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BIAL Foundation
DE:"Sex pairings"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentSender-receiver relationships, sex pairing and ESP task success2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-127
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2006
127 - The effects of receiver/sender sex pairing, emotional and biological bond, and photic driving upon ganzfeld ESP task success
Duration: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Ben Roberts, Ian Hume, Laura Taylor
Institution(s): Coventry University, Psychology Department, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Coventry (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
3 Progress reports
Final report (doctoral thesis)
Language: eng
Roberts, B.
Secondary author(s):
Hume, I., Taylor, L.
Number of reproductions:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Brain structure and function / Spontaneous cases / Ganzfeld studies

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-127.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 22/2006
Sender-receiver relationships, sex pairing and ESP task success
Publication year: 2010
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Extra-sensory perception (ESP) research examining the relationship and sexes of the 'sender' and 'receiver' has suggested that task success is greater with more closely bonded pairings, and that mixed sex pairings perform better than same sex pairings. However, these findings are far from conclusive. The present study therefore aimed to test these ideas, using Ganzfeld methodology. Thirty pairs of participants took part, including pairings of strangers, friends, siblings and romantic couples. Non-stranger pairings completed a questionnaire of emotional connectedness to obtain a more precise measure of their relationship quality. Each pairing performed two trials, with each member acting as sender in one trial and receiver in the other. Following a short relaxation procedure the receiver spent thirty minutes in the Ganzfeld environment, while the sender viewed a randomly selected target picture in a separate room. The receiver then ranked four pictures, one of which was the target, based on their resemblance to their impressions during the trial. The number of direct hits (ranking the target picture first) was above mean chance expectation (MCE) but not significantly so. The number of binary hits (ranking the target picture first or second) was significantly above MCE at the 0.05 level, although correcting for multiple analyses subsequently rendered this finding non-significant. Results were suggestive of more closely bonded pairings having greater task success, with romantic pairings performing best and an overall negative relationship between connectedness scores and target ranking, but these results were not significant. Female sender-male receiver pairings were more successful than the other sex pairings, partially supporting previous research, but again no significant results were found. Overall findings offer some support for the occurrence of ESP, while further research is required regarding the effects of sender-receiver relationship and sex pairing upon task success.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Roberts, B.
Secondary author(s):
Hume, I.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
Roberts, B., & Hume, I. (2010, September). The sender-receiver relationships, sex pairing and ESP task success. Paper presented at the 34th International Conference of the Society for Psychical Research, Sheffield, UK. Abstract retrieved from
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Emotional bond / Sex pairings / Ganzfeld