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DE:"Slow cortical potentials"
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DocumentChanges in cortical potential associated with modulation of peripheral sympathetic activity in patients with epilepsy2009

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-054
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2000
Title:
054 - Effect of Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) biofeedback on seizure frequency in patients with poorly controlled epilepsy
Duration: 2001-05 - 2003-03
Researcher(s):
Yoko Nagai, Michael Trimble, Peter Fenwick, Laura Goldstein, John Lumsden
Institution(s): Institute of Neurology, University College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Article
Author: Nagai, Y.
Secondary author(s):
Trimble, M. R., Fenwick, P., Goldstein, L., Lumsden, J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Epilepsy / Intervention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-054.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/2000
Title:
Changes in cortical potential associated with modulation of peripheral sympathetic activity in patients with epilepsy
Publication year: 2009
URL:
http://www.psychosomaticmedicine.org/content/71/1/84.full.pdf
Contents: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=19&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
To examine the immediate and sustained effects of volitional sympathetic modulation, using galvanic skin response (GSR) biofeedback training on cortical excitability in patients with drug-resistant epilepsy.
METHODS:
Ten patients undertook 12 sessions of GSR biofeedback training over 1 month, during which they were trained to increase sympathetic arousal, using GSR biofeedback. Contingent negative variation (CNV) (a slow cortical potential reflecting cortical arousal and excitability) and the related post imperative negative variation (PINV) were quantified before and after biofeedback treatment.
RESULTS:
A significant reduction in CNV amplitude was observed in both the short-term (within the first session, after 10 minutes of GSR biofeedback) and long-term (sustained after 12 training sessions). Specifically, the change in baseline CNV amplitude after the 12 training sessions correlated with a percentage reduction in seizure frequency. Furthermore, changes in baseline amplitude of the PINV also correlated with seizure reduction.
CONCLUSIONS:
Our findings demonstrate that behavioral enhancement of peripheral sympathetic tone (GSR) is associated with modulation of indices of cortical excitability. Moreover, GSR biofeedback training over repeated sessions was associated with a chronic baseline reduction in slow cortical potentials and concurrent therapeutic improvement.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Nagai, Y.
Secondary author(s):
Critchley, H. D., Rothwell, J. C., Duncan, J. S., Trimble, M. R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Nagai, Y., Critchley, H. D., Rothwell, J. C., Duncan, J. S., & Trimble, M. R. (2009). Changes in cortical potential associated with modulation of peripheral sympathetic activity in patients with epilepsy. Psychosomatic Medicine, 71(1), 84-92. https://doi.org/10.1097/PSY.0b013e31818f667c
2-year Impact Factor: 4.236|2009
Times cited: 26|2024-02-05
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Biofeedback / Galvanic skin response (GSR) / Contingent negative variation (CNV) / Slow cortical potentials / Post imperative negative / Epilepsy

Changes in cortical potential associated with modulation of peripheral sympathetic activity in patients with epilepsy

Changes in cortical potential associated with modulation of peripheral sympathetic activity in patients with epilepsy

DocumentThe contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
Title:
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
Dimension/support:
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-082
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2002
Title:
082 - Comparative study of brain processes related to space-induced and clinical oculomotor disturbances
Duration: 2003-02 - 2005-01
Researcher(s):
Inessa B. Kozlovskaya, Elena Tomilovskaya, Anna Kirenskaya, Vladimir Novototsky-Vlasov, Vadim Myamlin
Institution(s): State Research Centre RF Institute for Biomedical Problems, Moscow (Russia)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2004-58
Author: Kozlovskaya, I.
Secondary author(s):
Tomilovskaya, E., Kirenskaya, A., Novototsky-Vlasov, V. Y., Myamlin, V.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Psychotic disorders / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-082.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2002
Title:
The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=17220620034
Contents: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=283&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Contingent negative variation (CNV) topography, hemispheric asymmetry and time-course were investigated in healthy subjects and non-medicated paranoid schizophrenic patients in two antisaccade paradigms with the short (800-1000 ms) and long (1200-1400 ms) durations of the fixation period. EEG and electrooculogram (EOG) were recorded. Saccade characteristics and mean amplitudes of slow cortical potentials time-locked to peripheral target were analyzed in 23 healthy volunteers and 19 schizophrenic patients. Compared to healthy control subjects, schizophrenic patients had significantly slower antisaccades and committed significantly more erroneous saccades in the both antisaccade tasks. The prolongation of the fixation period resulted in noticeable decrease of error percent in patients group. The analysis of CNV time-course has revealed two distinct stages in both groups. The early CNV stage was represented by a negative wave with the maximal amplitude over midline fronto-central area, and the late stage was characterized by increased CNV amplitude at the midline and left parietal electrode sites. In healthy subjects the simultaneous activation of frontal and parietal areas was observed in the paradigm with the shorter fixation interval; the increase of the fixation period produced consecutive activation of these areas. Schizophrenic patients' CNV amplitude was generally smaller than that of healthy subjects. The most pronounced between-group differences of the negative shift amplitude were revealed at frontal electrode sites during the early CNV stage in both modifications of the antisaccade task. The deficit of frontal activation revealed in patients at the early stage of antisaccade preparatory set in both antisaccadic paradigms may be related to pathogenesis of paranoid schizophrenia.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2004-58.02
Author: Kirenskaya, A.
Secondary author(s):
Myamlin, V., Novototsky-Vlasov, V. Y., Pletnikov, M., Kozlovskaya, I.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Kirenskaya, A., Myamlin, V., Novototsky-Vlasov, V. Y., Pletnikov, M., & Kozlovskaya, I. (2011). The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14(2), 869-83. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2011.v14.n2.34
2-year Impact Factor: 0.740|2011
Times cited: 6|2024-02-01
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Antisaccades / Slow cortical potentials / Contingent negative variation (CNV) / Schizophrenic patients

The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects

The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects

DocumentDiscrete-Trial SCP and GSR training and the interrelationship between central and peripheral arousal2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-163
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2004
Title:
163 - Effects of different biofeedback training procedures on quantitative electroencephalographic parameters of healthy subjects
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-04
Researcher(s):
Martijn Arns, Wytze van der Zwaag, Erica Heesen, Rien Breteler
Institution(s): Brain Resource Company B.V., Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report (2 copies)
Article
Master's thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Arns, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van der Zwaag, W., Heesen, E., Breteler, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-163.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2004
Title:
Discrete-Trial SCP and GSR training and the interrelationship between central and peripheral arousal
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10874208.2010.501501#.UelismxdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
INTRODUCTION:
Slow Cortical Potential (SCP) neurofeedback and Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) biofeedback training were used to investigate self-regulatory control over central and peripheral arousal processes in two groups of healthy participants.
METHOD:
One group completed the SCP neurofeedback training procedure; the other group performed the GSR biofeedback procedure. Both groups underwent treatment while the other variable was passively recorded. The participants were instructed to either increase (Up trials) or decrease (Down trials) arousal. Twenty sessions were completed by each of the 18 participants over an 8-week period.
RESULTS:
Participants in each group performed better on the variable they were trained on. In the GSR group, a significant increase in performance over blocks was obtained for both trial types (Up and Down). In the SCP group a better performance on the Down trials was obtained. When comparing performance of both trial types, the SCP-trained participants showed a marginal increase and the GSR-trained participants a significant increase over time preliminary-training.
CONCLUSION:
Overall, the results showed that GSR regulation is easier to learn than SCP training with neurofeedback, that both variables can be trained in a bidirectional design, and that the SCP training subjects were predominantly able to learn performance at the Down trials. Preliminary results from the cross-correlations are inconsistent over trial types, trained parameters, and participants. However, the general trend shows a more positive correlation at the end of training compared to the start of training. Cross-correlation analysis suggests that this training encourages positive correlation between the SCP and GSR. Future research directions should be aimed at improving motivational conditions, implementing contingent reward principles, and controlling confounding variables.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Spronk, D.
Secondary author(s):
Kleinnijenhuis, M., Luijtelaar, G., Arns, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Spronk, D., Kleinnijenhuis, M., Luijtelaar, G., & Arns, M. (2010). Discrete-Trial SCP and GSR training and the interrelationship between central and peripheral arousal. Journal of Neurotherapy, 14(3), 217-228. https://doi.org/10.1080/10874208.2010.501501
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Electroencephalogram (EEG) biofeedback / Galvanic skin response (GSR) / Galvanic skin response biofeedback / Neurofeedback / Operant conditioning / Slow cortical potentials

DocumentComparison of discrete-trial based SMR and SCP training and the interrelationship between SCP and SMR networks: Implications for brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-163
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2004
Title:
163 - Effects of different biofeedback training procedures on quantitative electroencephalographic parameters of healthy subjects
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-04
Researcher(s):
Martijn Arns, Wytze van der Zwaag, Erica Heesen, Rien Breteler
Institution(s): Brain Resource Company B.V., Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report (2 copies)
Article
Master's thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Arns, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van der Zwaag, W., Heesen, E., Breteler, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-163.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2004
Title:
Comparison of discrete-trial based SMR and SCP training and the interrelationship between SCP and SMR networks: Implications for brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback
Publication year: 2007
URL:
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10874200802162808?journalCode=wneu20#.UelbdWxdYq4
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Operant conditioning of one's slow cortical potential (SCP) or sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) can be used to control epilepsy or to manipulate external devices, as applied in BCI (Brain-Computer Interface). A commonly accepted view that both SCP and SMR are reflections of central arousal suggests a functional relationship between SCP and SMR networks.
METHOD:
The operant conditioning of SCP or SMR was tested with a single electroencephalographic (EEG) channel wireless biofeedback system. A series of trainings taught 19 participants to control SCP or SMR over vertex during 20 neurofeedback sessions. Each session consisted of 96 trials to decrease cortical arousal (SCP positivity/SMR enhancement) and 64 trials to increase cortical arousal (SCP negativity/SMR suppression). In each trial, participants were required to exceed an individual threshold level of the feedback parameter relative to a 500-msec prefeedback baseline and to hold this level for 2 sec (SCP) or 0.5 sec (SMR) to obtain reinforcement.
RESULTS:
Ten of the 19 participants achieved control over their EEG. In the SCP-trained group, 4 of 9 participants increased the differentiation between their SCP responses on positivity-required versus negativity-required trials. SMR suppression and enhancement was achieved by 3 and 4 of the 10 SMR-trained participants. The SMR-trained responders did not show differentiation in their SMR responses, but did show a differentiation in their SCP response—while trained on SMR.
CONCLUSIONS:
The results showed the proposed method was successful to teach control of SCP or SMR. Bidirectional control was very difficult to achieve with the present SMR training procedure. SCP positivity and SMR enhancement were easier to learn. The results suggest that SMR training modulates excitability thresholds in the striatal-thalamocortical motor loop, whereas changes in the loop's excitability thresholds by SCP training do not affect the thalamic bursting that underlies the SMR.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kleinnijenhuis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Arns, M., Spronk, D., Breteler, R.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Kleinnijenhuis, M., Arns, M., Spronk, D., & Breteler, R. (2007). Comparison of discrete-trial based SMR and SCP training and the interrelationship between SCP and SMR networks: Implications for brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback. Journal of Neurotherapy, 11(4), 19-35. https://doi.org/10.1080/10874200802162808
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) / Discrete training / Epilepsy / Neurofeedback / Sensorimotor rhythm / Slow cortical potentials

Comparison of discrete-trial based SMR and SCP training and the interrelationship between SCP and SMR networks: Implications for brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback

Comparison of discrete-trial based SMR and SCP training and the interrelationship between SCP and SMR networks: Implications for brain-computer interfaces and neurofeedback

DocumentComparison of SMR and SCP training employing newly developed discrete-trial based biofeedback system2007

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-163
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2004
Title:
163 - Effects of different biofeedback training procedures on quantitative electroencephalographic parameters of healthy subjects
Duration: 2005-01 - 2006-04
Researcher(s):
Martijn Arns, Wytze van der Zwaag, Erica Heesen, Rien Breteler
Institution(s): Brain Resource Company B.V., Nijmegen (The Netherlands)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report (2 copies)
Article
Master's thesis
Language: eng
Author:
Arns, M.
Secondary author(s):
Van der Zwaag, W., Heesen, E., Breteler, R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Learning

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-163.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2004
Title:
Comparison of SMR and SCP training employing newly developed discrete-trial based biofeedback system
Publication year: 2007
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND:
Operant conditioning of one’s slow cortical potential (SCP) or sensorimotor rhythm (SMR) can be used to control epilepsy or to manipulate external devices, as applied in BCI (Brain-Computer Interface). To be practical, a BCI-system should use as less channels as possible. For this purpose, a wireless biofeedback system was developed that allows feedback of a single EEG-channel in discrete trials. The commonly accepted view that both the SCP and SMR are a reflection of central arousal suggests a functional
relationship between SCP and SMR networks.
METHODS:
A training was performed that aimed to teach 19 participants to control their SCP (n=9) or SMR (n=10) over vertex. Participants received 20 neurofeedback sessions, each comprising of 96 trials in which they had to decrease cortical arousal (SCP positivity/SMR enhancement) and 64 trials in which they had to increase cortical arousal (SCP negativity/SMR suppression). In a trial, participants were required to exceed an individual threshold level of the feedback parameter relative to a 500 ms pre-feedback baseline and hold this level for 2 seconds (SCP) or 0.5 seconds (SMR) in order to obtain reinforcement.
RESULTS:
Overall, 10 of the total of 19 participants achieved control over their EEG. In the SCP-trained group, 4 out of 9 participants were able to increase the differentiation between their SCP responses on positivityrequired vs. negativity-required trials over the course of the experiment. Improvements in control over the SMR in suppression-required and enhancement-required trials were acquired by respectively 3 and 4 of the 10 SMR-trained participants. These SMR-trained responders did not show differentiation between their
SMR responses in enhancement-required vs. suppression-required trials. Interestingly, the SMR responders did show a differentiation in their SCP response while trained on SMR.
CONCLUSIONS:
It can be concluded from this experiment that, with the proposed method, a number of the participants are able to acquire control over their SCP or SMR. For SMR, however, bidirectional control is very difficult to achieve with the present training procedure. Furthermore, SCP positivity and SMR enhancement are easier to learn compared to their counterparts. The observed SCP differentiation while training SMR and absence of equivalent SMR changes while training SCP suggest that SMR training modulates the central arousal system, whereas SCP training invokes local effects.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Kleinnijenhuis, M.
Document type:
Master's thesis
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Kleinnijenhuis, M. (2007). Comparison of SMR and SCP training employing newly developed discrete-trial based biofeedback system (Unpublished master´s thesis). Netherlands: Radboud University Nijmegen.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Brain-Computer Interface (BCI) / Epilepsy / Slow cortical potentials / Sensorimotor rhythm / Neurofeedback / Discrete training

Comparison of SMR and SCP training employing newly developed discrete-trial based biofeedback system

Comparison of SMR and SCP training employing newly developed discrete-trial based biofeedback system

DocumentThe contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2004
Title:
058 - Comparative study of brain processes related to microgravity-induced and clinical oculomotor disturbances in subjects with the right and left eye dominance
Duration: 2005-04 - 2007-04
Researcher(s):
Inessa B. Kozlovskaya, Elena S. Tomilovskaya, Anna Kirenskaya, Vladimir Y. Novototsky-Vlasov, Vadim V. Myamlin, Nelly R. Gallyamova
Institution(s): Institute of Biomedical Problems, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russia)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2002-82
Author: Kozlovskaya, I.
Secondary author(s):
Tomilovskaya, E., Kirenskaya, A., Novototsky-Vlasov, V. Y., Myamlin, V., Gallyamova, N. R.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Brain structure and function / Body structure and function / Vision / Biopsychological problems / Mental health / Psychotic disorders

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-058.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2004
Title:
The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.redalyc.org/articulo.oa?id=17220620034
Accessibility: ABSTRACT:
Contingent negative variation (CNV) topography, hemispheric asymmetry and time-course were investigated in healthy subjects and non-medicated paranoid schizophrenic patients in two antisaccade paradigms with the short (800-1000 ms) and long (1200-1400 ms) durations of the fixation period. EEG and electrooculogram (EOG) were recorded. Saccade characteristics and mean amplitudes of slow cortical potentials time-locked to peripheral target were analyzed in 23 healthy volunteers and 19 schizophrenic patients. Compared to healthy control subjects, schizophrenic patients had significantly slower antisaccades and committed significantly more erroneous saccades in the both antisaccade tasks. The prolongation of the fixation period resulted in noticeable decrease of error percent in patients group. The analysis of CNV time-course has revealed two distinct stages in both groups. The early CNV stage was represented by a negative wave with the maximal amplitude over midline fronto-central area, and the late stage was characterized by increased CNV amplitude at the midline and left parietal electrode sites. In healthy subjects the simultaneous activation of frontal and parietal areas was observed in the paradigm with the shorter fixation interval; the increase of the fixation period produced consecutive activation of these areas. Schizophrenic patients' CNV amplitude was generally smaller than that of healthy subjects. The most pronounced between-group differences of the negative shift amplitude were revealed at frontal electrode sites during the early CNV stage in both modifications of the antisaccade task. The deficit of frontal activation revealed in patients at the early stage of antisaccade preparatory set in both antisaccadic paradigms may be related to pathogenesis of paranoid schizophrenia.
Copyright/Reproduction:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2002-82.02
Author: Kirenskaya, A.
Secondary author(s):
Myamlin, V., Novototsky-Vlasov, V. Y., Pletnikov, M., Kozlovskaya, I.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Kirenskaya, A., Myamlin, V., Novototsky-Vlasov, V. Y., Pletnikov, M., & Kozlovskaya, I. (2011). The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects. Spanish Journal of Psychology, 14(2), 869-83. https://doi.org/10.5209/rev_SJOP.2011.v14.n2.34
2-year Impact Factor: 0.740|2011
Times cited: 6|2024-02-01
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Antisaccades / Slow cortical potentials / Contingent negative variation (CNV) / Schizophrenic patients

The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects

The contingent negative variation laterality and dynamics in antisaccade task in normal and unmedicated schizophrenic subjects

DocumentFinal report - Design and Testing of a Wearable Device for Neurofeedback of Physiological Correlates to States of Consciousness2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-148
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
148 - Design and Testing of a Wearable Device for Neurofeedback of Physiological Correlates to States of Consciousness
Duration: 2009-04 - 2011-03
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger
Institution(s): Institut für Umweltmedizin und Krankenhaushygiene, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Assessment tools / Intervention / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-148.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 5/2008
Title:
Final report - Design and Testing of a Wearable Device for Neurofeedback of Physiological Correlates to States of Consciousness
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/BIAL%20Results%20Sheet%2014808.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Two prototypes of a small, wearable feedback device have been developed that allow for real-time data processing, sonification and control of light sources. The first prototype was equipped with 2 analog-to-digital converters for direct read in of pulse and respiration data. EEG data can be received via a USB interface from the PC. A 32 bit microprocessor was used for data processing. Processed data were sent to a MIDI sound chip and to a light controller. The second prototype was equipped with a Bluetooth transceiver that could directly interface a small, wearable EEG amplifier measuring EEG and pulse simultaneously.
The algorithms for sonification have also been implemented in a PC-based program for improved performance reasons. The systems were able to control studio lighting systems and external speakers. Consequently, a whole feedback environment was created that allowed a person to experience the inner processes in the outer world. This feedback environment was termed „Sensorium".
In a pilot study, 20 participants (10 experienced meditators and 10 non-meditators) have been exposed in a meditative session to their ongoing brain and heart signals inside the Sensorium. ECG (pulse), slow cortical potentials, and different EEG frequencies were fed back in real-time. All participants were impressed and gave positive feedback. Almost all of them reported an increase in contentment, relaxation, happiness, and inner harmony which was assessed in a questionnaire . They also reported a widening of their body consciousness. In future, therapeutic paradigms will be developed and the treatment effects on people with psychological or psychosomatic diseases will be evaluated.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Neurofeedback / Physiological correlates / State of consciousness / Slow cortical potentials / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Psychological health / Therapy

Final report - Design and Testing of a Wearable Device for Neurofeedback of Physiological Correlates to States of Consciousness

Final report - Design and Testing of a Wearable Device for Neurofeedback of Physiological Correlates to States of Consciousness

DocumentFinal report - Slow cortical potentials prior to unpredictable stimuli in meditators and non-meditators2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-167
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
167 - Testing the ontological status of the experience of meditation-induced timeless states
Duration: 2009-02 - 2010-07
Researcher(s):
Cassandra Vieten, Dean Radin, Marilyn Schlitz
Institution(s): Institute of Noetic Sciences, Petaluma, California (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Vieten, C.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Schlitz, M.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Precognition / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-167.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 7/2008
Title:
Final report - Slow cortical potentials prior to unpredictable stimuli in meditators and non-meditators
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa16708_19062012.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Experienced meditators occasionally report experiences of "timelessness," or states of awareness that seem to transcend the usual boundaries of the subjective present. This study explored the nature of such experiences by measuring 32 channels of EEG prior to exposure to unpredictable light and sound stimuli in eight experienced meditators and eight matched controls. The experiment postulated (a) that if some aspect of perception extends into the future, then prestimulus measurements would differ depending on stimuli that were about to be selected by a truly random process, and (b) that such differences would be more apparent in meditators than in non-meditators.
Each of the 32 EEG channels was baseline-adjusted on each trial by the electrical potential averaged from 2 seconds to 1 second pre-stimulus. Then for each channel the average potential was determined from 1 second pre-stimulus to stimulus onset. The resulting means across subjects in each group were compared by stimulus type using randomized permutation procedures and corrected for multiple comparisons using False Discovery Rate. Within the control group, no EEG channels showed significant pre-stimulus differences between light vs. sound stimulus conditions, but within the meditator group 5 of 32 channels showed significant differences (p < 0.05, two-tailed). Comparisons between control and meditator groups showed significant pre-stimulus differences prior to audio tone stimuli in 14 of 32 channels (p < 0.05, two-tailed, of which 8 channels were at p < 0.005, two-tailed). This outcome successfully replicates effects observed in conceptually similar experiments.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
This final report was submitted as article to the Journal "Cognitive Neuroscience"
Author: Vieten, C.
Secondary author(s):
Radin, D., Michel, L., Delorme, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Meditation / Slow cortical potentials / Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Timelessness

Novo ficheiro

Novo ficheiro

File093 - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing2018-082020-06

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
093 - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing
Duration: 2018-08 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Teele Tamm
Institution(s): Research Section of Applied Consciousness Sciences, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Regensburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Tamm, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Heart rate variability / Slow cortical potentials / Respiration / Psychophysiology

File081 - Meditation as a first-person method in the neuroscience of consciousness: A comparison of the informativeness and reliability of first person data collected from meditators and non-meditators in a novel Libet paradigm

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-081
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
081 - Meditation as a first-person method in the neuroscience of consciousness: A comparison of the informativeness and reliability of first person data collected from meditators and non-meditators in a novel Libet paradigm
Researcher(s): Yeshe Leyens, Stefan Schmidt, Marc Wittmann, Han-Gue Jo
Institution(s): Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center Freiburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Article
Language: eng
Author:
Leyens, Y.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S., Wittmann, M., Jo, H. -G.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Meditation / Neurophenomenology / Introspection / Slow cortical potentials / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

DocumentThe brain's resonance with breathing – decelerated breathing synchronizes heart rate and slow cortical potentials2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
093 - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing
Duration: 2018-08 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Teele Tamm
Institution(s): Research Section of Applied Consciousness Sciences, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Regensburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Tamm, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Heart rate variability / Slow cortical potentials / Respiration / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093.02
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
The brain's resonance with breathing – decelerated breathing synchronizes heart rate and slow cortical potentials
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1752-7163/ab20b2
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT
Numerous methods for enhancing consciousness and well-being emphasize the role of breathing. We have for the first time investigated the link between body rhythms and slow cortical brain dynamics during paced breathing. Physiological data from 37 participants are presented, who conducted paced breathing sessions with respiration rates (RR) from 6 to 14 seconds/cycle for 7 min each task. Measures of respiration, heart rate variability (HRV), and 64 channels EEG as well as subjective ratings were recorded and compared with each other. &#13; Both, the respiratory sinus arrhythmia of the HRV and the slow cortical potentials (SCPs) of the EEG correlated with the respiration cycle. The highest correlations were observed at a RR of 10 seconds/cycle especially for the SCPs. A strong positive voltage deflection during inhalation is followed by a negative variation during exhalation. This decelerated breathing rhythm matches the frequency of the baroreceptor sensitivity, leading to synchronization between breath, HRV, baroreceptors and the brain. Subjectively, participants rated this RR as the most relaxing one. This study demonstrates the importance of the speed of breathing on the brain dynamics which might help in understanding the role of the breath for mental health.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Walter, N., Doliwa, C., Loew, T.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Hinterberger, T., Walter, N., Doliwa, C., & Loew, T. (2019). The brain's resonance with breathing – decelerated breathing synchronizes heart rate and slow cortical potentials. Journal of Breath Research, 13(4), 046003. https://doi.org/10.1088/1752-7163/ab20b2
2-year Impact Factor: 2.929|2019
Times cited: 7|2024-02-12
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Heart rate variability / Paced breathing / Slow cortical potentials

DocumentFinal report - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
093 - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing
Duration: 2018-08 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Teele Tamm
Institution(s): Research Section of Applied Consciousness Sciences, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Regensburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Tamm, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Heart rate variability / Slow cortical potentials / Respiration / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093.01
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Final report - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing
Publication year: 2020
Contents:
https://www.bial.com/media/3285/synchronizing-brain-and-heart-through-decelerated-respiration.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Numerous methods for enhancing consciousness and well-being emphasize the role of breathing. We have investigated the link between body rhythms and brain dynamics during paced breathing.
AIMS
Investigating correlations between EEG parameters and heart rate at different various breathing frequencies.
METHOD
About 40 participants conducted paced breathing sessions with respiration rates (RR) from 6 to 14 s/cycle for 7 min each task. Measures of respiration, heart rate variability (HRV), skin conductance and 64 channels EEG as well as subjective ratings were recorded and results at various RR were compared with each other. An additional hand movement task controlled for task-dependent EEG changes.
RESULTS
Both, the respiratory sinus arrhythmia of the HRV and the slow cortical potentials (SCPs) of the EEG correlated with the respiration cycle, however the highest correlations were observed at a RR of 10 s/cycle most predominantly for the SCPs. A strong positive voltage deflection during inhalation is followed by a negative variation during exhalation (20µV pp). In contrast, during RR of 6s/cycle SCP changes remained below 5µV and during 10s/cycle control task below 3µV. Subjectively, participants rated this RR as the most relaxing one. Brain oscillations from Delta to Gamma correlated only weak with the course of respiration.
CONCLUSIONS
This study demonstrates the importance of the speed of breathing on the brain dynamics, especially on SCPs. This decelerated breathing rhythm matches the frequency of the baroreceptor sensitivity, leading to synchronization between breath, HRV, baroreceptors and the brain. Future applications might help us understanding the role of breath for altering states of consciousness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Walter, N.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Hinterberger, T., & Walter, N. (2020). Final report - Synchonizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Paced breathing / Slow cortical potentials / Heart rate variability / Synchronization body rhythms

Final report - Synchonizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing

Final report - Synchonizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing

DocumentBreathing and the brain – decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
093 - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing
Duration: 2018-08 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Teele Tamm
Institution(s): Research Section of Applied Consciousness Sciences, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Regensburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Tamm, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Heart rate variability / Slow cortical potentials / Respiration / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093.03
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Breathing and the brain – decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.tsc2019-interlaken.ch/app/download/7833890754/program_abstracts_online_corr4.pdf?t=1562607584
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Numerous methods for enhancing consciousness and well-being emphasize the role of breathing. We have investigated the link between body rhythms and brain dynamics during paced breathing. About 40 participants conducted paced breathing sessions with respiration rates (RR) from 6 to 14 s/cycle for 7 min each task. Measures of respiration, heart rate variability (HRV), skin conductance and 64 channels EEG as well as subjective ratings were recorded and compared with each other.
Both, the respiratory sinus arrhythmia of the HRV and the slow cortical potentials (SCPs) of the EEG correlated with the respiration cycle, however the highest correlations were observed at a RR of 10s/cycle especially for the SCPs. A strong positive voltage deflection during inhalation is followed by a negative variation during exhalation. This decelerated breathing rhythm matches the frequency of the baroreceptor sensitivity, leading to synchronization between breath, HRV, baroreceptors and the
brain. Subjectively, participants rated this RR as the most relaxing one. Brain oscillations from Delta to Gamma correlated only weak with respiration. This study demonstrates the importance of the speed of breathing on the brain dynamics. A more detailed analysis might help us understanding the role of the breath for altering states of consciousness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Walter, N., Doliwa, C., Loew, T.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Hinterberger, T., Walter, N., Doliwa, C., & Loew, T. (2019). Breathing and the brain – decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms. Book of Abstracts of the international conference “The Science of Consciousness” (pp. 218-219), Interlaken, Switzerland, 26-28 June.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Heart rate variability / Paced breathing / Slow cortical potentials / Synchronization body rhythms

Breathing and the brain – decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms

Breathing and the brain – decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms

DocumentBreathing and the brain – Decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
093 - Synchronizing brain and heart through decelerated respiration - An EEG-ECG study investigating the effects of paced breathing
Duration: 2018-08 - 2020-06
Researcher(s):
Thilo Hinterberger, Teele Tamm
Institution(s): Research Section of Applied Consciousness Sciences, Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, University Medical Center Regensburg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Tamm, T.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Electroencephalogram (EEG) / Heart rate variability / Slow cortical potentials / Respiration / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-093.04
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Breathing and the brain – Decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.tsc2019-interlaken.ch/app/download/7833890754/program_abstracts_online_corr4.pdf?t=1562607584
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Due to the high mental demands in complex environments there is increasing interest in the research of the highly sensitive personality (HSP). People with HSP are challenged in a special way. We have developed a novel inventory for the assessment of a person’s sensitivity and the sensory processing problems separately which might be related to certain aspects of sensitivity. The model discriminates between external, internal, emotional, and social sensitivities as well as the openness for new experiences. The inventory was assessed in a psychosomatic clinic on more than 4000 participants. We found the sensitivity of patients to be correlated with resilience, experience of meaning, positive feelings and success, while mental processing problems were strongly correlated with burnout symptoms, depression, and anxiety and negatively correlated with resilience. These results suggest that psychopathological factors seem to be closely connected to problems in the processing of external, internal, social and emotional perceptions and sensations. In contrast, mental health, happiness and salutogenetic states of consciousness seem to be related to the experience of a rich sensory capability.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Hinterberger, T.
Secondary author(s):
Galuska, D., Clinics, H., Kissingen, B., Galuska, J.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Hinterberger, T., Galuska, D., Clinics, H., Kissingen, B., & Galuska, J. (2019). Breathing and the brain – Decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms. Book of Abstracts of the international conference “The Science of Consciousness” (pp. 145-146), Interlaken, Switzerland, 26-28 June.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Heart rate variability / Paced breathing / Slow cortical potentials / Synchronization body rhythms

Breathing and the brain – Decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms

Breathing and the brain – Decelerated breathing synchronizes brain and body rhythms