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FileAware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation2015-11

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

DocumentMindfulness and cognitive functions: Toward a unifying neurocognitive framework2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Mindfulness and cognitive functions: Toward a unifying neurocognitive framework
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12671-016-0654-1
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Srinivasan, N.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Raffone, A., & Srinivasan, N. (2017). Mindfulness and cognitive functions: Toward a unifying neurocognitive framework. Mindfulness, 8: 1. doi: 10.1007/s12671-016-0654-1
2-year Impact Factor: 3.024|2017
Times cited: 17|2021-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mindfulness / Theoretical framework / Cognitive functions

DocumentIllusions of integration are subjectively impenetrable: Phenomenological experience of Lag 1 percepts during dual target RSVP2017

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Illusions of integration are subjectively impenetrable: Phenomenological experience of Lag 1 percepts during dual target RSVP
Publication year: 2017
URL:
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1053810016303348
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
We investigated the relationship between different kinds of target reports in a rapid serial visual presentation task, and their associated perceptual experience. Participants reported the identity of two targets embedded in a stream of stimuli and their associated subjective visibility. In our task, target stimuli could be combined together to form more complex ones, thus allowing participants to report temporally integrated percepts. We found that integrated percepts were associated with high subjective visibility scores, whereas reports in which the order of targets was reversed led to a poorer perceptual experience. We also found a reciprocal relationship between the chance of the second target not being reported correctly and the perceptual experience associated with the first one. Principally, our results indicate that integrated percepts are experienced as a unique, clear perceptual event, whereas order reversals are experienced as confused, similar to cases in which an entirely wrong response was given.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Simione, L.
Secondary author(s):
Akyürek, E. G., Vastola, V., Raffone, A., Bowman, H.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Simione, L., Akyürek, E. G., Vastola, V., Raffone, A., & Bowman, H. (2017). Illusions of integration are subjectively impenetrable: Phenomenological experience of Lag 1 percepts during dual target RSVP. Consciousness and Cognition, 51, 181-192. doi: 10.1016/j.concog.2017.03.004
2-year Impact Factor: 2.272|2017
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2019
Times cited: 2|2021-05-19
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Order errors / Perceptual awareness / RSVP / Subjective visibility / Temporal integration

DocumentEffects of the mindfulness-based stress reduction program on mind wandering and dispositional mindfulness facets2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Effects of the mindfulness-based stress reduction program on mind wandering and dispositional mindfulness facets
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12671-018-1070-5#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Mind wandering is characterized by the absence of cognitive focus on a task, due to interfering spontaneous mentation. Despite a large number of investigations on mind wandering and mindfulness training in recent years, very few studies have directly investigated the effects of mindfulness training on mind wandering. In this study, we originally investigated the effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) training on objective and subjective indices of mind wandering, by using the sustained attention to response task (SART), in combination with the assessment of dispositional mindfulness facets through the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ). To this aim, 60 participants were distributed into two groups using a stratified random assignment, based on meditation experience. One group took part in the training, whereas the other was a control, waiting condition. From this original sample, 37 people completed all assignments and were included in the study (20 in the experimental group and 17 in the control). We compared the performance at SART, as well as the dispositional measures of the two groups, before and after the intervention. We found that MBSR training led to a reduction of attentional lapses and to increased scores in self-reported dispositional mindfulness facets. However, we did not find such reduction in thought probe reports of attentional focus and meta-awareness. The collective results highlight the importance of studying the association of behavioral, self-reported thought probes and dispositional mindfulness while investigating the effects of mindfulness training on cognitive and metacognitive functions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Giannandrea, A.
Secondary author(s):
Simione, L., Pescatori, B., Ferrell, K., Belardinelli, M. O., Hickman, S. D., Raffone, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Giannandrea, A., Simione, L., Pescatori, B., Ferrell, K., Belardinelli, M. O., Hickman, S. D., & Raffone, A. (2019). Effects of the mindfulness-based stress reduction program on mind wandering and dispositional mindfulness facets. Mindfulness, 10(1), 185-195. doi: 10.1007/s12671-018-1070-5
2-year Impact Factor: 3.581|2019
Times cited: 4|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mindfulness / Mind wandering / Attention / Cognitive control / MBSR / SART

DocumentFinal report - Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Final report - Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.bial.com/media/3224/aware-mind-brain.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
BACKGROUND
Research on meditation and mindfulness on one side, and investigations of consciousness and its neural correlates on the other side, have mostly proceeded independently. Both lines of research have developed remarkably over the last decades, though with a limited cross-reference.
AIMS
The project aimed to bridge mindfulness meditation and consciousness investigations with a particular focus on long-term meditators (Theravada Buddhist monks), and on related neuroplasticity, by investigating both meditation states and traits. Phenomenological reports where emphasized in the project, with their electrophysiological correlates, in experiments with pain and emotional stimuli. The main meditation styles, Focused Attention Meditation (FAM), Open Monitoring Meditation (OMM) and Loving Kindness Meditation (LKM) were investigated in the project, as contrasted with a non-meditative Rest condition. Mind wandering and visual consciousness were also investigated in the project by combining behavioral and subjective report measures. Finally, theoretical developments took place in the project bridging mindfulness meditation and consciousness research lines.
METHOD
Behavioral, phenomenological, electroencephalographic (EEG), magnetoencephalographic (MEG), functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and dispositional self-report measures were used in the project. Cross-sectional investigations with long-term virtuoso meditators and a matched group of novice meditators, as well as longitudinal studies with 8 week mindfulness training and pre-post measures also involving a control group, were performed.
RESULTS
The project has found novel neural correlates of the three main forms of meditation FAM, OMM and LKM, in terms of both differential and shared brain activity and functional connectivity patterns. State and trait-related effects with pain and emotion stimuli were also found, in correlation with different dimensions of experience. Pain intensity was found to depend on aversion and identification dimensions of experience, in line with Buddhist psychology. The investigations with long-term meditators revealed a prominent involvement of a widespread alpha rhythm and coherence in the brain, with particular reference to anterior sites of the brain, which can be interpreted as a key neurophysiological marker of consciousness states developed in long-term meditators. Specific effects of mindfulness training on the reduction of mind wandering, and on the time course of perceptual awareness, were also found in the project.
CONCLUSIONS
The project has led to novel insights bridging dimensions of conscious experience with mindfulness meditation training, and on their neural correlates, also leading to new theoretical advances.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Raffone, A.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Raffone, A. (2019). Final report - Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Meditation / Consciousness / Mindfulness / Neurophenomenology / Electroencephalography / Neuroplasticity

Final report - Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation

Final report - Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation

DocumentToward a brain theory of meditation2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Toward a brain theory of meditation
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0079612318301675?via%3Dihub
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The rapidly progressing science of meditation has led to insights about the neural correlates of focused attention meditation (FAM), open monitoring meditation (OMM), compassion meditation (CM) and loving kindness meditation (LKM), in terms of states and traits. However, a unified theoretical understanding of the brain mechanisms involved in meditation-related functions, including mindfulness, is lacking. After reviewing the main forms of meditation and their relationships, the major brain networks and brain states, as well as influential theoretical views of consciousness, we outline a Brain Theory of Meditation (BTM). BTM takes the lead from considerations about the roles of the major brain networks, i.e., the central executive, salience and default mode networks, and their interplay, in meditation, and from an essential energetic limitation of the human brain, such that only up to 1% of the neurons in the cortex can be concurrently activated. The development of the theory is also guided by our neuroscientific studies with the outstanding participation of Theravada Buddhist monks, with other relevant findings in literature. BTM suggests mechanisms for the different forms of meditation, with the down-regulation of brain network activities in FAM, the gating and tuning of network coupling in OMM, and state-related up-regulation effects in CM and LKM. The theory also advances a leftward asymmetry in top-down regulation, and an enhanced inter-hemispheric integration, in meditation states and traits, also with implications for a theoretical understanding of conscious access. Meditation thus provides a meta-function for an efficient brain/mind regulation, and a flexible allocation of highly limited and often constrained (e.g., by negative emotion and mind wandering) brain activity resources, which can be related to mindfulness. Finally, a series of experimental predictions is derived from the theory.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
BL-2016-066.02
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Marzetti, L., Del Gratta, C., Perrucci, M. G., Romani, G. L., Pizzella, V.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Raffone, A., Marzetti, L., Del Gratta, C., Perrucci, M. G., Romani, G. L., & Pizzella, V. (2019). Toward a brain theory of meditation. Progress in Brain Research, 244, 207-232. doi: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2018.10.028
2-year Impact Factor: 1.746|2019
Times cited: 8|2021-04-22
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q4
Keywords: Attention / Brain network / Consciousness / Meditation / Mindfulness / Neuroplasticity / Theory

DocumentVisual attention modulates phenomenal consciousness: Evidence from a change detection study2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Visual attention modulates phenomenal consciousness: Evidence from a change detection study
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02150/full
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
The distinction between phenomenal and access consciousness has been influential in the field of consciousness studies. Both Block and Lamme proposed that access consciousness, or narrow cognitive accessibility, is related to a limited capacity working memory, and that phenomenal consciousness, or broad cognitive accessibility, is related to iconic memory or, more recently, to a fragile (intermediate) short-term memory store with a larger capacity than working memory. They have also highlighted the preattentive nature of phenomenal consciousness and of the related iconic and fragile visual short-term stores, thus selectively linking attention with access consciousness, in line with Baars and Dehaene, among others. However, a range of electrophysiological and neurophysiological studies suggest that visual attention can affect early responses of neurons in visual cortex, before conscious access. Furthermore, some theories and neurocomputational models suggest earlier attentional biases related to phenomenal consciousness. To solve this controversy, and to shed light on the relationships of attention with iconic memory and subsequent stages of visual maintenance, we conducted an experiment with a novel procedure of change detection based on delayed cueing of the target for report with high- and low-priority objects marked by color. In line with our hypothesis, the results show an attentional bias toward high-priority objects in the memory array with the longer (600 and 1,200 ms) cueing delays associated with a fragile (intermediate) visual short-term memory, but not with the shorter cueing delays (16.6 and 200 ms) associated with iconic memory. These findings therefore suggest two stages of phenomenal consciousness before access consciousness: a first preattentive stage related to iconic memory and a second stage related to fragile visual short-term memory intermediate between iconic and visual working memory, which is modulated by visual attention in a time-dependent manner. Finally, our results suggest the dissociation between a mid-level visual attention modulating phenomenal consciousness and a central attention directing access consciousness.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simione, L.
Secondary author(s):
Di Pace, E., Chiarella, S. G., Raffone, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Simione, L., Di Pace, E., Chiarella, S. G., & Raffone, A. (2019). Visual attention modulates phenomenal consciousness: Evidence from a change detection study. Frontiers in Psychology, 10:2150. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02150
2-year Impact Factor: 2.067|2019
Times cited: 2|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q2
Keywords: Attention / Consciousness / Working memory / Iconic memory / Change detection

Visual attention modulates phenomenal consciousness: Evidence from a change detection study

Visual attention modulates phenomenal consciousness: Evidence from a change detection study

DocumentStress as the missing link between mindfulness, Sleep quality, and well-being: A cross-sectional study2019

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Stress as the missing link between mindfulness, Sleep quality, and well-being: A cross-sectional study
Publication year: 2019
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12671-019-01255-y
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES
There is ample evidence that mindfulness contributes to psychological well-being. There is also evidence that mindfulness can improve sleep, and previous research has suggested that the positive effects of mindfulness on well-being may depend on its capacity to decrease sleep disturbances. However, it is possible that a third factor that is affected by mindfulness may in turn affect both sleep quality and well-being. Given the well-known protective effects of mindfulness on stress and the influence of stress on both sleep disturbance and well-being, stress represents a strong candidate for such a mediational role.
METHODS
We collected cross-sectional data on mindfulness, stress, sleep disturbance, and well-being in a sample of adults taken from the general population, and then we applied structural equation modeling to analyze the relationships between a set of latent variables.
RESULTS
Our results confirm that mindfulness is negatively related to stress and this effect fully mediates the positive relationship between mindfulness and both sleep quality and well-being. Furthermore, our results show that if the effect of stress is taken into account, sleep quality does not mediate the influence of mindfulness on well-being and in fact does not relate to well-being at all.
CONCLUSIONS
Our study points to the central role of stress reduction in explaining the beneficial effects of mindfulness on both behavioral and psychological variables.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simione, L.
Secondary author(s):
Raffone, A., Mirolli, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Simione, L., Raffone, A., & Mirolli, M. (2019). Stress as the missing link between mindfulness, Sleep quality, and well-being: A cross-sectional study. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-019-01255-y
2-year Impact Factor: 3.581|2019
Times cited: 1|2021-05-20
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Stress / Mindfulness / Sleep / Well-being

DocumentCommon and distinct lateralised patterns of neural coupling during focused attention, open monitoring and loving kindness meditation2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Common and distinct lateralised patterns of neural coupling during focused attention, open monitoring and loving kindness meditation
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-020-64324-6
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Meditation has been integrated into different therapeutic interventions. To inform the evidence-based selection of specific meditation types it is crucial to understand the neural processes associated with different meditation practices. Here we explore commonalities and differences in electroencephalographic oscillatory spatial synchronisation patterns across three important meditation types. Highly experienced meditators engaged in focused attention, open monitoring, and loving kindness meditation. Improving on previous research, our approach avoids comparisons between groups that limited previous findings, while ensuring that the meditation states are reliably established. Employing a novel measure of neural coupling – the imaginary part of EEG coherence – the study revealed that all meditation conditions displayed a common connectivity pattern that is characterised by increased connectivity of (a) broadly distributed delta networks, (b) left-hemispheric theta networks with a local integrating posterior focus, and (c) right-hemispheric alpha networks, with a local integrating parieto-occipital focus. Furthermore, each meditation state also expressed specific synchronisation patterns differentially recruiting left- or right-lateralised beta networks. These observations provide evidence that in addition to global patterns, frequency-specific inter-hemispheric asymmetry is one major feature of meditation, and that mental processes specific to each meditation type are also supported by lateralised networks from fast-frequency bands.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Yordanova, J.
Secondary author(s):
Kolev, V., Mauro, F., Nicolardi, V., Simione, L., Calabrese, L., Malinowski, P., Raffone, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Yordanova, J., Kolev, V., Mauro, F., Nicolardi, V., Simione, L., Calabrese, L., Malinowski, P., & Raffone, A. (2020). Common and distinct lateralised patterns of neural coupling during focused attention, open monitoring and loving kindness meditation. Scientific Reports, 10: 7430. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-64324-6
2-year Impact Factor: 4.379|2020
Times cited: 1|2021-07-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Meditation practices / Connectivity pattern / Synchronisation patterns

Common and distinct lateralised patterns of neural coupling during focused attention, open monitoring and loving kindness meditation

Common and distinct lateralised patterns of neural coupling during focused attention, open monitoring and loving kindness meditation

DocumentMindfulness meditation weakens attachment to self: Evidence from a self vs other binding task2020

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Mindfulness meditation weakens attachment to self: Evidence from a self vs other binding task
Publication year: 2020
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12671-020-01457-9
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES
Mindfulness meditation is based on Buddhist teachings and meditation practices that promote a reduced identification with thoughts and mental states. Mindfulness meditation is also suggested to promote self-other integration, either by decreasing preference for self-related processing or by rebalancing self and other-related processing. However, it is not clear how meditation practice influences attachment to self and more specifically sense of agency. Hence, we investigated how mindfulness meditation (Vipassana or insight meditation) practice influences an implicit measure of sense of agency known as intentional binding effect with self- vs other-associated stimuli by comparing long-term meditators with non-meditators.
METHODS
This study had two phases. The first phase consisted of a perceptual matching task using self-related and other-related shape-label pairings so that participants can learn the shape-label associations. In the second phase, participants performed an intentional binding task with the same self-associated and other-associated stimuli displayed as target outcome of self-generated action.
RESULTS
While meditators did show faster responses to self vs other shape-label processing similar to non-meditators, they did not show stronger binding (reduced temporal estimation between action and outcome shape) for self-associated compared with other-associated outcome.
CONCLUSIONS
The results indicate that even though meditators preferentially process self-related information, they are less attached to self-associated stimuli as indicated by an implicit measure of sense of agency. These results have implications for theories of action and agency based on contemplative traditions that emphasize less attachment to outcomes of our actions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Chiarella, S. G.
Secondary author(s):
Makwana, M., Simione, L., Hartkamp, M., Calabrese, L., Raffone, A., Srinivasan, N.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Chiarella, S. G., Makwana, M., Simione, L., Hartkamp, M., Calabrese, L., Raffone, A., & Srinivasan, N. (2020). Mindfulness meditation weakens attachment to self: Evidence from a self vs other binding task. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-020-01457-9
2-year Impact Factor: 4.684|2020
Times cited: 1|2021-07-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mindfulness meditation / Self-other referential processing / Temporal binding / Intentional binding / Attachment / Agency

DocumentAttentional and cognitive monitoring brain networks in long-term meditators depend on meditation states and expertise2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Attentional and cognitive monitoring brain networks in long-term meditators depend on meditation states and expertise
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-021-84325-3#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Meditation practice is suggested to engage training of cognitive control systems in the brain. To evaluate the functional involvement of attentional and cognitive monitoring processes during meditation, the present study analysed the electroencephalographic synchronization of fronto-parietal (FP) and medial-frontal (MF) brain networks in highly experienced meditators during different meditation states (focused attention, open monitoring and loving kindness meditation). The aim was to assess whether and how the connectivity patterns of FP and MF networks are modulated by meditation style and expertise. Compared to novice meditators, (1) highly experienced meditators exhibited a strong theta synchronization of both FP and MF networks in left parietal regions in all mediation styles, and (2) only the connectivity of lateralized beta MF networks differentiated meditation styles. The connectivity of intra-hemispheric theta FP networks depended non-linearly on meditation expertise, with opposite expertise-dependent patterns found in the left and the right hemisphere. In contrast, inter-hemispheric FP connectivity in faster frequency bands (fast alpha and beta) increased linearly as a function of expertise. The results confirm that executive control systems play a major role in maintaining states of meditation. The distinctive lateralized involvement of FP and MF networks appears to represent a major functional mechanism that supports both generic and style-specific meditation states. The observed expertise-dependent effects suggest that functional plasticity within executive control networks may underpin the emergence of unique meditation states in expert meditators.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Yordanova, J.
Secondary author(s):
Kolev, V., Nicolardi, V., Simione, L., Mauro, F., Garberi, P., Raffone, A., Malinowski, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Yordanova, J., Kolev, V., Nicolardi, V., Simione, L., Mauro, F., Garberi, P., Raffone, A., & Malinowski, P. (2021). Attentional and cognitive monitoring brain networks in long-term meditators depend on meditation states and expertise. Scientific Reports, 11: 4909. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-84325-3
2-year Impact Factor: 4.379|2020
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Times cited: 0|2021-07-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Focused attention / Open monitoring / Loving kindness meditation / Electroencephalography / Expert meditators

Attentional and cognitive monitoring brain networks in long-term meditators depend on meditation states and expertise

Attentional and cognitive monitoring brain networks in long-term meditators depend on meditation states and expertise

DocumentAcceptance, and not its interaction with attention monitoring, increases psychological well-being: Testing the monitor and acceptance theory of mindfulness2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Acceptance, and not its interaction with attention monitoring, increases psychological well-being: Testing the monitor and acceptance theory of mindfulness
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12671-021-01607-7#citeas
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
OBJECTIVES
According to the influential Monitor and Acceptance Theory (MAT), mindfulness includes the two components of attention monitoring and acceptance, which, in conjunction, can explain its benefits on psychological well-being: monitoring alone would increase affective reactivity (MAT tenet 1b), but when combined with acceptance, it would lead to increased psycho-physical well-being (MAT tenet 2b). However, the studies cited in support to MAT are not completely consistent with the theory, Thus, we conducted a cross-sectional study to further test it.
METHODS
In a pool of 154 participants, we measured the two mindfulness components with the Five Facets Mindfulness Questionnaire, while also assessing ill-being or psychological distress in terms of depression, anxiety, stress, and sleep disturbances, and psychological well-being in terms of life satisfaction and happiness. We then conducted hierarchical regression analysis on these data for assessing the role of monitoring, acceptance, and their interaction on the other psychological variables.
RESULTS
Our results show that monitoring alone marginally predicted few ill-being variables, whereas acceptance strongly predicted both reductions in psychological symptoms and increases in well-being. Moreover, no significant interaction between monitoring and acceptance was found for any of the tested variables.
CONCLUSIONS
The present study provides very little support for the two tested MAT tenets. On the contrary, in line with most of the available literature, our results strongly support the alternative view according to which the beneficial effects of mindfulness on psychological outcomes depend mostly on acceptance.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Simione, L.
Secondary author(s):
Raffone, A., Mirolli, M.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Simione, L., Raffone, A., & Mirolli, M. (2021). Acceptance, and not its interaction with attention monitoring, increases psychological well-being: Testing the monitor and acceptance theory of mindfulness. Mindfulness. doi: 10.1007/s12671-021-01607-7
2-year Impact Factor: 4.684|2020
Impact factor notes: Impact factor not available yet for 2021
Times cited: 1|2021-07-28
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q1
Keywords: Mindfulness / Well-being / Monitor and acceptance theory / Acceptance / Attention monitoring / Emotional

Acceptance, and not its interaction with attention monitoring, increases psychological well-being: Testing the monitor and acceptance theory of mindfulness

Acceptance, and not its interaction with attention monitoring, increases psychological well-being: Testing the monitor and acceptance theory of mindfulness

DocumentNeuroplasticity within and between functional brain networks in mental training based on long-term meditation2021

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: AWARE
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Aware Mind-Brain: bridging insights on the mechanisms and neural substrates of human awareness and meditation
Duration: 2015-11
Researcher(s):
Antonino Raffone, Salvatore Maria Aglioti, Henk P. Barendregt, Fabio M. Giommi, Juliana Jordanova, Peter Malinowski, Stephen Whitmarsh
Institution(s): ECONA . Interuniversity Center for Cognitive Processing in Natural and Artificial Systems, Universitŕ degli Studi di Roma “La Sapienza” (Italy)
Contents: Application
Research Funding Agreement
Progress report
Language: eng
Notes:
This project is still in progress
Author: Raffone, A.
Secondary author(s):
Salvatore, M. A., Barendregt, H., Giommi, F. M., Jordanova, J., Malinowski, P., Whitmarsh, S.
Number of reproductions:
3
Keywords:
Parapsychology and Psychophysiology / Meditation / Awareness

Reference code: AWARE-12
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 2/Outros Apoios
Title:
Neuroplasticity within and between functional brain networks in mental training based on long-term meditation
Publication year: 2021
URL:
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/11/8/1086/htm
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
(1) The effects of intensive mental training based on meditation on the functional and structural organization of the human brain have been addressed by several neuroscientific studies. However, how large-scale connectivity patterns are affected by long-term practice of the main forms of meditation, Focused Attention (FA) and Open Monitoring (OM), as well as by aging, has not yet been elucidated. (2) Using functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) and multivariate pattern analysis, we investigated the impact of meditation expertise and age on functional connectivity patterns in large-scale brain networks during different meditation styles in long-term meditators. (3) The results show that fMRI connectivity patterns in multiple key brain networks can differentially predict the meditation expertise and age of long-term meditators. Expertise-predictive patterns are differently affected by FA and OM, while age-predictive patterns are not influenced by the meditation form. The FA meditation connectivity pattern modulated by expertise included nodes and connections implicated in focusing, sustaining and monitoring attention, while OM patterns included nodes associated with cognitive control and emotion regulation. (4) The study highlights a long-term effect of meditation practice on multivariate patterns of functional brain connectivity and suggests that meditation expertise is associated with specific neuroplastic changes in connectivity patterns within and between multiple brain networks.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Guidotti, R.
Secondary author(s):
Del Gratta, C., Perrucci, M. G., Romani, G. L., Raffone, A.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
3
Reference:
Guidotti, R., Del Gratta, C., Perrucci, M. G., Romani, G. L., & Raffone, A. (2021). Neuroplasticity within and between functional brain networks in mental training based on long-term meditation. Brain Sciences, 11(8), 1086. doi: 10.3390/brainsci11081086
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Functional connectivity / Meditation / MVPA / Brain networks / fMRI / Neuroplasticity / Machine learning

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