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Document5.35 – Ascending pathways: Anatomy and physiology2008

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 25/2004
Title:
2004 Grants
Start date: 2005-01 - 2012-09
Dimension/support:
25 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 19 a 20/2004
Title:
084 - A consciência da dor: Alterações induzidas por dor crónica nos mecanismos neurobiológicos de aprendizagem, atenção e recompensa
Duration: 2005-01 - 2008-11
Researcher(s):
Vasco Miguel Clara Lopes Galhardo, Deolinda Maria Valente Alves de Lima Teixeira, Miguel Santos Pais-Vieira, Clara Maria Pires Costa Bastos Monteiro
Institution(s): IBMC - Instituto de Biologia Molecular e Celular, Porto (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng / por
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2008-126
Author: Galhardo, V.
Secondary author(s):
Lima, D., Pais-Vieira, M., Monteiro, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Pain / Cognitive processes / Decision-making / Memory / Attention / Learning / Brain structure and function / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2004-084.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 19/2004
Title:
5.35 – Ascending pathways: Anatomy and physiology
Publication year: 2008
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123708809001778
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Nociceptive information traveling from the periphery in primary sensory neurons is transmitted to second-order neurons located at the spinal cord and cranial sensory nuclei. From this first relay, various pathways distribute nociceptive input through higher processing centers, so that pain is ultimately perceived in its multiple dimensions and adequate adaptive responses are generated. Although these ascending pathways are believed to terminate in the cortex with one or several relay stations in their way, the term ‘nociceptive ascending pathways’ is normally used in a restricted sense to designate the neuronal tracts that connect the spinal cord with supraspinal regions, each pathway being named from the brain area at which it terminates. About 20 nociceptive ascending pathways have been uncovered so far, which terminate at multiple sites, from the upper spinal cord up to the thelencephalon.
There are subtle differences between the various pathways as to the laminar location and morphology of the spinal neurons of origin, although the latter aspect has been addressed only sporadically. Data on the spinal location of the ascending tracts point to the lack of clear segregation in their way to the brain. As to their neurochemical architecture, our present knowledge is still scarce and thus far from allowing a neurochemical-based pathway characterization. The data collected on the response properties of the neurons of origin of most pathways do not reveal major differences between them. High-threshold, wide-dynamic-range, and low-threshold neurons always participate albeit in different proportions, and, whenever investigated, inputs from skin, viscera, and deep tissues converge onto the same pathway.
The multitude of ascending nociceptive pathways, together with the subtleness of the anatomical and physiological aspects that separate them as to their origin at the spinal cord, makes difficult to attribute a particular functional meaning to each one. A tentative way of unraveling the role of each pathway in nociceptive processing has been the elucidation of the connections established by the target. There is, however, a fundamental need to further investigate the functional specificity of each pathway and in which way the compound organization of the nociceptive system contributes to the processing of the various pain states.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Lima, D.
Document type:
Book chapter
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Lima, D. (2008). 5.35 - Ascending Pathways: Anatomy and Physiology. In R. H. Masland, T. D. Albright, P. Dallos, D. Oertel, S. Firestein, G. K. Beauchamp, M. C. Bushnell, A. I. Basbaum, J. H. Kaas & E. P. Gardner (Eds.), The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference (pp. 477-526). New York: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/B978-012370880-9.00177-8
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Amygdala / Ascending system / Dorsal reticular nucleus / Globus pallidus / Hypothalamus / Infralimbic cortex / Nociceptive pathways / Nucleus tractus solitarii / Parabrachial nuclei / Periaqueductal gray / Rostral ventromedial medulla / Septal complex / Spinal cord / Thalamus / Ventrolateral reticular formation

DocumentFinal report - Neural substrates supporting the influence of working memory contents on visual attention2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
072 - Neurocognitive mechanisms supporting the influence of memory on visual attention in healthy and disease
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
José Miguel Pinto Cardoso de Bourbon Teles, David Soto, Paul Bentley
Institution(s): Centre for Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Poster
Language: eng
Author:
de Bourbon Teles, J.
Secondary author(s):
Soto, D., Bentley, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Memory / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-072.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
Final report - Neural substrates supporting the influence of working memory contents on visual attention
Publication year: 2013
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/72-10-20131212.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
In the research project we present causal evidence from a lesion study with rare thalamic patients that the anterior ventrolateral (VL) region plays a pivotal role in linking mnemonic and attention control functions in the human brain. Subsequent fMRI work with healthy volunteers further demonstrated how the role of anterior VL thalamus in cognitive control may be shaped by experience-dependent learning, namely, in task contexts where the association between memory contents and the incoming perceptual data needs to be learned in order for memory to guide search behavior.
Together, these findings provide new and unique insight into the functional role of thalamic structures for high-level behavioral control, critically, for the biasing of attentional selection through memory and learning. The results furthermore stress the importance of characterizing the functional role of subcortical nuclei, in addition to cortical systems (e.g. parietofrontal), for a complete understanding of the mechanisms of attention and cognitive control.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
The final report consists of the doctoral thesis of the project leader
Author: de Bourbon Teles, J.
Document type:
Doctoral thesis. Final report
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
de Bourbon Teles, J. (2013). Neural substrates supporting the influence of working memory contents on visual attention (Unpublished doctoral thesis). Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, England, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Working memory / Visual attention / Thalamus / Stroke patients / Superior frontal gyrus / Transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) / Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)

Final report - Neural substrates supporting the influence of working memory contents on visual attention

Final report - Neural substrates supporting the influence of working memory contents on visual attention

DocumentThalamic lesions impair memory guidance of visual selection2011

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
072 - Neurocognitive mechanisms supporting the influence of memory on visual attention in healthy and disease
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
José Miguel Pinto Cardoso de Bourbon Teles, David Soto, Paul Bentley
Institution(s): Centre for Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Poster
Language: eng
Author:
de Bourbon Teles, J.
Secondary author(s):
Soto, D., Bentley, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Memory / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-072.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
Thalamic lesions impair memory guidance of visual selection
Publication year: 2011
URL:
http://www.the-bns.org/resources/11_11+BNS+Abstracts+Final.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVE:
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) research suggests that guidance of attention from the contents of working memory (WM) engages a complex network including frontal areas in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC), superior frontal gyrus (SFG), middle temporal regions, thalamic nuclei and occipital visual cortex. However, evidence from fMRI is only correlational and therefore it is difficult to determine which of the identified brain regions are necessary and causally involved in WM guidance of attention. This issue was addressed in a lesion study with focal-lesion stroke patients.
METHODS:
A total of 67 patients were tested. Patients were required to perform a visual search task for a target object presented amongst distracters. In the valid condition the colour of the sought after target was pre-cued by a verbal cue presented prior to the search display. On neutral trials, the patients did not receive any cue prior to search. Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) analyses were carried out to relate lesion anatomy to search behaviour.
RESULTS:
The VLSM analyses revealed that patients with thalamic lesions (N=4) showed no memory cueing effect of search despite having intact memory performance in a control memory task. In contrast, the control patients were able to use the memory cue to guide attention towards the target, as indexed by faster reaction times on valid relative to invalid trials.
CONCLUSION:
The findings support the role of the thalamus in controlling visual attention, specifically in guiding attention based on relevant information held in memory.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (poster)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Notes:
Abstract and respective poster in attachment
Author: de Bourbon Teles, J.
Secondary author(s):
Bentley, P., Soto, D.
Document type:
Online abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
de Bourbon Teles, J., Bentley, P., & Soto, D. (2011, November). Thalamic lesions impair memory guidance of visual selection. Poster presented at the British Neuropsychological Society (BNS) Autumn meeting 2011, London, England. Abstract retrieved from http://www.the-bns.org/resources/11_11+BNS+Abstracts+Final.pdf
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Stroke patients / Visual attention / Working memory / Voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping (VLSM) / Thalamus

Abstract

Abstract

Poster

Poster

DocumentThalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learning2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
072 - Neurocognitive mechanisms supporting the influence of memory on visual attention in healthy and disease
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013-10
Researcher(s):
José Miguel Pinto Cardoso de Bourbon Teles, David Soto, Paul Bentley
Institution(s): Centre for Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience and Mental Health, Imperial College London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Poster
Language: eng
Author:
de Bourbon Teles, J.
Secondary author(s):
Soto, D., Bentley, P.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Attention / Memory / Brain structure and function / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-072.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2010
Title:
Thalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learning
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.cell.com/current-biology/abstract/S0960-9822(14)00316-9
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The role of the thalamus in high-level cognition—attention, working memory (WM), rule-based learning, and decision making—remains poorly understood, especially in comparison to that of cortical frontoparietal networks [1–3]. Studies of visual thalamus have revealed important roles for pulvinar and lateral geniculate nucleus in visuospatial perception and attention [4–10] and for mediodorsal thalamus in oculomotor control [11]. Ventrolateral thalamus contains subdivisions devoted to action control as part of a circuit involving the basal ganglia [12, 13] and motor, premotor, and prefrontal cortices [14], whereas anterior thalamus forms a memory network in connection with the hippocampus [15]. This connectivity profile suggests that ventrolateral and anterior thalamus may represent a nexus between mnemonic and control functions, such as action or attentional selection. Here, we characterize the role of thalamus in the interplay between memory and visual attention. We show that ventrolateral lesions impair the influence of WM representations on attentional deployment. A subsequent fMRI study in healthy volunteers demonstrates involvement of ventrolateral and, notably, anterior thalamus in biasing attention through WM contents. To further characterize the memory types used by the thalamus to bias attention, we performed a second fMRI study that involved learning of stimulus-stimulus associations and their retrieval from long-term memory to optimize attention in search. Responses in ventrolateral and anterior thalamic nuclei tracked learning of the predictiveness of these abstract associations and their use in directing attention. These findings demonstrate a key role for human thalamus in higher-level cognition, notably, in mnemonic biasing of attention.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
de Bourbon Teles, J.
Secondary author(s):
Bentley, P., Koshino, S., Shah, K., Dutta, A., Malhotra, P., Egner, T., Husain, M., Soto, D.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
4|2022-03-19
Reference:
de Bourbon Teles, J., Bentley, P., Koshino, S., Shah, K., Dutta, A., Malhotra, P., . . . Soto, D. (2014). Thalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learning. Current Biology, 24(9), 993-999. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2014.03.024
2-year Impact Factor: 9.571|2014
Times cited: 64|2022-10-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Thalamus / Memory / Visual attention / Learning

Thalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learning

Thalamic control of human attention driven by memory and learning

DocumentHemispheric asymmetries in subcortical visual and auditory relay structures in congenital deafness2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012
Location: SEC PCA
Title:
2012 Grants
Start date: 2013-02

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-112
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2012
Title:
112 - Retinotopic reorganization of the auditory cortex of congenitally deaf individuals due to neuroplascticity
Duration: 2013-05
Researcher(s):
Jorge Manuel Castelo Branco de Albuquerque Almeida, Bradford Zack Mahon, Dr. Yanchao Bi, Óscar Filipe Coelho Neves Gonçalves
Institution(s): Faculdade de Psicologia e Ciências da Educação, Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Author:
Almeida, J.
Secondary author(s):
Mahon, B., Bi, Y., Gonçalves, O.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Biopsychological problems / Diseases/Injuries / Body structure and function / Audition / Brain structure and function

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2012-112.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2012
Title:
Hemispheric asymmetries in subcortical visual and auditory relay structures in congenital deafness
Publication year: 2016
URL:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ejn.13340/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Neuroplasticity – the capacity of the brain to change as a response to internal and external pressures – has been studied from a number of different perspectives. Perhaps one of the most powerful models is the study of populations that have been congenitally deprived of a sense. It has been shown that the right Auditory Cortex (AC) of congenitally deaf humans is neuroplastically modified in order to represent visual properties of a stimulus. One unresolved question is how this visual information is routed to the AC of congenitally deaf individuals. Here, we performed volumetric analysis of subcortical auditory and visual brains regions – namely the thalamus (along with three thalamic nuclei: the pulvinar, the lateral geniculate nucleus and the medial geniculate nucleus), and the inferior and superior colliculi – in deaf and hearing participants in order to identify which structures may be responsible for relaying visual information toward the altered AC. Because there is a hemispheric asymmetry in the neuroplastic changes observed in the AC of the congenitally deaf, we reasoned that subcortical structures that also showed a similar asymmetry in their total volume could have been enlisted in the effort of relaying visual information to the neuroplastically altered right AC. We show that for deaf, but not for hearing individuals, the right thalamus, right lateral geniculate nucleus and right inferior colliculus are larger than their left counterparts. These results suggest that these subcortical structures may be responsible for rerouting visual information to the AC in congenital deafness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Amaral, L.
Secondary author(s):
Ganho, A., Osório, A., He, D., Chen, Q., Mahon, B., Gonçalves, O., Sampaio, A., Fang, F., Bi, Y., Almeida, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6|2022-03-19
Reference:
Amaral, L., Ganho, A., Osório, A., He, D., Chen, Q., Mahon, B.Z., Gonçalves, O.F., Sampaio, A., Fang, F., Bi, Y. & Almeida, J. (2016). Hemispheric asymmetries in subcortical visual and auditory relay structures in congenital deafness. European Journal of Neuroscience, 44(6), 2334-2339. doi: 10.1111/ejn.13340
2-year Impact Factor: 2.941|2016
Times cited: 11|2022-10-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Auditory cortex / Neuroimaging / Neuronal plasticity / Ocular vision / Thalamus

DocumentMicroglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-266
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
266 - Early life stress and social hierarchies: The role of cortico-striatal circuits
Duration: 2017-01 - 2021-01
Researcher(s):
João Peça, Joana Guedes, Ana Luísa Cardoso, Mohammed Hussien, Lara Franco, Mário Carvalho
Institution(s): Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Peça, J.
Secondary author(s):
Guedes, J., Cardoso, A. L., Hussien, M., Franco, L., Carvalho, M.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Animal behavior / Social hierarchy / Stress / Optogenetics / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-266.10
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jnc.15689
Abstract/Results: Abstract
Microglia are tissue-resident macrophages responsible for the surveillance, neuronal support, and immune defense of the brain parenchyma. Recently, the role played by microglia in the formation and function of neuronal circuits has garnered substantial attention. During development, microglia have been shown to engulf neuronal precursors and participate in pruning mechanisms while, in the mature brain, they influence synaptic signaling, provide trophic support and shape synaptic plasticity. Recently, studies have unveiled different microglial characteristics associated with specific brain regions. This emerging view suggests that the maturation and function of distinct neuronal circuits may be potentially associated with the molecular identity microglia adopts across the brain. Here, we review and summarize the known role of these cells in the thalamus, hippocampus, cortex, and cerebellum. We focus on in vivo studies to highlight the characteristics of microglia that may be important in the remodeling of these neuronal circuits and in relation to neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Guedes, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, P., Costa, J., Cardoso, A. L., Peça, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Guedes, J. R., Ferreira, P., Costa, J., Cardoso, A. L., & Peça, J. (2022). Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits. Journal of Neurochemistry. doi: 10.1111/jnc.15689
2-year Impact Factor: 5.546|2021
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2022
Times cited: 0|2022-10-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Brain wiring / Cerebellum / Cortex / Hippocampus / Microglia / Neurodevelopment / Thalamus

Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits

Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits

DocumentMicroglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2016 Grants
Start date: 2017-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-264
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
264 - The influence of maternal bonding in neuroimmune synaptic sculpting
Duration: 2017-01 - 2020-09
Researcher(s):
Ana Luísa Cardoso, João Peça, Joana Guedes, Ana Silvestre Cardoso, Ana Viegas, Elisabete Ferreiro
Institution(s): Center for Neuroscience and Cell Biology, University of Coimbra (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Author: Cardoso, A. L.
Secondary author(s):
Peça, J., Guedes, J., Cardoso, A. S., Viegas, A. , Ferreiro, E.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Maternal bonding / Pre-frontal cortex / Synaptic pruning / Neuroimmunity / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2016-264.08
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits
Publication year: 2022
URL:
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/jnc.15689
Abstract/Results: Abstract
Microglia are tissue-resident macrophages responsible for the surveillance, neuronal support, and immune defense of the brain parenchyma. Recently, the role played by microglia in the formation and function of neuronal circuits has garnered substantial attention. During development, microglia have been shown to engulf neuronal precursors and participate in pruning mechanisms while, in the mature brain, they influence synaptic signaling, provide trophic support and shape synaptic plasticity. Recently, studies have unveiled different microglial characteristics associated with specific brain regions. This emerging view suggests that the maturation and function of distinct neuronal circuits may be potentially associated with the molecular identity microglia adopts across the brain. Here, we review and summarize the known role of these cells in the thalamus, hippocampus, cortex, and cerebellum. We focus on in vivo studies to highlight the characteristics of microglia that may be important in the remodeling of these neuronal circuits and in relation to neurodevelopmental and neuropsychiatric disorders.
Accessibility: Document exists in the file
Language:
eng
Author:
Guedes, J. R.
Secondary author(s):
Ferreira, P., Costa, J., Cardoso, A. L., Peça, J.
Document type:
Article-d
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Guedes, J. R., Ferreira, P., Costa, J., Cardoso, A. L., & Peça, J. (2022). Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits. Journal of Neurochemistry. doi: 10.1111/jnc.15689
2-year Impact Factor: 5.546|2021
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2022
Times cited: 0|2022-10-11
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Brain wiring / Cerebellum / Cortex / Hippocampus / Microglia / Neurodevelopment / Thalamus

Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits

Microglia-dependent remodeling of neuronal circuits