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BIAL Foundation
TI:"Failure to elicit near-death experiences in induced cardiac arrest"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentFailure to elicit near-death experiences in induced cardiac arrest2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratůrios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIALís Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Manís physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between Ä5,000 and Ä50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 21/2002
2002 Grants
Start date: 2003-01 - 2009-11
21 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-035
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
035 - Near-Death Experiences During Induced Cardiac Arrest
Duration: 2003-06 - 2007-03
Bruce Greyson, J. Paul Mounsey, Martha Mercier, Janet Holden
Institution(s): Division of Personality Studies, University of Virginia (USA)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress reports
Final report
Language: eng
Mounsey, J.
Secondary author(s):
Mercier, M., Holden, J.
Number of reproductions:
Parapsychology / Survival after bodily death / Out-of-body experience (OBE) / Near-death experience

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2002-035.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 18/2002
Failure to elicit near-death experiences in induced cardiac arrest
Publication year: 2006
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Persons reporting near-death experiences (NDEs) sometimes describe a sense of having been out of their bodies and observing their surroundings from a visual perspective outside of and above their bodies. We attempted to study such phenomena during the surgical implantation of automatic implantable cardioverters/defibrillators (ICDs), electrical devices that monitor the patientís heartbeat and automatically detect cardiac arrest and administer an electrical shock to return the heart to normal rhythm. When ICDs are implanted in a patientís chest, cardiac arrest is induced under closely monitored conditions, in order to test the ICDís sensitivity and effectiveness. This study was designed to investigate the accuracy of out-of-body perceptions duringNDEs that occur during these induced cardiac arrests. A computer in the operating room displayed quasi-randomly-selected unusual visual targets so that they were visible only from above eye level, from a visual perspective looking down upon the body of the unconscious patient. In a series of 52 induced cardiac arrests, no patient reported having had a near-death experience, and none reported a sense of having left the physical body or observing from an out-of-body visual perspective. This failure to find a single NDE in 52 induced cardiac arrests may have been due to preoperative reassurances that patients would not be in danger of dying, the brief duration of the induced cardiac arrest, or the amnestic effects of pre-anesthetic sedative medication.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
By permission
Greyson, B.
Secondary author(s):
Holden, J., Mounsey, J.
Document type:
Number of reproductions:
Greyson, B., Holden, J. M., & Mounsey, J. P. (2006). Failure to elicit near-death experiences in induced cardiac arrest. Journal of Near-Death Studies, 25, 85-98.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Near-death experience / Induced cardiac arrest / Out-of-body experience (OBE)

Failure to elicit near-death experiences in induced cardiac arrest

Failure to elicit near-death experiences in induced cardiac arrest