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BIAL Foundation
TI:"Behavioral and physiological markers of feigned memory impairment"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentBehavioral and physiological markers of feigned memory impairment2018

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-430
Location: BF-GMS
430 - Psychophysiological Detection of Feigned Memory Complaint
Duration: 2016-05 - 2023-11
Sara Marta Pereira dos Santos Cavaco, Filomena Maria Correia Gomes
Institution(s): Centro Hospitalar do Porto - Hospital Santo António (Portugal); Faculdade de Medicina do Porto (Portugal)
Abstract/Results: Contents:
Application form
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Cavaco, S.
Secondary author(s):
Gomes, F.
Number of reproductions:
Feigning / Malingering / Effort / Deception / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-430.02
Location: BF-GMS
Behavioral and physiological markers of feigned memory impairment
Publication year: 2018
Background and aims: The detection of malingering in cognitive performance is an important clinical challenge. The study goal is to explore behavioral and physiological responses in a performance validity test under normal vs. feigning conditions.
Methods: Twenty healthy women (mean age=32±6; mean education=17±1) recruited in the community performed a digital version of Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) adapted for eye-tracking recording (iView X™ Hi-Speed 1250 System). Half performed TOMM under normal effort and half were instructed to feign memory impairment as if they were in the initial stages of dementia to receive retirement or disability benefits. Number of correct responses (CR), response time (RT), and fixation time (FT) in old vs. new stimuli were recorded. Mann-Whitney test were used for group comparisons and ROC curves were applied for diagnostic test evaluation.
Results: The feigning group produced fewer CR on both evaluation trials and retention trial (p<0.001), had longer RT on evaluation 1 (p=0.007) and 2 (p=0.004), and had shorter total FT (during the 3 seconds visualization period prior to RT) in old stimuli during evaluation 1 (p=0.013) and 2 (p=0.019). No significant other group differences (p>0.05) were identified regarding RT, first FT, and total FT. ROC curves revealed that behavioral measures (CR and RT) had AUC >0.9 on both evaluation trials and that the AUC for total FT was 0.8 on both evaluation trials.
Conclusion: Healthy individuals feigning memory impairment have a distinct behavioral and physiological response pattern, reflecting an increased effort to inhibit a natural response.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Catronas, D.
Secondary author(s):
Gomes, F., Rosa, B., Cavaco, S.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Catronas, D., Gomes, F., Rosa, B., & Cavaco, S. (2018). Behavioral and physiological markers of feigned memory impairment. European Journal of Neurology, 25 (Suppl. 2), 292.
Indexed document: Yes

Behavioral and physiological markers of feigned memory impairment

Behavioral and physiological markers of feigned memory impairment