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DocumentThe 'sense of being stared at' confirmed by simple experiments1999

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 11/1998
Title:
1998 Grants
Start date: 1999-01 - 2005-12
Dimension/support:
11 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-011
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/1998
Title:
011 - Investigation of animal-human telepathy
Duration: 1998-12 - 2000-11
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, David Jay Brown, Jane Turney
Institution(s): The Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
8 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Brown, D. J., Turney, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Animal psi / Animal & Human Psi

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-011.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/1998
Title:
The 'sense of being stared at' confirmed by simple experiments
Publication year: 1999
URL:
http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=63&SID=V1leIhH4ysTdNpr3OrX&page=1&doc=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The feeling of being stared from behind is well known all over the world, and most people claim to have experienced it themselves. There have been surprisingly few empirical investigations of this phenomenon. I describe a simple experimental procedure with subjects and lookers working in pairs. In a random sequence of trials, the looker either looked at the back of the subject, or looked away and thought of something else. Such experiments showed a very significant excess of correct over incorrect guesses. When subjects were being looked at, they guessed correctly about 60% of the time, whereas in control trials, when they were not being looked at, their guesses were close to the chance level of 50%. The same pattern of results was found in my own experiments with adult subjects, with two different procedures: in experiments conducted in schools in Connecticut, USA: in experiments conducted by volunteers all around the world; and in a previous series of experiments in schools in Germany and the USA. All these sets of data showed a highly significant effect. Taken together they showed that in looking trials, 427 people were more often right than wrong, as opposed to 157 who were more often wrong than right. This difference is extremely significant (p<1x10-25). In the control trials, there was no significant difference between the number of people who were more often right than wrong (294) and more often wrong than right (287). These results suggest that the feeling of being looked at from behind is a real phenomenon that depends on factors as yet unknown to science. Non-human animals may also share this kind of sensitivity, which may be of evolutionary significance in the relationships between predators and prey.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (1999). The "sense of being stared at" confirmed by simple experiments. Rivista Di Biologia-Biology Forum, 92(1), 53-76.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.486|1999
Times cited: 7|2020-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Sense of being stared at / Vision / Experiments in schools

The 'sense of being stared at' confirmed by simple experiments

The 'sense of being stared at' confirmed by simple experiments

DocumentThe 'sense of being stared at' does not depend on known sensory clues2000

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 11/1998
Title:
1998 Grants
Start date: 1999-01 - 2005-12
Dimension/support:
11 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-011
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/1998
Title:
011 - Investigation of animal-human telepathy
Duration: 1998-12 - 2000-11
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, David Jay Brown, Jane Turney
Institution(s): The Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
8 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Brown, D. J., Turney, J.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Animal psi / Animal & Human Psi

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1998-011.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/1998
Title:
The 'sense of being stared at' does not depend on known sensory clues
Publication year: 2000
URL:
http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=65&SID=V1leIhH4ysTdNpr3OrX&page=1&doc=10
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The "sense of being stared at" can be investigated by means of simple experiments in which subjects and lookers work in pairs, with the looker sitting behind the subject. In a random sequence of trials, the looker either looks at the back of the subject, or looks away and thought of something else. More than 15,000 trials have already been conducted, involving more than 700 subjects, with an extremely significant excess of correct over incorrect guesses (Sheldrake [1999]). This effect was still apparent in experiments in which subjects were blindfolded and given no feedback, showing it did not depend on visual clues, nor on the subjects knowing if their guesses were right or wrong (Sheldrake [2000]). In this paper I describe experiments I conducted in schools in England in which the subjects were not only blindfolded and given no feedback, but looked at through closed windows. There was again a very significant excess of correct over incorrect guesses (p<0.004). At my request, teachers in Canada, Germany and the United States carried out similar experiments and found an even more significant positive effect than in my own experiments (p< 0.0002). The fact that positive results were still obtained when visual clues had been effectively eliminated by blindfolds, and auditory and olfactory clues by closed windows, implies that the sense of being stared at does not depend on the known senses. I conclude that peoples' ability to know when they are being looked at depends on an influence at present unknown to science.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (2000). The "sense of being stared at" does not depend on known sensory clues. Rivista Di Biologia-Biology Forum, 93(2), 237-252.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.273|2000
Times cited: 2|2020-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Sense of being stared at / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Experiments in schools

The 'sense of being stared at' does not depend on known sensory clues

The 'sense of being stared at' does not depend on known sensory clues

DocumentFinal report - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals 2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
Final report - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%200102.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Many people have found that they think of someone for no apparent reason, and shortly afterwards receive a telephone call or an email from that person. In tests on telephone telepathy, during my previous Bial Foundation Bursary, I found that people really could anticipate who was about to call them. My Research Associate Pam Smart and I have now completed more than 500 email telepathy tests, following a similar design to the telephone telepathy tests. Each subject has four potential emailers some of whom are familiar and nominated by the subject, while others are unfamiliar. For each test, the emailer is selected at random by the experimenter.
As in the telephone telepathy experiments there is a one in four chance of the subject guessing correctly at random. Hence the mean chance expectation of success is 25%. In an initial series of 552 trials, we tested 50 participants. The hit rate was 43%, very significantly above the mean chance expectation of 25% (p=1x10– 20). The 95% confidence limits of the success rate were from 39% to 47%.
We then tested five participants under more rigorous conditions in which they were filmed continuously. In 150 filmed trials, the hit rate was 47 (p=1x10– 9).
In some of our trials the emailers were more than 10,000 kilometres away from the participants with no sign of any decline owing to distance.
An on-line version of the email telepathy experiment is now available on my website www.sheldrake.org.
I have continued with my research on the sense of being stared at and have written an extensive review of the evidence and also a paper on its theoretical implications, due to appear in a special issue of the Journal of Consciousness Studies in the summer of 2005.
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Sense of being stared at

Final report - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals

Final report - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals

DocumentThe sense of being stared at , Part 1: Is it real or illusory?2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
The sense of being stared at , Part 1: Is it real or illusory?
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://www.imprint.co.uk/jcs_12_6.html
Contents: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=249&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=2
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Most people have had the experience of turning round feeling that someone is looking at them from behind, and finding that this is the case. Most people have also had the converse experience. They can sometimes make people turn around by staring at them. In surveys in Europe and North America, between 70% and 97% of the people questioned said they had had personal experiences of these kinds (Braud et al., 1990; Sheldrake, 1994; Cottrell et al., 1996).
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (2005). The sense of being stared at - Part 1: Is it real or illusory? Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 10-31.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.957|2005
Times cited: 9|2020-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Sense of being stared at

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentThe sense of being stared at, Part 2: Its implications for theories of vision2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
The sense of being stared at, Part 2: Its implications for theories of vision
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://www.imprint.co.uk/jcs_12_6.html
Contents: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=249&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=3
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
For the purpose of this discussion, I am taking it for granted that the sense of
being stared at is real. The weight of available evidence seems to support its factual
existence, as discussed in my earlier article in this issue of the Journal of
Consciousness Studies. Some people will dispute this conclusion, and there is as
yet no universal consensus. But it is not necessary for everyone to agree that a
phenomenon exists before discussing its possible implications. A discussion of
the implications of evolution began long before everyone agreed that evolution
had occurred, and there are still people who deny its reality.
The sense of being stared at implies that looking at a person or animal can affect
that person or animal at a distance. An influence seems to pass from the observer to
the observed. The sense of being stared at does not seem to fit in with theories that
locate all perceptual activity inside the head. It seems more compatible with theories
of vision that involve both inward and outward movements of influence.
In order to see the present situation in perspective, it is helpful to look at the
history of the long-standing debate about the nature of vision. Inward or intromission
theories have always tended to regard vision as passive, emphasizing the
entry of light into the eye. Outward or extramission theories have always emphasized
that vision is active. Combined theories accept that vision has both active
and passive aspects.
I start with a brief overview of the history of theories of vision. I then discuss
how this debate is continuing today, and examine how the different theories
might relate to the sense of being stared at. I summarize my own hypothesis that
the sense of being stared at depends on perceptual fields that link the perceiver to
that which is perceived. These fields are rooted in the brain, but extend far
beyond it. I conclude by examining aspects of quantum theory that imply twoway
interconnections between observers and observed.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (2005). The sense of being stared at - Part 2: Its implications for theories of vision. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 32-49.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.957|2005
Times cited: 6|2020-03-09
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Sense of being stared at

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

DocumentThe Sense of Being Stared At, And Other Aspects of the Extended Mind

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.14
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
The Sense of Being Stared At, And Other Aspects of the Extended Mind
URL: http://www.abebooks.com/Sense-Being-Stared-Aspects-Extended-Mind/6866167260/bd
Abstract/Results: Most of us know it well - the almost physical sensation that we are the object of someone’s attention. Is the feeling all in our head? And what about related phenomena, such as telepathy and premonitions? Are they merely subjective beliefs? In The Sense of Being Stared At, renowned biologist Rupert Sheldrake explores the intricacies of the mind and discovers that our perceptive abilities are stronger than many of us could have imagined. Despite a traditional academic background, Sheldrake has devoted his notable career as a scientist and writer to challenging the boundaries of 'acceptable' science. A firm believer in the power of an experiment to yield answers about nature, he has dedicated years of intense research to investigating our common beliefs about what he calls our 'seventh sense.' After compiling a database of 4,000 case histories, 2,000 questionnaires, 1,500 telephone interviews, and the results of a decade of scientifically controlled experiments, Sheldrake argues persuasively in this compelling, innovative book that such phenomena are real. In fact, he rejects the label of 'paranormal' and shows how these psychic occurrences are a normal part of human nature. As an explanation for this more intimate connection with the external world, Sheldrake suggests that our minds are not limited to our brains, but rather stretch outward to touch the beings and objects that we perceive. Once this extended influence of the mind is taken into consideration, many puzzling phenomena begin to make sense, including telepathy and phantom limbs. Sheldrake shows that telepathy depends on social bonds. He traces its evolution from the connections between members of animal groups such as flocks, schools, and packs. In the modern world, telepathy occurs most commonly just before telephone calls. Sheldrake summarizes startling new experimental evidence for the reality of telephone telepathy, and shows how readers can do tests for themselves. Combining the tradition of pragmatic experimentation with a refusal to allow science to fall into dogmatism, Sheldrake pioneers an intriguing new inquiry into the mysteries of our deepest nature. Rigorously researched, yet completely accessible, this groundbreaking book provides a refreshing new way of thinking about ourselves and our relationships with other people, with animals, and with the world around us.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Book
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (2003b). The Sense of Being Stared At, And Other Aspects of the Extended Mind. New York: Crown Publishers.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Sense of being stared at

DocumentRemote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables. Combining and improving two successful paradigms2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-076
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2004
Title:
076 - Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables - Combining and improving two successful paradigms
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-12
Researcher(s):
Stefan Schmidt, Susanne Müller, Harald Walach
Institution(s): Department for Evaluation of Complementary and Alternative Medicine, Hospital Epidemiology, Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Copyright/Reproduction: eng
Author:
Schmidt, S.
Secondary author(s):
Müller, S., Walach, H.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-076.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2004
Title:
Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables. Combining and improving two successful paradigms
Publication year: 2006
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Findings in parapsychology suggest an effect of distant intentionality. Two laboratory set-ups explored this topic by measuring the effect of a distant intention on psychophysiological variables. The DMILS (direct mental interaction in living systems) experiments investigate the effect of various intentions on the electrodermal activity (EDA) of a remote subject. The “Remote Staring” experiments examine whether gazing by an observer (starer) covaries with the electrodermal activity of the person being observed (staree).
In two meta-analyses (Schmidt, Schneider, Utts & Walach, 2004) it became obvious that the remote staring studies had a lower overall quality than the DMILS studies. While there are some high quality DMILS studies (score over 90%) the highest quality in Remote Staring studies is 71%. Thus there is a lack in studies with good methodology to assess the remote staring paradigm.
We conducted a remote staring study that intended to overcome methodological shortcomings of earlier studies.
Fifty participants were invited to take part as starees. After completing questionnaires on mindfulness, mood, personality and paranormal belief they rested in a comfortable position in front of a video camera while their EDA was continuously monitored. The experimenter also acted as the starer and either observed or did not observe the participant through a closed circuit television system according to a random schedule. EDA during stare and non-stare epochs was compared for significant differences.
In addition to this basic (replication) set-up two new hypotheses were tested. The participant had the possibility to press a button whenever s/he feels stared at. This added a conscious response variable without engaging into the disadvantages of the standard conscious guessing paradigm (guessing strategies, response bias etc). Furthermore the distraction of the starer’s intention during non-stare epochs was varied. In one condition s/he was mentally occupied by a cognitive task, in the other s/he was just told not to stare (standard condition). We hypothesized that the distraction from the target in the standard condition was too weak to avoid an unwanted intentional effect in the staree.
Overall we did not find any staring effect at all, not in the EDA data and not in the ‘conscious’ open response situation. Thus the experiment failed in demonstrating any Psi effect.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Müller, S.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S., Walach, H.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Müller, S., Schmidt, S., & Walach, H. (2006). Remote staring detected by conscious and psychophysiological variables. Combining and improving two successful paradigms. In C. Simmonds-Moore (Ed.), Proceedings of The Parapsychological Association 49th Annual Convention: Proceedings of presented papers (pp. 85-99). Stockholm, Sweden: Parapsychological Association.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Personality / Paranormal belief / Temperament / Mindfulness / Sense of being stared at

DocumentThe sense of being stared at: A preliminary meta-analysis2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-104
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
104 - Is psi a type of knowledge?
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-11
Researcher(s):
Dean Radin, Edwin May
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article (2 copies)
Language: eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Secondary author(s):
May, E.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Psychokinesis (PK) / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-104.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
The sense of being stared at: A preliminary meta-analysis
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://www.imprint.co.uk/jcs_12_6.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Meta-analysis of 60 experiments investigating the conscious sense of being stared at suggests that the reported effects may reflect a genuine ability. A subset of 10 of these studies, designed to preclude implicit learning of sensory cues, resulted in a homogeneous distribution of effect sizes and a weighted mean effect size substantially beyond chance expectation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Document type:
Editorial material
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Radin, D. (2005). The sense of being stared at: A preliminary meta-analysis [Peer Commentary on the paper "The sense of being stared at: Parts 1 & 2" by R. Sheldrake]. Journal of Consciousness Studies, 12(6), 95-100.
2-year Impact Factor: 0.957|2005
Times cited: 5|2020-03-10
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Parapsychology / Sense of being stared at / Meta-analysis

The sense of being stared at: A preliminary meta-analysis

The sense of being stared at: A preliminary meta-analysis

DocumentFinal report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-174
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
174 - Experimental investigation of a Psi training program
Duration: 2007-05 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Marilyn Schlitz, Dean Radin, Cassandra Vieten, Colin Cherot
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Vieten, C., Cherot, C.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/being stared at / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Intuition / Paranormal belief

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-174.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2006
Title:
Final report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa17406.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
To test the claim that transformative practices may lead to enhanced intuitive experiences, we conducted an experiment on the “sense of being stared at” in a group of sixteen experienced TM-Sidhi meditators vs. sixteen non-meditators. The experiment was controlled by a web-based program, which used a web-cam to present the live image of a distant person over the Internet. The program randomly assigned staring vs. non-staring trials based on a true random source, and it automatically recorded the stared-at person’s guesses. The stared-at person in this test was located inside a secure, electromagnetically shielded chamber, and the chamber was monitored by an experimenter, to rule out potential collusion between the participants.
As expected, the meditation group’s scores on a self-transcendence scale were significantly higher than the control group’s, but the meditators did not show enhanced performance on the experimental task. Instead, the meditators obtained chance results
while the control group showed nearly significant ability to detect distance staring.
A consistently positive finding in this experiment was a confirmation of the “sheepgoat” effect: Participants’ expectations and beliefs strongly predicted their actual performance. Each of four questions asking about expectations of success showed that
participants who expected to do well performed consistently better than those who did not.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Schlitz, M.
Secondary author(s):
Konrad, A., Radin, D., Vieten, C., Cherot, C.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Meditation / Sense of being stared at / Sheep-goat effect / Expectancy / Intuition / Attention

Final report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at

Final report - Attention training and the feeling of being stared at

DocumentThe sense of being stared at: Do hit rates improve as tests go on? 2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.16
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
The sense of being stared at: Do hit rates improve as tests go on?
Publication year: 2008
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
Simple experiments on the sense of being stared at have given repeatable, positive results that are highly significant statistically. In these experiments, people work in pairs. The staree sits with his or her back to the starer, who either looks at the back of the staree’s neck, or looks away, in a random sequence. In each trial, the staree has to guess whether or not the starer is looking. However, when Marks & Colwell (2001) and Lobach & Bierman (2004) conducted tests of this kind, some of their experiments gave results not significantly different from chance, and they attempted to explain the positive results in staring tests as artifacts. Their hypotheses predict that positive scores should arise only in trials with feedback, only in trials with one particular kind of randomization, and that scores should increase towards the end of the experimental session. I have examined the data from the first and second halves of more than 19,000 trials to test these predictions. Both with and without feedback, and also with different randomization methods, the scores were positive and statistically significant in both the first and the second halves of tests. With feedback there was a small increase in scores in the second halves, but this was not statistically significant. Without feedback, there was a tendency for the scores to decline. In a trial-by-trial analysis of one large-scale experiment, the highest hit rate occurred in the very first trial for starees who were about to receive feedback, before any feedback had actually been given! Thus the beneficial effect of feedback may not depend so much on the feedback itself as the state of mind of the participants.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R. (2008). The sense of being stared at: Do hit rates improve as tests go on? Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 72(2), 98-106.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Sense of being stared at

Novo ficheiro

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DocumentThe Sense of Being Stared At - An Automated Test on the Internet 2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.17
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
The Sense of Being Stared At - An Automated Test on the Internet
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://pt.scribd.com/doc/58348668/Sense-of-Being-Stared-at-An-Internet-Test
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
In previous research on the sense of being stared at participants worked in pairs, with the starer behind the staree. In a series of 20 randomized trials, the starer looked or did not look at the staree, who had to guess “looking” or “not looking”. We here describe an automated, internet-based version of this standard staring experiment. In 498 tests, each with 20 trials, the computer gave an automatic sound signal to indicate when each trial began. The average hit rate was 53.0% (p <1x10-6); 268 participants scored above the chance level of 10 out of 20, 150 below, and 80 at the chance level. There was no significant difference between male and female starees, and little effect of starees’ age. The highest hit rates were with parent-child participants. Hit rates were significantly higher when starees received trial-by-trial feedback, but there was no increase in the second half of the test compared with the first. Although these tests were unsupervised, the results replicated many of the features of previous tests and illustrate the potential for carrying out research through the internet, enabling widespread participation.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Overby, C., Beeharee, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., Overby, C., & Beeharee, A. (2008). The Sense of Being Stared At - An Automated Test on the Internet. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 72(2), 86-97.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Telepathy / Sense of being stared at

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DocumentInvestigating Scopesthesia: Attentional Transitions, Controls, and Error Rates in Repeated Tests2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
001 - The investigation of Telepathy and the Sense of Being Stared At in Humans and Animals
Duration: 2003-03 - 2005-04
Researcher(s):
Rupert Sheldrake, Pam Smart, Kara Murray
Institution(s): Centre for the Seven Experiments Project, London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P., Murray, K.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Psychokinesis (PK) / Remote staring/Being stared at

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-001.18
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2002
Title:
Investigating Scopesthesia: Attentional Transitions, Controls, and Error Rates in Repeated Tests
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/37332907/investigating-scopesthesia-attentional-transitions-controls-error-rates-repeated-tests
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The sense of being stared at, or scopesthesia, was investigated experimentally with participants working in pairs. Two participants were tested repeatedly and the effect of attentional transition was investigated. In some tests, in the pre-trial period the starer stared at the staree, who was blindfolded, and in others the starer did not stare during the pre-trial period. Their overall hit rate in these attentional transition tests was 52.8% (2,800 trials; p=0.002), but there was no significant difference in hit rates between the two kinds of test. Participants were given trial-by-trial feedback, so if there was any learning, there should have been a progressive increase in hit rates. This did not happen. The participants also took part in a control tests in which there was no staring at all. In these tests hit rates were at chance levels, indicating that other forms of ESP, such as telepathy and clairvoyance, could not account for the results in scopesthesia tests. There were only 3 recording errors in 2,800 trials (0.1%), and two of these cancelled out, leaving a net error rate of 0.04%.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Sheldrake, R.
Secondary author(s):
Smart, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sheldrake, R., & Smart, P. (2008). Investigating Scopesthesia: Attentional Transitions, Controls, and Error Rates in Repeated Tests. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 22, 517-527.
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Scopesthesia / Sense of being stared at / Attentional transitions / Response bias / Error rates / Feedback

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DocumentOn the sense of being stared at: An analysis and pilot replication2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/E
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: Documentation and Information Center
History: Books that are part of the documentation center

Reference code: PT/FB/E/072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 6/2004
Title:
On the sense of being stared at: An analysis and pilot replication
Publication year: 2004
Número de inventário:
M-0075
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Data collected in the majority of ‘the sense of being stared at’ experiments indicate that people tend to respond correctly when being stared at, and at chance when not being stared at. After statistical adjustment for overall response bias (the tendency to respond ‘yes’), this asymmetry disappears. But such an analysis assumes that response biases are constant across all trials. The question arises as to whether response biases may differ during stare and no-stare conditions. In a small-scale replication study with feedback after each trial (N = 625 trials), hit rates similar to those reported by Sheldrake were obtained, and a nearly significant difference in response biases was observed between stare and no-stare trials (p = 0.06). This asymmetry was observed primarily in the first six trials in 20-trial runs, arguing against a subliminal cuing hypothesis.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Radin, D.
Document type:
Article
Reference:
Radin, D. (2004). On the sense of being stared at: An analysis and pilot replication. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 68, 246-253.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sense of being stared at / Staring effect / Hit rate