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BIAL Foundation
TI:"Final report - The Sharefeld: A new standard for free response ESP research"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentFinal report - The Sharefeld: A new standard for free response ESP research2013

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 23
2010 Grants
Start date: 2011-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-190
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 10/2010
190 - The Sharefeld: A new standard for free response ESP research
Duration: 2011-04 - 2013-09
Mario Varvoglis, Peter Bancel, Djohar Si Ahmed, Jean-Paul Bailly
Institution(s): Institut Metapsychique International, Paris (France)
Contents: Contents:
Bursary agreement
Application form
Financial report and expenditure documents
Progress report
Final report
Conference paper
Language: eng
Varvoglis, M.
Secondary author(s):
Bancel, P., Ahmed, D., Bailly, J. -P.
Number of reproductions:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Telepathy / Assessment tools

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2010-190.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 9/2010
Final report - The Sharefeld: A new standard for free response ESP research
Publication year: 2013
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
Recent metanalyses have shown that psi-research protocols coupling subject optimization (or "noise reduction") procedures with a free-response testing approach produce a moderate degree of replicability and adequate effect-sizes. However, these protocols are time- and resource- intensive; a single trial, or data point, can take one hour or more. Thus, in a field of limited resources, they are not well suited for process-oriented research.
The Sharefield project explores an alternative approach: an automated experimental protocol that combines optimization procedures with forced-choice testing, involving higher data collection rates. The project's long term goal is to develop a readily replicable testing protocol that produces superior effect sizes and is useful for process-oriented research.
1. Develop and perfect a novel automated testing approach combining forced-choice testing with subject-optimization procedures, so as to obtain a flexible and powerful psi-research tool.
2. Conduct a telepathy experiment based on this approach, to assess its viability and determine improvements. Integrating a comparison between subject-optimized conditions (OS) with Non-Optimized conditions (N-OS), the experiment tests three hypotheses:
I) the trial effect size for the OS condition will be significant
II) the trial effect size for the OS condition will be superior to that obtained in the N-OS condition
III) the OS session effect size will be superior to 0.135, the ES established for the Ganzfeld.
Main Analyses
For the Optimized-Sessions (OS), we obtained 253 hits out of 500 trials (Z = 0.268, E.S. = 0.012, P=N.S.). Hypothesis I was not confirmed.
The difference in trial effect sizes between OS and N-OS conditions was ES = 0.099 (Z = 1.35, P= 0.09). Hypothesis II was not confirmed.
The OS session effect size was ES = 0.0537. Hypothesis III, was not confirmed.
Secondary Analyses
The null results observed in the Main Analyses may have been due to a combination of psi-hitting and psi-missing, rather than an absence of psi. To test this, we assessed hit rate variability by grouping trials according to three factors that could produce significant variability in scoring: participants, targets and trial position within the session. Hit rate distributions for these three factors, for both OS and N-OS conditions, were tested against the null hypothesis using a Pearson chi-squared goodness-of-fit test and a Monte Carlo test of the variance. In this analysis, we obtained significantly low probability values for two of the six OS tests and none for the N-OS; a Monte Carlo simulation estimating the probability of finding 2 of 6 tests with P-values of 0.03 and 0.02, or less, is significant (P= 0.012; 90% confidence interval of 0.007, 0.017). Thus, scoring specifically during the OS trials was anomalously variable, suggesting that the Optimized condition elicited psi-hitting / psi-missing patterns rather than no psi at all.
For this first study, we are encouraged by the successful integration of optimization procedures in an automated multiple-trial protocol, and by the positive feedback given by participants. While the main hypotheses were not confirmed, the post-hoc analyses provided some evidence that the Optimization protocol did elicit psi functioning, albeit in an unstable manner. Based on the quantitative and qualitative results, we are now working on improvements for the next Sharefield experiment.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
By permission
Varvoglis, M.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
Indexed document:
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Methodology / Sharefield / Software / Telepathy / Forced choice / Subject optimization

Final report - The Sharefeld: A new standard for free response ESP research

Final report - The Sharefeld: A new standard for free response ESP research