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BIAL Foundation
TI:"The rewarding properties of C-tactile afferents revealed through evaluative conditioning"
Selection Description
Type Title Begin End
DocumentThe rewarding properties of C-tactile afferents revealed through evaluative conditioning2016

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014
Location: BF-GMS
2014 Grants
Start date: 2015-01

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-320
Location: BF-GMS
320 - Affiliative Touch & Emotion Regulation
Duration: 2015-10
Francis McGlone, Peter Cannon, Ralph Pawling, Susannah Claire Walker
Institution(s): Liverpool John Moores University (UK); Massey University, Albany (New Zealand)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Language: eng
This project is still in progress
Author: McGlone, F.
Secondary author(s):
Cannon, P., Pawling, R., Walker, S.
Number of reproductions:
Touch / C-Tactile Afferents / Social / Stress / Psychophysiology

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2014-320.02
Location: BF-GMS
The rewarding properties of C-tactile afferents revealed through evaluative conditioning
Publication year: 2016
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The rewarding sensation of touch in affiliative interactions is hypothesised to be underpinned by a specialised system of nerve fibres called C-tactile afferents (CTs), which respond optimally to slowly moving, gentle touch, typical of a caress. In the current study we employed evaluative conditioning to examine whether CT activation carries an innate reward value. Participants rated the approachability of faces pre and post-conditioning. During conditioning, a subset of each participant’s most neutrally rated faces was paired with robotically delivered touch to their forearm. For half the faces touch was delivered at CT- optimal speed, 3cm/second. For the other half touch was delivered at a faster, CT-non- optimal speed, 30cm/second. Heart-rate was recorded during conditioning. A significant touch by time interaction was found. Whilst rated equally approachable pre-conditioning, post-conditioning faces that had been paired with CT-optimal touch were judged significantly more approachable than those paired with CT-non-optimal touch. CT-touch also caused greater heart-rate deceleration than CT-non-optimal touch, during conditioning. The results offer empirical evidence that CT-touch carries affective value which can be imbued to socially relevant stimuli. Our findings support the theory that CT-touch can reduce arousal levels, perhaps underpinning the role of CTs in social support.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Pawling, R.
Secondary author(s):
Trotter, P., Walker, S., McGlone, F.
Document type:
Abstract book
Number of reproductions:
Pawling, R., Trotter, P., Walker, S., & McGlone, F. (2016). The rewarding properties of C-tactile afferents revealed through evaluative conditioning. Abstract book of the Experimental Psychology Society meeting (pp. 58-59), Durham, UK.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Touch / C-Tactile afferent / Stress / Emotion regulation / Social

The rewarding properties of C-tactile afferents revealed through evaluative conditioning

The rewarding properties of C-tactile afferents revealed through evaluative conditioning