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BIAL Foundation
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentNeural correlates of psychotic-like experiences during spiritual-trance state2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-050
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
050 - Trance: Cortical representations
Duration: 2011-03 - 2013-05
Alessandra Ghinato Mainieri, Julio Fernando Prieto Peres, Alexander Moreira de Almeida, Ute Habel, Nils Kohn
Institution(s): Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
1 Article (in preparation)
Language: eng
Mainieri, A.
Secondary author(s):
Peres, J. F., Moreira-Almeida, A., Habel, U., Kohn, N.
Number of reproductions:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Trance / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-050.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2010
Neural correlates of psychotic-like experiences during spiritual-trance state
Publication year: 2017
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Recent studies indicate high levels of psychotic experiences in the general population. Here, we report a functional imaging study with 8 mentally healthy spiritual mediums and 8 matched controls. The mediums entered a mediumistic-trance state using a standardized manner by closing their eyes and actively seeking to ignore external and internal stimuli to achieve a 'state of emptiness'; in a control condition, they were instructed to re-enact the same mediumistic experience that they had during the mediumistic-trance condition but in a non-trance state (imaginative-trance). Both mediums and controls took part in a resting state session. The results indicate stronger activation in the lateral occipital cortex, posterior cingulate cortex (PCC), temporal pole, middle temporal gyrus and orbitofrontal cortex during the mediumistic-trance state. We also observe increased functional connectivity within auditory and sensorimotor Resting State Networks (RSN) during mediumistic-trance compared to resting and imaginative-trance conditions. Comparing spiritual mediums and controls, no differences in RSN were found. These data show preserved engagement of prefrontal cortex and connectivity of the default-mode network that indicate maintained introspective control over non-pathological psychotic-like experiences.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
By permission
Mainieri, A.
Secondary author(s):
Peres, J. F., Moreira-Almeida, A., Mathiak, K., Habel, U., Kohn, N.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Mainieri, A., Peres, J. F., Moreira-Almeida, A., Mathiak, K., Habel, U., & Kohn, N. (2017). Neural correlates of psychotic-like experiences during spiritual-trance state. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging, 266, 101-107.
2-year Impact Factor: 2.455|2017
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2018
Times cited: 12|2024-02-08
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Hallucination / Imagination / Mediumistic-trance / Psychotic-like experiences / Resting state network / Spiritual-trance