa Oliveira Maia, Rui M. Costa
Institution(s): Champalimaud Foundation, Lisbon (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Language: eng
Author:
Oliveira-Maia, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Costa, R. M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Obesity / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-176.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2010
Title:
Exploring the effects of depression and treatment of depression in reinforcement learning
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/Integrative_Neuroscience/10.3389/fnint.2013.00072/full
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Castro-Rodrigues, P.
Secondary author(s):
Oliveira-Maia, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Castro-Rodrigues, P., & Oliveira-Maia, A. J. (2013). Exploring the effects of depression and treatment of depression in reinforcement learning. Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience, 7: 72. doi: 10.3389/fnint.2013.00072
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Depression / SSRI antidepressants / Reinforcement (Psychology) / Punishment / Reward

Exploring the effects of depression and treatment of depression in reinforcement learning

Exploring the effects of depression and treatment of depression in reinforcement learning

DocumentSleep and Emotional Functions2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Sleep and Emotional Functions
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007%2F7854_2013_271
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In this chapter, we review studies investigating the role of sleep in emotional functions. In particular, evidence has recently accumulated to show that brain regions involved in the processing of emotional and reward-related information are activated during sleep. We suggest that such activation of emotional and reward systems during sleep underlies the reprocessing and consolidation of memories with a high affective and motivational relevance for the organism. We also propose that these mechanisms occurring during sleep promote adapted cognitive and emotional responses in the waking state, including overnight performance improvement, creativity, and sexual functions. Activation across emotional-limbic circuits during sleep also appears to promote emotional maturation and the emergence of consciousness in the developing brain.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., & Schwartz, S. (2014). Sleep and Emotional Functions. Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences, 25, 411-431. doi: 10.1007/7854_2013_271
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Sleep / Sleep deprivation / Dreaming / Emotion / Cognition / Reward / Sexual function / Creativity / Memory consolidation / Brain development / Amygdala / Prefrontal cortex / Hippocampus / Ventral tegmental area / Striatum / Nucleus accumbens / Dopamine / Limbic / Mesolimbic

Sleep and Emotional Functions

Sleep and Emotional Functions

DocumentDynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-119
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 20/2012
Title:
119 - Dynamic cortical and nucleus accumbens networks in humans: combining intracranial and MEG recordings
Duration: 2013-06 - 2016-10
Researcher(s):
Bryan Strange, Javier J. Gonzalez-Rosa, Juan A. Barcia, Stephan Moratti, Raffael Kaplan, Marijn Kroe
Institution(s): Laboratory for Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Biomedical Technology (CTB), Technology University of Madrid (UPM) and Fundación para la Investigación Biomédica del Hospital Clínico San Carlos - Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Instituto de Investigación Sanitario IdISSC (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
2 Articles
2 posters
Language: eng
Author:
Strange, B.
Secondary author(s):
Gonzalez-Rosa, J., Barcia, J., Moratti, S., Kaplan, R., Kroe, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Anxiety disorders / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-119.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 20/2012
Title:
Dynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://brain.oxfordjournals.org/content/early/2015/10/01/brain.awv285#ack-1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Real-world decisions about reward often involve a complex counterbalance of risk and value. Although the nucleus accumbens has been implicated in the underlying neural substrate, its criticality to human behaviour remains an open question, best addressed with interventional methodology that probes the behavioural consequences of focal neural modulation. Combining a psychometric index of risky decision-making with transient electrical modulation of the nucleus accumbens, here we reveal profound, highly dynamic alteration of the relation between probability of reward and choice during therapeutic deep brain stimulation in four patients with treatment-resistant psychiatric disease. Short-lived phasic electrical stimulation of the region of the nucleus accumbens dynamically altered risk behaviour, transiently shifting the psychometric function towards more risky decisions only for the duration of stimulation. A critical, on-line role of human nucleus accumbens in dynamic risk control is thereby established.
Accessibility: Document exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Nachev, P.
Secondary author(s):
Lopez-Sosa, F., Gonzalez-Rosa, J., Galarza, A., Avecillas, J., Pineda-Pardo, J. A., Lopez-Ibor, J., Reneses, B., Barcia, J., Strange, B.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Nachev, P., Lopez-Sosa, F., Gonzalez-Rosa, J., Galarza, A., Avecillas, J., ..., Strange, B. (2015). Dynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens. Brain, 138(12), 3496-3502. doi: 10.1093/brain/awv285
2-year Impact Factor: 10.103|2015
Times cited: 5|2020-03-12
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Nucleus accumbens / Risk / Reward / Decision-making / Subcortical electrical stimulation

Dynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens

Dynamic risk control by human nucleus accumbens

DocumentFinal report - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Final report - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Publication year: 2016
URL:
https://www.bial.com/imagem/Grant22512.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES
We previously suggested that abnormal sleep behaviors, as found in parasomnias, may relate to an increased activity of the dopaminergic-reward system during sleep. Because nightmares and sleepwalking predominate during REM and NREM sleep respectively, here we tested whether exploratory excitability, a waking personality trait reflecting high activity within the mesolimbic dopaminergic system, is associated with changes in REM and NREM sleep in these two sleep disorders.
METHODS
24 unmedicated patients with parasomnia (12 with idiopathic nightmares, 12 sleepwalkers) were studied. Each patient spent one night of sleep monitored by polysomnography. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to all patients and healthy controls from the Geneva population (n = 293).
RESULTS
Sleepwalkers were more anxious than patients with idiopathic nightmares (Spielberger Trait anxiety/STAI-T), but the patient groups did not differ on any personality dimension as estimated by the TCI. Compared to controls, all parasomnia patients scored higher on the Novelty Seeking (NS) TCI scale and in particular on the exploratory excitability/curiosity (NS1) subscale, and lower on the Self-directedness (SD) TCI scale, suggesting a general increase in reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Moreover, exploratory excitability (NS1) correlated with the severity of parasomnia, and time spent in REM sleep in patients with nightmares.
CONCLUSIONS
These results support the hypothesis that reward networks are activated during human sleep. By showing that patients with parasomnia share common waking personality traits associated to reward-related brain functions, these findings may inspire targeted therapeutic strategies.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Sleep / Dreaming / Reward / Dopamine / Parasomnia

DocumentIncreased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares
Publication year: 2015
URL:
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0134504
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
We previously suggested that abnormal sleep behaviors, i.e., as found in parasomnias, may often be the expression of increased activity of the reward system during sleep. Because nightmares and sleepwalking predominate during REM and NREM sleep respectively, we tested here whether exploratory excitability, a waking personality trait reflecting high activity within the mesolimbic dopaminergic (ML-DA) system, may be associated with specific changes in REM and NREM sleep patterns in these two sleep disorders.
METHODS
Twenty-four unmedicated patients with parasomnia (12 with chronic sleepwalking and 12 with idiopathic nightmares) and no psychiatric comorbidities were studied. Each patient spent one night of sleep monitored by polysomnography. The Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) was administered to all patients and healthy controls from the Geneva population (n = 293).
RESULTS
Sleepwalkers were more anxious than patients with idiopathic nightmares (Spielberger Trait anxiety/STAI-T), but the patient groups did not differ on any personality dimension as estimated by the TCI. Compared to controls, parasomnia patients (sleepwalkers together with patients with idiopathic nightmares) scored higher on the Novelty Seeking (NS) TCI scale and in particular on the exploratory excitability/curiosity (NS1) subscale, and lower on the Self-directedness (SD) TCI scale, suggesting a general increase in reward sensitivity and impulsivity. Furthermore, parasomnia patients tended to worry about social separation persistently, as indicated by greater anticipatory worry (HA1) and dependence on social attachment (RD3). Moreover, exploratory excitability (NS1) correlated positively with the severity of parasomnia (i.e., the frequency of self-reported occurrences of nightmares and sleepwalking), and with time spent in REM sleep in patients with nightmares.
CONCLUSIONS
These results suggest that patients with parasomnia might share common waking personality traits associated to reward-related brain functions. They also provide further support to the notion that reward-seeking networks are active during human sleep.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Perogamvros, L.
Secondary author(s):
Aberg, K., Gex-Fabry, M., Perrig, S., Cloninger, C. R., Schwartz, S.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Gex-Fabry, M., Perrig, S., Cloninger, C. R., & Schwartz, S. (2015). Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares. PLoS ONE, 10(8): e0134504. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134504
2-year Impact Factor: 3.057|2015
Times cited: 6|2020-03-13
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parasomnias / Sleepwalking / Idiopathic nightmare disorder / Reward

Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares

Increased reward-related behaviors during sleep and wakefulness in sleepwalking and idiopathic nightmares

DocumentEmotion, motivation, and reward in relation to dreaming2015

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
225 - Roles of the reward system in sleep, dreaming, and the consolidation of emotional memories
Duration: 2013-10 - 2016-02
Researcher(s):
Sophie Schwartz, Lampros Perogamvros, Kristoffer Aberg, Virginie Sterpenich
Institution(s): Geneva Neuroscience Center, University of Geneva (Switzerland)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L., Aberg, K., Sterpenich, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and dreams / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Sleep disorders / Cognitive processes / Memory / Emotion / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-225.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 12/2012
Title:
Emotion, motivation, and reward in relation to dreaming
Publication year: 2015
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Schwartz, S.
Secondary author(s):
Perogamvros, L.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Schwartz, S., & Perogamvros, L. (2015). Emotion, motivation, and reward in relation to dreaming. In M. H. Kryger, T. Roth, W. C. Dement (Ed.), Principles and Practice of Sleep Medicine (6th ed., pp. 567-570). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Emotion / Reward / Dreams

File030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation2017-012020-03

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

DocumentImpairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://elifesciences.org/articles/25843
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Ventral tegmental area (VTA) activity is critical for reward/reinforcement and is tightly modulated by the laterodorsal tegmentum (LDT). In utero exposure to glucocorticoids (iuGC) triggers prominent motivation deficits but nothing is known about the impact of this exposure in the LDT-VTA circuit. We show that iuGC-rats have long-lasting changes in cholinergic markers in the LDT, together with a decrease in LDT basal neuronal activity. Interestingly, upon LDT stimulation, iuGC animals present a decrease in the magnitude of excitation and an increase in VTA inhibition, as a result of a shift in the type of cells that respond to the stimulus. In agreement with LDT-VTA dysfunction, we show that iuGC animals present motivational deficits that are rescued by selective optogenetic activation of this pathway. Importantly, we also show that LDT-VTA optogenetic stimulation is reinforcing, and that iuGC animals are more susceptible to the reinforcing properties of LDT-VTA stimulation.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Coimbra, B.
Secondary author(s):
Soares-Cunha, C., Borges, S., Vasconcelos, N. A., Sousa, N., Rodrigues, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Coimbra, B., Soares-Cunha, C., Borges, S., Vasconcelos, N. A., Sousa, N., & Rodrigues, A. J. (2017). Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits. eLife, 6: e25843. doi: 10.7554/eLife.25843
2-year Impact Factor: 7.616|2017
Times cited: 1|2020-03-31
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Electrophysiology / Laterodorsal tegmentum / Motivation / Neuroscience / Optogenetics / Rat / Reward / Ventral tegmental area

Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits

Impairments in laterodorsal tegmentum to VTA projections underlie glucocorticoid-triggered reward deficits

DocumentNucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5957524/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The nucleus accumbens (NAc) plays a central role in reinforcement and motivation. Around 95% of the NAc neurons are medium spiny neurons (MSNs), divided into those expressing dopamine receptor D1 (D1R) or dopamine receptor D2 (D2R). Optogenetic activation of D2-MSNs increased motivation, whereas inhibition of these neurons produced the opposite effect. Yet, it is still unclear how activation of D2-MSNs affects other local neurons/interneurons or input terminals and how this contributes for motivation enhancement. To answer this question, in this work we combined optogenetic modulation of D2-MSNs with in loco pharmacological delivery of specific neurotransmitter antagonists in rats. First, we showed that optogenetic activation of D2-MSNs increases motivation in a progressive ratio (PR) task. We demonstrated that this behavioral effect relies on cholinergic-dependent modulation of dopaminergic signalling of ventral tegmental area (VTA) terminals, which requires D1R and D2R signalling in the NAc. D2-MSN optogenetic activation decreased ventral pallidum (VP) activity, reducing the inhibitory tone to VTA, leading to increased dopaminergic activity. Importantly, optogenetic activation of D2-MSN terminals in the VP was sufficient to recapitulate the motivation enhancement. In summary, our data suggests that optogenetic stimulation of NAc D2-MSNs indirectly modulates VTA dopaminergic activity, contributing for increased motivation. Moreover, both types of dopamine receptors signalling in the NAc are required in order to produce the positive behavioral effects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Soares-Cunha, C.
Secondary author(s):
Coimbra, B., Domingues, A. V., Vasconcelos, N., Sousa, N., Rodrigues, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares-Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Domingues, A. V., Vasconcelos, N., Sousa, N., & Rodrigues, A. J. (2018). Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation. eNeuro, 5(2), e0386-18. doi: 10.1523/ENEURO.0386-18.2018
Times cited: 6|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Basal ganglia / Medium spiny neurons / Motivation / Nucleus accumbens / Optogenetics / Reward

Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation

Nucleus accumbens microcircuit underlying D2-MSN-driven increase in motivation

DocumentFNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: Impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2012
Title:
046 - Motivational Intensity in the Prefrontal Cortex
Duration: 2013-03 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Stephen Fairclough, Christopher Burns
Institution(s): School of Natural Sciences and Psychology, Liverpool John Moores University (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Emotion and motivation / Cognitive processes / Memory / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-046.02
Location: SEC PCA - 46/13
Title:
FNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: Impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement
Publication year: 2018
URL:
https://www.spiedigitallibrary.org/journals/Neurophotonics/volume-5/issue-3/035001/FNIRS-activity-in-the-prefrontal-cortex-and-motivational-intensity/10.1117/1.NPh.5.3.035001.short?SSO=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Previous research has demonstrated changes in neurovascular activation of the prefrontal cortex to increased working memory load. The primary purpose of the current paper was to investigate overload of working memory capacity using functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) within the framework of motivational intensity theory. A secondary goal was to explore the influence of the correlation-based signal improvement (CBSI) as a method for correcting the influence of systemic variables. In study one, 30 participants (15 female, mean age = 21.09 years, s.d. = 2.9 years) performed a verbal version of the n-back working memory task under four levels of demand (easy, hard, very hard, and impossible). In contrast to the raw data, CBSI-transformed fNIRS data indicated that neurovascular coupling was highest at hard demand when the task was challenging but success was possible. The second study (N??=??30; 15 female, mean age = 22.4 years, s.d. = 5.3) replicated the working memory manipulation with the addition of low versus high levels of financial reward. Analyses of CBSI-transformed levels of oxygenated (HbO) and deoxygenated (HHb) hemoglobin replicated the first study at right lateral regions of the prefrontal cortex (BA46). HHb_CBSI data were significantly reduced at impossible demand for participants receiving the higher level of financial reward. The study is the first to support predictions from the motivational intensity model using neurovascular data. In addition, the application of CBSI to fNIRS data was found to improve the sensitivity of HbO and Hbb to the independent variables.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Fairclough, S.
Secondary author(s):
Burns, C., Kreplin, U.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Fairclough, S., Burns, C., & Kreplin, U. (2018). FNIRS activity in the prefrontal cortex and motivational intensity: impact of working memory load, financial reward, and correlation-based signal improvement. Neurophoton, 5(3), 035001. doi: 10.1117/1.NPh.5.3.035001
2-year Impact Factor: 3.581|2018
Times cited: 2|2020-04-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Functional near-infrared spectroscopy / Working memory / Prefrontal cortex / Motivation / Reward / Signal processing

DocumentNucleus accumbens medium spiny neurons subtypes signal both reward and aversion2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Nucleus accumbens medium spiny neurons subtypes signal both reward and aversion
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41380-019-0525-y
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Deficits in decoding rewarding (and aversive) signals are present in several neuropsychiatric conditions such as depression
and addiction, emphasising the importance of studying the underlying neural circuits in detail. One of the key regions of the
reward circuit is the nucleus accumbens (NAc). The classical view on the field postulates that NAc dopamine receptor D1-
expressing medium spiny neurons (D1-MSNs) convey reward signals, while dopamine receptor D2-expressing MSNs (D2-
MSNs) encode aversion. Here, we show that both MSN subpopulations can drive reward and aversion, depending on their
neuronal stimulation pattern. Brief D1- or D2-MSN optogenetic stimulation elicited positive reinforcement and enhanced
cocaine conditioning. Conversely, prolonged activation induced aversion, and in the case of D2-MSNs, decreased cocaine
conditioning. Brief stimulation was associated with increased ventral tegmenta area (VTA) dopaminergic tone either directly
(for D1-MSNs) or indirectly via ventral pallidum (VP) (for D1- and D2-MSNs). Importantly, prolonged stimulation of either
MSN subpopulation induced remarkably distinct electrophysiological effects in these target regions. We further show that
blocking ?-opioid receptors in the VTA (but not in VP) abolishes the behavioral effects induced by D1-MSN prolonged
stimulation. In turn, blocking d-opioid receptors in the VP (but not in VTA) blocks the behavioral effects elicited by D2-
MSN prolonged stimulation. Our findings demonstrate that D1- and D2-MSNs can bidirectionally control reward and
aversion, explaining the existence of controversial studies in the field, and highlights that the proposed striatal functional
opposition needs to be reconsidered.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Soares-Cunha, C.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Coimbra, B., Domingues, A. V., Silva, J. M., Loureiro-Campos, E., Gaspar, R., Sotiropoulos, I., Sousa, N., Rodrigues, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Soares-Cunha, C., Vasconcelos, N., Coimbra, B., Domingues, A. V., Silva, J. M., Loureiro-Campos, E., ... Rodrigues, A. J. (2019). Nucleus accumbens medium spiny neurons subtypes signal both reward and aversion. Molecular Psychiatry. doi: 10.1038/s41380-019-0484-3
2-year Impact Factor: 12.384|2019
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Nucleus accumbens / Reward

Nucleus accumbens medium spiny neurons subtypes signal both reward and aversion

Nucleus accumbens medium spiny neurons subtypes signal both reward and aversion

DocumentRole of laterodorsal tegmentum projections to nucleus accumbens in reward-related behaviors2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
030 - Exploring the neural basis of motivation
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-03
Researcher(s):
Ana João Rodrigues, Nivaldo Vasconcelos, Carina Cunha, Bárbara Coimbra, Laura Silva, Patrícia Monteiro, Sónia Borges, Pedro Morgado
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Rodrigues, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Vasconcelos, N., Cunha, C., Coimbra, B., Silva, L., Monteiro, P., Borges, S., Morgado, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Reward / Reinforcement / Mesolimbic system / Behavior / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-030.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Role of laterodorsal tegmentum projections to nucleus accumbens in reward-related behaviors
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6742663/
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The laterodorsal tegmentum (LDT) is associated with reward considering that it modulates VTA neuronal activity, but recent anatomical evidence shows that the LDT also directly projects to nucleus accumbens (NAc). We show that the majority of LDT-NAc inputs are cholinergic, but there is also GABAergic and glutamatergic innervation; activation of LDT induces a predominantly excitatory response in the NAc. Non-selective optogenetic activation of LDT-NAc projections in rats enhances motivational drive and shifts preference to an otherwise equal reward; whereas inhibition of these projections induces the opposite. Activation of these projections also induces robust place preference. In mice, specific activation of LDT-NAc cholinergic inputs (but not glutamatergic or GABAergic) is sufficient to shift preference, increase motivation, and drive positive reinforcement in different behavioral paradigms. These results provide evidence that LDT-NAc projections play an important role in motivated behaviors and positive reinforcement, and that distinct neuronal populations differentially contribute for these behaviors.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Coimbra, B.
Secondary author(s):
Soares-Cunha, C., Vasconcelos, N. A. P. , Domingues, A. V., Borges, S., Sousa, N., Rodrigues, A. J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Coimbra, B., Soares-Cunha, C., Vasconcelos, N. A. P., Domingues, A. V., Borges, S., Sousa, N., & Rodrigues, A. J. (2019). Role of laterodorsal tegmentum projections to nucleus accumbens in reward-related behaviors. Nature Communications, 10: 4138. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-11557-3
2-year Impact Factor: 12.121|2019
Times cited: 1|2020-07-30
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Motivation / Neural circuits / Reward

Role of laterodorsal tegmentum projections to nucleus accumbens in reward-related behaviors

Role of laterodorsal tegmentum projections to nucleus accumbens in reward-related behaviors

DocumentReduced Hedonic Valuation of Rewards and Unaffected Cognitive Regulation in Chronic Stress2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-206
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
206 - Developing a neurofunctional intervention for emotion regulation under stress
Duration: 2017-01
Researcher(s):
Pedro Morgado, Carles Soriano Mas, Paulo Marques, Pedro Moreira, Ricardo Magalhães
Institution(s): Life and Health Sciences Research Institute - ICVS, School of Health Sciences, University of Minho, Braga (Portugal); Department of Psychiatry, Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute - IDIBELL, Barcelona (Spain)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Notes: This project is still in progress
Author: Morgado, P.
Secondary author(s):
Soriano-Mas, C., Marques, P., Moreira, P., Magalhães, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Cognitive reappraisal / Stress / Neurofeedback / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-206.05
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Reduced Hedonic Valuation of Rewards and Unaffected Cognitive Regulation in Chronic Stress
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fnins.2019.00724/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Cognition can influence choices by modulation of decision-making processes. This cognitive regulation is defined as processing information, applying knowledge, and changing preferences to consciously modulate decisions. While cognitive regulation of emotions has been extensively studied in psychiatry, few works have detailed cognitive regulation of decision-making. Stress may influence emotional behavior, cognition, and decision-making. In addition, the brain regions responsible for decision-making are sensitive to stress-induced changes. Thus, we hypothesize that chronic stress may disrupt the ability to regulate choices. Herein, we used a functional magnetic resonance imaging task where fourteen control and fifteen chronically stressed students had to cognitively upregulate or downregulate their craving before placing a bid to obtain food. We found that stressed participants placed lower bids to get the reward and chose less frequently higher bid values for food. Nevertheless, we did not find neural and behavioral differences during cognitive regulation of craving. Our outcomes revealed that chronic stress impacts decision-making after cognitive regulation of craving by reducing the valuation of food rewards but not cognitive modulation itself. Importantly, our results need further validation with larger sample sizes.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Ferreira, S.
Secondary author(s):
Veiga, C., Moreira, P., Magalhães, R., Coelho, A., Marques, P., Portugal-Nunes, C., Sousa, N., Morgado, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Ferreira, S., Veiga, C., Moreira, P., Magalhães, R., Coelho, A., Marques, P., …, Morgado, P. (2019). Reduced Hedonic Valuation of Rewards and Unaffected Cognitive Regulation in Chronic Stress. Frontiers in Neuroscience, 13: 724. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2019.00724
2-year Impact Factor: 3.707|2019
Times cited: 1|2020-07-30
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Stress / Decision-making / Cognition / magnetic resonance imaging / fMRI / Reward / Human / Food

Reduced Hedonic Valuation of Rewards and Unaffected Cognitive Regulation in Chronic Stress

Reduced Hedonic Valuation of Rewards and Unaffected Cognitive Regulation in Chronic Stress

DocumentPsychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-176
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2010
Title:
176 - Dopaminergic regulation of dietary learning in humans and rodents
Duration: 2011-07 - 2014-07
Researcher(s):
Albino Jorge Carvalho de Sousa Oliveira Maia, Rui M. Costa
Institution(s): Champalimaud Foundation, Lisbon (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Language: eng
Author:
Oliveira-Maia, A. J.
Secondary author(s):
Costa, R. M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Obesity / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-176.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 14/2010
Title:
Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale
Publication year: 2017
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s40519-016-0349-6
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
PURPOSE:
Rising rates of obesity have been recently associated to the novel concept of food addiction (FA). The Yale Food Addiction Scale (YFAS) is the most widely used measure for examining FA (1) and analysis of its reliability and validity is expected to facilitate empirical research on the construct. Here, we tested the psychometric properties of a Portuguese version of the YFAS (P-YFAS), establishing its factor structure, reliability and construct validity.
METHODS:
Data were obtained from 468 Portuguese individuals, 278 sampled from non-clinical populations, and 190 among obese candidates for weight-loss surgery. A battery of self-report measures of eating behavior was applied.
RESULTS:
Confirmatory factor analysis verified a one-factor structure with acceptable fit, with item analysis suggesting the need to eliminate item 24 from the P-YFAS. Internal consistency (KR-20 = .82) and test-retest stability were adequate. Correlation analyses supported convergent and divergent validity of the P-YFAS, particularly in the clinical sample. Both FA symptom count and diagnosis, according to the P-YFAS, adequately discriminated between samples, with classification of FA met by 2.5 and 25.8% of the participants in the non-clinical and clinical samples, respectively.
CONCLUSIONS:
These findings reinforce the use of P-YFAS in non-clinical and clinical populations. Future directions for extending YFAS validation are discussed.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Torres, S.
Secondary author(s):
Camacho, M. , Costa, P. , Ribeiro, G. , Santos, O. , Vieira, F. M., Brandão, I. , Sampaio, D. , Oliveira-Maia, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Torres, S., Camacho, M., Costa, P., Ribeiro, G., Santos, O., Vieira, F. M., ... Oliveira-Maia, A. (2017). Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale. Eating and Weight Disorders, 22, 259–267. doi: 10.1007/s40519-016-0349-6
2-year Impact Factor: 2.154|2017
Times cited: 9|2020-04-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Food addiction / Obesity / Psychometrics / Reward

Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale

Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Yale Food Addiction Scale