|Reference code: ||PT/FB/BL-2000-026.05|
|Location: ||Arquivo PCA - Pasta 11/2000|
|Criação de falsas memórias: Contributos para o estudo de algumas características individuais de ocorrência [Creating false memories: Study of some individual differences]|
|Publication year: ||2004|
The research on false memories is one of the major topics in the human memory domain. In the 90’s several paradigms emerged to study the extension and variability of that phenomena. The two main experimental
procedures were the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm (Roediger & McDermott, 1995) and the repetitive suggestion paradigm proposed by Loftus and Pickrell (1995).
The DRM paradigm consists in the presentation of lists of 15 words related with a non-presented critical lure (e.g., mad, fear, hate, rage, temper, fury, ire, wrath, happy, fight, hatred, mean, calm, emotion, enrage, are words related with the critical word anger). Results showed that the participants recalled the non-presented critical word as much as the words of the middle of the list (35%-43%) – asymptotic zone of the serial position curve. Results also showed that the amount of false recognition of the critical non-presented word was about 83%. The other paradigm consists in the presentation of true and false episodes (occurred between 4 to 8 years old) during an interview with young adults. The procedure implies the presentation of three true episodes (proposed by the participant’s parents) and a false episode - lost in a supermarket - that never occurred in their life (confirmed by the participant’s parents).
Results showed that the production of false recall is quite small in the first interview. But in a second interview, administered two or three weeks later, the percentage of false recall of the episode increased. False memories are related with participant’s dissociation experience and personality characteristics.
|Accessibility: ||Document does not exist in file|
|Albuquerque, P. B.|
|Secondary author(s): |
|Pandeirada, J., Freire, T., Rodrigues, P., Freitas, M.|
|Document type: |
|Number of reproductions: |
|Albuquerque, P. B., Pandeirada, J., Freire, T., Rodrigues, P., & Freitas, M. (2004). Criação de falsas memórias: Contributos para o estudo de algumas características individuais de ocorrência [Creating false memories: Study of some individual differences]. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 299-230). Porto: Fundação Bial.|
|Indexed document: ||No|
|Keywords: ||Psychophysiology / False memories / False recognition / Dissociative experiences / Personality|
Creating false memories: Study of some individual differences