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BIAL Foundation
TI:"Absorption Experiences and their relationships to dreams, imaginary companions and Parapsychological experiences"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentAbsorption Experiences and their relationships to dreams, imaginary companions and Parapsychological experiences2012

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a
2008 Grants
Start date: 2009-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-079
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
079 - Absorption Experiences and their relationships to dreams, imaginary companions and Parapsychological experiences
Duration: 2009-10 - 2011-09
Nancy Zingrone, Carlos S. Alvarado
Institution(s): Division of Perceptual Studies, University of Virginia Health System (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Related objects:
Author: Zingrone, N. L.
Secondary author(s):
Alvarado, C. S.
Number of reproductions:
Parapsychology / Anomalous cognition/experiences / Personality factors

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2008-079.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2008
Absorption Experiences and their relationships to dreams, imaginary companions and Parapsychological experiences
Publication year: 2012
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Objectives: Conducted with Dr. Carlos S. Alvarado, the research described here was an exploratory
survey of the relationship of Tellegen’s Absorption Scale (TAS) scores, the frequency of absorption
experiences and, adult memories of childhood imaginary companions, and dream-related,
mystical, déjà vu, synesthesia-like and seemingly psychic experiences.
Method: Two surveys were conducted, one a random survey of the population of Richmond,
Virginia (S1) and the other, an English-language web-based volunteer survey (S2).
Results: 263 individuals completed the random survey and 622 the web-based survey. S2
respondents obtained higher TAS scores, and claimed more of all other experiences surveyed. 14%
S1 respondents claimed childhood imaginary companions compared to 26% S2 respondents. For
both groups, TAS scores were significantly higher for those who remembered imaginary
companions (IC-Yes) than for those who did not (IC-No) (Mann-Whitney z scores, S1z = 4.23, S2z =
6.61, p < .0001), as were frequency of absorption experience scores (S1z = 4.03, S2z = 6.96, p <
.0001). IC-Yes and IC-No groups differed significantly in S2 on frequency of dream-related,
seemingly psychic, mystical, déjà vu, and synesthesia-like experiences while in S1, disturbing
dreams, mystical and déjà vu experiences were not significantly different when parsed by ICYes/
IC-No. TAS scores and absorption frequency scores correlated with other experiences in both
surveys, with differing patterns of significance. For example, of the significant outcomes, TAS
scores correlated most highly with the frequency of lucid dreams (rs = .498), claimed apparitional
experiences (rs = .538), mystical experience (rs = .581) and synesthesia-like experiences of color
with music (rs = .614) in S1, but with dream recall frequency (rs = .283), claimed ESP experiences
during dreams (rs = .489), and déjà vu (rs = .524) in S2.
Conclusion/Discussion: This research replicated results of previous studies we have conducted in
that they show a consistent set of relationships between exceptional experiences and with such
psychological states/traits as absorption. Future research that includes measures of psychological
and psychosocial adjustment is warranted.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Zingrone, N. L.
Secondary author(s):
Alvarado, C. S.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
Zingrone, N.L., & Alvarado, C.S. (2012). Absorption Experiences and their relationships to dreams, imaginary companions and Parapsychological experiences. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 9th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 33/63). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Absorption / Imaginary companions / Exceptional experiences

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