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DocumentRequired time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
072 - Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Daniel Erlacher, Michael Schredl, Carmen Gebhart
Institution(s): University of Heidelberg, Institute for Sport and Sports Science, Heidelberg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Erlacher, D.
Secondary author(s):
Schredl, M., Gebhart, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Altered states of consciousness / Lucid dreaming

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-072.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://www.bial.com/simposio/Livro_de_Actas_8_Simposio.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES:
The relationship between time in dreams and real time has intrigued scientists for centuries (cf. Schredl, 2000). In a recent study by Erlacher and Schredl (2004) it was shown that the required time to perform a motor task in a lucid dream was significant longer than the required time for the same task in the waking state. In contrast, the time intervals for counting were quite similar in lucid dreams and in wakefulness. In this experiment a simple cognitive task was used to investigate the relationship between the time needed in a lucid dream and the time needed for the same activity performed in the waking state.
METHODS:
Two experiments were conducted whereas in experiment 1 the participant’s task was to count to 10, 20, and 30 and in experiment 2 to walk 10, 20, and 30 steps in their lucid dreams. The lucid dreamers were instructed to mark the events by LRLR: the onset of lucidity, the beginning of each sequence and the end of the lucid dream task. The LRLR are clearly visible in the EOG recording and the interval between two LRLR can be measured. Sleep was recorded by means of standard procedures (EEG, EOG, EMG) by the standard recording device Trex Longtime EEG recorder (XLTEK).
RESULTS:
For the first and second experiment the results showed that the absolute duration of counting or walking in the lucid dream takes more time than for counting or walking during wakefulness. The relative timing, however, revealed for both conditions quite similar percentages for the two conditions (lucid dreaming and wakefulness).
DISCUSSION:
The results showed that in lucid dreams a tendency exists to overestimate durations for simple cognitive and motor tasks, but, that those differences are not visible for the relative timing of the tasks. In general the statistical analysis has to face the problem of testing for equivalence, because the alternative hypothesis predicts a similar result and not a difference (c.f. Wellek, 2003).
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Erlacher, D.
Secondary author(s):
Schredl, M., Gebhart, C.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Erlacher, D., Schredl, M., & Gebhart, C. (2010). Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 218). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Sleep / Lucid dreaming / Time / Counting / Walking

Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams

Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams

DocumentInvestigação em cronobiologia2000

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 8/1996
Title:
1996 Grants
Start date: 1997-01 - 2005-05
Dimension/support:
8 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-033
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/1996
Title:
033 - Noção do tempo e parâmetros dos ritmos psicofisiológicos
Duration: 1997-04 - 2000-07
Researcher(s):
Carlos Fernandes da Silva, Simon Folkard, Jorge Silvério, Anabela Pereira, Ana Allen Gomes
Institution(s): Laboratório de Psicologia da Universidade do Minho, Braga (Portugal)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Articles
Language: por
Author:
Silva, C. F.
Secondary author(s):
Folkard, S., Silvério, J., Pereira, A. M., Gomes, A.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Cognitive processes / Perception

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-1996-033.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 3/1996
Title:
Investigação em cronobiologia
Publication year: 2000
Accessibility:
Document does not exist in file
Language:
por
Author:
Silva, C. F.
Secondary author(s):
Rodrigues, P., Klein, J., Macedo, F.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Silva, C. F., Rodrigues, P. F., Klein, J. M. & Macedo, F. B. (2000). Investigação em cronobiologia. Psicologia: Teoria, Investigação e Prática, 5(2), 267-284.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Psychophysiology / Time

DocumentLucid dreaming: Neural virtual reality as a mechanism for performance enhancement2010

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
072 - Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Daniel Erlacher, Michael Schredl, Carmen Gebhart
Institution(s): University of Heidelberg, Institute for Sport and Sports Science, Heidelberg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Erlacher, D.
Secondary author(s):
Schredl, M., Gebhart, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Altered states of consciousness / Lucid dreaming

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-072.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
Lucid dreaming: Neural virtual reality as a mechanism for performance enhancement
Publication year: 2010
URL:
http://archiv.ub.uni-heidelberg.de/ojs/index.php/IJoDR/article/view/588/pdf
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Erlacher, D.
Secondary author(s):
Chapin, H.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Reference:
Erlacher, D., & Chapin, H. (2010). Lucid dreaming: Neural virtual reality as a mechanism for performance enhancement. International Journal Of Dream Research, 3(1), 7-10. https://doi.org/10.11588/ijodr.2010.1.588
2-year Impact Factor: N/A
Times cited: N/A
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: N/A
Keywords: Sleep and dreams / Lucid dreaming / Time

DocumentHow long is now for mindfulness meditators?2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
Title:
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-023
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2008
Title:
023 - A Test for Mindfulness – The Bistable Images Test
Duration: 2009-01 - 2010-09
Researcher(s):
Harald Walach, Ursula Mochty
Institution(s): University of Northampton, School of Social Sciences (UK)
Language: eng
Author:
Walach, H.
Secondary author(s):
Mochty, U.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Cognitive processes / Attention

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-023.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2008
Title:
How long is now for mindfulness meditators?
Publication year: 2012
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0191886911005939
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The experience of the present moment is characterized by an integrative mechanism that fuses successive events into a unitary phenomenological experience with a temporal limit of about 3 s. We hypothesized that proficiency of mindfulness expands the ability to stabilize an ambiguous percept in a bistable image paradigm using the Necker Cube, and that this effect is associated with individual differences in the level of mindfulness. Expanded duration of nowness as indicated by the ability to stabilize a bistable image stimulus for a longer period of time may improve cognitive resources and thus be of practical interest. In a sample of n = 38 meditators and n = 38 non-meditators, meditators showed longer duration of subjective nowness. This effect was associated with individual mindfulness levels. It is concluded that the subjective now can be longer for meditators than for non-meditators, and individual levels of mindfulness may convey this effect.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Sauer, S.
Secondary author(s):
Lemkec, J., Wittmann, M., Kohls, N., Mochty, U., Walach, H.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Sauer, S., Lemkec, J., Wittmann, M., Kohls, N., Mochty, U., & Walach, H. (2012). How long is now for mindfulness meditators? Personality and Individual Differences, 52(6), 750-754. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2011.12.026
2-year Impact Factor: 1.807|2012
Times cited: 47|2024-02-01
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Mindfulness / Temporal perception / Time / Subjective now / Meditation

How long is now for mindfulness meditators?

How long is now for mindfulness meditators?

DocumentTime for actions in lucid dreams: effects of task modality, length, and complexity2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 22 /2006
Title:
2006 Grants
Start date: 2007-01 - 2013-11
Dimension/support:
22 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-072
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
072 - Required time for cognitive and motor activities in lucid dreams
Duration: 2007-01 - 2009-01
Researcher(s):
Daniel Erlacher, Michael Schredl, Carmen Gebhart
Institution(s): University of Heidelberg, Institute for Sport and Sports Science, Heidelberg (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Author:
Erlacher, D.
Secondary author(s):
Schredl, M., Gebhart, C.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Psychophysiology / Sleep and Dreams / Altered states of consciousness / Lucid dreaming

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2006-072.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/2006
Title:
Time for actions in lucid dreams: effects of task modality, length, and complexity
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://www.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01013/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The relationship between time in dreams and real time has intrigued scientists for centuries. The question if actions in dreams take the same time as in wakefulness can be tested by using lucid dreams where the dreamer is able to mark time intervals with prearranged eye movements that can be objectively identified in EOG recordings. Previous research showed an equivalence of time for counting in lucid dreams and in wakefulness (LaBerge, 1985; Erlacher and Schredl, 2004), but Erlacher and Schredl (2004) found that performing squats required about 40% more time in lucid dreams than in the waking state. To find out if the task modality, the task length, or the task complexity results in prolonged times in lucid dreams, an experiment with three different conditions was conducted. In the first condition, five proficient lucid dreamers spent one to three non-consecutive nights in the sleep laboratory. Participants counted to 10, 20, and 30 in wakefulness and in their lucid dreams. Lucidity and task intervals were time stamped with left-right-left-right eye movements. The same procedure was used for the second condition where eight lucid dreamers had to walk 10, 20, or 30 steps. In the third condition, eight lucid dreamers performed a gymnastics routine, which in the waking state lasted the same time as walking 10 steps. Again, we found that performing a motor task in a lucid dream requires more time than in wakefulness. Longer durations in the dream state were present for all three tasks, but significant differences were found only for the tasks with motor activity (walking and gymnastics). However, no difference was found for relative times (no disproportional time effects) and a more complex motor task did not result in more prolonged times. Longer durations in lucid dreams might be related to the lack of muscular feedback or slower neural processing during REM sleep. Future studies should explore factors that might be associated with prolonged durations.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Erlacher, D.
Secondary author(s):
Schädlich, M., Stumbrys, T., Schredl, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Erlacher, D., Schädlich, M., Stumbrys, T., & Schredl, M. (2014). Time for actions in lucid dreams: effects of task modality, length, and complexity. Frontiers in Psychology, 4: 1013. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2013.01013
2-year Impact Factor: 2.560|2014
Times cited: 19|2024-02-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Lucid dreaming / Time / Motor activity / Cognitive activity / REM sleep

Time for actions in lucid dreams: effects of task modality, length, and complexity

Time for actions in lucid dreams: effects of task modality, length, and complexity

DocumentThe consciousness state space (CSS)—a unifying model for consciousness and self2014

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
Title:
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
027 - From trance to transcendence during meditation
Duration: 2011-06 - 2013-06
Researcher(s):
Joseph Glicksohn, Abraham Goldstein, Aviva Berkovich Ohana
Institution(s): The Leslie and Susan Golda (Goldschmied) Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan (Israel)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Book chapter
Language: eng
Author:
Glicksohn, J.
Secondary author(s):
Goldstein, A., Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Altered states of consciousness / Meditation / Trance / Brain structure and function / Cognitive processes / Perception / Consciousness / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-027.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 1/2010
Title:
The consciousness state space (CSS)—a unifying model for consciousness and self
Publication year: 2014
URL:
http://journal.frontiersin.org/Journal/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00341/abstract
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Every experience, those we are aware of and those we are not, is embedded in a subjective timeline, is tinged with emotion, and inevitably evokes a certain sense of self. Here, we present a phenomenological model for consciousness and selfhood which relates time, awareness, and emotion within one framework. The consciousness state space (CSS) model is a theoretical one. It relies on a broad range of literature, hence has high explanatory and integrative strength, and helps in visualizing the relationship between different aspects of experience. Briefly, it is suggested that all phenomenological states fall into two categories of consciousness, core and extended (CC and EC, respectively). CC supports minimal selfhood that is short of temporal extension, its scope being the here and now. EC supports narrative selfhood, which involves personal identity and continuity across time, as well as memory, imagination and conceptual thought. The CSS is a phenomenological space, created by three dimensions: time, awareness and emotion. Each of the three dimensions is shown to have a dual phenomenological composition, falling within CC and EC. The neural spaces supporting each of these dimensions, as well as CC and EC, are laid out based on the neuroscientific literature. The CSS dynamics include two simultaneous trajectories, one in CC and one in EC, typically antagonistic in normal experiences. However, this characteristic behavior is altered in states in which a person experiences an altered sense of self. Two examples are laid out, flow and meditation. The CSS model creates a broad theoretical framework with explanatory and unificatory power. It constructs a detailed map of the consciousness and selfhood phenomenology, which offers constraints for the science of consciousness. We conclude by outlining several testable predictions raised by the CSS model.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Berkovich-Ohana, A.
Secondary author(s):
Glicksohn, J.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Percentiles:
6
Reference:
Berkovich-Ohana, A., & Glicksohn, J. (2014). The consciousness state space (CSS) - a unifying model for consciousness and self. Frontiers in Psychology, 5: 341. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00341
2-year Impact Factor: 2.560|2014
Times cited: 20|2024-02-02
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Consciousness / Time / Awareness / Emotion / Self / Default mode network / Flow experience / Meditation

The consciousness state space (CSS)—a unifying model for consciousness and self

The consciousness state space (CSS)—a unifying model for consciousness and self

DocumentSpace, time and number: common coding mechanisms and interactions between domains2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-376
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
376 - Lateralisation of cognitive functions in the brain: Typical vs. atypical patterns
Duration: 2015-10 - 2018-11
Researcher(s):
Deborah J Serrien
Institution(s): University of Nottingham, School of Psychology (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Correspondence
Progress report
Final report
2 Articles
Language: eng
Author:
Serrien, D. J.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Brain lateralisation / Atypical lateralised individuals / Handedness / Cognition / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-376.06
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
Space, time and number: common coding mechanisms and interactions between domains
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00426-021-01503-8#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Space, time and number are key dimensions that underlie how we perceive, identify and act within the environment. They are interconnected in our behaviour and brain. In this study, we examined interdependencies between these dimensions. To this end, left- and right-handed participants performed an object collision task that required space–time processing and arithmetic tests that involved number processing. Handedness of the participants influenced collision detection with left-handers being more accurate than right-handers, which is in line with the premise that hand preference guides individual differences as a result of sensorimotor experiences and distinct interhemispheric integration patterns. The data further showed that successful collision detection was a predictor for arithmetic achievement, at least in right-handers. These findings suggest that handedness plays a mediating role in binding information processing across domains, likely due to selective connectivity properties within the sensorimotor system that is guided by hemispheric lateralisation patterns.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Serrien, D. J.
Secondary author(s):
Spapé, M. M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
1
Percentiles:
7
Reference:
Serrien, D. J., & Spapé, M. M. (2021). Space, time and number: common coding mechanisms and interactions between domains. Psychological Research-Psychologishe Forschung. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-021-01503-8
2-year Impact Factor: 2.424|2021
Times cited: 2|2024-02-14
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Space / Time / Number

Space, time and number: common coding mechanisms and interactions between domains

Space, time and number: common coding mechanisms and interactions between domains

File126 - In search of experienced time: How does the heart-brain coupling support the perception of time?

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2022
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
2022 Grants
Start date: 2023-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2022-126
Location: BF-GMS
Title:
126 - In search of experienced time: How does the heart-brain coupling support the perception of time?
Researcher(s): Manos Tsakiris, Irena Arslanova
Institution(s): Psychology Department, Royal Holloway University of London (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Language: eng
Author:
Tsakiris, M.
Secondary author(s):
Arslanova, I.
Number of reproductions:
1
Keywords:
Time / Awareness / Perception / Interoception / Psychophysiology