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BIAL Foundation
TI:"Changes in subjective time and self during meditation"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentChanges in subjective time and self during meditation2022

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018
Location: BF-GMS
2018 Grants
Start date: 2019-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-050
Location: BF-GMS
050 - Changes in the temporal width of the present moment after meditation
Duration: 2019-07 - 2022-09
Marc Wittmann, Stefan Schmidt, Karin Meissner
Institution(s): Institute for Frontier Areas of Psychology and Mental Health, Freiburg (Germany); University Clinic Freiburg (Germany); Coburg University of Applied Sciences (Germany)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Final report
Language: eng
Wittmann, M.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S., Meissner, K.
Number of reproductions:
Present moment / Mindfulness / Time perception / Temporal integration / Psychophysiology and Parapsychology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2018-050.02
Location: BF-GMS
Changes in subjective time and self during meditation
Publication year: 2022
Abstract/Results: Abstract
This study examined the effects of meditative states in experienced meditators on present-moment awareness, subjective time, and self-awareness while assessing meditation-induced changes in heart-rate variability and breathing rate. A sample of 22 experienced meditators who practiced meditation techniques stressing awareness of the present moment (average 20 years of practice) filled out subjective scales pertaining to sense of time and the bodily self and accomplished a metronome task as an operationalization of present-moment awareness before and after a 20 min meditation session (experimental condition) and a 20 min reading session (control condition) according to a within-subject design. A mixed pattern of increased sympathetic and parasympathetic activity was found during meditation regarding heart-rate measures. Breathing intervals were prolonged during meditation. Participants perceived their body boundaries as less salient during meditation than while reading the story; they also felt time passed more quickly and they paid less attention to time during meditation. No significant differences between conditions became apparent for the metronome task. This is probably the first quantitative study to show how the experience of time during a meditation session is altered together with the sense of the bodily self.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Linares Gutiérrez, D.
Secondary author(s):
Schmidt, S., Meissner, K., Wittmann, M.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Linares Gutiérrez, D., Schmidt, S., Meissner, K., & Wittmann, M. (2022). Changes in subjective time and self during meditation. Biology, 11(8), 1116.
2-year Impact Factor: 4.200|2022
Times cited: 1|2024-02-15
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Time perception / Sense of self / Present-moment awareness / Meditation

Changes in subjective time and self during meditation

Changes in subjective time and self during meditation