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File058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK2001-012003-10

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

DocumentFinal report - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK2003

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.01
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Final report - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2003
URL:
http://www.bial.com/imagem/Bolsa%205800.pdf
Abstract/Results: RESULTS:
This project consisted of four studies that systematically explored performance at ESP and PK tasks using a common protocol.
Study 1 compared personality covariates of performance for ESP and PK tasks. The overall outcome was disappointing, with sums of ranks for finishing positions a little worse than mean chance expectation (MCE). However, there were a number of interesting internal effects that were consistent with previous findings and merited further exploration.
Study 2 considered the effects of expectancy by comparing performance in an informed condition with that in a blind condition. The overall outcome was similar to that for Study 1. However, we did find that participants performed significantly better in the blind condition, suggesting that poor performance was not due to a disenchantment effect brought about by the use of deception.
Study 3 considered the effects of arousal level upon performance by instructing participants to adopt a relaxed/passive or aroused/active strategy, and by playing rousing or calming classical music. No effects of arousal were found, though general performance was somewhat better than previously.
Study 4 focused on possible experimenter effects. RD, who had conducted all previous sessions was experimenter for 20 trials, but CR conducted the other 20 trials. It was hypothesised that CR’s participants might fare better since he is a more experienced researcher and as its main designer and fundraiser has a greater ‘ownership’ of this project. We also included a questionnaire that asked about aspects of the experimenter-participant interaction. There was a further improvement in the overall outcome, and CR’s participants did fare better than RD’s, suggestively so overall and significantly so for disguised ESP trials. A number of the interaction items correlated remarkably strongly with task performance. Further work is planned.
Accessibility: Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Final report
Number of reproductions:
2
Indexed document:
No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

Relatório final - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK

Relatório final - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK

DocumentExperimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol2006

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.02
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol
Publication year: 2006
URL:
http://www.scientificexploration.org/journal/jse_20_2_davey.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This paper describes the fourth in a series of studies that explore the relationship between ESP and PK performance by testing for both using a common protocol so as to control for expectancy effects and experimental artifacts. Following earlier work we were particularly concerned to look for evidence of experimenter effects. Forty participants completed a computerbased greyhound racing game. Races occurred in two blocks of 12, with one block presented as an ESP task and the other as a PK task, though in fact each block included equal numbers of ESP and PK trials presented in random order. Roe and Davey each served as experimenter for 20 sessions and, after briefing each participant, would rate the interaction for warmth, spontaneity and positivity. Performance was non-significantly better than chance overall, but was
significantly so for disguised ESP trials (p = 0.01 1). As predicted, participants who had been briefed by Roe performed better overall than those briefed by Davey; suggestively so overall (p = 0.085) and significantly so for disguised ESP (p = 0.002). Some interaction measures gave promising correlations with task performance, particularly the experimenter's confidence of success (rs = -.43 1, p = 0.007).
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2000-58.06
Notes: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Parapsychological Association 47th Annual Convention, August 5-8, 2004, Vienna
Author: Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2006). Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol. Journal of Scientific Exploration, 20(2), 239-253.
Times cited: 0|2022-05-18
Indexed document: Yes
Keywords: Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Experimenter effects

Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol

Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol

DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? The effects of deception when testing the relationship between ESP and PK2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.03
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? The effects of deception when testing the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2005
Abstract/Results:
ABSTRACT:
This paper describes a second study designed to explore the relationship between ESP and PK performance by testing for both using a common protocol so as to control for expectancy effects and experimental artifacts. Following earlier work (Roe, Davey & Stevens, 2003), we were particularly concerned to gauge the effect upon performance of the mild deception inherent in the study design. Forty participants completed a computer-based greyhound racing game. Races occurred in two blocks of 12. One block was presented as an ESP task and required participants to nominate which of the six greyhounds had won a race that the computer had already run silently. The program then replayed the race as feedback. The other block was presented as a PK task and required participants to ‘will’ a greyhound that was selected for them to run faster than its competitors. The greyhound’s movements were determined in real time by an RNG. However, within each block half the races were in fact ESP trials and half PK trials, presented in random order. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions; in the uninformed condition participants were not aware that some trials would be disguised in this way, but those in the informed condition were accurately briefed. Performance was non-significantly below chance for both ESP and PK trials, and for both true and disguised trials. There were no significant relationships between performance in the four conditions, although the effect sizes were of a similar magnitude and direction to those found previously. Participants who had been accurately briefed performed significantly worse than did those who were subject to mild deception (Z = –2.53, p = 0.01). Only one of the individual differences measures was able to significantly predict task performance, and this seems likely to have arisen as a result of multiple analyses. Reasons for participants’ poor performance at the task are proposed, some of which will be considered in future research.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2005). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? The effects of deception when testing the relationship between ESP and PK. Journal of the Society for Psychical Research, 69, 18-32.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK)

DocumentArousal and performance at ESP and PK tasks using a common protocol2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.04
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Arousal and performance at ESP and PK tasks using a common protocol
Publication year: 2004
URL:
http://ejp.wyrdwise.com/EJP%20v19.pdf
Abstract/Results: This paper describes the third study of a series of four designed to explore the relationship between ESP and PK performance by testing for both using a common protocol so as to control for expectancy effects and experimental artifacts. Following earlier work (Roe, Davey & Stevens, 2003, in press), we were particularly interested to gauge the effect upon performance of participant arousal levels in view of contrasting prior research looking at ESP and PK separately. Forty participants completed a computer-based greyhound racing game. Races occurred in two blocks of 12. One block was presented as an ESP task and required participants to nominate which of the six greyhounds had won a race that the computer had already run silently. The program then replayed the race as feedback. The other block was presented as a PK task and required participants to ‘will’ a greyhound that was selected for them to run faster than its competitors. The greyhound’s movements were determined in real time by an RNG. However, within each block half the races were in fact ESP trials and half PK trials, presented in random order. Participants were randomly allocated to one of two conditions; in the increased arousal condition participants were instructed to actively engage with the task and listened to selected pieces of up-beat classical music, while in the decreased arousal condition, participants were told to relax and take a passive approach to the task while listening to a peaceful relaxation tape. Overall performance was non-significantly above chance for both ESP and PK trials and there were no significant relationships between outcomes in the four conditions.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2004). Arousal and performance at ESP and PK tasks using a common protocol. European Journal of Parapsychology, 19, 29-43.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK)

Arousal and performance at ESP and PK tasks using a common protocol

Arousal and performance at ESP and PK tasks using a common protocol

DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK2003

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.05
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2003
URL:
http://connection.ebscohost.com/c/articles/12676428/are-esp-pk-aspects-unitary-phenomenon-preliminary-test-relationship-between-esp-pk
Contents: http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=175&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=1
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study was designed to explore the relationship between ESP and PK performance by testing for both using a common protocol to control for expectancy effects and experimental artifacts. Forty participants completed a computer-based greyhound racing game. Races occurred in 2 blocks of 12, with one block presented as an ESP task and the other as a PK task. Within each block, half of the races were ESP trials and half PK trials, presented in random order. Overall performance was at chance levels for both ESP and PK trials, for true and disguised trials. There were no significant relationships between performance in the 4 conditions. Although paranormal belief did not predict task success, some other individual differences measures, notably state and trail anxiety, showed some promise. The effects of the mild deception used in this study on participants' performance was considered. Work on this topic is under way to explore more directly the effects of deception.
Accessibility: Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2000-58.08
Notes: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Parapsychological Association 45th Annual Convention, Paris, 2002
Author: Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Article
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2003). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK. Journal of Parapsychology, 67(2), 343-366.
2-year Impact Factor: 1.071|2003
Times cited: 4|2022-05-18
Indexed document: Yes
Quartile: Q3
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Deception

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK

DocumentExperimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.06
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol
Publication year: 2004
Accessibility:
Document exists in file
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2000-58.02
Notes: This paper was subsequently submitted to and accepted in the Journal of Scientific Exploration
Author: Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2004). Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol. In Proceedings of the 47th Annual Parapsychological Association Convention (pp. 185-196).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP)

DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A further test of the relationship between ESP and PK2003

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.07
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A further test of the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2003
Accessibility:
Document exists in file (previous version submitted for publication)
Copyright/Reproduction:
By permission
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2003). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A further test of the relationship between ESP and PK. Proceedings of the 46th Annual Parapsychological Association Convention (pp. 222-236).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK)

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A further test of the relationship between ESP and PK

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A further test of the relationship between ESP and PK

DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK2002

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.08
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2002
URL:
http://www.parapsych.org/uploaded_files/pdfs/00/00/00/00/09/2002_pa_abstracts.pdf
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
This study was designed to explore the relationship between ESP and PK performance by testing for both using a common protocol so as to control for expectancy effects and experimental artifacts. Forty participants completed a computer-based greyhound racing game. Races occurred in two blocks of 12, with one block ostensibly requiring ESP for success and the other ostensibly requiring PK. In fact, within each block half the races were ESP trials and half PK trials, presented in random order. Overall performance was at chance levels for both ESP and PK trials, for true and disguised trials. There were no significant relationships between performance in the four conditions. Although paranormal belief did not predict task success, some other individual differences measures, notably state and trait anxiety and religiosity, showed some promise. Further work is underway to attempt to confirm these findings.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Related objects:
PT/FB/BL-2000-58.05
Notes: This paper was subsequently submitted to and accepted in the Journal of Parapsychology
Author: Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Conference paper
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2002). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? A preliminary test of the relationship between ESP and PK. Proceedings of the 45th Annual Parapsychological Association Convention (pp. 166-181).
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK)

DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK2002

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.09
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2002
Local:
Porto
Publisher: Fundação Bial
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/4%C2%BA_simposio.a110.html
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2002). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of Fundação Bial (p. 449). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK)

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK

DocumentAre ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK2004

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.10
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Publication year: 2004
URL:
http://www.bial.com/pt/fundacao_bial.11/simposios.19/edicoes_anteriores.75/5%C2%BA_simposio.a111.html
Abstract/Results: ABSTRACT:
Previously we noted that the use of the umbrella term ‘psi’ to encompass both ESP and PK phenomena implies that they share some common features and perhaps reflect a single underlying process, but this has not yet been tested systematically. We identified a number of the more promising variables that suggested either that ESP and PK performance patterns were similar or were distinct. We hoped to replicate those patterns using a specially designed protocol that allowed us to test both ESP and PK in comparable conditions and which controlled for possible expectancy effects.
After initial pilot testing, four experiments were conducted:
Study 1 compared personality covariates of performance for ESP and PK tasks. In terms of overall outcome the study was disappointing, with overall sums of ranks for finishing positions a little worse than mean
chance expectation. However, there were a number of interesting internal effects, particularly for prior experience and state and trait anxiety, which seemed to be consistent with previous findings.
Study 2 considered the effects of expectancy by comparing performance in an informed condition with that in a blind condition. The overall outcome was again disappointing, with sums of ranks very similar to those for Study 1. However, we did find that participants performed significantly better in the blind condition, suggesting that poor performance was not due to a disenchantment effect brought about by the use of deception. The internal effects noted in Study 1 were not strongly replicated here.
Study 3 considered the effects of arousal level upon performance. This was manipulated by instructing participants to adopt a relaxed/passive or aroused/active strategy, and by playing rousing or calming classical music. The overall outcome was somewhat better than previously and slightly (though not significantly) better than chance. No evidence was found for the suggestion that a more aroused state might be PK conducive but a relaxed state better for ESP functioning.
Study 4 focused on possible experimenter effects. Russell Davey conducted 20 trials, much as before, but Chris Roe conducted the other 20 trials. It was hypothesised that Roe’s participants might fare better since
Roe is a more experienced researcher and as its main designer and fundraiser has a greater ‘ownership’ of this project. We also included a questionnaire that asked about aspects of the experimenter-participant
interaction. There was a further improvement in the overall outcome. Roe’s participants fared better than Davey’s, suggestively so overall and significantly so for disguised ESP trials. A number of the interaction items correlated remarkably strongly with task performance.
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Document type:
Conference abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., & Stevens, P. (2004). Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK. In Aquém e além do cérebro. Behind and beyond the brain. Proceedings of the 5th Symposium of Fundação Bial (pp. 307-308). Porto: Fundação Bial.
Indexed document: No
Keywords: Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK)

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK

Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK

DocumentExperimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol2005

Reference code: PT/FB
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Location: S. Mamede do Coronado
Title:
BIAL Foundation Archive
Start date: 1994
History:
The BIAL Foundation was created in 1994 by Laboratórios BIAL in conjunction with the Council of Rectors of Portuguese Universities. BIAL’s Foundation mission is to foster the scientific study of Man from both the physical and spiritual perspectives.
Along the years the BIAL Foundation has developed an important relationship with the scientific community, first in Portugal and after worldwide. Today it is an institution of reference which aims to stimulate new researches that may help people, promote more health and contribute to new milestones to gain access to knowledge.
Among its activities the BIAL Foundation manages the BIAL Award, created in 1984, one of the most important awards in the Health field in Europe. The BIAL Award rewards both the basic and the clinical research distinguishing works of major impact in medical research.
The BIAL Foundation also assigns Scientific Research Scholarships for the study of neurophysiological and mental health in people, arousing the interest of researchers in the areas of Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
To date the BIAL Foundation has supported 461 projects, more than 1000 researchers, with research groups in twenty-seven countries, resulting, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, out of which 172 published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Since 1996 the BIAL Foundation organizes the Symposia entitled "Behind and Beyond the Brain", a Forum that gathers well renowned neurosciences speakers and the BIAL Foundation Fellows which are spread around the world.
Classified as an institution of public utility, the BIAL Foundation includes among its patrons the Portuguese President, the Portuguese Universities Rectors' Council and the Portuguese Medical Association.
URL: http://www.bial.com/pt/
Accessibility: By permission

Reference code: PT/FB/BL
Entity holding: BIAL Foundation
Title: BIAL Grants
Start date: 1994
History:
In 1994 the BIAL Foundation launched a programme of science research grants with the aim of encouraging the research into Man’s physical and mental processes, namely in fields still largely unexplored but which warrant further scientific analysis, as Psychophysiology and Parapsychology.
Since its launch, applications to the BIAL grants have been increasing. Up to now 461 projects have been supported, involving more than 1000 researchers from 27 countries.
The approved applications have benefited from grants in amounts comprised between €5,000 and €50, 000. The amount to be granted is fixed by the Scientific board according to the needs of each project.
The supported projects have originated, until April 2013, in about 600 full papers, 172 out of which were published in indexed international journals with an average impact factor of 3.6 and a substantial number of citations (1665).
Among the BIAL Foundation fellows is worth highlighting the presence of scientists from prestigious universities from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Russia, Germany, Japan, France, Canada, and many others.
The BIAL grants are promoted biannually.

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pastas 1 a 13/2000
Title:
2000 Grants
Start date: 2001-01 - 2014-02
Dimension/support:
13 caixas de arquivo

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
058 - Are ESP and PK aspects of a unitary phenomenon? Considering the relationship between ESP and PK
Duration: 2001-01 - 2003-10
Researcher(s):
Chris Roe, Paul Stevens
Institution(s): University College Northampton (UK)
Contents: Contents:
Application form
Correspondence
Progress reports
Final report (2 copies)
Unpublished document (oral communication)
Language: eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Stevens, P.
Number of reproductions:
2
Keywords:
Parapsychology / Extrasensory perception (ESP) / Psychokinesis (PK) / Psychopraxia

Reference code: PT/FB/BL-2000-058.11
Location: Arquivo PCA - Pasta 8/2000
Title:
Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol
Publication year: 2005
URL:
http://apps.webofknowledge.com/full_record.do?product=WOS&search_mode=GeneralSearch&qid=177&SID=Z1T1li1SW9lnlKPlMpq&page=1&doc=1
Accessibility: Document does not exist in file
Language:
eng
Author:
Roe, C. A.
Secondary author(s):
Davey, R., Stevens, P.
Document type:
Abstract
Number of reproductions:
2
Reference:
Roe, C. A., Davey, R., & Stevens, P. (2005). Experimenter effects in laboratory tests of ESP and PK using a common protocol. Journal of Parapsychology, 69(1), 39-40.
Indexed document: Yes